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  1. Frailty is a term commonly used to describe the condition of an older person who has chronic health problems, has lost functional abilities and is likely to deteriorate further. However, despite its common use...

    Authors: Nicola Fairhall, Christina Aggar, Susan E Kurrle, Catherine Sherrington, Stephen Lord, Keri Lockwood, Noeline Monaghan and Ian D Cameron
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:27
  2. Undernutrition is common in older hospitalised patients, and routine screening is advocated. It is unclear whether screening tools such as the Birmingham Nutrition Risk (BNR) score and the Malnutrition Univers...

    Authors: Sarah Henderson, Nicola Moore, Emma Lee and Miles D Witham
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:26
  3. Different smoking cessation programmes have been developed in the last decade but utilization by the elderly is low. We evaluated a pilot mobile smoking cessation service for the Chinese elderly in Hong Kong a...

    Authors: Abu Saleh M Abdullah, Tai-Hing Lam, Steve KK Chan, Gabriel M Leung, Iris Chi, Winnie WN Ho and Sophia SC Chan
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:25
  4. Frailty can be measured in relation to the accumulation of deficits using a frailty index. A frailty index can be developed from most ageing databases. Our objective is to systematically describe a standard pr...

    Authors: Samuel D Searle, Arnold Mitnitski, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Thomas M Gill and Kenneth Rockwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:24
  5. Cost of illness studies show that Parkinson disease (PD) is costly for individuals, the healthcare system and society. The costs of PD include both direct and indirect costs associated with falls and related i...

    Authors: Jennifer J Watts, Jennifer L McGinley, Frances Huxham, Hylton B Menz, Robert Iansek, Anna T Murphy, Emma R Waller and Meg E Morris
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:23
  6. Aging entails not only a decrease in the ability to be active, but also a trend toward increased dependence to sustain basic life functions. An important aspect for appropriately elucidating the individual's c...

    Authors: Kajsa BE Thorsell, Berit Nordström, Per Nyberg and Bengt V Sivberg
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:22
  7. Fracture after falling has been identified as an important problem in public health. Most studies of risk factors for fractures due to falls have been carried out in developed countries, although the size of t...

    Authors: Evandro SF Coutinho, Astrid Fletcher, Katia V Bloch and Laura C Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:21
  8. Frailty is a relatively new geriatric concept referring to an increased vulnerability to stressors. Various definitions have been proposed, as well as a range of multidimensional instruments for its measuremen...

    Authors: Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Athanassia Karmaniola, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Jacques Spagnoli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz, Nicolas Rodondi, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber and Alain Pécoud
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:20
  9. Gait and balance impairments may increase the risk of falls, the leading cause of accidental death in the elderly population. Fall-related injuries constitute a serious public health problem associated with hi...

    Authors: Itshak Melzer, Ori Elbar, Irit Tsedek and Lars IE Oddsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:19
  10. Anaemia may increase risk of dementia or cognitive decline. There is also evidence that high haemoglobin levels increase risk of stroke, and consequently possible cognitive impairment. The elderly are more at ...

    Authors: Ruth Peters, Lisa Burch, James Warner, Nigel Beckett, Ruth Poulter and Christopher Bulpitt
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:18
  11. Since many individuals who initiate physical activity programs are highly likely to return to a sedentary lifestyle, innovative strategies to efforts to increase the number of physically active older adults wh...

    Authors: Nancy E Sherwood, Brian C Martinson, A Lauren Crain, Marcia G Hayes, Nicolaas P Pronk and Patrick J O'Connor
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:17
  12. Falls are the sixth leading cause of death in elderly people in the U.S. Despite progress in understanding risk factors for falls, many suspected risk factors have not been adequately studied. Putative risk fa...

    Authors: Suzanne G Leveille, Douglas P Kiel, Richard N Jones, Anthony Roman, Marian T Hannan, Farzaneh A Sorond, Hyun G Kang, Elizabeth J Samelson, Margaret Gagnon, Marcie Freeman and Lewis A Lipsitz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:16
  13. Computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) has been used to detect balance and stability impairments in adults of all ages. The goal of the current pilot study was to evaluate balance in healthy older adults aft...

    Authors: Gary Zammit, Sherry Wang-Weigand and Xuejun Peng
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:15
  14. While the evidence of an association between the apolipoprotein E (APOE) *E4 allele and Alzheimer's disease is very strong, the effect of the *E4 allele on cognitive decline in the general population is more equi...

    Authors: Helen Christensen, Philip J Batterham, Andrew J Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm, Holly A Mack, Karen A Mather, Kaarin J Anstey, Perminder S Sachdev and Simon Easteal
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:14
  15. Maintenance of therapeutic International Normalized Ratio (INR) in the community is generally poor. The supervised environment in long-term care facilities may represent a more ideal setting for warfarin thera...

    Authors: Madeleine Verhovsek, Bahareh Motlagh, Mark A Crowther, Courtney Kennedy, Lisa Dolovich, Glenda Campbell, Luqi Wang and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:13
  16. Physical activity shows potential in combating the poor outcomes associated with depression in older people. Meta-analyses show gaps in the research with poor trial design compromising certainty in conclusions...

    Authors: Ngaire Kerse, Karen Falloon, Simon A Moyes, Karen J Hayman, Tony Dowell, Gregory S Kolt, C Raina Elley, Simon Hatcher, Kathy Peri, Sally Keeling, Elizabeth Robinson, John Parsons, Janine Wiles and Bruce Arroll
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:12
  17. Previous studies have shown influenza vaccine uptake in UK nursing home residents to be low. Very little information exists regarding the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine in this population. The formulation of p...

    Authors: Amir Shroufi, Joanna Copping, Roberto Vivancos and Richard CB Slack
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:11
  18. Balance disability measurements routinely used to identify fall risks in frail populations have limited value in the early detection of postural stability deficits in community-living older adults. The objecti...

    Authors: Myriam Jbabdi, Patrick Boissy and Mathieu Hamel
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:8
  19. One of the more common behavioral manifestations of dementia-related disorders is severe problems with out-of-home mobility. Various efforts have been attempted to attain a better understanding of mobility beh...

    Authors: Noam Shoval, Gail K Auslander, Tim Freytag, Ruth Landau, Frank Oswald, Ulrich Seidl, Hans-Werner Wahl, Shirli Werner and Jeremia Heinik
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:7
  20. The "oldest old" are now the fastest growing section of most western populations, yet there are scarcely any data concerning even the common problem of falls amongst the very old. Prospective data collection i...

    Authors: Jane Fleming, Fiona E Matthews and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:6
  21. Proximal femoral fractures are amongst the most devastating consequences of osteoporosis and injurious accidental falls with 25–35% of patients dying in the first year post-fracture. Effective rehabilitation s...

    Authors: Susie K Thomas, Karen J Humphreys, Michelle D Miller, Ian D Cameron, Craig Whitehead, Susan Kurrle, Shylie Mackintosh and Maria Crotty
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:4
  22. On average, health worsens with age, but many people have periods of improvement. A stochastic model provides an excellent description of how such changes occur. Given that cognition also changes with age, we ...

    Authors: Arnold Mitnitski and Kenneth Rockwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:3
  23. Dementia is a major public health problem with enormous costs to society and major consequences for both patients and their relatives. Family members of persons with dementia provide much of the care for older...

    Authors: Karlijn J Joling, Hein PJ van Hout, Philip Scheltens, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Bernard van den Berg, Judith Bosmans, Freek Gillissen, Mary Mittelman and Harm WJ van Marwijk
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:2
  24. Ageing populations will impact on healthcare provision, especially since extra years are not necessarily spent in good health. It is important to identify and understand the significance of common medical prob...

    Authors: Helen Gaskell, Sheena Derry, R Andrew Moore and Henry J McQuay
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:1
  25. Paratonia, a form of hypertonia, is associated with loss of mobility and with the development of contractures especially in the late stages of the dementia.

    Authors: Johannes SM Hobbelen, Frans RJ Verhey, Jacobus HJ Bor, Rob A de Bie and Raymond TCM Koopmans
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:30
  26. The Doloplus-2 is used for behavioural pain assessment in cognitively impaired patients. Little data exists on the psychometric properties of the Doloplus-2. Our objectives were to test the criterion validity ...

    Authors: Jacob C Hølen, Ingvild Saltvedt, Peter M Fayers, Marianne J Hjermstad, Jon H Loge and Stein Kaasa
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:29
  27. Cognitive ageing is a major burden for society and a major influence in lowering people's independence and quality of life. It is the most feared aspect of ageing. There are large individual differences in age...

    Authors: Ian J Deary, Alan J Gow, Michelle D Taylor, Janie Corley, Caroline Brett, Valerie Wilson, Harry Campbell, Lawrence J Whalley, Peter M Visscher, David J Porteous and John M Starr
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:28
  28. A majority of patients with dementia present behavioral and psychological symptoms, such as agitation, which may increase their suffering, be difficult to manage by caregivers, and precipitate institutionaliza...

    Authors: Isabelle Chantale Pelletier and Philippe Landreville
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:27
  29. Although guidelines recommend that clinicians consider life expectancy before screening older women for breast cancer, many older women with limited life expectancies are screened. We aimed to identify factors...

    Authors: Mara A Schonberg, Ellen P McCarthy, Meghan York, Roger B Davis and Edward R Marcantonio
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:26
  30. The study aims to quantify the population impact of prescribing cholinesterase inhibitors to slow the cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and to compare with the benefit of treating hypertension to ...

    Authors: Udaya P Gammanpila, Alistair Burns, Richard F Heller and Nitin Purandare
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:25
  31. Declines in cognitive functioning are a normal part of aging that can affect daily functioning and quality of life. This study will examine the impact of an exercise training program, and a combined exercise a...

    Authors: Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Nicola W Burton, Nancy A Pachana and Wendy J Brown
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:23
  32. The question of whether to withhold artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) from severely cognitively impaired older adults has remained nearly unexplored in Japan, where provision of ANH is considered standa...

    Authors: Kaoruko Aita, Miyako Takahashi, Hiroaki Miyata, Ichiro Kai and Thomas E Finucane
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:22
  33. Many people who have suffered a stroke require rehabilitation to help them resume their previous activities and roles in their own environment, but only some of them receive inpatient or even outpatient rehabi...

    Authors: Claude Vincent, Isabelle Deaudelin, Line Robichaud, Jacqueline Rousseau, Chantal Viscogliosi, Lise R Talbot and Johanne Desrosiers
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:20
  34. Comparative evidence regarding the effects of social relationships on mortality in Mediterranean communities will increase our knowledge of their strengths and the ways in which they influence longevity across...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui and Angel Otero
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:19
  35. Dementia is an important health and social care problem and is one of the main causes of disability in later life. The number of families affected by dementia will dramatically increase over the next five deca...

    Authors: Carl A Thompson, Karen Spilsbury, Jill Hall, Yvonne Birks, Colin Barnes and Joy Adamson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:18
  36. Falling accounts for a significant number of hospital and long-term care admissions in older adults. Many adults with the combination of advancing age and functional decline associated with lower extremity ost...

    Authors: Catherine M Arnold and Robert A Faulkner
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:17
  37. Annually, about 30% of the persons of 65 years and older falls at least once and 15% falls at least twice. Falls often result in serious injuries, such as fractures. Therefore, the prevention of accidental fal...

    Authors: Geeske MEE Peeters, Oscar J de Vries, Petra JM Elders, Saskia MF Pluijm, Lex M Bouter and Paul Lips
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:15
  38. The UK, like other developed countries, is experiencing a marked change in the age structure of its population characterised by increasing life expectancy and continuing growth in the older fraction of the pop...

    Authors: Joanna Collerton, Karen Barrass, John Bond, Martin Eccles, Carol Jagger, Oliver James, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Louise Robinson, Thomas von Zglinicki and Tom Kirkwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:14
  39. While existing reviews have identified significant predictors of nursing home admission, this meta-analysis attempted to provide more integrated empirical findings to identify predictors. The present study aim...

    Authors: Joseph E Gaugler, Sue Duval, Keith A Anderson and Robert L Kane
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:13
  40. Previous research investigating exercise as a means of falls prevention in older adults has shown mixed results. Lack of specificity of the intervention may be an important factor contributing to negative resu...

    Authors: Avril Mansfield, Amy L Peters, Barbara A Liu and Brian E Maki
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:12
  41. Increases in longevity resulting from improvements in health care and living conditions together with a decrease in fertility rates have contributed to a shift towards an aged population profile. For the first...

    Authors: Oscar H Franco, Thomas BL Kirkwood, Jonathan R Powell, Michael Catt, James Goodwin, Jose M Ordovas and Frans van der Ouderaa
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:10
  42. Self-perceptions of aging have been implicated as independent predictors of functional disability and mortality in older adults. In spite of this, research on self-perceptions of aging is limited. One reason f...

    Authors: Maja Barker, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah M McGee, Anne Hickey and Ronan M Conroy
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:9
  43. Mortality after perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer increases with age. Limited data exist on how the higher burden of comorbidity among elderly patients affects this association. We aimed to examine the asso...

    Authors: Steffen Christensen, Anders Riis, Mette Nørgaard, Henrik T Sørensen and Reimar W Thomsen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:8

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