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  1. Frailty is now seen as a significant factor in older people with diabetes, whose mortality and disability increased. This study aims to investigate the association between calf circumference (CC) with frailty ...

    Authors: Yun-Xia Zhu, Yue Zhang, Yan-Yan Wang, Chen-Xi Ren, Jun Xu and Xiao-Yan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:414

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Care activities provided by community health practitioners for older adults primarily focused on disease prevention and management. However, healthy longevity can go beyond disease prevention and management an...

    Authors: Betsy Seah, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Neo Kim Ang, Jian Yang Lim, Yanika Kowitlawakul and Wenru Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  3. User involvement of people outside academia in research is argued to increase relevance of research for society and to empower the involved lay persons. Frail older people can be a hard to reach group for rese...

    Authors: Isak Berge, Emmelie Barenfeld, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Maria Haak and Qarin Lood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:410

    Content type: Research article

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  4. There is a need for more observational studies across different clinical settings to better understand the epidemiology of the novel COVID-19 infection. Evidence on clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infecti...

    Authors: Rajkumar Chinnadurai, Onesi Ogedengbe, Priya Agarwal, Sally Money-Coomes, Ahmad Z. Abdurrahman, Sajeel Mohammed, Philip A. Kalra, Nicola Rothwell and Sweta Pradhan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Older patients often experience a decline in physical function and cognitive status after hospitalization. Although interventions involving physical exercise are effective in improving functional performance, ...

    Authors: Miriam Urquiza, Iñaki Echeverria, Ariadna Besga, María Amasene, Idoia Labayen, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Julia Barroso, Mikel Aldamiz and Jon Irazusta

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Patients with peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are more likely to receive long-term therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). This study aimed to investigate the risk of ...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Jessie Lee, Su-Yeon Yu, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han, Do-Hoon Kim and Jinnie Rhee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Social assistance in the form of cash transfer or in-kind has been recognised as a social protection strategy in many developing countries to tackle poverty and provide protection for individuals and household...

    Authors: Doris Ottie-Boakye

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:406

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Nursing homes accommodate a large number of people with severe dementia. More than 80% of residents with dementia suffer from behavioural and psychological symptoms, that can have consequences on the perceived...

    Authors: Kristina Diehl, André Kratzer and Elmar Graessel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:405

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Although early ambulation (EA) is associated with improved outcomes in post-operative patients, implementation of EA in elderly patients is still a challenge. In this study, we aimed to design and assess a pre...

    Authors: Zhaomei Cui, Na Li, Chaonan Gao, Yiou Fan, Xin Zhuang, Jing Liu, Jie Zhang and Qi Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Difficulties in performing the activities of daily living (ADL) are common among middle-aged and older adults. Inability to perform the basic tasks as well as increased healthcare expenditure and dependence on...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Dina Idriss-Wheeler, N’doh Ashken Sanogo, Maude Vezina and Ghose Bishwajit

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Previous research has shown that not only falls, but also fear of falling (FoF) influences health-related quality of life (HrQoL) negatively. The EQ-5D (consisting of an index and a visual analogue scale [EQ-V...

    Authors: Sophie Gottschalk, Hans-Helmut König, Michael Schwenk, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Clemens Becker, Jochen Klenk and Judith Dams

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

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  12. A significant proportion of older women suffer from chronic pain, which can decrease quality of life. The objective of this pilot randomized study was to evaluate the feasibility of a flow-restorative yoga int...

    Authors: Rebecca Seguin-Fowler, Meredith Graham, Judy Ward, Galen Eldridge, Urshila Sriram and Diane Fine

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:400

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is a link between hyperglycemia and mechanical functions of muscle. However, existing evidence of the association between hyperglycemia and weaker muscle strength is limited and inconsistent. We examined...

    Authors: Xue Liang, Chao Qiang Jiang, Wei Sen Zhang, Feng Zhu, Ya Li Jin, Kar Keung Cheng, Tai Hing Lam and Lin Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:399

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Elderly patients with impaired vision, cognitive decline or motor/sensory disturbances of their fingers suffering from chronic-obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encounter difficulties in handling inhaler de...

    Authors: Marie-Christine Luley, Tobias Loleit, Elmar Knopf, Marija Djukic, Carl-Peter Criée and Roland Nau

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hospitalizations carry considerable risks for frail, elderly patients; this is especially true for patients with dementia, who are more likely to experience delirium, falls, functional decline, iatrogenic comp...

    Authors: Karine Riad, Colleen Webber, Ricardo Batista, Michael Reaume, Emily Rhodes, Braden Knight, Denis Prud’homme and Peter Tanuseputro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:397

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Exercise has shown being effective for managing chronic pain and preventing frailty status in older adults but the effect of an exercise program in the quality of life of pre-frail older adults with chronic pa...

    Authors: Pedro Otones, Eva García, Teresa Sanz and Azucena Pedraz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Frail older surgical patients face more than a two-fold increase in postoperative complications, including myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, ileus, and others. Many of...

    Authors: Laboni Hoque, Ryan Dewolf, David Meyers, Daniel K. White, Kathleen M. Mazor, Mihaela Stefan, Sybil Crawford, Karim Alavi, Jennifer Yates, Mark Maxfield, Feiran Lou, Karl Uy, Matthias Walz and Alok Kapoor

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:394

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Frailty is increasingly recognized as an important construct which has health implications for older adults. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a judgement-based frailty tool that evaluates specific domains i...

    Authors: Sophie Church, Emily Rogers, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Chronic kidney disease (CKD), low serum albumin, and anemia are known risk factors for cognitive decline in older people. We investigated the association between kidney function and cognitive impairment severi...

    Authors: Jia-Jyun Wu, Shuo-Chun Weng, Chih-Kuang Liang, Chu-Sheng Lin, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Shih-Yi Lin and Yu-Te Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:391

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Multimorbidity and polypharmacy are related to the use of potentially inappropriate medicines and negative clinical outcomes including drug-related adverse events and functional declines. Home care clients are...

    Authors: K. Auvinen, A. Voutilainen, J. Jyrkkä, E. Lönnroos and P. Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Frailty is frequently found to be associated with increased healthcare utilisation in western countries, but little is known in Asian population. This study was conducted to investigate the association between...

    Authors: Lixia Ge, Chun Wei Yap, Bee Hoon Heng and Woan Shin Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is a common postoperative complication in elderly patients. In elderly patients, the decline of organ function and neuromuscular junction function make them more sensitive t...

    Authors: Bao Zhu, Defeng Sun, Lin Yang, Zhongliang Sun, Yan Feng and Chengcheng Deng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:387

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Nursing home elders experience many problems that may influence their quality of life, in example of cognitive, mental, nutritional and physical disabilities. Concerning about elders’ wellbeing may help them l...

    Authors: Ilky Pollansky Silva e Farias, Luiza de Almeida Souto Montenegro, Rayssa Lucena Wanderley, Jannerson Cesar Xavier de Pontes, Antonio Carlos Pereira, Leopoldina de Fátima Dantas de Almeida and Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Falls are the most common reason for ambulance callouts resulting in non-conveyance. Even in the absence of injury, only half of those who fall can get themselves up off the floor, often remaining there over a...

    Authors: Dawn R. Swancutt, Suzy V. Hope, Benjamin P. Kent, Maria Robinson and Victoria A. Goodwin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  25. It’s really important to measure the actual functional physical fitness of elderly independent living persons from different environments to know the level and rate of decrease may inform about the threat of l...

    Authors: Zofia Ignasiak, Anna Sebastjan, Teresa Sławińska, Anna Skrzek, Wojciech Czarny, Paweł Król, Marian Rzepko, Barbara Duda-Biernacka, Anna Marchewka, Katarzyna Filar-Mierzwa, Sylwia Nowacka-Dobosz, Janusz Dobosz and Danuta Umiastowska

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:384

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Adequate (≥800 IU/day) vitamin D supplement use in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs) is variable and non-optimal. The vitamin D implementation (ViDAus) study aimed to employ a range of strate...

    Authors: Pippy Walker, Annette Kifley, Susan Kurrle and Ian D. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:383

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In a hospital setting and among older patients, inactivity and bedrest are associated with a wide range of negative outcomes such as functional decline, increased risk of falls, longer hospitalization and inst...

    Authors: Plamena Tasheva, Vanessa Kraege, Peter Vollenweider, Guillaume Roulet, Marie Méan and Pedro Marques-Vidal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:382

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Shared decision-making provides an approach to discuss advance care planning in a participative and informed manner, embodying the principles of person-centered care. A number of guided approaches to achieve s...

    Authors: Bart Goossens, Aline Sevenants, Anja Declercq and Chantal Van Audenhove

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In the context of worldwide public health, it is very important to promote physical activity among the older people. This study explored the roles and attitudes of senior leaders in promoting group-based exerc...

    Authors: Hiroko Komatsu, Kaori Yagasaki, Yuko Oguma, Yoshinobu Saito and Yasuhiro Komatsu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The number of people aged greater than 65 years is growing in many countries. Taiwan will be a superaged society in 2026, and health care utilization will increase considerably. Our study aimed to evaluate the...

    Authors: Yu-Ju Wei, Cheng-Fang Hsieh, Yu-Ting Huang, Ming-Shyan Huang and Tzu-Jung Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Lisa Kouladjian O’Donnell, Mouna Sawan, Emily Reeve, Danijela Gnjidic, Timothy F. Chen, Patrick J. Kelly, J. Simon Bell and Sarah N. Hilmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:378

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:51

  32. The Aotearoa New Zealand population is ageing accompanied by health and social challenges including significant inequities that exist between Māori and non-Māori around poor ageing and health. Although histori...

    Authors: Brendan Hokowhitu, John G. Oetzel, Mary Louisa Simpson, Sophie Nock, Rangimahora Reddy, Pare Meha, Kirsten Johnston, Anne-Marie Jackson, Bevan Erueti, Poia Rewi, Isaac Warbrick, Michael P. Cameron, Yingsha Zhang and Stacey Ruru

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:377

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Different mechanisms connect the nutritional status with the occurrence and the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The end-stage renal disease is complicated by catabolic inflammatory reactions and cachex...

    Authors: Agnieszka Guligowska, Andrea Corsonello, Małgorzata Pigłowska, Regina Roller-Wirnsberger, Gerhard Wirnsberger, Johan Ärnlöv, Axel C. Carlsson, Lisanne Tap, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Francesc Formiga, Rafael Moreno-Gonzalez, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber, Pedro Gil Gregorio, Sara Laínez Martínez, Rada Artzi-Medvedik…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20(Suppl 1):366

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  34. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to be associated with several co-occurring conditions. We aimed at exploring multimorbidity patterns associated with CKD, as well as the impact of physical performance and...

    Authors: Andrea Corsonello, Paolo Fabbietti, Francesc Formiga, Rafael Moreno-Gonzalez, Lisanne Tap, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Regina Roller-Wirnsberger, Gerhard Wirnsberger, Johan Ärnlöv, Axel C. Carlsson, Christian Weingart, Ellen Freiberger, Tomasz Kostka, Agnieszka Guligowska, Pedro Gil, Sara Lainez Martinez…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20(Suppl 1):350

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  35. Quality of life (QoL) refers to the physical, psychological, social and medical aspects of life that are influenced by health status and function. The purpose of this study was to measure the self-perceived he...

    Authors: Rada Artzi-Medvedik, Robert Kob, Paolo Fabbietti, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Andrea Corsonello, Yehudit Melzer, Regina Roller-Wirnsberger, Gerhard Wirnsberger, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Lisanne Tap, Pedro Gil, Sara Lainez Martinez, Francesc Formiga, Rafael Moreno-González, Tomasz Kostka, Agnieszka Guligowska…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20(Suppl 1):340

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  36. Loss of muscle mass and function may be more pronounced in older adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and with albuminuria. Thus, we investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia among community-dwelling older...

    Authors: Rafael Moreno-Gonzalez, Xavier Corbella, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Lisanne Tap, Cornel Sieber, Ellen Freiberger, Tomasz Kostka, Agnieszka Guligowska, Itshak Melzer, Yehudit Melzer, Axel C. Carlsson, Johan Ärnlöv, Regina Roller-Wirnsberger, Gerhard Wirnsberger, Pedro Gil, Sara Lainez Martinez…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20(Suppl 1):327

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  37. Reduced kidney function has become a major public health concern, especially among older people, as Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk of end stage renal disease and mortality. Fall...

    Authors: Sabine Britting, Rada Artzi-Medvedik, Paolo Fabbietti, Lisanne Tap, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Andrea Corsonello, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Johan Ärnlöv, Axel C. Carlsson, Regina Roller-Wirnsberger, Gerhard Wirnsberger, Tomasz Kostka, Agnieszka Guligowska, Francesc Formiga, Rafael Moreno-Gonzalez, Pedro Gil…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20(Suppl 1):320

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  38. Chronic kidney disease (CKD), cognitive impairment and depression share common risk factors. Previous studies did not investigate the possible association between kidney function and cognitive and mood disorde...

    Authors: Lisanne Tap, Andrea Corsonello, Francesc Formiga, Rafael Moreno-Gonzalez, Johan Ärnlöv, Axel C. Carlsson, Regina Roller-Wirnsberger, Gerhard Wirnsberger, Gijsbertus Ziere, Ellen Freiberger, Cornel Sieber, Tomasz Kostka, Agnieszka Guligowska, Pedro Gil, Sara Lainez Martinez, Rada Artzi-Medvedik…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20(Suppl 1):297

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 20 Supplement 1

  39. Little is known about staff’s attitudes in Irish acute hospital settings towards people living with dementia and their perceived dementia knowledge. The aim of this study was to understand the general level of...

    Authors: Brian Keogh, Wing Ting To, Louise Daly, Geralyn Hynes, Siobhan Kennelly, Brian Lawlor, Suzanne Timmons, Susan O’Reilly, Mairead Bracken-Scally, Aurelia Ciblis, Natalie Cole, Amanda Drury, Chiara Pittalis, Brendan Kennelly, Mary McCarron and Anne-Marie Brady

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:376

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Several tools have been proposed and validated to operationally define frailty. Recently, the Italian Frailty index (IFi), an Italian modified version of Frailty index, has been validated but its use in clinic...

    Authors: Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, Veronica Flocco, Gianlugi Galizia, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce and Pasquale Abete

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:375

    Content type: Research article

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  41. China owns he largest aged population in the world, and the elderly adults who live in pension institutions are more likely to suffer from mental disorders than other elderly adults. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Jun Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Zhenggang Luan, Xiujie Zhang, Haoran Jiang and Aiping Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:374

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Several medications, such as anticholinergics, are considered to affect the swallowing function adversely; however, whether or not anticholinergics or polypharmacy should be avoided to prevent eating dysfuncti...

    Authors: Keiji Takata, Kentaro Oniki, Yuki Tateyama, Hiroki Yasuda, Miu Yokota, Sae Yamauchi, Norio Sugawara, Norio Yasui-Furukori and Junji Saruwatari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Older subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often affected by multiple geriatric impairments that may benefit from a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). However, ordinary execution of CGA in all...

    Authors: Simone Vettoretti, Lara Caldiroli, Giulia Porata, Carlotta Vezza, Matteo Cesari and Piergiorgio Messa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:371

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Patient preferences are integral to person-centred care, but preference stability is poorly understood in older people, who may experience fluctuant illness trajectories with episodes of acute illness. We aime...

    Authors: S. N. Etkind, N. Lovell, A. E. Bone, P. Guo, C. Nicholson, F. E. M. Murtagh and I. J. Higginson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:370

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: