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  1. With the global population aging and life expectancy increasing, dementia has turned a priority in the health care system. In Chile, dementia is one of the most important causes of disability in the elderly an...

    Authors: Andrea Slachevsky, Pedro Zitko, David Martínez-Pernía, Gonzalo Forno, Felipe A. Court, Patricia Lillo, Roque Villagra, Claudia Duran-Aniotz, Teresa Parrao, Rodrigo Assar, Paulina Orellana, Carolina Toledo, Rodrigo Rivera, Agustín Ibañez, Mario A. Parra, Christian González-Billault…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:505

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Hyposalivation is associated with the nutritional status. Anorexia of ageing, defined as an age-related decrease in appetite and food intake, presents even in healthy adults and is considered an independent pr...

    Authors: Yuki Ohara, Hisashi Kawai, Maki Shirobe, Keiko Motokawa, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hunkyung Kim, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi, Ayako Edahiro, Masanori Iwasaki, Yutaka Watanabe and Hirohiko Hirano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:504

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences of timewise changes in life-space mobility between elderly people living alone and those living with others among community-dwelling elderly people from...

    Authors: Chisato Hayashi, Haruka Tanaka and Soshiro Ogata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Aging implies a higher prevalence of chronic pathologies and a corresponding increase in medication. The correct adherence and use of the medication are prerequisites for reducing risks of disease progression,...

    Authors: Javier Plaza-Zamora, Isabel Legaz, Eduardo Osuna and María D. Pérez-Cárceles

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:501

    Content type: Research article

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  5. We assessed the quantitative changes in muscle mass and strength during 2 weeks of hospitalization in immobile and mobile acutely ill hospitalized older adults.

    Authors: Nikola Rommersbach, Rainer Wirth, Gero Lueg, Christiane Klimek, Mirja Schnatmann, Dieter Liermann, Gregor Janssen, Manfred James Müller and Maryam Pourhassan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Timely palliative care in frail older persons remains challenging. Scales to identify older patients at risk of functional decline already exist. However, factors to predict short term mortality in older hospi...

    Authors: Celine Van de Vyver, Anja Velghe, Hilde Baeyens, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Julien Dekoninck, Nele Van Den Noortgate and Ruth Piers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:499

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A nutritional problem, especially under nutrition is one of the common public health problems in older population causing greater mortality and economic loss in developing countries. However, evidences on the ...

    Authors: Abdu Oumer Abdu, Imam Dagne Yimamu and Ahmed Ale Kahsay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Australian Transition Care Program (TCP) is a national intermediate care service aiming to optimise functional independence and delay entry to permanent care for older people leaving hospital. The aim of t...

    Authors: Monica Cations, Catherine Lang, Maria Crotty, Steven Wesselingh, Craig Whitehead and Maria C. Inacio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  9. With increasing cost of healthcare in our aging society, a consistent pain point is that of end-of-life care. It is particularly difficult to prognosticate in non-cancer patients, leading to more healthcare ut...

    Authors: Vanda Ho, Cynthia Chen, Sara Ho, Benjamin Hooi, Loo Swee Chin and Reshma Aziz Merchant

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:495

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Vertigo, dizziness and balance disorders (VDB) are among the most relevant contributors to the burden of disability among older adults living in the community and associated with immobility, limitations of act...

    Authors: Verena Regauer, Eva Seckler, Martin Müller and Petra Bauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Increasing viscosity can reduce the risk of aspiration into the airway, but excessively thickened food may require more force and effort. We assumed that semi-solid foods with similar viscosities will behave d...

    Authors: Jin-Woo Park, Seul Lee, Byoungseung Yoo and Kiyeon Nam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cognitive and functional measures are often measured and interpreted separately during the clinical evaluation of patients with cognitive impairment. This can sometimes lead to a challenging interpretation whe...

    Authors: Rocco Palumbo, Alberto Di Domenico, Federica Piras, Salvatore Bazzano, Mario Zerilli, Fabio Lorico and Erika Borella

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:492

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Few studies have examined the relationship between falls and pain, insomnia and depressive symptoms which are common and risk factors in older adults. We aimed to examine the independent and synergistic effect...

    Authors: Yuxiao Li, Minhui Liu, Xiaocao Sun, Tianxue Hou, Siyuan Tang and Sarah L. Szanton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There is growing evidence of the benefits of physical activity and exercise for frail elderly patients with comorbidity. In order to improve participation in physical activity and exercise interventions, there...

    Authors: Kristina Åhlund, Birgitta Öberg, Niklas Ekerstad and Maria Bäck

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Older individuals are at increased risk of a severe and lethal course of COVID-19. They have typically been advised to practice particularly restrictive social distancing (‘cocooning’), which has sparked much ...

    Authors: Susanne Röhr, Ulrich Reininghaus and Steffi G. Riedel-Heller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Dementia is affecting both the person with the disease and the family members. It is associated with nursing home admission, and a reduced ability to perform personal activities of daily living (P-ADL). The ai...

    Authors: Reidun Haarr Johansen, Karoline Olsen, Sverre Bergh, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Geir Selbæk and Anne-Sofie Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:488

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The status of oral cancer therapy in elderly patients in Japan, where ageing is rapidly progressing, may serve as a model for other countries with similar demographics. There is controversy over what kind of t...

    Authors: Chonji Fukumoto, Shouhei Ogisawa, Masashi Tani, Toshiki Hyodo, Ryouta Kamimura, Yuta Sawatani, Tomonori Hasegawa, Yuske Komiyama, Atsushi Fujita, Takahiro Wakui, Yasuo Haruyama, Gen Kobashi and Hitoshi Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The present study aimed to provide a basis for future research examining the neural mechanisms that underlie the beneficial effect of an intervention program, Photo-Integrated Conversation Moderated by Robots ...

    Authors: Hikaru Sugimoto, Toshikazu Kawagoe and Mihoko Otake-Matsuura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Frailty is associated with morbidity and mortality in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). However, the characteristics of frail patients with suspected infection remain unclear. We aimed to inves...

    Authors: Akira Komori, Toshikazu Abe, Kazuma Yamakawa, Hiroshi Ogura, Shigeki Kushimoto, Daizoh Saitoh, Seitaro Fujishima, Yasuhiro Otomo, Joji Kotani, Yuichiro Sakamoto, Junichi Sasaki, Yasukazu Shiino, Naoshi Takeyama, Takehiko Tarui, Ryosuke Tsuruta, Taka-aki Nakada…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The ability to locate, navigate and use dementia services and information, either for oneself or in providing care for others, is an essential component of dementia literacy. Despite dementia literacy being un...

    Authors: Kathleen Veronica Doherty, Hoang Nguyen, Claire E. A. Eccleston, Laura Tierney, Ron L. Mason, Aidan Bindoff, Andrew Robinson, James Vickers and Fran McInerney

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Exercise interventions, particularly those targeting strength and balance, are effective in preventing falls in older people. Activity levels are generally below recommended levels and reduce with age. There i...

    Authors: Lisa McGarrigle, Elisabeth Boulton and Chris Todd

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:483

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Numerous studies have documented racial and ethnic differences in the prevalence and incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD). Less is known, however, about racial and ethnic differences i...

    Authors: Sungchul Park and Jie Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:482

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization has been reported among residents in geriatric long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Some studies indicate that MRSA might be impo...

    Authors: Teppei Sasahara, Ryusuke Ae, Akio Yoshimura, Koki Kosami, Kazumasa Sasaki, Yumiko Kimura, Dai Akine, Masanori Ogawa, Kenji Hamabata, Shuji Hatakeyama and Longzhu Cui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Social engagement (SE) has been consistently shown to improve survival among community-dwelling older people, but the evidence in nursing home residents is inconclusive and prone to short-term reverse causatio...

    Authors: Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Alicia Padrón-Monedero, Lina M. Parra-Ramírez, Fernando J. García López and Javier Damián

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:480

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A dearth of differential research exists regarding the determinants of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and moderate cognitive impairment or dementia among nursing home residents. This study aimed to identify a...

    Authors: Audai A. Hayajneh, Mohammad Rababa, Alia A. Alghwiri and Dina Masha’al

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:479

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although many studies have reported numerous risk factors for postoperative delirium, data are scarce about preoperative anxiety as a risk factor. The study aimed to investigate the association between preoper...

    Authors: Koen Milisen, Bastiaan Van Grootven, Wim Hermans, Karen Mouton, Layth Al Tmimi, Steffen Rex and Elke Detroyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:478

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Literature, film and news media reflect and shape social perceptions of dementia which in turn impact on dementia stigma. The aim of this paper is to systematically review papers on the depiction and frames fo...

    Authors: Lee-Fay Low and Farah Purwaningrum

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Living arrangements have an impact on a family’s health-related behaviors, especially its eating behaviors. However, studies that have examined the association between living arrangements and food intake, espe...

    Authors: Sirinya Phulkerd, Rossarin Soottipong Gray and Aphichat Chamratrithirong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite the incremental implementation of the essential public health services (EPHS) during the last decade, the goal of EPHS’s equalization is impossible to cannot be achieved without appropriate policies ta...

    Authors: Chengxu Long, Shangfeng Tang, Ruoxi Wang, Lu Ji, Yang Wang, Tailai Wu, Zhifei Li and Zhanchun Feng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:475

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cost-effectiveness studies on pacemakers have increased in the last years. However the number of long-term cost-utility studies is limited. The objective of this study was to perform a cost-utility analysis co...

    Authors: Rafael Jesus Bautista-Mesa, Antonio Lopez-Villegas, Salvador Peiro, Daniel Catalan-Matamoros, Emilio Robles-Musso, Remedios Lopez-Liria and Cesar Leal-Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  31. There is a lack of evidence concerning the stressful life events experienced prior to suicide which may be associated with an increased suicide risk among Chinese rural older adults. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Qiqing Mo, Zhenyu Ma, Guojun Wang, Cunxian Jia, Lu Niu and Liang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  32. International research shows that social isolation is harmful for health, especially for the elderly. Its objective and subjective dimensions are important to distinguish as each stands in a different relation...

    Authors: Maddalena Fiordelli, Gabriele Sak, Benedetta Guggiari, Peter J. Schulz and Serena Petrocchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Management of patients with polypharmacy is challenging, and evidence for beneficial effects of deprescribing interventions is mixed. This study aimed to investigate whether a patient-centred deprescribing int...

    Authors: Stefan Zechmann, Oliver Senn, Fabio Valeri, Stefan Essig, Christoph Merlo, Thomas Rosemann and Stefan Neuner-Jehle

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:471

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The increase in average life expectancy increases the risk of illness and frailty in the elderly, especially in the cognitive arena. This study has the objective to estimate the prevalence and incidence of cog...

    Authors: Ricardo Pais, Luís Ruano, Carla Moreira, Ofélia P. Carvalho and Henrique Barros

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Over 10% of adults aged ≥65 years have anemia, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO). As the timed up and go (TUG) test is one of the most widely used tests of mobility, this study investigated whe...

    Authors: Ki Young Son, Dong Wook Shin, Ji Eun Lee, Sang Hyuck Kim, Jae Moon Yun and Belong Cho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Balance and gait problems are common and progressive in dementia. Use of a mobility aid provides physical support and confidence. Yet, mobility aid use in people with dementia increases falls three-fold. An as...

    Authors: Susan W. Hunter, Alison Divine, Humberto Omana, Ed Madou and Jeffrey Holmes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The area of hospital readmission in older adults within 30 days of discharge is extensively researched but few studies look at the whole process. In this study we investigated risk factors related, not only to...

    Authors: Maria Glans, Annika Kragh Ekstam, Ulf Jakobsson, Åsa Bondesson and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Osteoporosis and related fractures, a worldwide public health issue of growing concern, is characterized by compromised bone strength and an increased risk of fracture. Here we show an association between self...

    Authors: Yoshihito Tomita, Kazuhiko Arima, Satoshi Mizukami, Ritsu Tsujimoto, Shin-ya Kawashiri, Takayuki Nishimura, Takuhiro Okabe, Natsumi Tanaka, Yuzo Honda, Kazumi Nakahara, Naoko Yamamoto, Izumi Ohmachi, Hisashi Goto, Maiko Hasegawa, Youko Sou, Itsuko Horiguchi…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  39. A critical challenge facing elderly care systems throughout the world is to meet the complex care needs of a growing population of older persons. Although person-centred care has been advocated as the “gold st...

    Authors: Anders Sköldunger, Per-Olof Sandman and Annica Backman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Many older people suffer from mobility limitations and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after discharge from hospital. A consensus regarding the most effective exercise-program to optimize physic...

    Authors: Sylvia Sunde, Karin Hesseberg, Dawn A. Skelton, Anette Hylen Ranhoff, Are Hugo Pripp, Marit Aarønæs and Therese Brovold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In the US, post-acute care in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) is common and outcomes vary greatly across facilities. Little is known about the expectations of patients and their caregivers about physician ca...

    Authors: Kira L. Ryskina, Kierra A. Foley, Jason H. Karlawish, Joshua D. Uy, Briana Lott, Erica Goldberg and Nancy A. Hodgson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Cognitive decline is common in older adults. Similarly, the prevalence of renal dysfunction is also increased in the elderly population. We conducted this study to clarify the relationship between renal dysfun...

    Authors: Ji Yoon Kong, Jin Sug Kim, Min Hye Kang, Hyeon Seok Hwang, Chang Won Won and Kyung Hwan Jeong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) recommends grip strength and chair stand tests to be used as primary defining measures. It is unclear how either test affects prevalence estim...

    Authors: Jonas Johansson, Bjørn Heine Strand, Bente Morseth, Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock and Sameline Grimsgaard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Falls in hospitals are a major risk to patient safety. Health professional education has the potential to be an important aspect of falls prevention interventions. This scoping review was designed to investiga...

    Authors: L. Shaw, D. Kiegaldie and M. K. Farlie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  45. As the population ages, potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in the older adults may become increasingly prevalent. This undermines patient safety and creates a potential source of major morbidity and m...

    Authors: Sabrina Lau, Penny Lun, Wendy Ang, Keng Teng Tan and Yew Yoong Ding

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Among Canadian residents living in long-term care (LTC) facilities, and especially among those with limited ability to communicate due to dementia, pain remains underassessed and undermanaged. Although evidenc...

    Authors: Natasha L. Gallant, Allie Peckham, Gregory Marchildon, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Blair Roblin and Rhonda J. N. Stopyn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Inflammatory indexes (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio [PLR], neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio [LMR]) are recently supposed to be the biomarkers of sarcopenia. We aimed to val...

    Authors: Tianjiao Tang, Lingling Xie, Lingling Tan, Xiaoyi Hu and Ming Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Malnutrition is common among older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes but remains undiagnosed on healthcare admissions. Older adults use emergency departments (EDs) more than any other age group. T...

    Authors: Anne Griffin, Aoife O’Neill, Margaret O’Connor, Damien Ryan, Audrey Tierney and Rose Galvin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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