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  1. Content type: Research article

    Frailty and sarcopenia are common amongst hospitalised older people and associated with poor healthcare outcomes. Widely recognised tools for their identification are the Fried Frailty Phenotype, its self-repo...

    Authors: Kinda Ibrahim, Fiona F. A. Howson, David J. Culliford, Avan A. Sayer and Helen C. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:42

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Detecting patients with undiagnosed dementia is an important clinical challenge. Changes in medication adherence might represent an early sign of cognitive impairment. We sought to examine antihypertensive and...

    Authors: Zachary A. Marcum, Rod L. Walker, Bobby L. Jones, Arvind Ramaprasan, Shelly L. Gray, Sascha Dublin, Paul K. Crane and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:41

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    The aim of this trial is to evaluate the effect of SENATOR software on incident, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in older, multimorbid, hospitalized patients. The SENATOR software produces a report designed to o...

    Authors: Amanda H. Lavan, Denis O’Mahony, Paul Gallagher, Richard Fordham, Evelyn Flanagan, Darren Dahly, Stephen Byrne, Mirko Petrovic, Adalsteinn Gudmundsson, Olafur Samuelsson, Antonio Cherubini, Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft, Roy L. Soiza and Joseph A. Eustace

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:40

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The benefit of medication reviews for long-term care (LTC) residents has been generally recognized throughout health care systems. Whereas many studies showed the impact of comprehensive medication reviews per...

    Authors: Kerstin Bitter, Christina Pehe, Manfred Krüger, Gabriela Heuer, Regine Quinke and Ulrich Jaehde

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:39

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Psychosocial person-centred interventions are considered best practice for addressing complex behaviours and care needs such as agitation and anxiety, and for improving the quality of life of people with demen...

    Authors: Alys W. Griffiths, Rachael Kelley, Lucy Garrod, Devon Perfect, Olivia Robinson, Emily Shoesmith, Joanne McDermid, Natasha Burnley and Claire A. Surr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:37

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Constipation is a common condition among older people, particularly among people living in nursing homes, and the use of drugs such as opioids is one of many factors that contribute to its high prevalence. The...

    Authors: Maria Gustafsson, Kristina Lämås, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman and Hugo Lövheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:38

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    The Aotearoa/New Zealand population is ageing and numerous studies demonstrate with this phenomenon comes increases in non-communicable diseases, injuries and healthcare costs among other issues. Further, sign...

    Authors: John G. Oetzel, Brendan Hokowhitu, Mary Simpson, Rangimahora Reddy, Sophie Nock, Hineitimoana Greensill, Michael P. Cameron, Pare Meha, Kirsten Johnston, Truely Harding, Pita Shelford and Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:36

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a growing interest in developing tailored non-pharmacological strategies to face patients’ needs in dementia. Occupational therapy (OT) may contribute to promote self-empowerment of both patients and ...

    Authors: Clément Pimouguet, Rémi Sitta, Jérôme Wittwer, Nathalie Hayes, Aurélie Petit-Monéger, Jean-François Dartigues and Catherine Helmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:35

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Non-specific symptoms, such as confusion, are often suspected to be caused by urinary tract infection (UTI) and continues to be the most common reason for suspecting a UTI despite many other potential causes. ...

    Authors: Sean Mayne, Alexander Bowden, Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Ronny Gunnarsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:32

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty detection and remote monitoring are of major importance for slowing down, and/or even stopping the frailty process in home-dwelling older people. Taking the Fried’s criteria as a reference, this work a...

    Authors: Aly Chkeir, Jean-Luc Novella, Moustapha Dramé, Delphine Bera, Michèle Collart and Jacques Duchêne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:34

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Due to the gradual loss of function, it is crucial for persons with dementia to discuss advance care planning in due course. However, nursing home staff, residents and their families feel uncomfortable to star...

    Authors: Bart Goossens, Aline Sevenants, Anja Declercq and Chantal Van Audenhove

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:33

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Stroke incidence has declined during the past decades. Yet, there is a concern that an ageing population together with improved survival after stroke will result in a raised proportion of the population who ha...

    Authors: Karin Modig, Mats Talbäck, Louise Ziegler and Anders Ahlbom

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:31

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Regular loading of tendons may counteract the negative effects of aging. However, the influence of strength training loading magnitude on tendon mechanical properties and its relation to matrix collagen conten...

    Authors: Christian S. Eriksen, Rene B. Svensson, Anne T. Gylling, Christian Couppé, S. Peter Magnusson and Michael Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:30

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Reablement is an emerging approach in rehabilitation services, but evidence for its efficacy is rather weak and inconsistent. The purpose of the present study is therefore to investigate the health effects of ...

    Authors: E. Langeland, H. Tuntland, B. Folkestad, O. Førland, F. F. Jacobsen and I. Kjeken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:29

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour is related to poorer health independently of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety or depre...

    Authors: Judith A. Okely, Iva Čukić, Richard J. Shaw, Sebastien F. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Ian J. Deary, Geoff Der, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton and Catharine R. Gale

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:28

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Poor eye–hand coordination is associated with the symptoms of the early stage of cognitive decline. However, previous research on the eye–hand coordination of older adults without cognitive impairment is scant...

    Authors: Pi-Tuan Chan, Wen-Chi Chang, Huei-Ling Chiu, Ching-Chiu Kao, Doresses Liu, Hsin Chu and Kuei-Ru Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:27

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity may reverse frailty in the elderly, but we encounter barriers to the implementation of exercise programs in this population. Our main aim is to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent physica...

    Authors: M. V. Castell, A. Gutiérrez-Misis, M. Sánchez-Martínez, M. A. Prieto, B. Moreno, S. Nuñez, R. Triano, M. P. de Antonio, C. Mateo, M. D. Cano, A. Garrido, R. Julian, E. Polentinos, R. Rodriguez-Barrientos and A. Otero Puime

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:25

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported the associations of frailty phenotype or its components with mortality. However, studies that explored the effects of transition in frailty status on mortality were far less in A...

    Authors: Mu-Cyun Wang, Tsai-Chung Li, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chuan-Wei Yang, Shing-Yu Yang and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:26

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Medication safety is an important health issue for nursing home residents (NHR). They usually experience polypharmacy and often take potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) and antipsychotics. This, couple...

    Authors: Olaf Krause, Birgitt Wiese, Ina-Merle Doyle, Claudia Kirsch, Petra Thürmann, Stefan Wilm, Lisa Sparenberg, Regina Stolz, Antje Freytag, Jutta Bleidorn and Ulrike Junius-Walker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:24

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Alterations in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity might be involved in the pathophysiology of delirium. The aim was to explore autonomic cardiovascular control in older patients with and without delirium.

    Authors: Bjørn Erik Neerland, Torgeir Bruun Wyller and Vegard Bruun Bratholm Wyller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:23

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The trajectories for health-related quality of life of patients receiving home-based primary care are not well identified. Our objective was to investigate changes in the quality of life (QOL) and factors that...

    Authors: Chi-Hsien Huang, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Hiroko Kamitani, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Hideki Nomura and Masafumi Kuzuya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:21

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Volunteering could be a win-win opportunity for older adults: Links between volunteering and societal improvements as well as older adults’ own health and longevity are found in several observational studies. ...

    Authors: Lisa M. Warner, Da Jiang, Alice Ming-Lin Chong, Tianyuan Li, Julia K. Wolff and Kee-Lee Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:22

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Mobility is a key indicator of physical functioning in older people, but there is limited evidence of the reliability of mobility measures in older people with cognitive impairment. This study aimed to examine...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Thiel, Ralf-Joachim Schulz and Christian Grüneberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:20

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The increasing use of smartphones by older adults also increases their potential for improving different aspects of health in this population. Some studies have shown promising results in the improvement of co...

    Authors: José I. Recio-Rodríguez, Cristina Lugones-Sanchez, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Jesús González-Sánchez, Olaya Tamayo-Morales, Susana Gonzalez-Sanchez, Carmen Fernandez-Alonso, Jose A. Maderuelo-Fernandez, Sara Mora-Simon, Manuel A. Gómez-Marcos, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez and Luis Garcia-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:19

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Caregivers of a family member with a chronic disability or illness such as dementia are at increased risk for chronic disease. There are many factors that contribute to dementia caregiver vulnerability and the...

    Authors: Roland von Känel, Brent T. Mausbach, Joel E. Dimsdale, Michael G. Ziegler, Paul J. Mills, Matthew A. Allison, Thomas L. Patterson, Sonia Ancoli-Israel and Igor Grant

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:18

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Elderly living in a Nursing Home (NH) are frequently transferred to an Emergency Department when they need acute medical care. A proportion of these transfers may be considered inappropriate and may be avoidable.

    Authors: Sabine E Lemoyne, Hanne H. Herbots, Dennis De Blick, Roy Remmen, Koenraad G. Monsieurs and Peter Van Bogaert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:17

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Polypharmacy, and the associated adverse drug events such as non-adherence to prescriptions, is a common problem for elderly people living with multiple comorbidities. Deprescribing, i.e. the gradual withdrawa...

    Authors: Joanna Ulley, Deborah Harrop, Ali Ali, Sarah Alton and Sally Fowler Davis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:15

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  28. Content type: Research article

    To estimate the potential gains in health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) after hypothetical elimination of four non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Chinese elderly from 1990 to 2016, including cardiovascul...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Hu, Xueshan Sun, Yuanyuan Li, Yuxuan Gu, Minzhuo Huang, Jingming Wei, Xuemei Zhen, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:16

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Pro-active assessment programs are increasingly used to improve care for older adults. These programs include comprehensive geriatric tailored to individual patient preferences. Evidence for the effects of the...

    Authors: Wanda Rietkerk, Merel F. Smit, Klaske Wynia, Joris P. J. Slaets, Sytse U. Zuidema and Debby L. Gerritsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:12

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Fall prevention interventions with home-based exercise programmes are effective to reduce the number and the rate of falls, by reducing risk factors. They improve balance, strength, function, physical activity...

    Authors: Anne-Gabrielle Mittaz Hager, Nicolas Mathieu, Constanze Lenoble-Hoskovec, Jaap Swanenburg, Rob de Bie and Roger Hilfiker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:13

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) has health benefits for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Indeed, regular PA is considered an important part of any T2D management plan, yet most patients adopt a sedentary lifestyle.

    Authors: Francesco Lucertini, Carlo Ferri Marini, Davide Sisti, Vilberto Stocchi, Ario Federici, Franco Gregorio, Donata Piangerelli, Carlos Chiatti, Antonio Cherubini, Massimo Boemi, Fabio Romagnoli, Michela Cucchi, Federica D’Angelo, Maria Paola Luconi and Anna Rita Bonfigli

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:11

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The proportion of population ageing in China will grow significantly in the next few decades but the pace of population ageing and social change vary considerably across regions. Notably, Eastern coastal areas...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Catherine D’Este, Julie Byles and Hal Kendig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:10

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Many balance and strength tests exist that have been designed for older seniors, often aged ≥70 years. To guide strategies for preventing functional decline, valid and reliable tests are needed to detect early...

    Authors: Ronny Bergquist, Michaela Weber, Michael Schwenk, Synnøve Ulseth, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken and Kristin Taraldsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:9

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The attitudes of care staff toward the sexuality of residents with dementia they care for is assumed to influence the residents’ expression of their sexuality in the way they want. This paper examines the effe...

    Authors: Tineke S. M. Roelofs, Katrien G. Luijkx, Marielle C. M. Cloin and Petri J. C. M. Embregts

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:8

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    The purpose of the Aging-ONDUAL-TASK study is to determine if a supervised dual-task program carried out in long-term nursing homes is able to attenuate frailty in a greater extent than the same multicomponent ex...

    Authors: Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Haritz Arrieta, Susana Maria Gil, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Jon Irazusta, Begoña Sanz and Ana Rodriguez-Larrad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:6

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Dementia patients often show neuropsychiatric symptoms, known as behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). These are a common motive for medical consultations, hospitalizations, and nursing hom...

    Authors: Mireia Massot Mesquida, Montserrat Tristany Casas, Alicia Franzi Sisó, Isabel García Muñoz, Óscar Hernández Vian and Pere Torán Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:7

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Research highlights the need for carers of people with dementia to acquire relevant and timely information to assist them to access appropriate respite services. Unfortunately, negative experiences of informat...

    Authors: L. Phillipson, K. Johnson, E. Cridland, D. Hall, C. Neville, E. Fielding and H. Hasan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:2

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  38. Content type: Study protocol

    Active aging has been established as a policy goal for aging societies. We define active aging at the individual level as striving for elements of well-being through activities in relation to a person’s goals,...

    Authors: Taina Rantanen, Katja Pynnönen, Milla Saajanaho, Sini Siltanen, Laura Karavirta, Katja Kokko, Anu Karvonen, Markku Kauppinen, Timo Rantalainen, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs and Mary Hassandra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:5

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful marker for pneumonia. However, its clinical usefulness in elderly patients has not been studied extensively. This study aimed to assess the relationship between PCT and prognosi...

    Authors: Takanori Akagi, Nobuhiko Nagata, Hiroyuki Miyazaki, Taishi Harada, Satoshi Takeda, Yuji Yoshida, Kenji Wada, Masaki Fujita and Kentaro Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:3

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic level of residential environment was found to influence cognitive performance. However, individuals from the same place of residence may be affected differently. We aim to investigate for the fir...

    Authors: Noémie Letellier, Isabelle Carrière, Laure-Anne Gutierrez, Audrey Gabelle, Jean-François Dartigues, Carole Dufouil, Catherine Helmer, Emmanuelle Cadot and Claudine Berr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:4

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Accidental falls, especially for the elderly, are a major health issue. Balance disorders are one of their main causes. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) has proven to be useful in improving balance of elderly pa...

    Authors: Andrés Soto-Varela, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Ana Faraldo-García, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, María del-Río-Valeiras, Antonio Lirola-Delgado and Sofía Santos-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:1

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Aging and rural-urban disparities are two major social problems in today’s ever-developing China. Much of the existing literature has supported a negative association between adverse community setting with the...

    Authors: Yuanxi Xiang, Hossein Zare, Cuiling Guan and Darrell Gaskin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:323

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Evidence is scarce on the trend in prevalence of geriatric syndromes (GS). This study assesses how GS prevalence changes over time in Swedish older community-dwellers by socio-demography, and attempts to highl...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Christian Rausch, Lucie Laflamme and Jette Möller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:322

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Frail older adults living in long term care (LTC) homes have a high fracture risk, which can result in reduced quality of life, pain and death. The Fracture Risk Scale (FRS) was designed for fracture risk asse...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Negm, George Ioannidis, Micaela Jantzi, Jenn Bucek, Lora Giangregorio, Laura Pickard, John P. Hirdes, Jonathan D. Adachi, Julie Richardson, Lehana Thabane and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:320

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Alongside physiological cognitive ageing, nowadays there is an alarming increase in the incidence of dementia that requires communities to invest in its prevention. The engagement in cognitively stimulating ac...

    Authors: Chiara F. Tagliabue, Sabrina Guzzetti, Giulia Gualco, Giovanna Boccolieri, Alfonsa Boccolieri, Stuart Smith and Roberta Daini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:321

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Frailty in older adults is a condition characterised by a loss or reduction in physiological reserve resulting in increased clinical vulnerability. However, evidence suggests that frailty may be modifiable, and i...

    Authors: Rosie Burn, Ruth E. Hubbard, Richard J. Scrase, Rebecca K. Abey-Nesbit, Nancye M. Peel, Philip J. Schluter and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:319

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The hazards of hospitalisation, and the growing demand for goal-oriented care and shared decision making, increasingly question whether hospitalisation always aligns with the preferences and needs of older adu...

    Authors: Maria Johanna van der Kluit, Geke J. Dijkstra and Sophia E. de Rooij

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:318

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Accurate population-based data regarding hospital-based care utilisation by older persons during their last year of life are important in health services planning. We investigated patterns of acute hospital-ba...

    Authors: Danielle Ní Chróinín, David E. Goldsbury, Alexander Beveridge, Patricia M. Davidson, Afaf Girgis, Nicholas Ingham, Jane L. Phillips, Anne M. Wilkinson, Jane M. Ingham and Dianne L. O’Connell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:317

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  49. Content type: Research

    The aging process has functional consequences for older persons, such as degenerative processes of the pancreas resulting in diabetes mellitus. The increasing age of the population will eventually lead to incr...

    Authors: Niko Dima Kristianingrum, Wiwin Wiarsih and Astuti Yuni Nursasi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18(Suppl 1):304

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1