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Volume 10 Supplement 1

de Senectute: Age and Health Forum

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Osteoporosis: epidemiology, clinical and biological aspects

Osteoporosis is the most prevalent disease of bone metabolism, characterized by fragility and risk of fracture. The frequency of fractures increases with age and the cost of this disease increases more and more. Every thirty seconds someone in European Union suffers a hip fracture as a result of osteoporosis. The fractures of wrist, hip and vertebra are the most prevalent. Now the bone quality is more important than the BMD. The evaluation of patient begins with the analysis of risk fracture: age, familiarity of fragility fracture, calcium and vitamin D intake, BMI less than nineteen, early menopause, smoking, alcohol abuse, risk of falls. The people with at least one of these risk factors have to do the analysis of BMD, by DEXA at the femur or ultrasound at the fingers or the heel. The relationship between the BMD and the clinical situation of patient is important in order to understand who has to do the blood tests and the xray of dorsal and lumbar spine in LL. The blood exams need to differentiate the types of osteoporosis, to value the bone markers and vitamin D. I remember that the vitamin D level is important for the calcium, the bone and the muscle metabolism and for the good action of the drugs of osteoporosis. The X-ray of dorsal and lumbar spine needs to show the presence of vertebral fractures. We have to calculate the level of fracture and the SDI (Spine deformity index) by Genant’s SQ scale. At the end I show the therapy of osteoporosis and its criterion.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Reda, A., Bartoletti, M.G. Osteoporosis: epidemiology, clinical and biological aspects. BMC Geriatr 10 (Suppl 1), L71 (2010).

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