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  1. Quadratus lumborum block (QLB) is a novel and effective postoperative analgesia method for abdominal surgeries. However, whether QLB can affect early postoperative cognitive function by inhibiting surgical tra...

    Authors: Manhua Zhu, Yong Qi, Huijuan He, Song Zhang and Yuliu Mei

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:238

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Green care farms, which offer care for people with dementia in a farm setting, have been emerging in the Netherlands. The aim of this study was to 1) implement green care farms which use rice farming in Japan,...

    Authors: Chiaki Ura, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Sachiko Yamazaki, Masaya Shimmei, Keisuke Torishima, Akira Eboshida and Yu Kawamuro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:237

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Cognitive leisure activity, such as reading, playing mahjong or cards and computer use, is common among older adults in China. Previous studies suggest a negative correlation between cognitive leisure activity...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Ye Ruan, Limei Huang, Yanfei Guo, Shuangyuan Sun, Hao Chen, Junling Gao, Yan Shi and Qianyi Xiao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:236

    Content type: Research article

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  4. During a disaster, home-based care fills the critical need for continuation of health care. Home-based care is intended to function using existing care delivery models, continuing to provide care for patients ...

    Authors: Sue Anne Bell, Lydia K. Krienke, Sarah Dickey and Raymond G. De Vries

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Frailty and low handgrip strength (HGS) are associated with adverse outcomes after hip fracture (HF) surgery. We aimed to compare the predictive role of frailty and HGS for adverse outcome in HF patients.

    Authors: Jung-Yeon Choi, Jin-Kak Kim, Kwang-il Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo and Cheol-Ho Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:234

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Polypharmacy continues to be a topic of concern among older adults and puts patients at increased risk of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and negative health outcomes. The objective of this study was t...

    Authors: Marwan Sheikh-Taha and Myriam Asmar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:233

    Content type: Research article

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  7. We aimed to provide real-world evidence on the benefit of persistence with antiplatelet therapy (APT) on long-term all-cause mortality (ACM) in ischemic stroke patients aged 75 years and older.

    Authors: Seung Jae Kim, Oh Deog Kwon, Ho Chun Choi, Eung-Joon Lee and BeLong Cho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:232

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This study aims to analyze the distribution of serum uric acid (SUA) level based on more than 1000 centenarians and to explore the association with three common diseases including hypertension, diabetes and dy...

    Authors: Fuyin Kou, Shanshan Yang, Shengshu Wang, Miao Liu and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study investigated the differences in caregiver activity, caregiver burden, and awareness of both caregivers and patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) across different Asian locations.

    Authors: Yong S. Shim, Kee Hyung Park, Christopher Chen, Jacqueline C. Dominguez, Kyunghun Kang, Hee-Jin Kim, Zhen Hong, Yu-Te Lin, Leung-Wing Chu, San Jung and SangYun Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:230

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The proportion of older adults is increasing rapidly, and the majority are female. In 2050, the number of persons aged 60 years and over is estimated to reach 2.1 billion worldwide, constituting one-third of t...

    Authors: Hilda Kristin Svensson, Jon Karlsson, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Felicia Ahlner, Ingmar Skoog and Hanna Falk Erhag

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:229

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The elder population suffered from social, economic, and health (which includes physical) related problems. Thus, these problems are complex and interrelated, thereby requiring specific knowledge and expertise...

    Authors: Erkihun Tadesse Amsalu, Tesfaye Alemayehu Messele and Metadel Adane

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:227

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Falls are one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in older adults. However, despite adoption of prevention strategies, the number of falls in older adults has not declined. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Jing Wen Goh, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Normala Mesbah, Anis Afifa Mohd Hanafi and Adlyn Farhana Azwan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sepsis is a critical challenge for the older adults as the immune function is less responsive by aging. Although cell numbers seem preserved in the older adults, macrophages present age-related function declin...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Li-hua Tang, Jia Lu, Li-ming Xu, Bao-li Cheng and Jun-yu Xiong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:225

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This study describes the process evaluation of an intervention developed to reduce fear of falling (FoF) after hip fracture, within an inpatient geriatric rehabilitation setting. This ‘FIT-HIP intervention’ is...

    Authors: Maaike N. Scheffers-Barnhoorn, Monica van Eijk, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Romke van Balen, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Wilco P. Achterberg and Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:224

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Foot problems are common in older adults and associated with poorer physical function, falls, frailty and reduced quality of life. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), a multidisciplinary process that is ...

    Authors: Rebecca K. Iseli, Gregory Duncan, Elton K. Lee, Ellen Lewis and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Most people with dementia (PwD) are cared for at home, with general practitioners (GPs) playing a key part in the treatment. However, primary dementia care suffers from a number of shortcomings: Often, diagnos...

    Authors: Isabella Bablok, Harald Binder, Dominikus Stelzer, Klaus Kaier, Erika Graf, Julian Wangler, Michael Jansky, Michael Löhr, Michael Schulz, Marie Kockläuner, Katharina Geschke, Alexandra Wuttke-Linnemann, Andreas Fellgiebel and Erik Farin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:222

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have described their walking difficulties as linked to activity avoidance, social isolation, reduced independence and quality of life. There is a knowledge gap regarding pr...

    Authors: Magnus Lindh-Rengifo, Stina B. Jonasson, Susann Ullén, Niklas Mattsson-Carlgren and Maria H. Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:221

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic infection with substantial risk of death, especially in elderly persons. Information about the prognostic significance of functional status in older patients w...

    Authors: Galina Plotnikov, Efraim Waizman, Irma Tzur, Alexander Yusupov, Yonatan Shapira and Oleg Gorelik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:219

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A multimodal general practitioner-focused intervention in the Local Health Authority (LHA) of Parma, Italy, substantially reduced the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older ad...

    Authors: M. Alcusky, R. B. Thomas, N. Jafari, S. W. Keith, A. Kee, S. Del Canale, M. Lombardi and V. Maio

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:218

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Nutritional status has been considered as a key factor in preventing the development of the frailty syndrome. However, sex-specific dietary consumption transition over time and how it impacts of frailty status...

    Authors: Xiaoyue Xu, Sally C Inglis and Deborah Parker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Research supports that moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) is key to prolonged health and function. Among older adults, substantial changes to MVPA may be infeasible, thus a growing literat...

    Authors: Rod L. Walker, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, John Bellettiere, Andrea Z. LaCroix, David Wing, Michael Higgins, KatieRose Richmire, Eric B. Larson, Paul K. Crane and Dori E. Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Delirium is a common disorder among hospitalized older patients and results in increased morbidity and mortality. The prevention of delirium is still challenging in older patient care. The role of antipsychoti...

    Authors: Saran Thanapluetiwong, Sirasa Ruangritchankul, Orapitchaya Sriwannopas, Sirintorn Chansirikarnjana, Pichai Ittasakul, Tipanetr Ngamkala, Lalita Sukumalin, Piangporn Charernwat, Krittika Saranburut and Taweevat Assavapokee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:215

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is an established test of physical performance. We provide reference values for SPPB and determine SPPB performance and cut-offs in assessing sarcopenia for Asian ...

    Authors: Shuen Yee Lee, Pei Ling Choo, Benedict Wei Jun Pang, Lay Khoon Lau, Khalid Abdul Jabbar, Wei Ting Seah, Kenneth Kexun Chen, Tze Pin Ng and Shiou-Liang Wee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Urinary incontinence is a common condition in the general population and, in particular, the older adults population, which reduces the quality of life of these people, so this study aims to systematically exa...

    Authors: Sedighe Batmani, Rostam Jalali, Masoud Mohammadi and Shadi Bokaee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A sense of belonging is a significant predictor of mental health and well-being in later life. A sense of belonging in childhood and adolescence contributes to a number of adult behavioural and psychological o...

    Authors: Kelly-Ann Allen, Gökmen Arslan, Heather Craig, Sedigheh Arefi, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh and Hamid Sharif Nia

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Many hospitalized older adults cannot be discharged because they lack the health and social support to meet their post-acute care needs. Transitional care programs (TCPs) are designed to provide short-term and...

    Authors: Katherine S. McGilton, Shirin Vellani, Alexandra Krassikova, Sheryl Robertson, Constance Irwin, Alexia Cumal, Jennifer Bethell, Elaine Burr, Margaret Keatings, Sandra McKay, Kathryn Nichol, Martine Puts, Anita Singh and Souraya Sidani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In China, more and more older people have encountered a situation called “empty nest.” Meanwhile, the health status of empty-nest older adults is an increasing public health concern. This research aims to exam...

    Authors: Chichen Zhang, Yaqing Xue, Yuan Cai, Jiao Lu, Xiao Zheng, Wenpei Yuan and Yi Qian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The incidence of hip fractures are expected to increase in the following years. Hip fracture patients have in addition to their fracture often complex medical problems, which constitute a substantial burden on...

    Authors: Shams Dakhil, Pernille Thingstad, Frede Frihagen, Lars Gunnar Johnsen, Stian Lydersen, Eva Skovlund, Torgeir Bruun Wyller, Olav Sletvold, Ingvild Saltvedt and Leiv Otto Watne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  29. At present, the provision of informal care to older relatives is an essential pillar of the long-term care system in Germany. However, the impact of demographic and social changes on informal caregiving remain...

    Authors: Lea de Jong, Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Sveja Eberhard, Jan Zeidler and Kathrin Damm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The use of technical solutions and conventional mobility supporting aids can support the independence of people into old age in their own homes. However, we found relatively few empirical investigations on the...

    Authors: Deborah Elisabeth Jachan, Ursula Müller-Werdan, Nils Axel Lahmann and Sandra Strube-Lahmann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

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  31. It is unclear whether adiposity leads to changes in movement behaviors, and there is a lack of compositional analyses of longitudinal data which focus on these associations. Using a compositional approach, thi...

    Authors: Jana Pelclová, Nikola Štefelová, Timothy Olds, Dorothea Dumuid, Karel Hron, Sebastien Chastin and Željko Pedišić

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Although previous studies have explored the effect of chronic conditions on physical disability, little is known about the levels and rates of change in physical disability after a chronic condition diagnosis ...

    Authors: Chieh-Ying Chou, Ching-Ju Chiu, Chia-Ming Chang, Chih-Hsing Wu, Feng-Hwa Lu, Jin-Shang Wu and Yi-Ching Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Interaction of physical activity and overall immune profile is very complex and depends on the intensity, duration and frequency of undertaken physical activity, the exposure to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection...

    Authors: Anna Tylutka, Barbara Morawin, Artur Gramacki and Agnieszka Zembron-Lacny

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Older people are particularly vulnerable to severe COVID-19. Little is known about long-term consequences of COVID-19 on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and functional status in older people, and the i...

    Authors: M. M. Walle-Hansen, A. H. Ranhoff, M. Mellingsæter, M. S. Wang-Hansen and M. Myrstad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The patient perspective on the use of screening for high risks of adverse health outcomes in Emergency Department (ED) care is underexposed, although it is an important perspective influencing implementation i...

    Authors: Laura C. Blomaard, Mareline Olthof, Yvette Meuleman, Bas de Groot, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Simon P. Mooijaart

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A precondition for developing strategies to reduce polypharmacy and its well-known harmful consequences is to study its epidemiology and associated factors. The objective of this study was to analyse the preva...

    Authors: Giuliano Piccoliori, Angelika Mahlknecht, Marco Sandri, Martina Valentini, Anna Vögele, Sara Schmid, Felix Deflorian, Adolf Engl, Andreas Sönnichsen and Christian Wiedermann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study aimed to examine the characteristics of older adults patients who suffered a head injury after a ground-level fall in comparison to non-head injury patients as well as the factors associated with se...

    Authors: Sun Hyu Kim, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Ji Hwan Lee, Eun Jung Park and Duk Hee Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Dementia is a progressive disease that affects people’s everyday functioning, including the ability to express values, needs and wishes, which can be considered key elements of self-direction.

    Authors: Carola M. E. Döpp, Hermijntje Drenth, Paul-Jeroen Verkade, Anneke F. Francke and Iris van der Heide

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research article

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  39. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Pi-Tuan Chan, Wen-Chi Chang, Huei-Ling Chiu, Ching-Chiu Kao, Doresses Liu, Hsin Chu and Kuei-Ru Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:194

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:27

  40. There is limited best- practice evidence to address behavioral and psychiatric symptoms for those with dementia in Australian rural nursing homes. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of a person-centered,...

    Authors: Vivian Isaac, Abraham Kuot, Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Edward Strivens and Jennene Greenhill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Sarcopenia is a multifactorial pathophysiologic condition of skeletal muscle mass and muscle strength associated with aging. However, biomarkers for predicting the occurrence of sarcopenia are rarely discussed...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuei Chen, Yi-Lin Chiu, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Hui-Fang Yang and Wei-Liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The purpose of this study was to examine whether muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance were associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in community-dwelling older Chinese adults.

    Authors: Peiyu Song, Peipei Han, Yinjiao Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhang, Liyan Wang, Zhuoying Tao, Zhengxing Jiang, Shijing Shen, Yunxiao Wu, Jiajie Wu, Xiaoyu Chen, Xing Yu, Yong Zhao and Qi Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Prescription opioids are commonly used for postoperative pain relief in older adults, but have the potential for misuse. Both opioid side effects and uncontrolled pain have detrimental impacts. Frailty syndrom...

    Authors: Elizabeth D. Auckley, Nathalie Bentov, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Lily Jeong, May J. Reed and Itay Bentov

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. A healthy lifestyle may prevent disability for older adults. But research to date is limited to a single lifestyle behavior and ignore sex difference in the lifestyle-disability association. This study aimed a...

    Authors: Zaixing Shi, Jianlin Lin, Jian Xiao and Ya Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:188

    Content type: Research article

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