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  1. Content type: Research article

    Detection of high-risk individuals for fractures are needed. This study assessed whether level of physical activity (PA) and a musculoskeletal composite score could be used as fracture predictive tools, and if...

    Authors: Felix Cronholm, Björn E. Rosengren, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Eva Ribom and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:90

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The study objectives were to identify the main predictive factors for long hospital stays and to propose new and improved methods of risk assessment.

    Authors: Milene Silva Ferreira, Fabio Gazelato de Melo Franco, Patrícia Silveira Rodrigues, Vanessa Maria da Silva de Poli Correa, Sonia Teresa Gaidzakian Akopian, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Carolina Nunes França and José Antonio Maluf de Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:89

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a clinical condition among older adults defined as the loss of resources in one or more domains (i.e., physical, psychological and social domains) of individual functioning. In frail subjects emerge...

    Authors: Anna Mulasso, Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Alberto Rainoldi, Gianluca Zia, Luca Feletti, Aurèle N’dja, Susanna Del Signore, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Federica Luisi and Lorenzo Maria Donini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:88

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Due to the increase in elderly patients who undergo major abdominal surgery there is a subsequent increase in postoperative complications, prolonged hospital stays, health-care costs and mortality rates. Delir...

    Authors: Ties L. Janssen, Christina A. Mosk, Chantal C. H. A. van Hoof-de Lepper, Daphne Wielders, Tom C. J. Seerden, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Adriaan J. van Gammeren, Dominique C. de Lange, René van Alphen, Martine van der Zee, René M. de Bruijn, Jolanda de Vries, Jan H. Wijsman, Gwan H. Ho, Paul D. Gobardhan and Lijckle van der Laan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:87

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Dozens of scales and questionnaires have been used in the detection of frailty; however, a generalized method for its screening and diagnosis is still lacking in clinical settings. FRAILTOOLS´ main objective i...

    Authors: Marta Checa-López, Myriam Oviedo-Briones, Armando Pardo-Gómez, Jimmy Gonzales-Turín, Tania Guevara-Guevara, José Antonio Carnicero, Shirley Alamo-Ascencio, Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Tomasz Grodzicki and Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:86

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially a...

    Authors: Laura E. Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:85

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Medical Visit Companions (MVCs) are encouraged for older adults’ routine medical encounters. Little data exist on the experiences and contributions of non-spouse companions for the growing population of older ...

    Authors: Orla C. Sheehan, Anita L. Graham-Phillips, John D. Wilson, Deidra C. Crews, Cheryl L. Holt, Jennifer Gabbard, Katherine C. Smith, Jennifer L. Wolff and David L. Roth

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:84

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities in the feet and toenails are common among the elderly and may increase the risk of falls. This study aimed to investigate the changes in toe-gap force, knee-gap force, foot pressure distribution,...

    Authors: Tomoko Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Chugo Rinoie, Yoshimasa Takase, Mitsuru Sato, Kenji Yamada and Yoshiki Sawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:83

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Informal caregivers are an essential pillar for ensuring and maintaining the outpatient care of the frail elderly. Due to demographic changes, including an increase in the number of people in need of care as w...

    Authors: M. Plöthner, K. Schmidt, L. de Jong, J. Zeidler and K. Damm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:82

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Older adults often suffer from age- and behavior-related brain changes affecting neuronal functioning and, therefore, cognitive and motor functions. The improvement of these functions might decrease falls and ...

    Authors: Alexandra Schättin, Corinne Baier, Domenique Mai, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Isabelle Herter-Aeberli and Eling D. de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:81

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH; profound falls in blood pressure when upright) is a common deficit that increases in incidence with age, and may be associated with falling risk. Deficit accumulation results in fr...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Dave Borrel, Kimiya Sabbaghan, Colton Kum, Yijian Yang, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:80

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia in hip fracture patients has been associated with increased risk of allogenic blood transfusion (ABT), poorer functional outcomes and increased mortality. Few studies have reported the prevalence of an...

    Authors: Gillian Puckeridge, Morne Terblanche, Marianne Wallis and Yoke Lin Fung

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:79

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Several outcome measures can be utilised to measure social participation and Quality of Life (QoL) in research and clinical practice. However there have been few large-scale trials of these tools in community ...

    Authors: Lindsey Brett, Andrew Georgiou, Mikaela Jorgensen, Joyce Siette, Grace Scott, Edwina Gow, Gemma Luckett and Johanna Westbrook

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:78

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Many home-dwelling elderly use medical compression stockings to prevent venous insufficiency, deep venous thrombosis, painful legs and leg ulcers. Assisting users with applying and removing compression stockin...

    Authors: Kristin Thuve Dahm, Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Hilde Strømme, Brynjar Fure and Kjetil Gundro Brurberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:76

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of multimorbidity (i.e., the coexistence of multiple chronic diseases) increases with age in older adults and is a growing concern worldwide. Multimorbidity has been reported to be a driving fac...

    Authors: Takahiro Mori, Shota Hamada, Satoru Yoshie, Boyoung Jeon, Xueying Jin, Hideto Takahashi, Katsuya Iijima, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:69

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To explore informal caregivers’ perspectives and perceived needs related to health care services/activities for older adults with dementia, in order to understand barriers and facilitators to participation. Th...

    Authors: Randi Granbo, Elisabeth Boulton, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad and Kristin Taraldsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:75

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The social structure is changing with an increase in the ratio of the older population, resulting in a growing number of older people being faced with singlehood. This study identified and described single old...

    Authors: Su-Fei Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shueh-Fen Chen, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:74

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we analyzed elderly people in Thailand to identify the validity of suggested cutoff points of physical measures, handgrip strength, usual walking speed, and a composite score of both measures to...

    Authors: Orawan Prasitsiriphon and Daniela Weber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:73

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    The rapid increase in the number of elderly family caregivers underlines the need for new support systems. Internet-delivered psychological interventions are a potential approach, as they are easy to access fo...

    Authors: Päivi Lappalainen, Inka Pakkala and Riku Nikander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:72

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    Body posture is a fundamental indicator for assessing health and quality of life, especially for elderly people. Deciphering the changes in body posture occurring with age is a current topic in the field of ge...

    Authors: Huan Gong, Liang Sun, Ruiyue Yang, Jing Pang, Beidong Chen, Ruomei Qi, Xin Gu, Yaonan Zhang and Tie-mei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:71

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Numerous medications should be avoided, or require dose adjustment in subjects with impaired kidney function. We aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate use of renal risk drugs in a nation-...

    Authors: Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka, Jerzy Chudek, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Barbara Wizner and Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:70

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A telephone intervention for caregivers of older people discharged from hospital was shown to improve preparedness to care, reduce caregiver strain and caregiver distress. No cost-effectiveness analysis has be...

    Authors: David Youens, Richard Parsons, Christine Toye, Susan Slatyer, Samar Aoun, Keith D. Hill, Matthew Skinner, Sean Maher, Sue Davis, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson and Rachael Moorin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:68

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Research on discrimination and health focused on older adults has been scarce, comparatively with younger and middle-aged adults. Considering where people live matters, accurate measures of perceived discrimin...

    Authors: Luciana de Souza Braga, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Ana Paula Romanelli Ceolin, Fabíola Bof de Andrade and Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:67

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Giving up driving is a pivotal life event and universal challenge for people living with dementia and their families, and a complex area of clinical practice for health professionals who monitor driving cessat...

    Authors: Theresa Scott, Jacki Liddle, Geoffrey Mitchell, Elizabeth Beattie and Nancy Pachana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:66

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    Older patients (≥65 years old) experience high rates of adverse outcomes after an emergency department (ED) visit. Reliable tools to predict adverse outcomes in this population are lacking. This manuscript com...

    Authors: Noortje Zelis, Jacqueline Buijs, Peter W. de Leeuw, Sander M. J. van Kuijk and Patricia M. Stassen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:65

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Multimorbid older adults suffering from a long-term health condition like depression, diabetes mellitus type 2, dementia or frailty are at high risk of losing their autonomy. Disability and multimorbidity in t...

    Authors: Fabian Frank, Frederike Bjerregaard, Jürgen Bengel, Eva Maria Bitzer, Bernhard Heimbach, Klaus Kaier, Jasmin Kiekert, Lena Krämer, Cornelia Kricheldorff, Katharina Laubner, Andy Maun, Gloria Metzner, Wilhelm Niebling, Claudia Salm, Sandra Schütter, Jochen Seufert…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:64

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Care for people with Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias should be based on up-to-date clinical practice guidelines. The education and training of nurses and other healthcare staff in dementia is a key fact...

    Authors: Laura Parra-Anguita, Inmaculada Sánchez-García, Rafael del Pino-Casado and Pedro L. Pancorbo-Hidalgo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:63

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Frail individuals are at risk of significant clinical deterioration if their frailty is not identified and managed appropriately. Research suggests that any interaction between an older person and a health or ...

    Authors: David Sunkersing, Finbarr C. Martin, Julie Reed, Maria Woringer and Derek Bell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:62

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  29. Content type: Research article

    With the ageing population, there is a stronger focus on supporting older people to live independently as long as possible. One of the important factors to take into consideration for independent living older ...

    Authors: Didi Verver, Hanneke Merten, Carolien de Blok and Cordula Wagner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:61

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  30. Content type: Research article

    According to a WHO report, nearly 15% of adults aged 60 and over suffer from a mental disorder, constituting 6.6% of the total disability for this age group. Taipei City faces rapid transformation towards an a...

    Authors: Tzu-Jung Tseng, Yi-Syuan Wu, Jia-Hong Tang, Yen-Hui Chiu, Yu-Ting Lee, I-Chun Fan and Ta-Chien Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:60

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Visual rating scales are still the most popular tools in assessing atrophy degrees of whole brain and lobes. However, the false negative rate of the previous cutoff score of visual rating scales was relatively...

    Authors: Mingqing Wei, Jing Shi, Jingnian Ni, Xuekai Zhang, Ting Li, Zilong Chen, Mengling Zhou, Liping Zhang, Zhongjian Tan, Yongyan Wang and Jinzhou Tian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:59

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Falls in people with dementia can result in a number of physical and psychosocial consequences. However, there is limited evidence to inform how best to deliver services to people with dementia following a fal...

    Authors: Alison Wheatley, Claire Bamford, Caroline Shaw, Elizabeth Flynn, Amy Smith, Fiona Beyer, Chris Fox, Robert Barber, Steve W. Parry, Denise Howel, Tara Homer, Louise Robinson and Louise M. Allan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:57

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and has increased prevalence in older patients, leading to poor prognosis for these patients. There is a need for a biomarker or a model of prognostic eva...

    Authors: Shihui Fu, Jie Jiao, Yi Guo, Bing Zhu and Leiming Luo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:56

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Older population often have multiple and complex needs that are consequently challenged by the presence of polypharmacy, adverse drug reactions and drug-drug interaction. We aimed to determine home medication ...

    Authors: Shakti Shrestha, Ramesh Sharma Poudel, Saroj Pradhan, Aashutosh Adhikari, Arjun Giri and Arjun Poudel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:55

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Loss and grief are experienced by caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD), relating to the ambiguous loss of PWD even when they are still alive and the anticipation of future loss related to their physical d...

    Authors: Tau Ming Liew, Bee Choo Tai, Philip Yap and Gerald Choon-Huat Koh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:54

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  36. Content type: Research article

    According to the World Health Organization, the elderly are at the highest risk of injury or death from a fall. Age-related changes in strength, balance and flexibility are degenerative factors that may increa...

    Authors: Eduardo Martínez-Carbonell Guillamón, Louise Burgess, Tikki Immins, Andrés Martínez-Almagro Andreo and Thomas W. Wainwright

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:52

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Health professionals and healthcare volunteers play a critical role in promoting uptake of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), which is an effective screening method for colorectal cancer. However, previous st...

    Authors: Tsung-Yi Lin, Shu-Tzu Chuang, Su-Fei Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:51

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity is linked to benefits such as increased physical fitness, cognition, emotional and social functioning, general health and well-being in older people. Some evidence suggests that this also app...

    Authors: Joeke van Santen, Rose-Marie Dröes, Judith E. Bosmans, Olivier A. Blanson Henkemans, Sjef van Bommel, Esther Hakvoort, Ronald Valk, Carla Scholten, Joris Wiersinga, Annemieke van Straten and Franka Meiland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:50

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Drug consumption increases with age, but there are few comparisons of drug use between old people living at home or in a nursing home. To identify areas of concern as well as in need for quality improvement in...

    Authors: Amura Francesca Fog, Jørund Straand, Knut Engedal and Hege Salvesen Blix

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:49

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Reduced mobility is the first sign of functional decline and can lead to dependency in elderly people. Screening for the risk of mobility limitation in this population is an important public health issue to pr...

    Authors: Sofia Perrotin, Thomas Gilbert, Marine Dupuis, Laurent Villeneuve, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Amna Klich, Laurent Letrilliart and Marc Bonnefoy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:48

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Older adults with bacterial skin infections may present with atypical symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. There is limited authoritative guidance on how older adults in the community present with bacterial s...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, José M. Ordóñez-Mena, Thomas Fanshawe, Annette Plüddemann and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:45

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    The proportion of older people has dramatically increased in recent decades. Moreover, social and demographic trends show a global increase of older people at risk of loneliness and lack of social relationship...

    Authors: María José López, Carolina Lapena, Alba Sánchez, Xavier Continente and Ana Fernández

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:44

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Exercise is effective in order to prevent falls in community-dwelling older people. Self-management programs have the potential to increase access and reduce costs related to exercise-based fall prevention. Ho...

    Authors: Beatrice Pettersson, Maria Wiklund, Rebecka Janols, Helena Lindgren, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A. Skelton and Marlene Sandlund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:43

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Frailty and sarcopenia are common amongst hospitalised older people and associated with poor healthcare outcomes. Widely recognised tools for their identification are the Fried Frailty Phenotype, its self-repo...

    Authors: Kinda Ibrahim, Fiona F. A. Howson, David J. Culliford, Avan A. Sayer and Helen C. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:42

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Detecting patients with undiagnosed dementia is an important clinical challenge. Changes in medication adherence might represent an early sign of cognitive impairment. We sought to examine antihypertensive and...

    Authors: Zachary A. Marcum, Rod L. Walker, Bobby L. Jones, Arvind Ramaprasan, Shelly L. Gray, Sascha Dublin, Paul K. Crane and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:41

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