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  1. Content type: Research article

    The Golden Ratio (GR) and the Fibonacci sequence have wide applications in biodiversity research, and recent studies indicate that the GR can be highlighted in the organization and physiological functioning of...

    Authors: Elena Ioana Iconaru, Manuela Mihaela Ciucurel, Luminita Georgescu and Constantin Ciucurel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:296

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  2. Content type: Debate

    The area of “deprescribing” has rapidly expanded in recent years as a positive intervention to reduce inappropriate polypharmacy and improve health outcomes for (older) people with multimorbidity. While our un...

    Authors: Adam Todd, Jesse Jansen, Jim Colvin and Andrew J. McLachlan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:295

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors associated with opioid-induced adverse reactions (OIARs) in the elderly population have not been well defined. The objective of this study was to determine effects of various risk factors on incid...

    Authors: Ji Young Kim, Joo Hee Kim, Jeong Yee, Soo Jin Song and Hye Sun Gwak

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:293

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Despite 32 years of research and 13 reviews published in the field, no intervention can be considered a gold standard for maintaining eating performance among residents with dementia. The study aim was to high...

    Authors: Alvisa Palese, Valentina Bressan, Tea Kasa, Marin Meri, Mark Hayter and Roger Watson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:292

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Among older couples, spouses are first in line to provide care, and they are key elements in the home support of dependent older persons. In this context, ensuring the health of these older spousal caregivers ...

    Authors: Florence Potier, Jean-Marie Degryse, Benoit Bihin, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Chantal Charlet-Renard, Henri Martens and Marie de Saint-Hubert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:291

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Frail seniors often receive ineffective care, which does not meet their needs. It is still unclear how healthcare systems should be redesigned to be more sensitive to the needs and values of frail seniors and ...

    Authors: Anik M. C. Giguere, Elina Farmanova, Jayna M. Holroyd-Leduc, Sharon E. Straus, Robin Urquhart, Valerie Carnovale, Erik Breton, Selynne Guo, Nandini Maharaj, Pierre J. Durand, France Légaré, Alexis F. Turgeon and Michèle Aubin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:290

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    The oldest-old (subjects aged 90 years and older) population represents the fastest growing segment of society and shows a high dementia prevalence rate of up to 40%. Only a few studies have investigated prote...

    Authors: Nienke Legdeur, Maryam Badissi, Stephen F. Carter, Sophie de Crom, Aleid van de Kreeke, Ralph Vreeswijk, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Mardien L. Oudega, Huiberdina L. Koek, Jos P. van Campen, Carolina J. P. W. Keijsers, Chinenye Amadi, Rainer Hinz, Mark F. Gordon, Gerald Novak, Jana Podhorna…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:289

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To counteract decline in physical performance and physical activity in older patients during hospitalization, multiple physical interventions were developed. However, it is unknown whether these are effective ...

    Authors: Kira Scheerman, Kirsten Raaijmakers, René Hubert Joseph Otten, Carel Gerardus Maria Meskers and Andrea Britta Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:288

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) are moving towards a Consumer Directed Care (CDC) model of care. There are limited examples of CDC in ageing research, and no evaluation of a comprehensive CDC interven...

    Authors: Marita P. McCabe, Elizabeth Beattie, Gery Karantzas, David Mellor, Kerrie Sanders, Lucy Busija, Belinda Goodenough, Michelle Bennett, Kathryn von Treuer and Jessica Byers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:287

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and absence of depressive symptoms are of great importance for older people, which may be achieved through lifestyle interventions, e.g., exercise and nutrition intervent...

    Authors: Åsa von Berens, Roger A. Fielding, Thomas Gustafsson, Dylan Kirn, Jonathan Laussen, Margaretha Nydahl, Kieran Reid, Thomas G. Travison, Hao Zhu, Tommy Cederholm and Afsaneh Koochek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:286

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To improve continuity and coordination of care in geriatric rehabilitation, an integrated care pathway was developed and implemented in The Netherlands. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of t...

    Authors: Irma H. J. Everink, Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt, Frans E. S. Tan, Jos M. G. A. Schols and Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:285

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    A good nutritional status is key for maintaining health and quality of life in older adults. In the Netherlands, 11 to 35% of the community-dwelling elderly are undernourished. Undernutrition or the risk of it...

    Authors: M. N. van Doorn-van Atten, A. Haveman-Nies, P. Pilichowski, R. Roca, J. H. M. de Vries and C. P. G. M. de Groot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:284

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The frailty phenotype is defined by the presence of three from the following five clinical features: weakness, slow walking speed, unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, and low physical activity. It has been ...

    Authors: Emma Grace Lewis, Selina Coles, Kate Howorth, John Kissima, William Gray, Sarah Urasa, Richard Walker and Catherine Dotchin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:283

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Patients with delirium have increased risk of death, dementia and institutionalization, and prognosis differs between delirium motor subtypes. A few studies have identified associations between environmental f...

    Authors: Sigurd Evensen, Ingvild Saltvedt, Stian Lydersen, Torgeir Bruun Wyller, Kristin Taraldsen and Olav Sletvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:282

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    One of the crucial challenges for the future of therapeutic approaches to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is to target the main pathological processes responsible for disability and dependency. However, a progressive...

    Authors: Nawele Boublay, Denis Fédérico, Alain Pesce, Marc Verny, Frédéric Blanc, Marc Paccalin, Thomas Desmidt, Pierre Grosmaître, Olivier Moreaud, Solveig Relland, Estelle Bravant, Romain Bouet and Pierre Krolak-Salmon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:280

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    No proven effective interventions on quality of life (QoL) are available for persons with dementia in a long-term care facility (LTCF). However, several interventions are effective in diminishing mediators of ...

    Authors: Paulien H. van Dam, Wilco P. Achterberg, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Bettina S. Husebo and Monique A. A. Caljouw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:279

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Sedative-hypnotics (SHs) are widely used in France but there are no available data addressing their prescription specifically in hospitalized older patients. The objective is thus to determine the cumulative i...

    Authors: Elsa Bourcier, Amandine Baptiste, Adrien Borowik, Lucas Zerbib, Dominique Bonnet-Zamponi, Florence Tubach, Christine Fernandez and Patrick Hindlet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:278

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Mealtimes are important to quality of life for residents in long-term care (LTC). CHOICE (which stands for Connecting, Honouring dignity, Offering support, supporting Identity, Creating opportunities, and Enjo...

    Authors: Sarah Wu, Jill M. Morrison, Hilary Dunn-Ridgeway, Vanessa Vucea, Sabrina Iuglio and Heather Keller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:277

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    According to the principles of Reablement, home care services are meant to be goal-oriented, holistic and person-centred taking into account the capabilities and opportunities of older adults. However, home ca...

    Authors: Silke F. Metzelthin, Teuni H. Rooijackers, Gertrud A. R. Zijlstra, Erik van Rossum, Marja Y. Veenstra, Annemarie Koster, Silvia M. A. A. Evers, Gerard J. P. van Breukelen and Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:276

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  20. Content type: Research article

    There is growing reliance on unpaid caregivers to provide support to people with care needs. Integrated care approaches that aim to coordinate primary care with community care known as community based primary ...

    Authors: Kerry Kuluski, Allie Peckham, Ashlinder Gill, Jasleen Arneja, Frances Morton-Chang, John Parsons, Cecilia Wong-Cornall, Ann McKillop, Ross E. G. Upshur and Nicolette Sheridan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:275

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Peripheral sensory loss is considered one of many risk factors for gait impairments and falls in older adults, yet no prospective studies have examined changes in touch sensation in the foot over time and thei...

    Authors: Lewis A. Lipsitz, Brad Manor, Daniel Habtemariam, Ikechukwu Iloputaife, Junhong Zhou and Thomas G. Travison

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:274

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to explore the issues surrounding access to health and social care services for frail older adults with Polish stakeholders, including healthy and frail/pre-frail older adults, ...

    Authors: Donata Kurpas, Holly Gwyther, Katarzyna Szwamel, Rachel L. Shaw, Barbara D’Avanzo, Carol A. Holland and Maria Magdalena Bujnowska-Fedak

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:273

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Falls occurring on stairs or in bathrooms are associated with a high risk of injuries among older adults. Home environmental assessments are frequently used to guide fall-prevention interventions. The aims of ...

    Authors: Rosanne Blanchet and Nancy Edwards

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:272

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study was to explore the single and combined contributions of body mass index (BMI) and lower extremity performance as modifiable physical factors, and the influence of use of a private car ...

    Authors: Taishi Tsuji, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen and Taina Rantanen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:271

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and chronic pain are common comorbidities and adversely influence each other. Advanced age is associated with more comorbidities and multi-morbidities. In this study, we investigated the burden of over...

    Authors: Huan-Ji Dong, Britt Larsson, Lars-Åke Levin, Lars Bernfort and Björn Gerdle

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:270

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The complex physiology underpinning the frailty syndrome is responsible for the absence of robust biomarkers that can be used for screening, diagnostic and/or prognostic purposes and has made clinical implemen...

    Authors: Carla M. C. Nascimento, Marisa S. Zazzetta, Grace A. O. Gomes, Fabiana S. Orlandi, Karina Gramani-Say, Fernando A. Vasilceac, Aline C. M. Gratão, Sofia C. I. Pavarini and Marcia R. Cominetti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:268

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program is effective in improving strength, balance, and physical activity (PA) while simultaneously reducing falls in older people by incorporating exercise...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Franziska Kramer, Sarah Labudek, Jochen Klenk, Judith Dams, Hans-Helmut König, Lindy Clemson, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:267

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between kidney function and depressive symptoms among elderly people has been rarely investigated in settings of the general population. The aim of our study was to examine the association of ...

    Authors: Ling Wu, Zhongrui Yan, Hui Jiang, Huaimei Xing, Haohao Li and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:265

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although frailty and cognitive impairment are critical risk factors for disability and mortality in the general population of older inhabitants, the prevalence and incidence of these factors in individuals tre...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Tamura, Joji Ishikawa, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masashi Tanaka, Nobuo Kanazawa, Yuko Chiba, Ai Iizuka, Sho Kaito, Jun Tanaka, Masamitsu Sugie, Takashi Nishimura, Akiko Kanemaru, Keigo Shimoji, Hirohiko Hirano, Ko Furuta, Akihiko Kitamura…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:264

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls are a public health issue for the older adult population and more so for people with dementia (PWD). Compared with their cognitively intact peers, PWD are at higher risk of falls and injurious falls. Thi...

    Authors: Samuel R. Nyman, Christopher Hayward, Wendy Ingram, Peter Thomas, Sarah Thomas, Michael Vassallo, James Raftery, Helen Allen and Yolanda Barrado-Martín

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:263

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Senior high cost health care users (HCU) are a priority for many governments. Little research has addressed regional variation of HCU incidence and outcomes, especially among incident HCU. This study describes...

    Authors: Sergei Muratov, Justin Lee, Anne Holbrook, Andrew Costa, J. Michael Paterson, Jason R. Guertin, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tara Gomes, Wayne Khuu and Jean-Eric Tarride

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:262

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is known to have discriminative power for patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Recently Cognitive Reserve (CR) has been introduced as a factor that compensate...

    Authors: Jae Myeong Kang, Young-Sung Cho, Soowon Park, Byung Ho Lee, Bo Kyung Sohn, Chi Hyun Choi, Jeong-Seok Choi, Hee Yeon Jeong, Seong-Jin Cho, Jae-Hong Lee and Jun-Young Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:261

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Subjective memory impairment (SMI), or the perception of memory problems in the absence of objective memory deficits, is associated with negative outcomes of individual and societal significance, including a s...

    Authors: Nikki L. Hill and Jacqueline Mogle

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:260

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  34. Content type: Research article

    There has been a steady increase in the aging population and an increase in the need for long-term care beds in institutions and hospitals (LTCHs) in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate prognosis a...

    Authors: Su Hwan Lee, Soo Jung Kim, Yoon Hee Choi, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang and Yon Ju Ryu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:259

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  35. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of studies that focus explicitly on the association between social exclusion and obesity. The aim of the present study was to identify whether social exclusion is associated with obesity in older ...

    Authors: André Hajek and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:258

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Although cognitive functions affect the health related quality of life (QoL), the relationship between perceived QoL and cognition including executive functions has not been studied adequately. Available studi...

    Authors: Madushika Wishvanie Kodagoda Gamage, Chandana Hewage and Kithsiri Dedduwa Pathirana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:256

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Dementia and physical morbidity are primary reasons for nursing home admission globally. However, data on physical morbidity in nursing home residents with and without dementia are scarce. The first aim of the...

    Authors: Live Bredholt Jørgensen, Berit Marie Thorleifsson, Geir Selbæk, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth and Anne-Sofie Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:254

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Falls and injuries in older adults have significant consequences and costs, both personal and to society. Although having a high incidence of falls, high prevalence of fear of falling and a lower quality of li...

    Authors: Maria Bjerk, Therese Brovold, Dawn A. Skelton and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:253

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Caring for people with dementia imposes heavy burdens on caregivers, especially spouses. This can lead to depression, anxiety, and physical symptoms in the caregiver, with early institutionalization for the pa...

    Authors: Elizabeth G. Birkenhäger-Gillesse, Boudewijn J. Kollen, Sytse U. Zuidema and Wilco P. Achterberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:252

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poorer health in older adults. However, it is unclear whether there is a difference in self-perceived uselessness between centenarians and non-centenarians, and if...

    Authors: Yuan Zhao, Hong Fu, Aimei Guo, Li Qiu, Karen S. L. Cheung, Bei Wu, Daniela Jopp and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:251

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Elderly individuals are increasingly represented among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), but data describing life with an ICD are scarse among octo- and nonagenarians. Moreover, few ...

    Authors: Ingela Thylén, Debra K. Moser and Anna Strömberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:250

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    According to some studies, interventions can prevent or delay frailty, but their effect in preventing adverse outcomes in frail community-dwelling older people is unclear. The aim is to investigate the effect ...

    Authors: Michael Van der Elst, Birgitte Schoenmakers, Daan Duppen, Deborah Lambotte, Bram Fret, Bert Vaes and Jan De Lepeleire

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:249

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Older adults dialysis patients represent the frailest subgroup of the End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) population and physical exercise program may mitigate the age-related decline in muscle mass and function.

    Authors: Rossella Baggetta, Graziella D’Arrigo, Claudia Torino, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Fabio Manfredini, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali and Giovanni Tripepi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:248

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Accurate assessment of health-related quality of life as an endpoint in intervention studies is a major challenge in dementia research. The DEMQOL (29 items) and the proxy version (32 items), which is partly base...

    Authors: Christian G. G. Schwab, Martin Nikolaus Dichter and Martin Berwig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:247

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  45. Content type: Research Article

    Few objective tests can be performed at admission for kidney transplantation [KT] to discern risk of increased length of stay [LOS], which is important for patient counseling and is associated with increased c...

    Authors: Anthony J. Nastasi, Tyler S. Bryant, Jimmy T. Le, Jennifer Schrack, Hao Ying, Christine E. Haugen, Marlís González Fernández, Dorry L. Segev and Mara A. McAdams-DeMarco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:246

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) were reported to have quadriceps weakness, and impaired proprioception, both related to pain and swelling. It is unclear whether pain alone a causal factor to above findi...

    Authors: Dokyung Kim, Geon Park, Liang-Tseng Kuo and Wonhah Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:245

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