A diagnostic score for ischemic colitis in the elderly
© Mosele et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 19 May 2010
Ischemic colitis (IC) is the most common form of ischemic injury of the gastrointestinal tract and mortality is still high . Although prompt suspicion and exact diagnosis, especially in elderly people, are highly critical, there have been few reports on risk factors for presumed IC compared with the general elderly population . We performed this study to create a diagnostic score for IC in the elderly .
Materials and methods
A retrospective study was undertaken on 78 patients with IC admitted to Padova General Hospital between 2003 and 2008. Only patients with biopsy-proven IC were considered. Seventy eight control subjects were randomly selected from those seen at our units for acute geriatric disease during the same interval. IC risk factors resulted significative by univariate analysis, were put in a stepwise logistic regression model. In order to evaluate the adequacy of the model in the correct classification of the patients on the basis of their clinical condition, the Hosmer and Lemeshow test (Goodness-of-Fit Test) was applied. The score for every single variable introduced in the model was also evaulated the global score for every subject put in the study was calculated. Finally in order to identify the best cut off of the global score to discriminate between “positive” and “negative” subjects in the IC diagnosis, a ROC analysis was performed. The area under the curve (AUC) was used as an accuracy index of the model
Predictors of ischemic colitis, regression coefficient and single calculated score
Despite the small number of patients included in this study, our diagnostic model of IC in the elderly shows a moderate accuracy. The discriminating cut off point on the possible diagnosis of IC, even if endowed with minor sensitivity and specificity compared to instrumental examinations, is easily and rapidly applicable to every single patient, particularly to the elderly.
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