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  1. Decreases in prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia over the last two decades have been observed in different countries for cohorts entering older age. This study aimed to assess the cognitive impairm...

    Authors: Fabiana Silva Ribeiro, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Jair Lício Ferreira Santos and Anja K. Leist

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:609

    Content type: Research

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  2. To investigate the association between sleep duration and cognitive frailty among older adults dwelling in western China.

    Authors: Yunli Zhao, Ying Lu, Wanyu Zhao, Yanyan Wang, Meiling Ge, Lixing Zhou, Jirong Yue, Birong Dong and Qiukui Hao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:608

    Content type: Research

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  3. Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIÉ) is an integrative group movement program developed for adults with mild-to-moderate dementia attending day programs. However, many older adults with deme...

    Authors: Alirameen Akram, Francesca Nicosia, Jennifer Lee, Maria Lee, Lynn Martin, Steven Martinez, Cherry Ordoñez, Michele Woo and Deborah E. Barnes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:607

    Content type: Research

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  4. The objective was to investigate the individual effect and potential interactions of probable rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (pRBD) and sleep insufficiency on fall risk among a Chinese elderly popu...

    Authors: Chao Han, Jing An and Piu Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:606

    Content type: Research

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  5. Optimal application of the recently updated World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for exercise in advanced age necessitates an accurate adjustment for the age-related increasing variability in biological ...

    Authors: Yael Netz, Esther Argov, Ziv Yekutieli, Moshe Ayalon, Keren Tchelet, David Ben-Sira, Yihya Amar and Jeremy M. Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:605

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Early detection of dementia may improve patient care and quality of life, yet up to half of people with dementia are undiagnosed. Electronic health record (EHR) data could be used to help identify individuals ...

    Authors: Lorella Palazzo, Clarissa Hsu, Deborah E. Barnes, Marlaine Figueroa Gray, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Eric B. Larson and Sascha Dublin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:604

    Content type: Research

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  7. South Korea has a rapidly ageing population. This study aimed to provide epidemiologic data and to identify the characteristics of the patterns and clinical outcomes of two-wheeled vehicle-related injuries (bi...

    Authors: Yoonhyung Choi, Duk Hee Lee and Jung Il Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:603

    Content type: Research

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  8. This study aimed to make future projections of the nationwide prevalence of dementia in Japan using the prevalence of dementia from the Toyama Dementia Survey and population projections.

    Authors: Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido and Michio Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:602

    Content type: Research

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  9. Sexual violence (SV) is an important public health problem which may cause long-lasting health problems. SV in older adults remains neglected in research, policies and practices. Valid SV prevalence estimates ...

    Authors: Anne Nobels, Adina Cismaru-Inescu, Laurent Nisen, Bastien Hahaut, Marie Beaulieu, Gilbert Lemmens, Stéphane Adam, Evelyn Schapansky, Christophe Vandeviver and Ines Keygnaert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:601

    Content type: Research

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  10. The operational definition of sarcopenia has been updated (EWGSOP2) and apply different cut-off points compared to previous criteria (EWGSOP1). Therefore, we aim to compare the sarcopenia prevalence and the as...

    Authors: Ola Wallengren, Ingvar Bosaeus, Kerstin Frändin, Lauren Lissner, Hanna Falk Erhag, Hanna Wetterberg, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Lina Rydén, Elisabet Rothenberg and Ingmar Skoog

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:600

    Content type: Research

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  11. Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) provides protocols based on factors for reducing delirium. Due to the lack of geriatric wards and aged care teams in Iran, it seems that some of the original HELP interventio...

    Authors: A. Kojaie-Bidgoli, F. Sharifi, F. Maghsoud, M. Alizadeh-Khoei, F. Jafari and F. Sadeghi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:599

    Content type: Research

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  12. Improvement in acromegaly management increased disease survival and prevalence. Evidence regarding acromegaly in older adults are sparse. We aim to explore acromegaly impact on aging process quality.

    Authors: Irene Gagliardi, Sabrina Chiloiro, Maria Vallillo, Marta Bondanelli, Stefano Volpato, Antonella Giampietro, Antonio Bianchi, Laura De Marinis, Maria Chiara Zatelli and Maria Rosaria Ambrosio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:598

    Content type: Research

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  13. The aim of this study was to inform the development of a Community Geriatrics Service (CGS) that addressed the healthcare and social needs of community dwelling older people in an Australian context.

    Authors: Mark I. Hohenberg, Najwa-Joelle Metri, Rubab Firdaus, David Simmons and Genevieve Z. Steiner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:597

    Content type: Research

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  14. Population aging has been an emerging public and health concern globally. Balance performance can be applied as an indicator of functional status and a predictor of health outcomes in the elderly. However, ref...

    Authors: Hongmei Wu, Yifan Wei, Xiangqi Miao, Xia Li, Yang Feng, Zhenzhen Yuan, Peng Zhou, Xiaolei Ye, Jianhong Zhu, Yu Jiang and Qinghua Xia

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:596

    Content type: Research

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  15. Previous studies on the relationship between cognitive impairment and adverse outcomes among geriatric inpatients are not representative of older inpatients in China because of insufficient sample sizes or sin...

    Authors: Li Yuan, Xiaoming Zhang, Na Guo, Zhen Li, Dongmei Lv, Hui Wang, Jingfen Jin, Xianxiu Wen, Shengxiu Zhao, Tao Xu, Jing Jiao and Xinjuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:595

    Content type: Research

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  16. Caregiving is a global phenomenon which is bound to increase in tandem with the aging population worldwide. Stroke is a condition common in older people that requires complex caregiving necessitating provision...

    Authors: Shilpa Tyagi, Nan Luo, Chuen Seng Tan, Kelvin Bryan Tan, Boon Yeow Tan, Edward Menon, N. Venketasubramanian, Wei Chin Loh, Shu Hui Fan, Kenneth Lam Thuan Yang, Audrey Swee Ling Chan, Aysha Farwin, Zunairah Binti Lukman and Gerald Choon-Huat Koh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:594

    Content type: Research

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  17. Cognitive frailty, a combination of physical frailty and cognitive impairment, is associated with functional decline in older adults. However, there is limited information if cognitive frailty predicts the inc...

    Authors: Nurul Fatin Malek Rivan, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Suzana Shahar, Goh Jing Wen, Nor Fadilah Rajab, Normah Che Din, Hazlina Mahadzir and Mohd Zul Amin Kamaruddin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:593

    Content type: Research

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  18. While it has been recognized that visual impairment is associated with poor self-rated health (SRH), in addition to various negative health outcomes of visual impairment, the number of older adults with visual...

    Authors: Atsuhide Takesue, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Akira Inoue, Katsunori Kondo, Akira Murakami and Jun Aida

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:592

    Content type: Research

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  19. Falls among older adults with a low bone density can lead to a bedridden state. Declining bone density increases the risk of falls resulting fractures in older adults. A person’s physical performance is known ...

    Authors: Yoko Hasegawa, Shotaro Tsuji, Koutatsu Nagai, Ayumi Sakuramoto-Sadakane, Joji Tamaoka, Masayuki Oshitani, Takahiro Ono, Takashi Sawada, Ken Shinmura and Hiromitsu Kishimoto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:591

    Content type: Research

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  20. This research innovatively analyzed the marital transitions (i.e., divorce and widowhood) of older Taiwanese parents, their sleep problems and spousal specific characteristics (i.e., separate bedrooms for slee...

    Authors: Chi Chiao, Wen-Hsu Lin, Yu-Hua Chen and Chin-Chun Yi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:590

    Content type: Research

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  21. The Perceptions of Restraint Use Questionnaire measures perception of restraint in a 17-item questionnaire. The aim of this study was to assess the test-retest reliability of the PRUQ as a measure of staff att...

    Authors: Charlotta Thunborg, Martin Salzman-Erikson and Annakarin Olsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:589

    Content type: Research

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  22. To protect nursing home residents, many governments around the world implemented blanket visitor bans in March and April 2020. As a consequence, family caregivers, friends, and volunteers were not allowed to e...

    Authors: Ramona Backhaus, Hilde Verbeek, Bram de Boer, Judith H. J. Urlings, Debby L. Gerritsen, Raymond T. C. M. Koopmans and Jan P. H. Hamers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:588

    Content type: Research

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  23. Few studies have explored patterns of physical activity (PA) and examined their relationship with depression among community-dwelling older adults. We aimed to identify the patterns of PA through a person-cent...

    Authors: Yan Liang, Xinghui Li, Tingting Yang, Mengying Li, Ye Ruan, Yinghua Yang, Yanyan Huang, Yihua Jiang and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:587

    Content type: Research

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  24. Fear of falling (FOF) is the most common public health problem, which can lead to loss of confidence, reducing physical and social activities, depression, loss of mobility, increased risk of falls, physical we...

    Authors: Gebremeskel Birhanie, Haimanot Melese, Gebrerufael Solomon, Berihu Fissha and Molla Teferi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:586

    Content type: Research

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  25. Health disparities represent a major public health problem that needs to be addressed, and a variety of factors, including geographical location and income, can contribute to these disparities. Although previo...

    Authors: Kyu-Tae Han, Dong-Woo Choi and Seungju Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:585

    Content type: Research

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  26. Deprescribing is effective and safe in reducing polypharmacy among the elderly. However, the impact of deprescribing rounds remain unclear in Asian settings. Hence, we conducted this study.

    Authors: Andrew Peng Yong Wong, Tan Wan Ting, Ee Jia Ming Charissa, Tan Wee Boon, Kwan Yu Heng and Low Lian Leng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:584

    Content type: Research

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  27. Worldwide, restrictive measures have been taken to manage the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Social distancing and self-isolation have considerably affected the lives of people with dementia and their inform...

    Authors: Anne Marie Mork Rokstad, Janne Røsvik, Marit Fossberg and Siren Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:583

    Content type: Research

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  28. Generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) may modulate or otherwise affect the loss of masseter muscle mass and be responsible for low masseter muscle performance and strength (i.e., low oral function). M...

    Authors: Masanori Iwasaki, Hirohiko Hirano, Keiko Motokawa, Maki Shirobe, Ayako Edahiro, Yuki Ohara, Hisashi Kawai, Motonaga Kojima, Shuichi Obuchi, Hiroshi Murayama, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shoji Shinkai and Akihiko Kitamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:582

    Content type: Research

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  29. People living with dementia (PLWD) and caregivers are adversely impacted by lack of meaningful activity leading to worse symptoms and impaired quality-of-life. There is a critical need to develop effective and...

    Authors: Laura N. Gitlin, Katherine Marx, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Nancy A. Hodgson, Jin Huang, David L. Roth and Constantine Lyketsos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:581

    Content type: Research

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  30. Despite a growing burden of Alzheimer’s Disease and related dementias (ADRD) in the US, the relationship between health care and cognitive impairment prevention is unclear. Primary care manages risk causing co...

    Authors: Megan A. Mullins, Julie P. W. Bynum, Suzanne E. Judd and Philippa J. Clarke

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:580

    Content type: Research

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  31. Family doctor policy is an important part of deepening healthcare reform in China. The study aimed to explore the association between cardiovascular-metabolic multimorbidity and the status of signing a contrac...

    Authors: Shijun Yang, Jie Li, Peipei Fu, Yan Chen, Yi Wang, Dan Zhao, Zhixian Li, Wenjuan Li, Jie Li, Chen Yan, Zhen Gui and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:579

    Content type: Research

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  32. The effectiveness of health care interventions is co-determined by contextual factors. Unknown is the extent of this impact on patient outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore which characteris...

    Authors: Linda C. Smit, Niek J. De Wit, Meggie L. Nieuwenhuizen, Marieke J. Schuurmans and Nienke Bleijenberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:578

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Observational studies have reported an inverse association between ultraviolet (UV) radiation and hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess differences in blood pressure changes between persons with de...

    Authors: Bistra I. Veleva, Monique A. A. Caljouw, Astrid Muurman, Jenny T. van der Steen, Victor G. M. Chel, Mattijs E. Numans and Rosalinde K. E. Poortvliet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:577

    Content type: Research

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  34. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients age 90 years or older represent a growing subgroup and place a huge financial burden on health care resources despite the benefit being unclear. This leads to ethical problem...

    Authors: Raphael Romano Bruno, Bernhard Wernly, Malte Kelm, Ariane Boumendil, Alessandro Morandi, Finn H. Andersen, Antonio Artigas, Stefano Finazzi, Maurizio Cecconi, Steffen Christensen, Loredana Faraldi, Michael Lichtenauer, Johanna M. Muessig, Brian Marsh, Rui Moreno, Sandra Oeyen…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:576

    Content type: Research

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  35. Patients with cognitive deficits are 3 times more likely to suffer a hip fracture than geriatric patients of the same age group without cognitive deficits. The persistence of perioperative pain following hip f...

    Authors: Mathilde Ruel, Bastien Boussat, Mehdi Boudissa, Virginie Garnier, Catherine Bioteau, Jérôme Tonetti, Régis Pailhe, Gaëtan Gavazzi and Sabine Drevet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:575

    Content type: Research

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  36. Pre-treatment evaluation for sarcopenia is recommended in cancer patients. New screening tests that are less time-consuming and can identify patients who will potentially benefit from geriatric assessment are ...

    Authors: Cagatay Cavusoglu, Gozde Tahtaci, Rana Tuna Dogrul, Ibrahim Ileri, Funda Yildirim, Burcu Candemir, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Aytug Uner and Berna Goker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:574

    Content type: Research

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  37. Advance care planning (ACP) is particularly appropriate for persons with early dementia (PWED) since it promotes conversations about dementia-specific illness scenarios, addresses inconsistencies between advan...

    Authors: Francesca Bosisio, Anca-Cristina Sterie, Eve Rubli Truchard and Ralf J. Jox

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:573

    Content type: Research

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  38. Malnutrition and depression are highly prevalent in older adults and can lead to disparaging outcomes. Analytical studies on geriatric depression (GD) and its association with malnutrition are very scarce in B...

    Authors: Md. Ziaul Islam, Tasnim Rahman Disu, Sharmin Farjana and Mohammad Meshbahur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:572

    Content type: Research

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  39. Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are highly prevalent in older patients but little is known about prevalence of DDIs over time. Our main objective was to assess changes in the prevalence and characteristics of dr...

    Authors: Lorène Zerah, Séverine Henrard, Ingeborg Wilting, Denis O’Mahony, Nicolas Rodondi, Olivia Dalleur, Kieran Dalton, Wilma Knol, Manuel Haschke and Anne Spinewine

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:571

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Social networks are associated with better cognitive health in older people, but the role of specific aspects of the social network remains unclear. This is especially the case in Central and Eastern Europe. T...

    Authors: Yifan Nie, Marcus Richards, Ruzena Kubinova, Anastasiya Titarenko, Sofia Malyutina, Magdalena Kozela, Andrzej Pajak, Martin Bobak and Milagros Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:570

    Content type: Research

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  41. Delirium is common in older hospitalized patients. It has serious consequences e.g., poor health outcomes, mortality and increased costs. Despite that, many cases are undetected. Early detection of delirium is...

    Authors: Yvonne A. Johansson, Theofanis Tsevis, Salmir Nasic, Catharina Gillsjö, Linda Johansson, Nenad Bogdanovic and Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:568

    Content type: Research article

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  42.  Patient-centeredness (PC) aims to adapt health care to the individual needs and preferences of patients. An existing integrative model of PC comprises several dimensions of PC which have not yet been investig...

    Authors: Manuela Kanat, Jonas Schaefer, Laura Kivelitz, Jörg Dirmaier, Sebastian Voigt-Radloff, Bernhard Heimbach and Manuela Glattacker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:567

    Content type: Research

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  43. Older patients, frequently with multiple comorbidities, have a high mortality from COVID-19 infection. Convalescent plasma (CP) is a therapeutic option for these patients. Our objective is to retrospectively e...

    Authors: Iñigo Romon, Juan J. Dominguez-Garcia, Jose L. Arroyo, Borja Suberviola, Itxasne Cabezón, Beatriz Abascal, Cristina Baldeón, Amalia Cuesta, Raquel Portilla, Elena Casuso, Enrique Ocio and Montserrat Briz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:566

    Content type: Research

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  44. Due to the increasingly ageing society and the shortage of nursing human resources in China, the imbalance between the home care needs of older patients and the inadequate supply of nursing services is increas...

    Authors: Baosheng Zhao, Xiaoman Zhang, Rendong Huang, Mo Yi, Xiaofei Dong and Zhenxiang Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:565

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Self-rated health (SRH) is a good predictor of morbidity and mortality. Extensive research has shown that females generally report poorer SRH than males but still tend to live longer. Previous studies used cro...

    Authors: Shichen Cui, Yushan Yu, Weizhen Dong, Tingke Xu, Yunyun Huang, Xiangyang Zhang and Chun Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:563

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Blood pressure targets for oldest-old people have been long debated due to the concern that more stringent targets are associated with increased mortality. We aimed to investigate the association between chang...

    Authors: Hui Gao, Kan Wang, Fariba Ahmadizar, Wensui Zhao, Yu Jiang, Lei Zhang, Li Yu, Fangjia Zhou, Jialing Gu, Jianlin Zhuang and Zhao-lin Xia

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:562

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Being homebound is independently associated with increased mortality but the homebound population is heterogeneous. In order to improve precision medicine, we analyzed potentially modifiable factors that contr...

    Authors: Mia Yang, Nicholas Pajewski, Mark Espeland, Douglas Easterling and Jeff D. Williamson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:561

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Chronic pain in older people is of particular importance not only with regard to negative subjective experience but also as an indicator of the quality of medical care. Brief scales to assess pain may help hea...

    Authors: Grażyna Puto, Iwona Repka and Piotr Brzyski

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:560

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  49. The study aimed to estimate the associations between perceived discrimination and poor physical health, poor mental health, and health risk behaviours in middle-aged and older adults in a national population s...

    Authors: Supa Pengpid and Karl Peltzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:559

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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