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  1. The search for preventive methods to mitigate functional decline and unwanted relocation by older adults living in the community is important. Preventive home visit (PHV) models use infrequent but regular visi...

    Authors: Malcolm P Cutchin, Susan Coppola, Vibeke Talley, Judie Svihula, Diane Catellier and Kendra Heatwole Shank
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:54
  2. Falls are among the most common adverse events reported in hospitalized patients. While there is a growing body of literature on fall prevention in the hospital, the data examining the fall rate and risk facto...

    Authors: Rick D Davenport, Georgeta D Vaidean, Carol B Jones, A Michelle Chandler, Lori A Kessler, Lorraine C Mion and Ronald I Shorr
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:53
  3. The rehabilitation of older persons is often complicated by increased frailty and medical complexity - these in turn present challenges for the development of health information systems. Objective investigatio...

    Authors: Christine Glenny and Paul Stolee
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:52
  4. There is scientific evidence that preventive physical exercise is effective even in high age. In contrast, there are few opportunities of preventive exercise for highly aged people endangered by or actually in...

    Authors: Michael Brach, Frank Nieder, Ulrike Nieder and Heinz Mechling
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:51
  5. Several epidemiological studies have shown that self-reported vision and hearing impairments are associated with adverse health outcomes (AHOs) in older populations; however, few studies have used objective se...

    Authors: Takehiro Michikawa, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yuriko Kikuchi, Makiko Nakano, Satoko Iwasawa, Keiko Asakura, Ai Milojevic, Kunio Mizutari, Hideyuki Saito, Susumu Ishida, Tomonori Okamura and Toru Takebayashi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:50
  6. Recent studies have revealed the associations between insulin resistance (IR) and geriatric conditions such as frailty and cognitive impairment. However, little is known about the relation of IR to physical im...

    Authors: Chen-Ko Kuo, Lian-Yu Lin, Yau-Hua Yu, Kuan-Han Wu and Hsu-Ko Kuo
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:49
  7. Prior evidence suggests that the renin angiotensin system and antihypertensives that inhibit this system play a role in cognitive, central vascular, and endothelial function. Our objective is to conduct a doub...

    Authors: Ihab Hajjar, Meaghan Hart, William Milberg, Vera Novak and Lewis Lipsitz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:48
  8. Frailty in the elderly can be regarded as nonspecific vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, caused by multiple factors. The aim was to analyze the relationships between the frailty index, age and mortality...

    Authors: José Juan García-González, Carmen García-Peña, Francisco Franco-Marina and Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:47
  9. Stroke victims are at relatively high risk for injurious falls. The purpose of this study was to document longitudinal fall patterns following inpatient rehabilitation for first-time stroke survivors.

    Authors: Laura M Wagner, Victoria L Phillips, Amanda E Hunsaker and Pamela G Forducey
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:46
  10. The populations of industrialised countries are ageing; as this occurs, those who continue to use alcohol and illicit drugs age also. While alcohol use among older people is well documented, use of illicit dru...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Brenda Roe, Paul Duffy and Lucy Pickering
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:45
  11. A recent Dutch mono-centre randomised controlled trial has shown that occupational therapy improves daily functioning in dementia. The aim of this present study is to compare the effects of the Dutch community...

    Authors: Sebastian Voigt-Radloff, Maud Graff, Rainer Leonhart, Katrin Schornstein, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Marcel Olde-Rikkert and Michael Huell
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:44
  12. Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are common among elderly patients and little is know about the association between SMC and health care utilisation. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate health care...

    Authors: Frans Boch Waldorff, Volkert Siersma and Gunhild Waldemar
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:43
  13. Physical restraints are regularly applied in German nursing homes. Their frequency varies substantially between centres. Beneficial effects of physical restraints have not been proven, however, observational s...

    Authors: Antonie Haut, Sascha Köpke, Anja Gerlach, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Burkhard Haastert and Gabriele Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:42
  14. Cognition and mobility in older adults are closely associated and they decline together with aging. Studies evaluating associations between cognitive factors and gait performance in people with Mild Cognitive ...

    Authors: Manuel Montero-Odasso, Howard Bergman, Natalie A Phillips, Chek H Wong, Nadia Sourial and Howard Chertkow
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:41
  15. World Health Organization cites among the main challenges of populational aging the dual disease burden: the greater risk of disability, and the need for care. In this sense, the most frequent chronic diseases...

    Authors: Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado and Elsa Correa-Muñoz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:40
  16. Non-slip socks have been suggested as a means of preventing accidental falls due to slips. This study compared the relative slip resistance of commercially available non-slip socks with other foot conditions, ...

    Authors: Satyan Chari, Terrence Haines, Paul Varghese and Alyssia Economidis
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:39
  17. Physical activity programmes can help to prevent functional decline in the elderly. Until now, such programmes use to target either on healthy community-dwelling seniors or on elderly living in special residen...

    Authors: Timo Hinrichs, Claudio Bucchi, Michael Brach, Stefan Wilm, Heinz G Endres, Ina Burghaus, Hans-Joachim Trampisch and Petra Platen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:37
  18. Residential care is important for older adults, particularly for those with advanced dementia and their families. Education interventions that achieve sustainable improvement in the care of older adults are cr...

    Authors: Christopher Beer, Barbara Horner, Osvaldo P Almeida, Samuel Scherer, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Nick Bretland, Penelope Flett, Frank Schaper and Leon Flicker
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:36
  19. Stroke is a leading cause of death and functional impairment. While older people are particularly vulnerable to stroke, research suggests that they have the poorest awareness of stroke warning signs and risk f...

    Authors: Anne Hickey, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah McGee, Claire Donnellan, Emer Shelley, Frances Horgan and Desmond O'Neill
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:35
  20. The number of elderly people requiring hospital care is growing, so, quality and assessment of care for elders are emerging and complex areas of research. Very few validated and reliable instruments exist for ...

    Authors: Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Nicole Leduc, Judith Latour, Katherine Berg and Aline Bolduc
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:34
  21. Few studies have evaluated dipstick urinalysis for elderly and practically none present confidence intervals. Furthermore, most previous studies combine all bacteria species in a "positive culture". Thus, thei...

    Authors: Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Ronny K Gunnarsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:32
  22. Several medications commonly used to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) have been designated "potentially inappropriate" for use in patients aged ≥65 years because their risks may outweigh their potentia...

    Authors: Ariel Berger, Marko Mychaskiw, Ellen Dukes, John Edelsberg and Gerry Oster
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:31
  23. Explicit criteria for determining potentially inappropriate medication consumption in elderly were elaborated by Beers et al. These lists have been used worldwide to evaluate medical prescriptions but there is...

    Authors: Sarah Berdot, Marion Bertrand, Jean-François Dartigues, Annie Fourrier, Béatrice Tavernier, Karen Ritchie and Annick Alpérovitch
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:30
  24. Balance dysfunction and falls are common problems in later stages of dementia. Exercise is a well-established intervention to reduce falls in cognitively intact older people, although there is limited randomis...

    Authors: Keith D Hill, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Catherine M Said, Karen J Dodd and Plaiwan Suttanon
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:29
  25. A care gap exists between recommendations and practice regarding the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in fracture patients. The current study was designed to determine rates and predictors of in-hospita...

    Authors: Derek A Haaland, Dana R Cohen, Courtney C Kennedy, Nader A Khalidi, Jonathan D Adachi and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:28
  26. It is today widely accepted that participation in social activities contributes towards successful ageing whilst, at the same time, maintaining independence in the activities of daily living (ADLs) is the sine qu...

    Authors: Encarnación Rubio, Angelina Lázaro and Antonio Sánchez-Sánchez
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:26
  27. Depression and elevated depression symptoms are more prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes than in those without diabetes and are associated with adverse health outcomes and increased total healthcare uti...

    Authors: Nadja Chernyak, Frank Petrak, Kristin Plack, Martin Hautzinger, Matthias J Müller, Guido Giani and Andrea Icks
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:25
  28. Prevention and reduction of disability among community-dwelling older adults have been an important health policy concern in Japan. Moreover, it has also become a gendered issue due to the recent rapid growth ...

    Authors: Nanako Tamiya, Li-Mei Chen, Yasuki Kobayashi, Mariko Kaneda and Eiji Yano
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:24
  29. Cognitive function is a key determinant of independence and quality of life among older adults. Compared to adults in England, US adults have a greater prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and disease tha...

    Authors: Kenneth M Langa, David J Llewellyn, Iain A Lang, David R Weir, Robert B Wallace, Mohammed U Kabeto and Felicia A Huppert
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:23
  30. Functional disability, the loss of ability to carry out daily tasks unaided, is a major adverse outcome more common with increasing age. The potential contribution of neuropathological changes in subcortical a...

    Authors: M Byford, C Brayne, I McKeith, M Chatfield, PG Ince and FE Matthews
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:22
  31. Care for people with dementia and their informal caregivers is a challenging aim in healthcare. There is an urgent need for cost-effective support programs that prevent informal caregivers of people with demen...

    Authors: Anouk Spijker, Frans Verhey, Maud Graff, Richard Grol, Eddy Adang, Hub Wollersheim and Myrra Vernooij-Dassen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:21
  32. An attenuation of the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling has been associated with elongation of the lifespan in simple metazoan organisms and in rodents. In humans, IGF-1 level has an age-related m...

    Authors: Diego Albani, Sara Batelli, Letizia Polito, Angelica Vittori, Marzia Pesaresi, Giovanni Battista Gajo, Sergio De Angeli, Andrea Zanardo, Maurizio Gallucci and Gianluigi Forloni
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:19
  33. The use of psychotropic medications and their adverse effects in frail elderly has been debated extensively. However, recent data from European studies show that these drugs are still frequently prescribed in ...

    Authors: Eva Mann, Sascha Köpke, Burkhard Haastert, Kaisu Pitkälä and Gabriele Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:18
  34. 5.8 M living Americans have experienced a stroke at some time in their lives, 780K had either their first or a recurrent stroke this year, and 150K died from strokes this year. Stroke costs about $66B annually...

    Authors: Fredric D Wolinsky, Suzanne E Bentler, Elizabeth A Cook, Elizabeth A Chrischilles, Li Liu, Kara B Wright, John F Geweke, Maksym Obrizan, Claire E Pavlik, Robert L Ohsfeldt, Michael P Jones, Robert B Wallace and Gary E Rosenthal
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:17
  35. Information on hypertension in the very elderly is sparse. Until recently evidence of benefits from pharmacological treatment was inconclusive. We estimated the prevalence of hypertension in subjects aged 80 o...

    Authors: Alba Aguado, Flora López, Sonia Miravet, Pilar Oriol, M Isabel Fuentes, Belén Henares, Teresa Badia, Lluis Esteve and Javier Peligro
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:16
  36. Motor learning research has had little impact on clinical applications and rarely extended to research about how older adults learn motor skills. There is consistent evidence that motor skill performance and l...

    Authors: Eling D de Bruin, Jaap Swanenburg, Elsbeth Betschon and Kurt Murer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:15
  37. Accidental falls by older patients in hospital are one of the most commonly reported adverse events. Falls after discharge are also common. These falls have enormous physical, psychological and social conseque...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Hill, Keith Hill, Sandra Brauer, David Oliver, Tammy Hoffmann, Christopher Beer, Steven McPhail and Terry P Haines
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:14
  38. Brain size is associated with cognitive ability in adulthood (correlation ~ .3), but few studies have investigated the relationship in normal ageing, particularly beyond age 75 years. With age both brain size ...

    Authors: Susan D Shenkin, Carly S Rivers, Ian J Deary, John M Starr and Joanna M Wardlaw
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:12

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