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  1. Chronic brain pathology and pre-stroke cognitive impairment (PCI) is predictive of post-stroke dementia. The aim of the current study was to measure pre-stroke neurodegenerative and vascular disease burden fou...

    Authors: Till Schellhorn, Manuela Zucknick, Torunn Askim, Ragnhild Munthe-Kaas, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Yngve M. Seljeseth, Anne-Brita Knapskog, Halvor Næss, Hanne Ellekjær, Pernille Thingstad, Torgeir Bruun Wyller, Ingvild Saltvedt and Mona K. Beyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research

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  2. With the increase in life expectancy, a large number of patients with osteoporosis (OP) are undergoing spine surgery, which may adversely affect the surgical success rate. The prevalence of OP varies in differ...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Mo, Shengli Zhao, Zhenxing Wen, Wei Lin, Zhipeng Chen, Zhiyun Wang, Chen Huang, Jie Qin, Jie Hao and Bailing Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research

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  3. Evidence regarding the association between daily steps recommendation and older adults’ lower limb strength is lacking; thus, this study investigated whether taking at least 7,000 steps/day is cross-sectionall...

    Authors: Ming-Chun Hsueh, Chien-Yu Lin, Ting-Fu Lai, Yi-Chien Yu, Shao-Hsi Chang, Ju Yong Bae and Yung Liao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:359

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Objective health measures, such as registered illnesses or frailty, predict mortality and institutionalization in older adults. Also, self-reported assessment of health by simple self-rated health (SRH) has be...

    Authors: Anna Viljanen, Marika Salminen, Kerttu Irjala, Elisa Heikkilä, Raimo Isoaho, Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä, Päivi Korhonen, Tero Vahlberg, Matti Viitanen, Maarit Wuorela, Minna Löppönen and Laura Viikari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research

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  5. Frailty is increasingly reported among older adults with cardiovascular diseases and it has been demonstrated to increase negative health outcomes and mortality. To date, no systematic review of the evidence i...

    Authors: Rosa Liperoti, Davide L. Vetrano, Katie Palmer, Tomasz Targowski, Maria C. Cipriani, Maria R. Lo Monaco, Silvia Giovannini, Nicola Acampora, Emanuele Rocco Villani, Roberto Bernabei and Graziano Onder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Social isolation is an increasing concern for older adults who live in the community. Despite some availability of social support programs to address social isolation, their effectiveness is not routinely meas...

    Authors: Joyce Siette, Mikaela Jorgensen, Amy Nguyen, Gilbert Knaggs, Stuart Miller and Johanna I. Westbrook

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:356

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, it has been documented that old age and underlying illnesses are associated with poor prognosis among COVID-19 patients. However, it is unknown whether sarcopenia, a common geri...

    Authors: Yao Ma, Min He, Li-Sha Hou, Shen Xu, Zhi-Xin Huang, Na Zhao, Yan Kang, Ji-Rong Yue and Chenkai Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:355

    Content type: Research

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  8. Joint contractures, which affect activity, participation, and quality of life, are common complications of neurological conditions among elderly residents in long-term care facilities. This study examined the ...

    Authors: Yi-chang Chen, Keh-chung Lin, Chen-Jung Chen, Shu-Hui Yeh, Ay-Woan Pan, Hao-Ling Chen and Chih-Hung Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:353

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The importance of SA (Successful aging) has been emphasized in recent years, with focus shifting towards attaining healthier aging rather than longevity. However, the influence of SA and its changes on mental ...

    Authors: Fatima Nari, Bich Na Jang, Selin Kim, Wonjeong Jeong, Sung-In Jang and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Psychosocial issues, such as social isolation and loneliness among older adults and people with dementia, continue to pose challenges with a rapidly aging population worldwide. Social robots are a rapidly emer...

    Authors: Wei Qi Koh, Simone Anna Felding, Kübra Beliz Budak, Elaine Toomey and Dympna Casey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research

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  11. Fear of falling and previous falls are both risk factors that affect daily activities of older adults. However, it remains unclear whether they independently limit daily activities accounting for each other.

    Authors: Minhui Liu, Tianxue Hou, Yuxiao Li, Xiaocao Sun, Sarah L. Szanton, Lindy Clemson and Patricia M. Davidson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Patients with diabetic mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) due to their altered immunological integrity. These patients are similarly prone ...

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Szu-Ying Lee, Jui Wang, Kuo-Liong Chien and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research

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  13. Ability in the activities of daily life is often impaired in the older adults with a neurological disease. The Barthel Index is an instrument used worldwide to assess such ability. The Longshi Scale is a pictu...

    Authors: Jingpu Zhao, Xiangxiang Liu, Li Wan, Yan Gao, Meiling Huang, Fubing Zha, Jianjun Long, Dongxia Li, Guohui Nie and Yulong Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:348

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Older people living in residential aged care homes experience frequent emergency transfers to hospital. These events are associated with risks of hospital acquired complications and invasive treatments or inte...

    Authors: Hannah E. Carter, Xing J. Lee, Alison Farrington, Carla Shield, Nicholas Graves, Elizabeth V. Cyarto, Lynne Parkinson, Florin I. Oprescu, Claudia Meyer, Jeffrey Rowland, Trudy Dwyer and Gillian Harvey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:347

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Studies suggest that a higher education and occupation are each associated with a higher late-life cognitive ability, but their inter-relationships in their association with cognitive ability and the contribut...

    Authors: Insa Feinkohl, Petra Kozma, Friedrich Borchers, Simone J. T. van Montfort, Jochen Kruppa, Georg Winterer, Claudia Spies and Tobias Pischon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Authors: Astrid Fjell, Berit Cronfalk Seiger, Monica Hermann, Arvid Rongve, Jörg Aßmus, Lars Kvinge, Åke Seiger, Knut Skaug and Anne-Marie Boström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:345

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:323

  17. Over 60% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa, live in informal settlements (slums) with little or no resources. To be prepared to meet the needs of older people living in slums, it is necessary to know mor...

    Authors: Priscilla Y. A. Attafuah, Irma H. J. Everink, Ruud J. G. Halfens, Christa Lohrmann, Aaron Abuosi and Jos M. G. A. Schols

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Frailty is characterized by an age-related decline in multiple physiological systems, leading to a high vulnerability to stressors, adverse health outcomes, and low quality of life. Neuroscientific models of p...

    Authors: Florian Beier, Martin Löffler, Frauke Nees, Lucrezia Hausner, Lutz Frölich and Herta Flor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:343

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  19. Knowledge is scarce on how needs for home help and special housing evolve among older people who begin to receive support from municipal social care. The purpose of this study was to describe baseline distribu...

    Authors: Magnus Zingmark and Fredrik Norström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is great need for development of feasible rehabilitation for older people with dementia. Increased understanding of this population’s experiences of rehabilitation participation is therefore important. T...

    Authors: Anna Sondell, Josefine Lampinen, Mia Conradsson, Håkan Littbrand, Undis Englund, Ingeborg Nilsson and Nina Lindelöf

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:341

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This study explores whether a sex difference in sensitivity to (strength of the association) and/or in exposure to (prevalence) determinants of gait speed contributes to the observed lower gait speed among old...

    Authors: Lena D. Sialino, Laura A. Schaap, Sandra H. van Oostrom, H. Susan J. Picavet, Johannes W.R. Twisk, W. M. Monique Verschuren, Marjolein Visser and Hanneke A.H. Wijnhoven

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:340

    Content type: Research

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  22. The evidence of sarcopenia based on CT-scan as an important prognostic factor for critically ill patients has not seen consistent results. To determine the impact of sarcopenia on mortality in critically ill p...

    Authors: Xiao-Ming Zhang, Denghong Chen, Xiao-Hua Xie, Jun-E Zhang, Yingchun Zeng and Andy SK Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Being an informal carer of a person with dementia (PwD) can have a negative effect on the carer’s health and quality of life, and spouse carers have been found to be especially vulnerable. Yet relatively littl...

    Authors: Marcus F. Johansson, Kevin J. McKee, Lena Dahlberg, Christine L. Williams, Martina Summer Meranius, Elizabeth Hanson, Lennart Magnusson, Björn Ekman and Lena Marmstål Hammar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Pittsburgh Fatigability Scale (PFS) was developed to capture fatigue and demand in a single tool, filling a gap that no validated questionnaire existed to measure perceived fatigability. Since fatigability...

    Authors: Yixin Hu, Hangming Zhang, Weihao Xu, Ming Zhao, Juan Liu, Linna Wu, Lin Zou, Jing Zuo, Yunxia Liu, Li Fan, Woei-Nan Bair, Yujia (Susanna) Qiao and Nancy W. Glynn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The high burden of chronic conditions, coupled with various physical, mental, and psychosocial changes that accompany the phenomenon of aging, may limit the functional ability of older adults. This study aims ...

    Authors: Saruna Ghimire, Grish Paudel, Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Mahmood Parvez, Binod Rayamajhee, Pravash Paudel, Man Kumar Tamang and Uday Narayan Yadav

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:335

    Content type: Research

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  26. Delirium is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome in older hospitalized patients. Previous studies have suggested that inflammation and oxidative stress contribute to the pathophysiology of delirium. However, it ...

    Authors: Yanli Zhao, Jirong Yue, Peng Lei, Taiping Lin, Xuchao Peng, Dongmei Xie, Langli Gao, Xiaoyu Shu and Chenkai Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:334

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Older people who are non-weight-bearing after a lower limb fracture are at risk of poor outcomes but there are no clinical guidelines for this group of patients. Given the paucity of the research evidence base...

    Authors: S. Aloraibi, J. Gladman, D. Godfrey, V. Booth, K. Robinson, E. Lunt, A. Caswell, M. Kerr, B. Ollivere and A. L. Gordon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Existing research indicates that tea drinking may exert beneficiary effects on mental health. However, associations between different types of tea intake and mental health such as depression have not been full...

    Authors: Yao Yao, Huashuai Chen, Lele Chen, Sang-Yhun Ju, Huazhen Yang, Yi Zeng, Danan Gu and Tze Pin Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:331

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2) was reported to be associated with cognitive performance and risk of incident stroke. However, the impact of sST2 on cognitive function after ischemic stroke is un...

    Authors: Yinwei Zhu, Chongquan Fang, Qi Zhang, Yaling Lu, Rui Zhang, Aili Wang, Xiaoqing Bu, Jintao Zhang, Zhong Ju, Yonghong Zhang, Tan Xu and Chongke Zhong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research

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  30. The present study aimed to investigate the relation between anemia and hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration, physical performance, and cognitive function in a large sample of Iranian elderly population.

    Authors: Maryam Marzban, Iraj Nabipour, Akram Farhadi, Afshin Ostovar, Bagher Larijani, Amir Hossein Darabi, Elnaz Shabankari and Mohamad Gholizade

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research

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  31. Recent evidence suggests that sodium imbalances may be associated with cognitive impairment; however, the association between specific domains of cognition remains unclear. This study examines the association ...

    Authors: Sohyae Lee, Jin-young Min, Beom Kim, Sang-Won Ha, Jeohng Ho Han and Kyoung-bok Min

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:328

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Growing evidence shows the effects of psychotropic drugs on the evolution of dementia. Until now, only a few studies have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of psychotropic drugs in institutionalized dementia pa...

    Authors: Mireia Massot Mesquida, Frans Folkvord, Gemma Seda, Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva and Pere Torán Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:327

    Content type: Research

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  33. Optimal supportive end of life care for frail, older adults in long term care (LTC) homes involves symptom management, family participation, advance care plans, and organizational support. This 2-phase study a...

    Authors: Patricia M. Harasym, Misha Afzaal, Sarah Brisbin, Aynharan Sinnarajah, Lorraine Venturato, Patrick Quail, Sharon Kaasalainen, Sharon Straus, Tamara Sussman, Navjot Virk and Jayna M. Holroyd-Leduc

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research

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  34. Recently, there is an increased number of studies that use 360° virtual reality (VR) video for medical and rehabilitative purposes. However, the 360° VR video experience for older adults has not yet been inves...

    Authors: Namsu Lee, Wonjae Choi and Seungwon Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:325

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  35. Only a small proportion of older patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) seek professional help. Difficulties in accessing treatment may contribute to this problem. Guided self-help based on the princ...

    Authors: Philippe Landreville, Patrick Gosselin, Sébastien Grenier and Pierre-Hugues Carmichael

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:324

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Anabolic steroid has been suggested as a supplement during hip fracture rehabilitation and a Cochrane Review recommended further trials. The aim was to determine feasibility and preliminary effect of a 12-week...

    Authors: Signe Hulsbæk, Thomas Bandholm, Ilija Ban, Nicolai Bang Foss, Jens-Erik Beck Jensen, Henrik Kehlet and Morten Tange Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:323

    Content type: Research

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  37. Violence against older adults is a well-recognised socio-psychological and public health problem. It is uncared-for, undiagnosed, and an untreated problem that is widespread across both developed and developin...

    Authors: Debashree Sinha, Prem Shankar Mishra, Shobhit Srivastava and Pradeep Kumar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Few studies have focused on exploring the clinical characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 in older patients. We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to have a better understanding of the clinic...

    Authors: Sunny Singhal, Pramod Kumar, Sumitabh Singh, Srishti Saha and Aparajit Ballav Dey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Age is considered as one of the most important risk-factor for many types of solid and hematological cancers, as their incidence increases with age in parallel to the ever-growing elderly population. Moreover,...

    Authors: Abdurraouf Mokhtar Mahmoud, Federica Biello, Paola Maria Maggiora, Riccardo Bruna, Giovanni Burrafato, Miriam Cappelli, Feba Varughese, Veronica Martini, Francesca Platini, Clara Deambrogi, Andrea Patriarca, Maura Nicolosi, Ajay ram Vachanaram, Carla Pisani, Eleonora Ferrara, Elvira Catania…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:320

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is a common problem among elderly inpatients because many elderly patients are admitted for pneumonia or other conditions that necessitate antibiotic treatment. In the supe...

    Authors: Yoko Takedani, Tsukasa Nakamura, Noriko Fukiwake, Toshihiro Imada, Junji Mashino and Takeshi Morimoto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:317

    Content type: Research

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  41. Long-term care units’ residents do not constitute a homogeneous population. Providing effective care, tailored to individual needs, is crucial in this context. It can be facilitated by suitable tools and metho...

    Authors: Sławomir Tobis, Krystyna Jaracz, Sylwia Kropińska, Dorota Talarska, Juanita Hoe, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis and Aleksandra Suwalska

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research article

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  42. With the improvement of life expectancy, the world faces increasing demands for care of older persons. In this manuscript, we define the characteristics of primary informal caregivers (PIC) of patients aged 75...

    Authors: C. Eyaloba, I. De Brauwer, S. Cès, F. Benoit, S. Gillain, L. Pesch, H. Rouvière and S. De Breucker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The rapidly aging societies worldwide and in Singapore present a unique challenge, requiring an integrated multidisciplinary approach to address high-value targets such as muscle health. We propose pragmatic e...

    Authors: Samuel T. H. Chew, Geetha Kayambu, Charles Chin Han Lew, Tze Pin Ng, Fangyi Ong, Jonathan Tan, Ngiap Chuan Tan and Shuen-Loong Tham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:314

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Nuts are nutrient-rich and reported to provide some cognitive and cardiometabolic health benefits, but limited studies have focused on older adults. This study investigated the cross-sectional relationship bet...

    Authors: Sze-Yen Tan, Ekavi N. Georgousopoulou, Barbara R. Cardoso, Robin M. Daly and Elena S. George

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Up to 70% of nursing home patients with dementia suffer from sleep problems. Light is the main zeitgeber to the circadian system and thus has a fundamental impact on sleep-wake behaviour. Low indoor light leve...

    Authors: Gunnhild J. Hjetland, Eirin Kolberg, Ståle Pallesen, Eirunn Thun, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Bjørn Bjorvatn and Elisabeth Flo-Groeneboom

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) disability is a common health burden in aging populations. The identification of high-risk individuals is essential for timely targeted interventions. Although pr...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Huijie Cui, Qiuzhi Chen, Yan Li, Chunxia Yang and Yanfang Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:311

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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