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  1. Recent research has shown that wearing multifocal glasses increases the risk of trips and falls in older people. The aim of this study is to determine whether the provision of single-lens distance glasses to o...

    Authors: Mark J Haran, Stephen R Lord, Ian D Cameron, Rebecca Q Ivers, Judy M Simpson, Bonsan B Lee, Mamta Porwal, Marcella MS Kwan and Connie Severino
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:10
  2. Although most older people living in nursing homes die there, there is a dearth of robust evaluations of interventions to improve their end-of-life care. Residents usually have multiple health problems making ...

    Authors: Sue Hall, Harvey Chochinov, Richard Harding, Scott Murray, Alison Richardson and Irene J Higginson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:9
  3. Disability and falls are particularly common among older people who have recently been hospitalised. There is evidence that disability severity and fall rates can be reduced by well-designed exercise intervent...

    Authors: Catherine Sherrington, Stephen R Lord, Constance M Vogler, Jacqueline CT Close, Kirsten Howard, Catherine M Dean, Lindy Clemson, Elizabeth Barraclough, Elisabeth Ramsay, Sandra D O'Rourke and Robert G Cumming
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:8
  4. Sudden emotions may interfere with mechanisms for keeping balance among the elderly. The aim of this study is to analyse if emotional stress and specifically feelings of anger, sadness, worries, anxiety or str...

    Authors: Jette Möller, Johan Hallqvist, Lucie Laflamme, Fredrik Mattsson, Sari Ponzer, Siv Sadigh and Karin Engström
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:7
  5. For older persons with complex care needs, accounting for the variability and interdependency in how health dimensions manifest themselves is necessary to understand the dynamic of health status. Our objective...

    Authors: Louise Lafortune, François Béland, Howard Bergman and Joël Ankri
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:6
  6. Inappropriate prescribing (IP) in older patients is highly prevalent and is associated with an increased risk of adverse drug events (ADEs), morbidity, mortality and healthcare utilisation. Consequently, IP is...

    Authors: Hilary J Hamilton, Paul F Gallagher and Denis O'Mahony
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:5
  7. The delay in discharge or transfer of care back to the community following an acute admission to the hospital in older adults has long been a recognized challenge in the UK. We examined the determinants and ou...

    Authors: Krishantha H Jasinarachchi, Ibrahim R Ibrahim, Breffni C Keegan, Rajaratnam Mathialagan, John C McGourty, James RN Phillips and Phyo K Myint
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:4
  8. Small-scale and homelike facilities for older people with dementia are rising in current dementia care. In these facilities, a small number of residents live together and form a household with staff. Normal, d...

    Authors: Hilde Verbeek, Erik van Rossum, Sandra MG Zwakhalen, Ton Ambergen, Gertrudis IJM Kempen and Jan PH Hamers
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:3
  9. Despite the finding that Parkinson disease (PD) occurs in more than one in every 1000 people older than 60 years, there have been few attempts to quantify how deficits in impairments, activity, participation, ...

    Authors: Meg E Morris, Jennifer J Watts, Robert Iansek, Damien Jolley, Donald Campbell, Anna T Murphy and Clarissa L Martin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:2
  10. This article provides the rationale and methodology, of the first randomised controlled trial to our knowledge designed to assess the efficacy of progressive resistance training on cartilage morphology in wome...

    Authors: Angela K Lange, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Nasim Foroughi, Michael K Baker, Ronald Shnier, Richard M Smith and Maria A Fiatarone Singh
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:1
  11. Nicotine may aid reaction time, learning and memory, but smoking increases cardiovascular risk. Cardiovascular risk factors have been linked to increased risk of dementia. A previous meta-analysis found that c...

    Authors: Ruth Peters, Ruth Poulter, James Warner, Nigel Beckett, Lisa Burch and Chris Bulpitt
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:36
  12. Hip fractures in the elderly are a major public health burden. Data concerning secular trends of hip fracture incidence show divergent results for age, sex and regions. In Austria, the hip fracture incidence i...

    Authors: Eva Mann, Andrea Icks, Burkhard Haastert and Gabriele Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:35
  13. Physical function measures have been shown to predict negative health-related events in older persons, including mortality. These markers of functioning may interact with the self-rated health (SRH) in the pre...

    Authors: Matteo Cesari, Graziano Onder, Valentina Zamboni, Todd Manini, Ronald I Shorr, Andrea Russo, Roberto Bernabei, Marco Pahor and Francesco Landi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:34
  14. As the older adult population increases, the potential functional and clinical burden of trunk muscle dysfunction may be significant. An evaluation of risk factors including the impact of the trunk muscles in ...

    Authors: Edwin Y Hanada, Cheryl L Hubley-Kozey, Melissa D McKeon and Sarah A Gordon
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:33
  15. Many hospitalizations for residents of skilled nursing facilities are potentially avoidable. Factors that could prevent hospitalization for urinary tract infection (UTI) were investigated, with focus on patien...

    Authors: Mary AM Rogers, Brant E Fries, Samuel R Kaufman, Lona Mody, Laurence F McMahon Jr and Sanjay Saint
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:31
  16. Falls in older people are a major public health problem, with at least one in three people aged over 65 years falling each year. There is increasing evidence that foot problems and inappropriate footwear incre...

    Authors: Martin J Spink, Hylton B Menz and Stephen R Lord
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:30
  17. Many older adults with dementia require constant assistance from a caregiver when completing activities of daily living (ADL). This study examines the efficacy of a computerized device intended to assist peopl...

    Authors: Alex Mihailidis, Jennifer N Boger, Tammy Craig and Jesse Hoey
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:28
  18. Frailty is a term commonly used to describe the condition of an older person who has chronic health problems, has lost functional abilities and is likely to deteriorate further. However, despite its common use...

    Authors: Nicola Fairhall, Christina Aggar, Susan E Kurrle, Catherine Sherrington, Stephen Lord, Keri Lockwood, Noeline Monaghan and Ian D Cameron
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:27
  19. Undernutrition is common in older hospitalised patients, and routine screening is advocated. It is unclear whether screening tools such as the Birmingham Nutrition Risk (BNR) score and the Malnutrition Univers...

    Authors: Sarah Henderson, Nicola Moore, Emma Lee and Miles D Witham
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:26
  20. Different smoking cessation programmes have been developed in the last decade but utilization by the elderly is low. We evaluated a pilot mobile smoking cessation service for the Chinese elderly in Hong Kong a...

    Authors: Abu Saleh M Abdullah, Tai-Hing Lam, Steve KK Chan, Gabriel M Leung, Iris Chi, Winnie WN Ho and Sophia SC Chan
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:25
  21. Frailty can be measured in relation to the accumulation of deficits using a frailty index. A frailty index can be developed from most ageing databases. Our objective is to systematically describe a standard pr...

    Authors: Samuel D Searle, Arnold Mitnitski, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Thomas M Gill and Kenneth Rockwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:24
  22. Cost of illness studies show that Parkinson disease (PD) is costly for individuals, the healthcare system and society. The costs of PD include both direct and indirect costs associated with falls and related i...

    Authors: Jennifer J Watts, Jennifer L McGinley, Frances Huxham, Hylton B Menz, Robert Iansek, Anna T Murphy, Emma R Waller and Meg E Morris
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:23
  23. Aging entails not only a decrease in the ability to be active, but also a trend toward increased dependence to sustain basic life functions. An important aspect for appropriately elucidating the individual's c...

    Authors: Kajsa BE Thorsell, Berit Nordström, Per Nyberg and Bengt V Sivberg
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:22
  24. Fracture after falling has been identified as an important problem in public health. Most studies of risk factors for fractures due to falls have been carried out in developed countries, although the size of t...

    Authors: Evandro SF Coutinho, Astrid Fletcher, Katia V Bloch and Laura C Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:21
  25. Frailty is a relatively new geriatric concept referring to an increased vulnerability to stressors. Various definitions have been proposed, as well as a range of multidimensional instruments for its measuremen...

    Authors: Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Athanassia Karmaniola, Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Jacques Spagnoli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz, Nicolas Rodondi, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber and Alain Pécoud
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:20
  26. Gait and balance impairments may increase the risk of falls, the leading cause of accidental death in the elderly population. Fall-related injuries constitute a serious public health problem associated with hi...

    Authors: Itshak Melzer, Ori Elbar, Irit Tsedek and Lars IE Oddsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:19
  27. Anaemia may increase risk of dementia or cognitive decline. There is also evidence that high haemoglobin levels increase risk of stroke, and consequently possible cognitive impairment. The elderly are more at ...

    Authors: Ruth Peters, Lisa Burch, James Warner, Nigel Beckett, Ruth Poulter and Christopher Bulpitt
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:18
  28. Since many individuals who initiate physical activity programs are highly likely to return to a sedentary lifestyle, innovative strategies to efforts to increase the number of physically active older adults wh...

    Authors: Nancy E Sherwood, Brian C Martinson, A Lauren Crain, Marcia G Hayes, Nicolaas P Pronk and Patrick J O'Connor
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:17
  29. Falls are the sixth leading cause of death in elderly people in the U.S. Despite progress in understanding risk factors for falls, many suspected risk factors have not been adequately studied. Putative risk fa...

    Authors: Suzanne G Leveille, Douglas P Kiel, Richard N Jones, Anthony Roman, Marian T Hannan, Farzaneh A Sorond, Hyun G Kang, Elizabeth J Samelson, Margaret Gagnon, Marcie Freeman and Lewis A Lipsitz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:16
  30. Computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) has been used to detect balance and stability impairments in adults of all ages. The goal of the current pilot study was to evaluate balance in healthy older adults aft...

    Authors: Gary Zammit, Sherry Wang-Weigand and Xuejun Peng
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:15
  31. While the evidence of an association between the apolipoprotein E (APOE) *E4 allele and Alzheimer's disease is very strong, the effect of the *E4 allele on cognitive decline in the general population is more equi...

    Authors: Helen Christensen, Philip J Batterham, Andrew J Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm, Holly A Mack, Karen A Mather, Kaarin J Anstey, Perminder S Sachdev and Simon Easteal
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:14
  32. Maintenance of therapeutic International Normalized Ratio (INR) in the community is generally poor. The supervised environment in long-term care facilities may represent a more ideal setting for warfarin thera...

    Authors: Madeleine Verhovsek, Bahareh Motlagh, Mark A Crowther, Courtney Kennedy, Lisa Dolovich, Glenda Campbell, Luqi Wang and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:13
  33. Physical activity shows potential in combating the poor outcomes associated with depression in older people. Meta-analyses show gaps in the research with poor trial design compromising certainty in conclusions...

    Authors: Ngaire Kerse, Karen Falloon, Simon A Moyes, Karen J Hayman, Tony Dowell, Gregory S Kolt, C Raina Elley, Simon Hatcher, Kathy Peri, Sally Keeling, Elizabeth Robinson, John Parsons, Janine Wiles and Bruce Arroll
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:12
  34. Previous studies have shown influenza vaccine uptake in UK nursing home residents to be low. Very little information exists regarding the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine in this population. The formulation of p...

    Authors: Amir Shroufi, Joanna Copping, Roberto Vivancos and Richard CB Slack
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:11
  35. Balance disability measurements routinely used to identify fall risks in frail populations have limited value in the early detection of postural stability deficits in community-living older adults. The objecti...

    Authors: Myriam Jbabdi, Patrick Boissy and Mathieu Hamel
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:8
  36. One of the more common behavioral manifestations of dementia-related disorders is severe problems with out-of-home mobility. Various efforts have been attempted to attain a better understanding of mobility beh...

    Authors: Noam Shoval, Gail K Auslander, Tim Freytag, Ruth Landau, Frank Oswald, Ulrich Seidl, Hans-Werner Wahl, Shirli Werner and Jeremia Heinik
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:7
  37. The "oldest old" are now the fastest growing section of most western populations, yet there are scarcely any data concerning even the common problem of falls amongst the very old. Prospective data collection i...

    Authors: Jane Fleming, Fiona E Matthews and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2008 8:6

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