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  1. Content type: Research article

    Triage is widely used in the emergency department (ED) in order to identify the patient’s level of urgency and often based on the patient’s chief complaint and vital signs. Age has been shown to be independent...

    Authors: T. Ruge, G. Malmer, C. Wachtler, U. Ekelund, E. Westerlund, P. Svensson and A. C. Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:139

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Although China is undergoing rapid economic development, it is facing an ageing population. No data exists on malnutrition risks of older adults in an affluent Chinese society. The aim of this study is to exam...

    Authors: Martin M. H. Wong, Winnie K. W. So, Kai Chow Choi, Regina Cheung, Helen Y. L. Chan, Janet W. H. Sit, Brenda Ho, Francis Li, Tin Yan Lee and Sek Ying Chair

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:138

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the quality of end of life care in long-term care (LTC) for residents with different diagnostic trajectories. The aim of this study was to compare symptoms before death in LTC for those w...

    Authors: Michal Boyd, Rosemary Frey, Deborah Balmer, Jackie Robinson, Heather McLeod, Susan Foster, Julia Slark and Merryn Gott

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:137

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have investigated the healthcare utilization of Mexican-American Medicare beneficiaries. We used survey data that has been linked with Medicare claims records to describe the healthcare utilization...

    Authors: Brian Downer, Soham Al Snih, Lin-Na Chou, Yong-Fang Kuo, Kyriakos S. Markides and Kenneth J. Ottenbacher

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:136

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Most surviving hip-fracture patients experience reduced mobility and lose some of their functional ability, which increases the risk of complications and rehospitalization. Post-discharge transitional programs...

    Authors: Yafit Gilboa, Talia Maeir, Sharon Karni, Michal E. Eisenberg, Meir Liebergall, Isabella Schwartz and Yakir Kaufman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:135

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Older patients is a complex group at increased risk of adverse outcomes compared to younger patients, which should be considered in the risk assessment performed in emergency departments. We evaluated whether ...

    Authors: Martin Schultz, Line Jee Hartmann Rasmussen, Nicolas Carlson, Rasmus Bo Hasselbalch, Birgitte Nybo Jensen, Lotte Usinger, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Simon Rasmussen and Kasper Karmark Iversen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:134

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  7. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported a typesetting error in the “Results” section.

    Authors: Marjan Abbasi, Sheny Khera, Julia Dabravolskaj, Ben Vandermeer, Olga Theou, Darryl Rolfson and Andrew Clegg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:133

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:109

  8. Content type: Research article

    Spirituality plays an important role during old age, but reveals itself as a confounding mental health concept, which needs to be defined when providing spiritual care. The purpose of this study was to explore...

    Authors: Fatemeh Hajinejad, Ebrahim Ebrahimi, Anneke de Jong and Maryam Ravanipour

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:132

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  9. Content type: Correction

    Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported an error in one of the author’s names. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown. The original publication of this a...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh. Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

  10. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbid patients in nursing homes are prescribed long lists of medication, often without sufficient clinical evaluations beforehand. This results in poor clinical effects of the prescribed medication and s...

    Authors: Christine Gulla, Elisabeth Flo, Reidun L. S. Kjome and Bettina S. Husebo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:130

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  11. Content type: Research article

    National policies seek to involve older Australian’s in decisions regarding their care; however, research has found varying levels of decision self-efficacy and health literacy skills. An increasing number of ...

    Authors: Caroline A. Smith, Esther Chang, Gisselle Gallego, Afshan Khan, Mike Armour and Lynda G. Balneaves

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:129

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This paper details a subset of the findings from a participatory action research project exploring a palliative intervention in long-term care sites across Canada. The findings presented in this paper relate t...

    Authors: Lorraine Smith-MacDonald, Lorraine Venturato, Paulette Hunter, Sharon Kaasalainen, Tamara Sussman, Lynn McCleary, Genevieve Thompson, Abigail Wickson-Griffiths and Shane Sinclair

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:128

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Decreased muscle strength and/or depression with aging are emerging as important public health concerns in both developed and developing countries. This study investigated the effects of low handgrip strength ...

    Authors: Soohyun Park, Jinkyung Cho, Donghyun Kim, Youngyun Jin, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong and Hyunsik Kang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:127

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  14. Content type: Research article

    New approaches are needed to address the challenges of demographic change, staff shortages, and societal change in the care of the elderly. While volunteering has barely been established as a pillar of the wel...

    Authors: Anne Goehner, Cornelia Kricheldorff and Eva Maria Bitzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:126

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    A hip or pelvic fracture is a major fall-related injury which often causes a decline in mobility performance and physical activity. Over 40% of patients with hip fracture have cognitive impairment or dementia ...

    Authors: Anja Dautel, Tobias Eckert, Michaela Gross, Klaus Hauer, Martina Schäufele, André Lacroix, Ingrid Hendlmeier, Bastian Abel, Rebekka Pomiersky, Julia Gugenhan, Gisela Büchele, Katrin C. Reber, Clemens Becker and Klaus Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:125

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Early detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia is very important to begin appropriate treatment promptly and to prevent disease exacerbation. We investigated the screening accuracy of the Japa...

    Authors: Shintaro Takenoshita, Seishi Terada, Hidenori Yoshida, Megumi Yamaguchi, Mayumi Yabe, Nao Imai, Makiko Horiuchi, Tomoko Miki, Osamu Yokota and Norihito Yamada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:123

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of muscle mass and function, which increases fall risks in older persons. Hyperglycemia relating to Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is postulated to aggravate sarcopenia. Thi...

    Authors: Foon Yin Fung, Yi Ling Eileen Koh, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Ostbye, Ping Yein Lee, Sazlina Shariff Ghazali and Ngiap Chuan Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:122

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Drug Burden Index (DBI) quantifies exposure to medications with anticholinergic and/or sedative effects. A consensus list of DBI medications available in Ireland was recently developed for use as a DBI too...

    Authors: Catherine J. Byrne, Caroline Walsh, Caitriona Cahir and Kathleen Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:121

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia, frailty, cachexia and malnutrition are widespread syndromes in older people, characterized by loss of body tissue and related to poor outcome. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to as...

    Authors: Anne Gingrich, Dorothee Volkert, Eva Kiesswetter, Marta Thomanek, Svenja Bach, Cornel C. Sieber and Yurdagül Zopf

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:120

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the use of psychotropic drugs in older adults receiving domiciliary care. The first aim was to describe the prevalence and persistency of use of psychotropic drugs in older adults (≥ 70 y...

    Authors: Marie Turmo Lornstad, Marte Aarøen, Sverre Bergh, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth and Anne-Sofie Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:119

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Legal dispositions for advance care planning (ACP) are available but used by a minority of older adults in Switzerland. Some studies found that knowledge of and perception of those dispositions are positively ...

    Authors: Anne Cattagni Kleiner, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Sarah Fustinoni, Anne-Véronique Dürst, Katja Haunreiter, Eve Rubli-Truchard and Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:118

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Research on elder abuse has defined it as a multidimensional construct that encompasses a set of different abusive behaviours, victims, perpetrators and settings. The array of possible elder abuse configuratio...

    Authors: Ana João Santos, Baltazar Nunes, Irina Kislaya, Ana Paula Gil and Oscar Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:117

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  23. Content type: Research article

    New technologies such as mobile/smartphones have the potential to help senior people perform everyday activities. However, senior people may find it difficult using mobile/smartphones, especially the digital c...

    Authors: Vedrana Baric, Maria Andreassen, Annika Öhman and Helena Hemmingsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:116

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Comprehensive adoption of culture change via person-centered care (PCC) practices in nursing homes has been slow. Change such as this, requires transformation of organizational culture, frequently generating r...

    Authors: Laci J. Cornelison, Linda Hermer, Maggie L. Syme and Gayle Doll

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:115

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that mortality in old age is associated with both number of children and their socioeconomic resources. The underlying mechanisms are unclear, as well as when during the process of ...

    Authors: Anna C. Meyer, Hannah L. Brooke and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:114

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about factors associated with alcohol consumption and use of drugs with addiction potential in older adults. The aim of this study was to explore the association between socio-demographic varia...

    Authors: Kjerstin Tevik, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal, Arnfinn Seim, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:113

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Due to its bone preserving philosophy, short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) has primarily been recommended for young and active patients. However, there may be benefits for elderly patients given a less inv...

    Authors: Georgios Gkagkalis, Patrick Goetti, Sabine Mai, Ingmar Meinecke, Näder Helmy, Dominique Bosson and Karl Philipp Kutzner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:112

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In children suffering from severe lower airway illnesses, respiratory virus detection has given good prognostic information, but such reports in the elderly are scarce. Therefore, our aim was to study whether ...

    Authors: Matti Aronen, Laura Viikari, Ia Kohonen, Tytti Vuorinen, Mira Hämeenaho, Maarit Wuorela, Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Maria Söderlund-Venermo, Matti Viitanen and Tuomas Jartti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:111

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The main objective of this research was to evaluate the acceptance of technology based on a wearable lifelogging camera in a sample of older adults diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

    Authors: Olga Gelonch, Mireia Ribera, Núria Codern-Bové, Sílvia Ramos, Maria Quintana, Gloria Chico, Noemí Cerulla, Paula Lafarga, Petia Radeva and Maite Garolera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:110

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  30. Content type: Research article

    An electronic frailty index (eFI) has been developed and validated in the UK; it uses data from primary care electronic medical records (EMR) for effective frailty case-finding in primary care. This project ex...

    Authors: Marjan Abbasi, Sheny Khera, Julia Dabravolskaj, Ben Vandermeer, Olga Theou, Darryl Rolfson and Andrew Clegg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:109

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:133

  31. Content type: Research article

    Deprescribing is a partnership between practitioners, patients and caregivers. External characteristics including age, comorbidities and polypharmacy are poor predictors of attitude towards deprescribing. This...

    Authors: Sion Scott, Allan Clark, Carol Farrow, Helen May, Martyn Patel, Michael J. Twigg, David J. Wright and Debi Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:108

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Delirium occurs commonly in older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes. Multicentre clinical trials evaluating interventions to prevent delirium are needed. The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a...

    Authors: John R. Green, Jane Smith, Elizabeth Teale, Michelle Collinson, Michael S. Avidan, Eva M. Schmitt, Sharon K. Inouye and John Young

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:107

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The needs of people with dementia (PWD) have not been assessed in any Latin American country. Several European countries have already related unmet needs with quality of life, caregiver’s age, burden, stress, ...

    Authors: Thamara Tapia Muñoz, Andrea Slachevsky, María O. León-Campos, Michel Madrid, Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Gustav C. Rohde and Claudia Miranda-Castillo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:106

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In geriatric and long-term care settings, intertrigo seems to be common, but generalizable epidemiological estimates are lacking. Aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of intertrigo in aged nursing h...

    Authors: Sabrina Gabriel, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:105

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress is an important theory of aging but population-based evidence has been lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between biomarkers of oxidative stress, including plasma superoxid...

    Authors: Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Yue-Bin Lv, Xiang Gao, Zhao-Xue Yin, Virginia Byers Kraus, Jie-Si Luo, Choy-Lye Chei, David Bruce Matchar, Yi Zeng and Xiao-Ming Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:104

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Availability of nursing home care has declined and national efforts have been initiated to improve the quality of nursing home care in the U.S. Yet, data are limited on whether there are geographic variations ...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Qiuli Zhang, Erica S. Spatz, Yan Gao, Sheila Eckenrode, Florence Johnson, Shih-Yieh Ho, Shuang Hu, Chao Xing and Harlan M. Krumholz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:103

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Previous observational studies and clinical trials have shown that cholinesterase inhibitors (with or without memantine) provide benefit for patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease. However, the imp...

    Authors: Aina Soler, Guillem Amer, Alicia Leiva, Joana Ripoll, María Angeles Llorente, Alfonso Leiva, Joana Maria Taltavull, Rosa Molina and Joan Llobera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:101

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Many adults are living longer with health conditions in the United States. Understanding the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for such health conditions may help to inform healthcare providers and their ...

    Authors: Ryan McGrath, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos Markides, Orman Hall and Mark Peterson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:100

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bed rest for older hospitalized patients places them at risk for hospital-acquired morbidity. We previously evaluated an early mobilization intervention and found it to be effective at improving mobilization r...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Barbara Liu, Sobia Khan, Charmalee Harris, Joycelyne E. Ewusie, Jemila S. Hamid and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:99

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  41. Content type: Research article

    As older people age, they have different health needs compared to younger people. South African elder care policy places a strong emphasis on ageing in community rather than institutional settings, but the pri...

    Authors: Gabrielle Kelly, Lindeka Mrengqwa and Leon Geffen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:98

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  42. Content type: Research article

    There is lack of adequate training and policy support for employed care workers (CWs) employed in the South African (SA) older persons’ sector. Existing literature neglects the influence of training and policy...

    Authors: Leo Mapira, Gabrielle Kelly and Leon N. Geffen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:97

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life (QoL) is a subjective and dynamic concept resulting from an interplay between importance of and satisfaction with different aspects of life. However, it is unclear whether social contexts exper...

    Authors: Nazanin Abolhassani, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Christophe Büla, René Goy, Idris Guessous and Yves Henchoz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:96

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  44. Content type: Research article

    As older patients’ health care needs become more complex, they often experience challenges with managing medications across transitions of care. Families play a major role in older patients’ lives. To date, th...

    Authors: Elizabeth Manias, Tracey Bucknall, Carmel Hughes, Christine Jorm and Robyn Woodward-Kron

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:95

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Core outcome sets (COS) prioritise outcomes based on their importance to key stakeholders, reduce reporting bias and increase comparability across studies. The first phase of a COS study is to form a ‘long-lis...

    Authors: Andrew J. E. Harding, Hazel Morbey, Faraz Ahmed, Carol Opdebeeck, Reena Lasrado, Paula R. Williamson, Caroline Swarbrick, Iracema Leroi, David Challis, Ingrid Hellstrom, Alistair Burns, John Keady and Siobhan T. Reilly

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:94

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Hip fractures are a common injury in older people. Many studies worldwide have identified various risk factors for hip fracture. However, risk factors for hip fracture have not been studied extensively in New ...

    Authors: Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Philip J. Schluter, Tim Wilkinson, John Hugh Thwaites, Sarah D. Berry and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:93

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Decreased physical function is known to raise mortality risk. Little is known about how different physical function measures compare in predicting mortality risk in older men and women. The objective of this s...

    Authors: Elisabeth M. W. Eekhoff, Natasja M. van Schoor, Joseph S. Biedermann, Mirjam M. Oosterwerff, Renate de Jongh, Nathalie Bravenboer, Mireille N. M. van Poppel and Dorly J. H. Deeg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:92

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The elderly, and especially those with an immuno-compromised status, are vulnerable to infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes of cry...

    Authors: Wan-Chen Tsai, Chia-Yi Lien, Jun-Jun Lee, Wen-Chiu Hsiao, Chi-Ren Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Cheng-Hsien Lu and Wen-Neng Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:91

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Detection of high-risk individuals for fractures are needed. This study assessed whether level of physical activity (PA) and a musculoskeletal composite score could be used as fracture predictive tools, and if...

    Authors: Felix Cronholm, Björn E. Rosengren, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Eva Ribom and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:90

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