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  1. Greenland is facing an ageing population, and little is known about the characteristics of the elderly population in Greenland. This study offers both a comparison and a description of the demographics, causes...

    Authors: N Albertsen, TM Olsen, TG Sommer, A Prischl, H Kallerup and S Andersen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:500

    Content type: Research

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  2. There is growing interest for interventions aiming at preventing frailty progression or even to reverse frailty in older people, yet it is still unclear which frailty instrument is most appropriate for measuri...

    Authors: Marlies Feenstra, Frederike M.M. Oud, Carolien J. Jansen, Nynke Smidt, Barbara C. van Munster and Sophia E. de Rooij

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:499

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The context of care consists of factors that determines the extent to which staff can offer person-centred care. However, few studies have investigated factors that can explain variation in levels of person-ce...

    Authors: Annica Backman, Per-Olof Sandman and Anders Sköldunger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:498

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Results from previous studies that linking vitamin B12 to risk of chronic diseases or mortality are inconsistent. We hereby explore the association between serum concentration of vitamin B12 and all-cause mort...

    Authors: Kangjun Xu, Xiyu Liu, Jiaxin Liu, Yingying Zhang, Xiaohui Ding, Lin Li and Jiangwei Sun

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:497

    Content type: Research

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  5. In this longitudinal study, we describe how psychotropic drugs (PTDs) are prescribed in nursing home (NH) patients from admission and over a 3-year period, to understand which clinical and environmental factor...

    Authors: Enrico Callegari, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Geir Selbæk, Cato Grønnerød and Sverre Bergh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:496

    Content type: Research

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  6. Multiple chronic diseases (MCDs) and social isolation are independent risk factors related to stroke and disability, but it is unknown whether the combination of these two conditions resulted from aging-relate...

    Authors: Xiangxiang Liu, Hong-jie Yu, Yan Gao, Jing Zhou, Mingchao Zhou, Li Wan, Feng Xiong, Jingpu Zhao, Qi-qiang He and Yulong Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:495

    Content type: Research

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  7. Socially desirable responding is a potentially relevant issue in older adults and can be evaluated with the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS). However, the eight-item MCSDS has never been specif...

    Authors: Paola Nicolini, Carlo Abbate, Silvia Inglese, Daniela Mari, Paolo D. Rossi and Matteo Cesari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:494

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The development of sarcopenia is attributed to normal aging and factors like type 2 diabetes, obesity, inactivity, reduced testosterone levels, and malnutrition, which are factors of poor prognosis in patients...

    Authors: Qiqi Xue, Jie Wu, Yan Ren, Jiaan Hu, Ke Yang and Jiumei Cao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:493

    Content type: Research

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  9. Geriatric hospital wards are highly medicalised environments with limited opportunities for choice and control, and can be distressing for older survivors of psychological trauma. While trauma-informed models ...

    Authors: Monica Cations, Kate Laver, Leah Couzner, Stephen Flatman, Petra Bierer, Catherine Ames, Yan Huo and Craig Whitehead

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:492

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Aging is a progressive and irreversible process that negatively affects the quality of life (QOL). Older adults face difficulties related to worsening health, lowering the level of physical and mental efficien...

    Authors: Ewelina Lepsy, Ewa Radwańska, Grzegorz Żurek, Alina Żurek, Antonina Kaczorowska, Alina Radajewska and Anna Kołcz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:491

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) proposed the concept of locomotive syndrome (LS) in 2007 for detecting high-risk individuals with mobility limitation. In 2020, the JOA revised the clinical decision ...

    Authors: Masashi Taniguchi, Tome Ikezoe, Tadao Tsuboyama, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Matsuda and Noriaki Ichihashi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:489

    Content type: Research

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  12. Green tea has been one of the most popular beverages in China since ancient times. Mixed results concerning the effect of green tea consumption on the incidence of hypertension have been published over the pas...

    Authors: Xiaodong Peng, Mengxia Zhang, Xuesi Wang, Kui Wu, Yukun Li, Linling Li, Jiaxue Yang, Yanfei Ruan, Rong Bai, Changsheng Ma and Nian Liu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:486

    Content type: Research

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  13. Higher muscle echo intensity (EI) reflects higher content of fat and/or connective tissue within skeletal muscle, eventually inducing lower muscle strength, physical dysfunction, and metabolic impairment. Cont...

    Authors: Akito Yoshiko, Takashi Kaji, Tsuyoshi Kozuka, Takayuki Sawazaki and Hiroshi Akima

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:485

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Barthel Index (BI) is one of the most widely utilized tools for assessing functional independence in activities of daily living. Most existing BI studies used populations with specific diseases (e.g., Alzheime...

    Authors: Hao Pan, Yang Zhao, Hailiang Wang, Xinyue Li, Eman Leung, Frank Chen, Javier Cabrera and Kwok Leung Tsui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:484

    Content type: Research article

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  15. An increasing number of older people in Germany receive care at home from family members, particularly from spouses. Family care has been associated not only with subjective burden but also with negative effec...

    Authors: Thomas Johann Gehr, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Christian Sieber and Sabine Alexandra Engel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:483

    Content type: Research

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  16. Oral health is essential for daily living and plays a pivotal role in overall health conditions and well-being. This study evaluated the impact of self-reported oral health on geriatric conditions, institutio...

    Authors: Jihye Lim, Hyungchul Park, Heayon Lee, Eunju Lee, Danbi Lee, Hee-Won Jung and Il-Young Jang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:482

    Content type: Research

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  17. The accuracy of the estimated glomerular filter rate (eGFR) in elderly patients is debatable. In 2020, a new creatinine-based equation by European Kidney Function Consortium (EKFC) was applied to all age group...

    Authors: Fangxiao Xia, Wenke Hao, Jinxiu Liang, Yanhua Wu, Feng Yu, Wenxue Hu, Zhi Zhao and Wei Liu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:481

    Content type: Research

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  18. Older adults prefer to age in place. Social network change and health decline challenge ageing in place, as stressors that make age-related advantages disappear. The aim of this study was to explore social net...

    Authors: Willeke Vos-den Ouden, Leonieke van Boekel, Meriam Janssen, Roger Leenders and Katrien Luijkx

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:480

    Content type: Research

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  19. The happiness of older adults living alone warrants attention because they are more vulnerable to unhappiness than those living with families. The present study aimed to construct and test a structural equatio...

    Authors: Eun Jeong Hwang and In Ok Sim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:479

    Content type: Research

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  20. Regular physical activity (PA) is potentially beneficial for age-related cognitive decline. Although moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is mostly advised, older adults with chronic illnesses might b...

    Authors: Esmee Volders, Renate H. M. de Groot, Catherine A. W. Bolman and Lilian Lechner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:478

    Content type: Research

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  21. Cross-sectional studies have shown that elderly with a natural dentition have better general health than edentulous elderly, but this has not been confirmed in studies with longitudinal design.

    Authors: Mieke H. Bakker, Arjan Vissink, Gerry M. Raghoebar, Lilian L. Peters and Anita Visser

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:477

    Content type: Research

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  22. While gait speed, one-leg standing balance, and handgrip strength have been shown to be independent predictors for functional disability, it is unclear whether such simple measures of physical function contrib...

    Authors: Tao Chen, Takanori Honda, Sanmei Chen, Hiro Kishimoto, Shuzo Kumagai and Kenji Narazaki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:476

    Content type: Research

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  23. Grip strength is an indicator of physical function with potential predictive value for health in ageing populations. We assessed whether trends in grip strength from midlife predicted later-life brain health a...

    Authors: Quentin Dercon, Jennifer M. Nicholas, Sarah-Naomi James, Jonathan M. Schott and Marcus Richards

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:475

    Content type: Research

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  24. Beneficial effects of napping on cognition have been suggested in cross-sectional studies. This study aimed to clarify longitudinal associations between cognitive decline and sleep characteristics, particularl...

    Authors: Kaori Kitamura, Yumi Watanabe, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Chikako Takano, Naomi Hayashi, Hisami Sato and Toshiyuki Someya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:474

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely validated measure of the general health of older adults. Our aim was to understand what factors shape individual perceptions of health and, in particular, whether those perc...

    Authors: Afshin Vafaei, Janelle Yu and Susan P. Phillips

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:473

    Content type: Research

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  26. With a rapidly aging population, there is an increasing need for do-not-resuscitate (DNR) and advance care planning (ACP) discussions. This study investigated the factors associated with signing DNR documents ...

    Authors: Chien-Yi Wu, Chun-Hao Jen, Yun-Shiuan Chuang, Tzu-Jung Fang, Yu-Hsuan Wu and Ming-Tsang Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:472

    Content type: Research

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  27. Companion animal death is a common source of grief, although the extent and context of that grief is poorly understood, especially in older adulthood. The aim of this multiple-methods study was to develop a gr...

    Authors: Donna M Wilson, Leah Underwood, Eloise Carr, Douglas P Gross, Morgan Kane, Maxi Miciak, Jean E Wallace and Cary A Brown

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:470

    Content type: Research

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  28. Inclined walking requires more cardiopulmonary metabolic energy and muscle strength than flat-level walking. This study sought to investigate changes in lower-limb muscle activity and cardiopulmonary metabolic...

    Authors: Jihye Kim, Hwang-Jae Lee, Su-Hyun Lee, Jungsoo Lee, Won Hyuk Chang, Gyu-Ha Ryu and Yun-Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:469

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Person-centred care is widely recognised as important for helping people with dementia maintain a sense of self and purpose in life – especially for those living in care facilities. Despite this, most care pra...

    Authors: Gemma Goodall, Kristin Taraldsen, Randi Granbo and J Artur Serrano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:468

    Content type: Research

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  30. Older adults in long-term care (LTC) homes experience high rates of fractures, which are detrimental to their quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify and make recommendations on strategies to...

    Authors: Yuxin Bai, Caitlin McArthur, George Ioannidis, Lora Giangregorio, Sharon Straus and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:467

    Content type: Research

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  31. For older adults, life satisfaction and depressive symptoms are related to quality of life. In this group of society, life satisfaction is particularly associated with the emotional area. The notion of life sa...

    Authors: Katarzyna Van Damme-Ostapowicz, Mateusz Cybulski, Monika Galczyk, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kulak, Marek Sobolewski and Anna Zalewska

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:466

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Previous reports suggest that the attributes of frailty are multidimensional and include nutrition, cognition, mentality, and other aspects. We aim to develop an early warning model of frailty based on nutriti...

    Authors: Hongpeng Liu, Jing Jiao, Minglei Zhu, Xianxiu Wen, Jingfen Jin, Hui Wang, Dongmei Lv, Shengxiu Zhao, Wei Chen, Xinjuan Wu and Tao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:465

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Resistance training has been recommended as an effective measure against age-related loss of muscle mass and muscle strength, called sarcopenia, even in older adults. However, despite subjecting each participa...

    Authors: Shuji Sawada, Hayao Ozaki, Toshiharu Natsume, Daiki Nakano, Pengyu Deng, Toshinori Yoshihara, Takuya Osawa, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Shuichi Machida and Hisashi Naito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Many residents of assisted living facilities live with dementia, but little is known about the characteristics of assisted living facilities that provide specialized care for older adults who live with dementi...

    Authors: Derek R. Manis, Ahmad Rahim, Jeffrey W. Poss, Iwona A. Bielska, Susan E. Bronskill, Jean-Éric Tarride, Julia Abelson and Andrew P. Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:463

    Content type: Research

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  35. This study investigated the different blood pressure patterns that were evaluated by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) among elderly patients and explored the effect of pressure patterns on cognitive...

    Authors: Yunli Xing, Ying Sun, Shan Wang, Feng Feng, Deqiang Zhang and Hongwei Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:462

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Given the relevance of social support on the mental health of older adults, having an instrument to evaluate this variable is essential for research in the area. However, mainly, having instruments with suitab...

    Authors: Cristhian Pérez-Villalobos, Juan Carlos Briede-Westermeyer, Mary Jane Schilling-Norman and Sergio Contreras-Espinoza

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:461

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. There is a well-established relationship between 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and age and mortality. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that ECG can be used to predict biological age. However, the ut...

    Authors: Naomi Hirota, Shinya Suzuki, Takuto Arita, Naoharu Yagi, Takayuki Otsuka and Takeshi Yamashita

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:460

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. This study aimed to explore the level and changes in handgrip strength among preclinical Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and AD patients and to evaluate the association between handgrip strength and cognitive function.

    Authors: Hang Su, Xiaokang Sun, Fang Li and Qihao Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Nutritional deficiencies, renal impairment and chronic inflammation are commonly mentioned determinants of anaemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of these determinants, singly and in com...

    Authors: Pin-Chun Wang, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Yasumichi Arai, Yukiko Abe, Jeanet W. Blom, Rachel Duncan, Carol Jagger, Ngaire Kerse, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Leah Palapar and Wendy P. J. den Elzen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:457

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Nursing home residents are typically older adults with high levels of chronic illness and impairment. As such, they are particularly susceptible to severe complications and mortality from COVID-19. Since all n...

    Authors: Andrew Harding, Nancy Preston, Julie Doherty, Emily Cousins, Sandra Varey, Adrienne McCann, Karen Harrison Dening, Anne Finucane, Gillian Carter, Gary Mitchell and Kevin Brazil

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:456

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. Older person’s attitude to ageing is critical for their adjustment, acceptance of health-related behaviour, survival and choices. Their attitude influences how they cope with the challenges experienced while a...

    Authors: E. O. Cadmus, L. A. Adebusoye and E. T. Owoaje

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Older Canadians are high users of health care services, however the health care system is not well-designed to meet the complex needs of many older adults. Older persons often look to their primary care practi...

    Authors: Joanie Sims-Gould, Jacobi Elliott, Catherine E Tong, Anik Giguère, Sara Mallinson and Paul Stolee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:453

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Aging is a natural life process and with an aging population, age-related diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), atherosclerosis-based cardiovascular diseases) are the primary mortality cause in older...

    Authors: Ying Zhao, Xiangli Bai, Xiong Jia, Yajing Lu, Wenzhuo Cheng, Meng Shu, Yan Zhu, Lin Zhu, Li Wang, Yan Shu, Yi Song and Si Jin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:452

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. With the development of digital media, online activities are increasingly becoming part of the daily life of older adults. Widowed older adults generally would face changes in social interactions and activitie...

    Authors: Yan Hong, Jingjing Fu, Dehui Kong, Siqi Liu, Zhu Zhong, Jing Tan and Yu Luo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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