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  1. A growing number of older people are care dependent and live in nursing homes, which accounts for the majority of long-term-care spending. Specific medical conditions and resident characteristics may serve as ...

    Authors: Katrin C. Reber, Ivonne Lindlbauer, Claudia Schulz, Kilian Rapp and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In nursing home residents, the combination of decreasing mobility and declining cognitive abilities, including spatial orientation, often leads to reduced physical activity (PA) and life-space (LS) mobility. A...

    Authors: Bettina Wollesen, Madeleine Fricke, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Katharina Gordt, Michael Schwenk, Thomas Muehlbauer, Christina Morawietz, Adele Kruse and Klaus Gramann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:437

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Providing support to others has been shown to be beneficial to older adults. As people age, their health and social relationships change. These changes may also relate to changes in social support provision. W...

    Authors: S. K. Lestari, X. de Luna, M. Eriksson, G. Malmberg and N. Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Multimorbidity and polypharmacy are very common in older adults in primary care. Ideally, general practitioners (GPs), should regularly review medication lists to identify inappropriate medication(s) and, wher...

    Authors: Zsofia Rozsnyai, Katharina Tabea Jungo, Emily Reeve, Rosalinde K. E. Poortvliet, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Sven Streit

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Family inclusion in nursing homes is central to the provision of individualized care for people with dementia. Although positive effects can be recognized, barriers have been identified that hamper family incl...

    Authors: Ramona Backhaus, Linda J. M. Hoek, Erica de Vries, Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt, Jan P. H. Hamers and Hilde Verbeek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In some European countries, including France, older patients with functional decline in acute units are transferred to geriatric rehabilitation units. Some patients may not benefit from their stay in a geriatr...

    Authors: Marie Laurent, Nadia Oubaya, Jean-Philippe David, Cynthia Engels, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Lola Corsin, Eveline Liuu, Etienne Audureau, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin and Elena Paillaud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Falls in older adults are an increasingly important public-health concern. Despite abundant research, fall rates have not been reduced, because implementation of evidence-based fall-prevention measures has bee...

    Authors: Hilde Worum, Daniela Lillekroken, Kirsti Skavberg Roaldsen, Birgitte Ahlsen and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:432

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Disability, which is considered a health-related condition, increases care demands and socioeconomic burdens for both families and communities. To confirm the trend of dynamic longitudinal changes in disabilit...

    Authors: Hae Reong Kim, Heayon Lee, Yoonje Seong, Eunju Lee, Hee-Won Jung, Yu Rang Park and Il-Young Jang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:430

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Fried’s Phenotype Model of Frailty (PMF) postulates that frailty is a syndrome. Features of a syndrome are a heterogeneous population that can be split into at least two classes, those presenting and those not...

    Authors: François Béland, Dominic Julien, Christina Wolfson, Howard Bergman, Pierrette Gaudreau, Claude Galand, John Fletcher, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui, Bryna Shatenstein, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, José A. Morais and Tamàs Fülöp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:429

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The demographic changes in Brazil as a result of population aging is one of the fastest in the world. The far-reaching new challenges that come with a large older population are particularly disquieting in low...

    Authors: Marcos Daniel Saraiva, Luís Fernando Rangel, Julia Lusis Lassance Cunha, Thereza Cristina Ariza Rotta, Christian Douradinho, Eugênia Jatene Bou Khazaal, Márlon Juliano Romero Aliberti, Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia Kimie Suemoto and Wilson Jacob-Filho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that diminishes potential functional recovery after any surgical procedure. Preoperative surgical risk assessment is crucial to calibrate the risk and benefit of cardiac surgery...

    Authors: Elisabet Berastegui Garcia, Maria Luisa Camara Rosell, Enrique Moret Ruiz, Irma Casas Garcia, Sara Badia Gamarra, Claudio Fernandez Gallego, Luis Delgado Ramis, Ignasi Julia Almill, Anna Llorens Ferrer, Bernat Romero Ferrer, Antoni Bayes Genis and Christian Muñoz Guijosa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Based on the Stereotype Embodiment Theory (SET), this study aims to examine the mechanism of ageism on frailty through the proposed framework of “Experiences of Ageism (EA) → Age Stereotypes (AS) → Attitudes t...

    Authors: Bo Ye, Junling Gao, Hua Fu, Hao Chen, Wenjing Dong and Ming Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Central nervous system depressant medications (CNSDs) such as opioid analgesics and sedative-hypnotics are commonly prescribed to older patients for the treatment of chronic pain, anxiety and insomnia. Yet, wh...

    Authors: Socheat Cheng, Tahreem Ghazal Siddiqui, Michael Gossop, Knut Stavem, Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen and Christofer Lundqvist

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cognitive impairment is twice more frequent in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This study was conducted to determine the association between glycemic control and cognitive performance among communi...

    Authors: Alberto J. Mimenza-Alvarado, Gilberto A. Jiménez-Castillo, Sara G. Yeverino-Castro, Abel J. Barragán-Berlanga, Mario U. Pérez-Zepeda, J. Alberto Ávila-Funes and Sara G. Aguilar-Navarro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Eating problems are highly prevalent in older patients with dementia and as a consequence, these patients are at greater risk of becoming malnourished. Fingerfoods, snacks that can be picked with thumb and for...

    Authors: Annemijn Visscher, Marieke C. E. Battjes-Fries, Ondine van de Rest, Olga N. Patijn, Mascha van der Lee, Nienke Wijma-Idsinga, Gerda K. Pot and Peter Voshol

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant public health emergency that impacts all sectors of healthcare. The negative health outcomes for the COVID-19 infection have been most severe in the frail elderly dwellin...

    Authors: Henry Yu-Hin Siu, Lorand Kristof, Dawn Elston, Abe Hafid and Fred Mather

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:421

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Apelin, an active endogenous peptide, has been recently receiving great attention as a promising target for antiaging intervention, primarily based on results from genetically altered mice. To validate previou...

    Authors: Il-Young Jang, Seungjoo Lee, Jeoung Hee Kim, Eunju Lee, Jin Young Lee, So Jeong Park, Da Ae Kim, Mark W. Hamrick, Jin Hoon Park and Beom-Jun Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Sarcopenia and dysphagia are prevalent health issues as the elderly population continues to grow. However, whether sarcopenia, defined by either reduced handgrip strength or gait speed, would lead to pathologi...

    Authors: Yen-Chih Chen, Pei-Yun Chen, Yu-Chen Wang, Tyng-Guey Wang and Der-Sheng Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Recent data suggest that musical practice prevents age-related cognitive decline. But experimental evidence remains sparse and no concise information on the neurophysiological bases exists, although cognitive ...

    Authors: Clara E. James, Eckart Altenmüller, Matthias Kliegel, Tillmann H.C. Krüger, Dimitri Van De Ville, Florian Worschech, Laura Abdili, Daniel S. Scholz, Kristin Jünemann, Alexandra Hering, Frédéric Grouiller, Christopher Sinke and Damien Marie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:418

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. With the ageing population, the number of older trauma patients has increased. The aim of this study was to assess non-surgical health care costs of older trauma patients and to identify which characteristics ...

    Authors: Marjolein van der Vlegel, Juanita A. Haagsma, A. J. L. M. Geraerds, Leonie de Munter, Mariska A. C. de Jongh and Suzanne Polinder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:417

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Loss experiences such as the loss of a spouse, a close relative or significant others become more likely in old age and may be strongly related to specific unmet health care needs. These unmet needs may often ...

    Authors: Janine Stein, Margrit Löbner, Alexander Pabst, Hans-Helmut König and Steffi G. Riedel-Heller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:416

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Sarcopenia is an age-related clinical syndrome characterized by loss of muscle mass and reduced muscle function. Diseases that contribute to sarcopenia include type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), chronic obstruct...

    Authors: Xueting Li, Fengqiang Xu, Longgang Hu, Hao Fang and Yi An

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:415

    Content type: Correspondence

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  23. The Detection of Indicators and Vulnerabilities of Emergency Room Trips (DIVERT) scale was developed to classify and estimate the risk of emergency department (ED) use among home care clients. The objective of...

    Authors: Fabrice I. Mowbray, Aaron Jones, Connie Schumacher, John Hirdes and Andrew P. Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:413

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Physical Activity Monitors (PAMs) have been shown to effectively enhance level of physical activity (PA) in older adults. Motivational interviewing is a person-centred model where participants are guided using...

    Authors: Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen, Christoffer Bruun Korfitsen, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Henning Boje Andersen, Jan Christensen and Henning Langberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:412

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Frailty is now seen as a significant factor in older people with diabetes, whose mortality and disability increased. This study aims to investigate the association between calf circumference (CC) with frailty ...

    Authors: Yun-Xia Zhu, Yue Zhang, Yan-Yan Wang, Chen-Xi Ren, Jun Xu and Xiao-Yan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:414

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Care activities provided by community health practitioners for older adults primarily focused on disease prevention and management. However, healthy longevity can go beyond disease prevention and management an...

    Authors: Betsy Seah, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Neo Kim Ang, Jian Yang Lim, Yanika Kowitlawakul and Wenru Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  27. User involvement of people outside academia in research is argued to increase relevance of research for society and to empower the involved lay persons. Frail older people can be a hard to reach group for rese...

    Authors: Isak Berge, Emmelie Barenfeld, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Maria Haak and Qarin Lood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:410

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There is a need for more observational studies across different clinical settings to better understand the epidemiology of the novel COVID-19 infection. Evidence on clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infecti...

    Authors: Rajkumar Chinnadurai, Onesi Ogedengbe, Priya Agarwal, Sally Money-Coomes, Ahmad Z. Abdurrahman, Sajeel Mohammed, Philip A. Kalra, Nicola Rothwell and Sweta Pradhan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Older patients often experience a decline in physical function and cognitive status after hospitalization. Although interventions involving physical exercise are effective in improving functional performance, ...

    Authors: Miriam Urquiza, Iñaki Echeverria, Ariadna Besga, María Amasene, Idoia Labayen, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Julia Barroso, Mikel Aldamiz and Jon Irazusta

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Patients with peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are more likely to receive long-term therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). This study aimed to investigate the risk of ...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Jessie Lee, Su-Yeon Yu, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han, Do-Hoon Kim and Jinnie Rhee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Social assistance in the form of cash transfer or in-kind has been recognised as a social protection strategy in many developing countries to tackle poverty and provide protection for individuals and household...

    Authors: Doris Ottie-Boakye

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:406

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Nursing homes accommodate a large number of people with severe dementia. More than 80% of residents with dementia suffer from behavioural and psychological symptoms, that can have consequences on the perceived...

    Authors: Kristina Diehl, André Kratzer and Elmar Graessel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:405

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Although early ambulation (EA) is associated with improved outcomes in post-operative patients, implementation of EA in elderly patients is still a challenge. In this study, we aimed to design and assess a pre...

    Authors: Zhaomei Cui, Na Li, Chaonan Gao, Yiou Fan, Xin Zhuang, Jing Liu, Jie Zhang and Qi Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Difficulties in performing the activities of daily living (ADL) are common among middle-aged and older adults. Inability to perform the basic tasks as well as increased healthcare expenditure and dependence on...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, N’doh Ashken Sanogo, Maude Vezina and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Previous research has shown that not only falls, but also fear of falling (FoF) influences health-related quality of life (HrQoL) negatively. The EQ-5D (consisting of an index and a visual analogue scale [EQ-V...

    Authors: Sophie Gottschalk, Hans-Helmut König, Michael Schwenk, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Clemens Becker, Jochen Klenk and Judith Dams

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A significant proportion of older women suffer from chronic pain, which can decrease quality of life. The objective of this pilot randomized study was to evaluate the feasibility of a flow-restorative yoga int...

    Authors: Rebecca Seguin-Fowler, Meredith Graham, Judy Ward, Galen Eldridge, Urshila Sriram and Diane Fine

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:400

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There is a link between hyperglycemia and mechanical functions of muscle. However, existing evidence of the association between hyperglycemia and weaker muscle strength is limited and inconsistent. We examined...

    Authors: Xue Liang, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, Kar Keung Cheng, Tai Hing Lam and Lin Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:399

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Elderly patients with impaired vision, cognitive decline or motor/sensory disturbances of their fingers suffering from chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encounter difficulties in handling inhaler de...

    Authors: Marie-Christine Luley, Tobias Loleit, Elmar Knopf, Marija Djukic, Carl-Peter Criée and Roland Nau

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hospitalizations carry considerable risks for frail, elderly patients; this is especially true for patients with dementia, who are more likely to experience delirium, falls, functional decline, iatrogenic comp...

    Authors: Karine Riad, Colleen Webber, Ricardo Batista, Michael Reaume, Emily Rhodes, Braden Knight, Denis Prud’homme and Peter Tanuseputro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:397

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Exercise has shown being effective for managing chronic pain and preventing frailty status in older adults but the effect of an exercise program in the quality of life of pre-frail older adults with chronic pa...

    Authors: Pedro Otones, Eva García, Teresa Sanz and Azucena Pedraz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Frail older surgical patients face more than a two-fold increase in postoperative complications, including myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, ileus, and others. Many of...

    Authors: Laboni Hoque, Ryan Dewolf, David Meyers, Daniel K. White, Kathleen M. Mazor, Mihaela Stefan, Sybil Crawford, Karim Alavi, Jennifer Yates, Mark Maxfield, Feiran Lou, Karl Uy, Matthias Walz and Alok Kapoor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:394

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Frailty is increasingly recognized as an important construct which has health implications for older adults. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a judgement-based frailty tool that evaluates specific domains i...

    Authors: Sophie Church, Emily Rogers, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Chronic kidney disease (CKD), low serum albumin, and anemia are known risk factors for cognitive decline in older people. We investigated the association between kidney function and cognitive impairment severi...

    Authors: Jia-Jyun Wu, Shuo-Chun Weng, Chih-Kuang Liang, Chu-Sheng Lin, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Shih-Yi Lin and Yu-Te Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:391

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Multimorbidity and polypharmacy are related to the use of potentially inappropriate medicines and negative clinical outcomes including drug-related adverse events and functional declines. Home care clients are...

    Authors: K. Auvinen, A. Voutilainen, J. Jyrkkä, E. Lönnroos and P. Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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