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  1. Tai Chi exercise has been reported to enhance physical and mental health in the older adults; however, the mechanism remains elusive.

    Authors: Lili Li, Jingjing Wang, Shaoying Guo, Yangqi Xing, Xiongwen Ke, Yinghao Chen, Yuan He, Shun Wang, Jiayu Wang, Xinwu Cui, Zhihua Wang and Lixu Tang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research article

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  2. This study aimed to investigate the associations of sarcopenia and its defining components with cognitive function in community-dwelling oldest old (over 80 years old) in China.

    Authors: Anying Bai, Weihao Xu, Jing Sun, Juan Liu, Xinli Deng, Linna Wu, Xiao Zou, Jing Zuo, Lin Zou, Yunxia Liu, Hengge Xie, Xiaohong Zhang, Li Fan and Yixin Hu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Many older adults prefer to live alone in their own homes, with age-related issues in physical movement, regardless of their cultural background. Importantly, however, to identify the features of successfully ...

    Authors: So Im Ryu, BeLong Cho, Sun Ju Chang, Hana Ko, Yu Mi Yi, Eun-Young Noh, Hye Ryung Cho and Yeon-Hwan Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research

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  4. Understanding the specific characteristics of the patients with dementia is essential in developing services required to meet their needs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of use of ho...

    Authors: Wen-Fu Wang, Yung-Yu Su, Kai-Ming Jhang and Chun-Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are common among nursing homes (NH) residents, as is polypharmacy. Deprescribing has emerged in the past decade as a safe and effective way to reduce the use of PIM...

    Authors: Damien Cateau, Pierluigi Ballabeni and Anne Niquille

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:289

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A growing number of elderly patients hospitalized for Acute Heart Failure (AHF) are being managed in cardiogeriatrics departments, but their characteristics and prognosis are poorly known. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Berthelot, Amaury Broussier, Thibaud Damy, Cristiano Donadio, Stephane Cosson, Xavier Rovani, Emmanuel Salengro, Gilles Billebeau, Richard Megbemado, Noomen Rekik, Christian Godreuil, Kevin Richard, Jason Shourick, Patrick Assayag, Joel Belmin, Jean Philippe David…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research

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  7. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a threat to ongoing clinical trials necessitating regular face-to-face, in-person meetings, particularly in participants with a high risk of complications. G...

    Authors: G. S. Kienle, P. Werthmann, B. Grotejohann, T. Hundhammer, C. Schmoor, Ch Stumpe, S. Voigt-Radloff and R. Huber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Informal caregivers of persons with dementia often experience elevated levels of caregiving burden. However, existing studies tend to use a variable-centered approach to explore it. This study aims to understa...

    Authors: Qi Yuan, Gregory Tee Hng Tan, Peizhi Wang, Fiona Devi, Richard Goveas, Harish Magadi, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research

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  9. Persons with dementia are likely to require care from various health care providers in multiple care settings, necessitating navigation through an often-fragmented care system. This study aimed to create a bet...

    Authors: Jessica Ashbourne, Veronique Boscart, Samantha Meyer, Catherine E. Tong and Paul Stolee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research

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  10. This study assesses the internal consistency and known group validity of the Turkish version of the SPPIC, a measurement instrument to assess the self perceived pressure from informal care in family caregivers...

    Authors: Nienke van Wezel, Iris van der Heide, Walter L. J. M. Devillé, Gozde Duran, Rianne Hoopman, Marco M. Blom, Anne Margriet Pot, Peter Spreeuwenberg and Anneke L. Francke

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The incidence and number of fragility hip fractures are gradually increasing, resulting in a wide consumption of medical resources. Various factors affecting functional recovery in patients with fragility hip ...

    Authors: Soo Hoon Yoon, Bo Ryun Kim, Sang Yoon Lee, Jaewon Beom, Jun Hwan Choi and Jae-Young Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research

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  12. Although obesity can be clinically defined by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, percent body fat, or visceral fat area, it is unclear which specific measure is best associated with mobility disabilit...

    Authors: Kevin Yiqiang Chua, Xinyi Lin, Yeli Wang, Yap-Seng Chong, Wee-Shiong Lim and Woon-Puay Koh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:282

    Content type: Research

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  13. Disturbed sleep places older adults at higher risk for frailty, morbidity, and even mortality. Yet, nursing home routines frequently disturb residents’ sleep through use of noise, light, or efforts to reduce i...

    Authors: A. Lynn Snow, Julia Loup, Robert O. Morgan, Kathy Richards, Patricia A. Parmelee, Rosa R. Baier, Ellen McCreedy, Barbara Frank, Cathie Brady, Liam Fry, Megan McCullough and Christine W. Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:281

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Predicting outcomes in older patients with influenza in the emergency department (ED) by machine learning (ML) has never been implemented. Therefore, we conducted this study to clarify the clinical utility of ...

    Authors: Tian-Hoe Tan, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chia-Jung Chen, Shu-Lien Hsu, Tzu-Lan Liu, Hung-Jung Lin, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chung-Feng Liu and Chien-Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Zinc is an essential micronutrient for maintaining biological activity. The level of zinc in the blood is known to decrease with age, especially in those over 75 years of age. In older adults patients with imp...

    Authors: Yumika Seki, Kota Ishizawa, Tetsuya Akaishi, Michiaki Abe, Koji Okamoto, Junichi Tanaka, Ryutaro Arita, Shin Takayama, Akiko Kikuchi, Mariko Miyazaki, Hideo Harigae, Mayumi Sato, Masaya Hoshi, Kazuaki Hatsugai and Tadashi Ishii

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research

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  16. Geriatric patients have significant morbidity and greater needs for care and assistance. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics, morbidity, and use of services in primary care (PC) of ...

    Authors: Jaime Barrio-Cortes, Almudena Castaño-Reguillo, María Teresa Beca-Martínez, Mariana Bandeira-de Oliveira, Carmen López-Rodríguez and María Ángeles Jaime-Sisó

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research

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  17. Benzodiazepines (BZDs) and Z-drugs have high potential for developing frequent adverse drug events in older adults (e.g., psychomotor sedation, drug-related dementia, deliria, drug dependence, etc.). Knowledge...

    Authors: Anna Lukačišinová, Daniela Fialová, Nancye May Peel, Ruth Eleanor Hubbard, Jovana Brkic, Graziano Onder, Eva Topinková, Jacob Gindin, Tamar Shochat, Leonard Gray and Roberto Bernabei

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:277

    Content type: Research

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  18. The risk of progressive declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, termed sarcopenia, increases with age, physical inactivity and poor diet. The purpose of this study was to explore and compare association...

    Authors: Ewelina Akehurst, David Scott, Juan Peña Rodriguez, Carol Alonso Gonzalez, Jasmaine Murphy, Helen McCarthy, Sandor Dorgo and Alan Hayes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:276

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Fear of falling (FoF) and physical activity (PA) are important psychological and behavioral factors associated with falls. No instrument quantifies the link between these two factors to evaluate the risk of fa...

    Authors: Jing X. Wang, Lin Y. Chen, Yan N. Jiang, Ling Ni, Jie M. Sheng and Xia Shen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research article

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  20. We sought to examine whether people with a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) experienced a greater incidence of subsequent cognitive impairment (CI) compared to people without CVD, as suggested by prio...

    Authors: Allyson L. Covello, Leora I. Horwitz, Shreya Singhal, Caroline S. Blaum, Yi Li and John A. Dodson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:274

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Physical fitness is a key component of independent living and healthy ageing. For the measurement of physical fitness in older adults, the Senior Fitness Test is a commonly used tool. The objective of this stu...

    Authors: Birte Marie Albrecht, Imke Stalling and Karin Bammann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:273

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Depression and suicide rates are relatively high in the colder regions of Russia. Older individuals in these regions are especially susceptible to these issues and are understudied in this regard. This study a...

    Authors: Georg von Fingerhut, Katsuyoshi Mizukami, Dorothy Yam, Konstantin Makarov, Yuriy Kim, Elena Kondyurina and Lyudmila Yakovleva

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:272

    Content type: Research

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  23. Musculoskeletal conditions are the primary reason older adults seek general medical care, resulting in older adults as the highest consumers of health care services. While there is high use of chiropractic car...

    Authors: Katie de Luca, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Martha Funabashi, Silvano Mior and Simon D. French

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:271

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To (a) describe the pattern of leisure time physical activities (LTPA) in community-dwelling persons who have been screened positive for dementia and (b) determine the health-related and sociodemographic facto...

    Authors: Britta Müller, Peter Kropp, Maria Isabel Cardona, Bernhard Michalowsky, Nanja van den Berg, Stefan Teipel, Wolfgang Hoffmann and Jochen René Thyrian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:270

    Content type: Research

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  25. The Clinical Frailty Scale, which provides a common language about frailty, was recently updated to version 2.0 to cater for its increased use in areas of medicine usually involved in the care and treatment of...

    Authors: Anders Fournaise, Søren Kabell Nissen, Jørgen T. Lauridsen, Jesper Ryg, Christian H. Nickel, Claire Gudex, Mikkel Brabrand, Lone Musaeus Poulsen and Karen Andersen-Ranberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:269

    Content type: Correspondence

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  26. Socio-demographic transitions have dramatically changed the traditional family care settings in China, caused unmet care needs among older adults. However, whether different primary caregiver types have differ...

    Authors: Yangyujin Liu, Haoxue Li, Bei Wu, Xiaoting Liu, Honglin Chen, Hai-Yu Jin and Chenkai Wu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:268

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The association between serum uric acid (SUA) and tea consumption has been studied in previous work, and there were arguments among various population group employed as well as different statistical approaches...

    Authors: Dan-Dan Chen, Xing-Xuan Dong, Xue-Jiao Yang, Hong-Peng Sun, Gang Liang, Xing Chen and Chen-Wei Pan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research

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  28. Population aging will be one of humanity’s major challenges in the decades to come. In addition to focusing on the pathologies causing the greatest mortality and morbidity in this population, such as dementia,...

    Authors: Gregorio Gonzalez-Alcaide, Sergio Palacios-Fernandez and Jose-Manuel Ramos-Rincon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:266

    Content type: Research

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  29. Although pressure ulcers, malnutrition, poor oral health and falls are common among older persons, causing deteriorated health status, they have not been studied altogether among older persons receiving differ...

    Authors: Merita Neziraj, Peter Hellman, Christine Kumlien, Magdalena Andersson and Malin Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:265

    Content type: Research

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  30. Prior studies on health disparity have shown that socioeconomic status is critical to inequality of health outcomes such as depression. However, two questions await further investigation: whether disparity in ...

    Authors: Aruhan Mu, Zhaohua Deng, Xiang Wu and Liqin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:264

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The healthcare system needs effective strategies to identify the most vulnerable group of older patients, assess their needs and plan their care proactively. To evaluate the effectiveness of comprehensive geri...

    Authors: Magnus Nord, Johan Lyth, Jenny Alwin and Jan Marcusson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:263

    Content type: Research article

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  32. During the first pandemic wave, Sweden experienced a high mortality rate. Home healthcare reflects a group of people especially vulnerable to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to evaluate the patte...

    Authors: Lena Nilsson, Christer Andersson and Rune Sjödahl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:262

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Informal caregiving for people with dementia can negatively impact caregivers’ health. In Asia-Pacific regions, growing dementia incidence has made caregiver burnout a pressing public health issue. A cross-sec...

    Authors: Crystal Y. Chan, Gary Cheung, Adrian Martinez-Ruiz, Patsy Y. K. Chau, Kailu Wang, E. K. Yeoh and Eliza L. Y. Wong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:261

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The relationship between obesity and prevalent high blood pressure in older adults has predominantly been estimated using categorical measures of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), masking the...

    Authors: Wenli Zhang, Kun He, Hao Zhao, Xueqi Hu, Chunyu Yin, Xiaoyan Zhao and Songhe Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Depression is a common mental disorder among older people. This study aimed to assess the association between housing environment factors and depressive symptoms among older people using a multidimensional ass...

    Authors: Yuan Chen, Ping Yu Cui, Yi Yang Pan, Ya Xing Li, Nuremaguli Waili and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:259

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Older people living with frailty are often exposed to polypharmacy and potential harm from medications. Targeted deprescribing in this population represents an important component of optimizing medication. Thi...

    Authors: Kinda Ibrahim, Natalie J. Cox, Jennifer M. Stevenson, Stephen Lim, Simon D. S. Fraser and Helen C. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:258

    Content type: Research article

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  37. High prevalence rates have been reported for physical inactivity, mobility limitations, and falls in older adults. Home-based exercise might be an adequate means to increase physical activity by improving heal...

    Authors: Urs Granacher, Thomas Muehlbauer, Gerd Göstemeyer, Stefanie Gruber and Markus Gruber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research

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  38. Readmission is related to high cost, high burden, and high risk for mortality in geriatric patients. A scoring system can be developed to predict the readmission of older inpatients to perform earlier interven...

    Authors: Ika Fitriana, Siti Setiati, Edy W Rizal, Rahmi Istanti, Ikhwan Rinaldi, Taro Kojima, Masahiro Akishita and Muhammad Khifzhon Azwar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:256

    Content type: Research

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  39. Unintended weight loss and the reduction in appetite are common phenomenon among older people. Reduced appetite has been linked to medication related reductions in saliva production, reduced taste ability and ...

    Authors: Sachiko Takehara, Vasant Hirani, F. A. Clive Wright, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona M. Blyth, David G. Le Couteur, Louise M. Waite, Markus J. Seibel, David J. Handelsman and Robert G. Cumming

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There is extensive concern about older people’s care in institutions, especially recently in the past years. One of the reasons is linked to the cases of elder abuse, not only shown by academic and scientific ...

    Authors: Gema Pérez-Rojo, Javier López, Cristina Noriega, José Angel Martínez-Huertas and Cristina Velasco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:251

    Content type: Research

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  41. There is on one hand sufficient evidence showing strong association between resilience and self-rated successful aging. On the other hand, strength training could contribute the cultivation of resilience among...

    Authors: Pak-Kwong Chung, Chun-Qing Zhang, Yanan Zhao, Ming Yu Claudia Wong and Chun Hu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:250

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. People living with dementia seem to be more likely to experience delirium following hip fracture. The association between mental disorders (MD) and hip fracture remains controversial. We conducted a nationwide...

    Authors: Ling-Yin Kuo, Po-Ting Hsu, Wen-Tien Wu, Ru-Ping Lee, Jen-Hung Wang, Hao-Wen Chen, Ing-Ho Chen, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Cheng-Huan Peng, Kuan-Lin Liu, Chung-Yi Hsu and Kuang-Ting Yeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research

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  43. High rates of food insecurity, obesity and obesity-related comorbidities in ageing South African (SA) women may amplify the risk of developing sarcopenic obesity. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence...

    Authors: Amy E. Mendham, Julia H. Goedecke, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Naomi E. Brooks, Mieke Faber, Dirk L. Christensen, Iain J. Gallagher, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Kathryn H. Myburgh, Feyisayo A. Odunitan-Wayas, Estelle V. Lambert, Sebastiana Kalula and Angus M. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:247

    Content type: Article

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  44. Frailty is a predictor of negative health outcomes in older adults. The physical frailty phenotype is an often used form for its operationalization. Some authors have pointed out limitations regarding the unid...

    Authors: Claudia Venturini, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Bruno de Souza Moreira, Eduardo Ferriolli, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Roberto Alves Lourenço and Lygia Paccini Lustosa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Salivary function has been suggested to be associated with cognitive impairment. However, the effect of salivary flow rate (SFR) on cognitive impairment remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether...

    Authors: Minh-Tung Do, Huong Vu, Jong-Koo Lee, Sang-Min Park, Joung-Sik Son and Hyun-Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:245

    Content type: Research

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