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  1. Content type: Research article

    The value of biomarkers for diagnosing bacterial infections in older outpatients is uncertain and limited official guidance exists for clinicians in this area. The aim of this review is to critically appraise ...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, Igho J. Onakpoya, Georgia C. Richards, Elizabeth A. Spencer, Constantinos Koshiaris, Niklas Bobrovitz and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:190

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  2. Content type: Research article

    With life expectancy continuing to rise in the United Kingdom there is an increasing public health focus on the maintenance of physical independence among all older adults. Identifying interventions that impro...

    Authors: Tara Kidd, Freda Mold, Claire Jones, Emma Ream, Wendy Grosvenor, Märtha Sund-Levander, Pia Tingström and Nicola Carey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:184

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Selecting appropriate outcome measures for vulnerable, multimorbid, older patients with acute and chronic impairments poses specific challenges, which may have caused inconsistent findings of previous interven...

    Authors: Patrick Heldmann, Christian Werner, Nacera Belala, Jürgen M. Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:189

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence supports the fact that multicomponent exercise and HMB supplementation are, separately, effective in improving older adult’s health and palliate functional metabolic diseases in older people. However,...

    Authors: Javier Courel-Ibáñez and Jesús G. Pallarés

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:188

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of multimorbidity is increasing worldwide, and older people with multimorbidity are frequent users of health care services. Since multimorbidity has a significant negative impact on Health-relat...

    Authors: Leonie Klompstra, Anne W. Ekdahl, Barbro Krevers, Anna Milberg and Jeanette Eckerblad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:187

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The gait speed and handgrip strength represented the core determinants of physical frailty and sarcopenia, which were reported to be associated with cognitive impairment and decline. Different physical measure...

    Authors: Ming-Yueh Chou, Yukiko Nishita, Takeshi Nakagawa, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Hiroshi Shimokata, Rei Otsuka, Liang-Kung Chen and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:186

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Frequent geriatric users of emergency departments (EDs) constitute a small group of individuals accounting for a disproportionately high number of ED visits. In addition to overcrowding, this situation might r...

    Authors: Isabelle Dufour, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Nicole Dubuc, Jérémie Beaudin, Sarah Lafontaine and Catherine Hudon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:185

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenic obesity (SO) and all-cause mortality among adult people have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if SO is a pre...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Xiaohua Xie, Qingli Dou, Chenyun Liu, Wenwu Zhang, Yunzhi Yang, Renli Deng and Andy S. K. Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:183

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Information about frailty status and its transition is important to inform clinical decisions. Predicting frailty transition is beneficial for its prevention. While Indonesia is the 4th largest geriatric popul...

    Authors: Siti Setiati, Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, I.G.P. Suka Aryana, Sri Sunarti, Novira Widajanti, Lazuardhi Dwipa, Euphemia Seto, Rahmi Istanti, Laurentius Johan Ardian and Sabrina Chusnul Chotimah

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:182

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD), as the most common cause of dementia, brings huge economic burden for patients and social health care systems, which motivates researchers to study multiple protective factors, among ...

    Authors: Rui-xia Jia, Jing-hong Liang, Yong Xu and Ying-quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:181

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture causes moderate to severe pain and while fascia iliaca block has been reported to provide analgesic benefit, most previous trials were unblinded, with subsequent high risks of performance, selecti...

    Authors: Mathieu Pasquier, Patrick Taffé, Olivier Hugli, Olivier Borens, Kyle Robert Kirkham and Eric Albrecht

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:180

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Identifying those people at increased risk of early functional decline in activities of daily living (ADL) is essential for initiating preventive interventions. The aim of this study is to develop and validate...

    Authors: Nini H. Jonkman, Marco Colpo, Jochen Klenk, Chris Todd, Trynke Hoekstra, Vieri Del Panta, Kilian Rapp, Natasja M. van Schoor, Stefania Bandinelli, Martijn W. Heymans, Dominique Mauger, Luca Cattelani, Michael D. Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:179

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Older adults are at high risk for influenza-related complications including worsening frailty and function. We surveyed older Canadians to explore the impact of influenza and determine how influenza knowledge ...

    Authors: Melissa K. Andrew, Vladimir Gilca, Nancy Waite and Jennifer A. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:178

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D supplement use is recommended best practice in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) for the prevention of falls, however has experienced delays in uptake. Following successful international effor...

    Authors: Pippy Walker, Annette Kifley, Susan Kurrle and Ian D. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:177

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of visual impairment and of impaired functional reading ability rapidly increase with age. However, functional reading ability is essential for an autonomous lifestyle. We analyzed the prevalenc...

    Authors: Franziska Radicke, Thea Schwaneberg, Claudia Meinke-Franze, Clemens Jürgens, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Frank Tost and Neeltje van den Berg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:176

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Up to 80% of care home residents have dementia. Ensuring this workforce is appropriately trained is of international concern. Research indicates variable impact of training on a range of resident and staff out...

    Authors: Claire A. Surr, Cara Sass, Michelle Drury, Natasha Burnley, Alison Dennison, Sarah Burden and Jan Oyebode

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:175

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In older patients, timely recognition and treatment of medication misuse and dependence are crucial to secure medication safety and to avoid increasing health expenditure. Nonetheless, the detection of this co...

    Authors: Socheat Cheng, Tahreem Ghazal Siddiqui, Michael Gossop, Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen and Christofer Lundqvist

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:174

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of exposure to medications with anticholinergic and sedative activity, has been associated with poorer physical function in older adults in the general population. While exte...

    Authors: Juliette O’Connell, Martin C. Henman, Éilish Burke, Clare Donegan, Philip McCallion, Mary McCarron and Máire O’Dwyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:173

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dementia is a syndrome, with a wide range of symptoms. It is important to have a timely diagnosis during the disease course to reduce the risk of medication errors, enable future care planning for the patient ...

    Authors: Connie Lethin, Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Anna Renom Guiteras, Hilde Verbeek, Kai Saks, Minna Stolt, Adelaida Zabalegui, Maria Soto-Martin and Christer Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:172

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Short-term and mid-term comparison of the efficacy of a multimodal program that incorporates a therapeutic workout program, medication review, diet adjustment and health education, in comparison to the standar...

    Authors: Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas, María del Mar Rodríguez González, Elvira Díaz Caro, Germán Ortega Núñez, Alejandro Galán-Mercant and Juan José Bedoya Belmonte

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:171

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in institutionalized older adults is often based on vague symptoms and a positive culture. The high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU), which cannot b...

    Authors: Michael Biggel, Stefan Heytens, Katrien Latour, Robin Bruyndonckx, Herman Goossens and Pieter Moons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:170

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Self-rated health (SRH) have been widely used as a valid indicator of health status at the population and individual level. We aimed to investigate the distribution and correlates of global SRH and age-compara...

    Authors: Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan and Liming Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:168

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Additional benefits of passive exposures to intermittent hypoxia and hyperoxia on cognitive performance and functional exercise capacity have been demonstrated in geriatric patients who performed a multimodal ...

    Authors: Ulrike Bayer, Rudolf Likar, Georg Pinter, Haro Stettner, Susanne Demschar, Brigitte Trummer, Stefan Neuwersch, Oleg Glazachev and Martin Burtscher

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:167

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  24. Content type: Research article

    PHARAO is a decision support system developed to evaluate the risk for a set of either common or serious side-effects resulting from a combination of pharmacodynamic effects from a patient’s medications. The o...

    Authors: Khedidja Hedna, Marine L. Andersson, Hanna Gyllensten, Staffan Hägg and Ylva Böttiger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:164

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Currently, there is no composite screening tool that can efficiently and effectively assess prevalent yet under-recognized cognitive and neuropsychiatric comorbidities in patients with cardiovascular disease. ...

    Authors: Dana Mohammad, Nathan Herrmann, Mahwesh Saleem, Richard H. Swartz, Paul I. Oh, Janelle Bradley, Parco Chan, Courtney Ellis and Krista L. Lanctôt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:163

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Community-based blood pressure (BP) monitoring plays an important role in national hypertension management in China. However, the utilisation of this service, together with its associations on hypertension tre...

    Authors: Hongxun Song, Donglan Zhang, Zhuo Chen, Ruoxi Wang, Shangfeng Tang, Ghose Bishwajit, Shanquan Chen, Da Feng, Tailai Wu, Yang Wang, Yanwei Su and Zhanchun Feng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:162

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a chronic mental disorder that severely impacts the older adult population globally. Nutritional psychiatry is an approach that has gained traction over the years. Exploring locally relevant cons...

    Authors: Chong Min Janrius Goh, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Yun Jue Zhang, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:161

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Taiwan, one of the fastest-aging countries in the world, started implementing version 1.0 of its long-term care (LTC) plan in 2008. In 2017, LTC Plan 2.0 began a new era with its goal to integrate Taiwan’s fra...

    Authors: Tzu-Ying Chiu, Hsiao-Wei Yu, Rei Goto, Wen-Lin Lai, Hsi-Chang Li, En-Tien Tsai and Ya-Mei Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:159

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The coming years will see more persons with dementia living longer at home. However, “the home” is a complex concept with a multitude of meanings, varying among individuals and raising ethical and practical di...

    Authors: Stein Erik Fæø, Bettina S. Husebo, Frøydis Kristine Bruvik and Oscar Tranvåg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:158

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) aim to attenuate the surgical stress response and accelerate recovery after surgery, but are not specifically designed for older patients. The objective of this study was to...

    Authors: Katleen Fagard, Albert Wolthuis, André D’Hoore, Marleen Verhaegen, Jos Tournoy, Johan Flamaing and Mieke Deschodt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:157

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Screening for inpatients at risk for long length of stay (LOS) is the first step of an effective hospital care plan for older inpatients. This study aims, in older adults admitted to a geriatric acute care war...

    Authors: Olivier Beauchet, Shek Fung, Cyrille P. Launay, Liam Anders Cooper-Brown, Jonathan Afilalo, Paul Herbert, Marc Afilalo and Julia Chabot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:156

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Nursing home residents (NHR) are characterized by increasing frailty, multimorbidity and care dependency. These conditions result in frequent hospital transfers which can lead to negative effects on residents’...

    Authors: Alexandra Pulst, Alexander Maximilian Fassmer and Guido Schmiemann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:155

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Older patients are commonly prescribed multiple medications therefore; medication misadventures are common and expected among older patients. The use of potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) further contr...

    Authors: Tariq M. Alhawassi, Wafa Alatawi and Monira Alwhaibi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:154

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Preserved functions of daily life and cognition are cornerstones of independent aging, which is crucial for maintaining a high quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sarcopenia, an...

    Authors: Kristin Franzon, Björn Zethelius, Tommy Cederholm and Lena Kilander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:153

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture among older adults is not only a major health issue but also preventable by providing proper care, but there is a lack of studies on the association between type of long-term care (LTC) service an...

    Authors: Juyeong Kim, Young Choi and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:152

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is common among older adults and has been linked to muscle weakness. Vitamin D supplementation has been proposed as a strategy to improve muscle function in older adults. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Anouk M. M. Vaes, Mark V. Boekschoten, Lex B. Verdijk, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, Luc J. C. van Loon, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot and Sander Kersten

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:151

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is still underdiagnosed or mistaken for other types of neurodegenerative diseases. Biomarkers such as 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (FDG-PET) can be helpful.

    Authors: Astrid Melani Suantio, Hian Liang Huang, Cecilia Sze Nga Kwok, Darren Cheng Han Teo and Minh Ha Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:150

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Having a match between a nursing home and the preferences of people with dementia is beneficial for their well-being. It is suggested that innovative types of nursing homes such as small-scale living facilitie...

    Authors: Bram de Boer, Hilde Verbeek, Sandra M. G. Zwakhalen and Jan P. H. Hamers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:149

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Middle and older years are associated with age related health deficits but how early this begins and progresses is poorly understood. Better understanding is needed to address early decline and support healthi...

    Authors: Susan Gordon, Michael Kidd, Anthony Maeder, Nicky Baker, Tania Marin and Karen Grimmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:148

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  40. Content type: Research article

    As the number of elderly people is on the rise in societies throughout the world, providing them with optimal care is becoming a major demand, especially in the context of rising interest in institutional care...

    Authors: Izabela Wróblewska, Dorota Talarska, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Robert Susło and Jarosław Drobnik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:147

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Many older people (care recipients) experience long-term psychological distress due to the fear of falling again. Falls can affect carers due to concerns about their care recipients falling. Understanding care...

    Authors: Seng Giap Marcus Ang, Anthony Paul O’Brien and Amanda Wilson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:144

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  42. Content type: Research article

    It is acknowledged that preservation of self-determination is very important in order for older adults to experience good quality of life, but to what degree and in what areas people receiving help from home c...

    Authors: Karin Bölenius, Kristina Lämås, Per-Olof Sandman, Marie Lindkvist and David Edvardsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:142

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Frailty has been generally been associated with adverse events in older patients under surgery. Frailty phenotype is the most widely used instrument in the research literature. However the effect of the frailt...

    Authors: Binru Han, Qiuping Li and Xi Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:141

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Smartphone use has become an increasingly pervasive part of our daily lives, and as a portable media device, smartphones provide good support for cognitive training during aging. However, little is known about...

    Authors: Manqiong Yuan, Jia Chen, Zi Zhou, Jiahui Yin, Jielong Wu, Mingliang Luo, Lixia Wang and Ya Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:140

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