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  1. In China, more and more older people have encountered a situation called “empty nest.” Meanwhile, the health status of empty-nest older adults is an increasing public health concern. This research aims to exam...

    Authors: Chichen Zhang, Yaqing Xue, Yuan Cai, Jiao Lu, Xiao Zheng, Wenpei Yuan and Yi Qian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The incidence of hip fractures are expected to increase in the following years. Hip fracture patients have in addition to their fracture often complex medical problems, which constitute a substantial burden on...

    Authors: Shams Dakhil, Pernille Thingstad, Frede Frihagen, Lars Gunnar Johnsen, Stian Lydersen, Eva Skovlund, Torgeir Bruun Wyller, Olav Sletvold, Ingvild Saltvedt and Leiv Otto Watne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  3. At present, the provision of informal care to older relatives is an essential pillar of the long-term care system in Germany. However, the impact of demographic and social changes on informal caregiving remain...

    Authors: Lea de Jong, Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Sveja Eberhard, Jan Zeidler and Kathrin Damm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The use of technical solutions and conventional mobility supporting aids can support the independence of people into old age in their own homes. However, we found relatively few empirical investigations on the...

    Authors: Deborah Elisabeth Jachan, Ursula Müller-Werdan, Nils Axel Lahmann and Sandra Strube-Lahmann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

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  5. It is unclear whether adiposity leads to changes in movement behaviors, and there is a lack of compositional analyses of longitudinal data which focus on these associations. Using a compositional approach, thi...

    Authors: Jana Pelclová, Nikola Štefelová, Timothy Olds, Dorothea Dumuid, Karel Hron, Sebastien Chastin and Željko Pedišić

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although previous studies have explored the effect of chronic conditions on physical disability, little is known about the levels and rates of change in physical disability after a chronic condition diagnosis ...

    Authors: Chieh-Ying Chou, Ching-Ju Chiu, Chia-Ming Chang, Chih-Hsing Wu, Feng-Hwa Lu, Jin-Shang Wu and Yi-Ching Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Interaction of physical activity and overall immune profile is very complex and depends on the intensity, duration and frequency of undertaken physical activity, the exposure to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection...

    Authors: Anna Tylutka, Barbara Morawin, Artur Gramacki and Agnieszka Zembron-Lacny

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Older people are particularly vulnerable to severe COVID-19. Little is known about long-term consequences of COVID-19 on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and functional status in older people, and the i...

    Authors: M. M. Walle-Hansen, A. H. Ranhoff, M. Mellingsæter, M. S. Wang-Hansen and M. Myrstad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The patient perspective on the use of screening for high risks of adverse health outcomes in Emergency Department (ED) care is underexposed, although it is an important perspective influencing implementation i...

    Authors: Laura C. Blomaard, Mareline Olthof, Yvette Meuleman, Bas de Groot, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Simon P. Mooijaart

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A precondition for developing strategies to reduce polypharmacy and its well-known harmful consequences is to study its epidemiology and associated factors. The objective of this study was to analyse the preva...

    Authors: Giuliano Piccoliori, Angelika Mahlknecht, Marco Sandri, Martina Valentini, Anna Vögele, Sara Schmid, Felix Deflorian, Adolf Engl, Andreas Sönnichsen and Christian Wiedermann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study aimed to examine the characteristics of older adults patients who suffered a head injury after a ground-level fall in comparison to non-head injury patients as well as the factors associated with se...

    Authors: Sun Hyu Kim, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Ji Hwan Lee, Eun Jung Park and Duk Hee Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Dementia is a progressive disease that affects people’s everyday functioning, including the ability to express values, needs and wishes, which can be considered key elements of self-direction.

    Authors: Carola M. E. Döpp, Hermijntje Drenth, Paul-Jeroen Verkade, Anneke F. Francke and Iris van der Heide

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research article

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  13. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Pi-Tuan Chan, Wen-Chi Chang, Huei-Ling Chiu, Ching-Chiu Kao, Doresses Liu, Hsin Chu and Kuei-Ru Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:194

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:27

  14. There is limited best- practice evidence to address behavioral and psychiatric symptoms for those with dementia in Australian rural nursing homes. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of a person-centered,...

    Authors: Vivian Isaac, Abraham Kuot, Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Edward Strivens and Jennene Greenhill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sarcopenia is a multifactorial pathophysiologic condition of skeletal muscle mass and muscle strength associated with aging. However, biomarkers for predicting the occurrence of sarcopenia are rarely discussed...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuei Chen, Yi-Lin Chiu, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Hui-Fang Yang and Wei-Liang Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The purpose of this study was to examine whether muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance were associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in community-dwelling older Chinese adults.

    Authors: Peiyu Song, Peipei Han, Yinjiao Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhang, Liyan Wang, Zhuoying Tao, Zhengxing Jiang, Shijing Shen, Yunxiao Wu, Jiajie Wu, Xiaoyu Chen, Xing Yu, Yong Zhao and Qi Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This study assessed the extent to which persistent differences in self-rated health (SRH) between older immigrants and natives are attributable to negative and positive ageing perceptions.

    Authors: Anna P. Nieboer, Thijs van den Broek and Jane M. Cramm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Prescription opioids are commonly used for postoperative pain relief in older adults, but have the potential for misuse. Both opioid side effects and uncontrolled pain have detrimental impacts. Frailty syndrom...

    Authors: Elizabeth D. Auckley, Nathalie Bentov, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Lily Jeong, May J. Reed and Itay Bentov

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A healthy lifestyle may prevent disability for older adults. But research to date is limited to a single lifestyle behavior and ignore sex difference in the lifestyle-disability association. This study aimed a...

    Authors: Zaixing Shi, Jianlin Lin, Jian Xiao and Ya Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:188

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Very few studies have examined the relationship of oral health with physical functioning and frailty in the oldest old (> 85 years). We examined the association of poor oral health with markers of disability, ...

    Authors: Viviana Albani, Kensuke Nishio, Tomoka Ito, Eftychia Kotronia, Paula Moynihan, Louise Robinson, Barbara Hanratty, Andrew Kingston, Yukiko Abe, Michiyo Takayama, Toshimitsu Iinuma, Yasumichi Arai and Sheena E. Ramsay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A large number of studies have explored the association between frailty and mortality among COVID-19 patients, with inconsistent results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the evidence on this is...

    Authors: Xiao-Ming Zhang, Jing Jiao, Jing Cao, Xiao-Peng Huo, Chen Zhu, Xin-Juan Wu and Xiao-Hua Xie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Prevalence of frailty has been previously established in different Western countries; however, the prevalence and the burden of in the aging populations of Saudi Arabia has not been examined. Therefore, the ai...

    Authors: Bader A. Alqahtani, Aqeel M. Alenazi, Mohammed M. Alshehri, Ahmed M. Osailan, Saud F. Alsubaie and Mohammed A. Alqahtani

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Heart disease is a severe health problem among adult populations in China. The prevalence rates of heart disease increase with age. The pathogenic causes of heart disease are often related to conditions in ear...

    Authors: Jingyue Zhang and Nan Lu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The health care situation of geriatric patients is often multifaceted, complex and often overlaps with social living conditions. Due to the lack of cross-sectoral and interprofessional health care geriatric pa...

    Authors: Simone Gloystein, Friederike Thomé, Katja Goetz, Nicole Warkentin, Karola Mergenthal, Fabian Engler, Volker Amelung, Matthias Arnold, Felix Freigang, Ann-Kathrin Klähn, Sonja Laag and Neeltje van den Berg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Energy inadequacy has a great impact on health outcomes in older adult patients; however, it is difficult to evaluate energy adequacy in these patients, especially in home-care settings. We recently reported t...

    Authors: Yoko Hasegawa, Mikako Yoshida, Aya Sato, Yumiko Fujimoto, Takeo Minematsu, Junko Sugama and Hiromi Sanada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Following a hip fracture up to 60% of patients are unable to regain their pre-fracture level of mobility. For hospitalized older adults, the deconditioning effect of bedrest and functional decline has been ide...

    Authors: Lynn Haslam-Larmer, Catherine Donnelly, Mohammad Auais, Kevin Woo and Vincent DePaul

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Caregiver burden affects the caregiver’s health and is related to the quality of care received by patients. This study aimed to determine the extent to which caregivers feel burdened when caring for patients w...

    Authors: Manee Pinyopornpanish, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Atiwat Soontornpun, Surat Tanprawate, Angkana Nadsasarn, Nahathai Wongpakaran and Tinakon Wongpakaran

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Exercise training is crucial for maintaining physical and mental health in aging populations. However, as people participate in structured exercise training, they tend to behaviorally compensate by decreasing ...

    Authors: Tomas Vetrovsky, Dan Omcirk, Jan Malecek, Petr Stastny, Michal Steffl and James J. Tufano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pancytopenia, fever, and elevated D-dimer are significant clinical findings. The differential diagnosis includes hematological malignancies, severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), tick-borne illnesses, an...

    Authors: Christopher Radcliffe, Cynthia Tsay, Kimberly Glerum, Jane Liao, George Goshua and Gerard Kerins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:178

    Content type: Case report

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  30. With this study, we aim to determine the associations of the different categories of the body mass index (BMI) with activities of daily living (ADL) and cognitive performance in two different populations livin...

    Authors: Miguel Germán Borda, Luis Carlos Venegas-Sanabria, Elkin Garcia-Cifuentes, Ronald Camilo Gomez, Carlos Alberto Cano-Gutierrez, Diego Alejandro Tovar-Rios, Vera Aarsland, Khadija Khalifa, Alberto Jaramillo-Jimenez, Dag Aarsland and Hogne Soennesyn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chile has one of the longest life expectancies of Latin America. The country is characterised by an important macroeconomic growth and persisting socioeconomic inequalities. This study analyses socioeconomic d...

    Authors: Ximena Moreno, Lydia Lera, Francisco Moreno and Cecilia Albala

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a commonly known prevalent joint disease, with limited therapeutic methods. This study aimed to investigate the functions of miRNA-132 (miR-132) in the modulation of PTEN/PI3K/AKT signal...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Chengfang Hu, Chi Zhang, Congfeng Luo, Biao Zhong and Xiaowei Yu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Globally, the population of oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) is rapidly growing. This change is likely to have a deep impact on societies. Resilience is a key concept related to facilitating adaptation, and c...

    Authors: Eiki Akatsuka and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the leading causes of death world-wide, but little is known on the role of comorbidities on mortality among people with AD. We studied how comorbidities and age at AD diagnos...

    Authors: Blair Rajamaki, Sirpa Hartikainen and Anna-Maija Tolppanen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:173

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Iran’s population is aging. Disability is a major public health problem for older adults, not only in Iran but all over the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cardio-m...

    Authors: Kazem Khalagi, Akram Ansarifar, Noushin Fahimfar, Mahnaz Sanjari, Safoora Gharibzdeh, Farshad Sharifi, Gita Shafiee, Ramin Heshmat, Iraj Nabipour, Bagher Larijani and Afshin Ostovar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although previous studies have evaluated risk factors for the incidence of severe infection in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), the relationship between body mass ...

    Authors: Hirokazu Sugiyama, Makoto Yamaguchi, Takayuki Katsuno, Shiho Iwagaitsu, Hironobu Nobata, Hiroshi Kinashi, Shogo Banno, Masahiko Ando, Yoko Kubo, Takuji Ishimoto and Yasuhiko Ito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the associations between health-related physical fitness performance and overweight/obesity risk among Taiwanese healthy older adults.

    Authors: Chien-Chang Ho, Po-Fu Lee, Hui-Ling Chen, Ching-Yu Tseng, Xin-Yu Hsieh and Chih-Hui Chiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Older adults, especially those with physical and social complexities are at risk of hospital-associated deconditioning. Hospital-associated deconditioning is linked to increased length of stay in hospital, str...

    Authors: Sara J. T. Guilcher, Amanda C. Everall, Lauren Cadel, Joyce Li and Kerry Kuluski

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The statistical validities of the official Japanese classifications of activities of daily living (ADLs), including bedriddenness ranks (BR) and cognitive function scores (CFS), have yet to be assessed. To thi...

    Authors: Masaki Tago, Naoko E. Katsuki, Shizuka Yaita, Eiji Nakatani, Shun Yamashita, Yoshimasa Oda and Shu-ichi Yamashita

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The purpose of this study was (1) to develop a virtual reality (VR) intervention program based on the psychological needs of patients residing in nursing facilities in South Korea to alleviate their behavioral...

    Authors: Jung-Hee Kim, Seonmin Park and Hyeongji Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Falls-related injuries are particularly serious for older people, causing pain, reduced community engagement and associated medical costs. Tripping is the leading cause of falls and the current study examined ...

    Authors: Hanatsu Nagano, W. A. Sparrow, Katsuyoshi Mizukami, Eri Sarashina and Rezaul Begg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Rehabilitation interventions are frequently cited as key in supporting frail older people’s recovery following periods of decompensation and acute ill-health. Clinicians are required to make decisions about a ...

    Authors: A. Cowley, S. E. Goldberg, A. L. Gordon, M. Kerr and P. Logan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Married female caregivers face a higher risk of an informal care burden than other caregivers. No study has explored the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on the intensity of informal care provided by marri...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Jiajia Li, Lulu Ding, Yuejing Feng, Xue Tang, Long Sun and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) is common in older adults and is associated with potential negative consequences, such as falls and cognitive decline. Our objective was to investigate m...

    Authors: Katharina Tabea Jungo, Sven Streit and Julie C. Lauffenburger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Globally, older population (aged ≥60 years) comprise 11% of the total population, and 23% of them are malnourished. Lack of knowledge and education, adverse dietary habits, depression or psychological disorder...

    Authors: K. M. Thouhidur Rahman, Md. Khalequzzaman, Fahmida Afroz Khan, Shahrin Emdad Rayna, Sharraf Samin, Md. Hasan and Syed Shariful Islam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Studies reported the relationship between behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), cognitive function, caregiver burden, and therapeutic effects. However, the causal relationship between BPSD...

    Authors: Bokyoung Kim, Gie Ok Noh and Kyunghee Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research article

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  47. To support the implementation of nurse-led interventions in long-term dementia care, in-depth knowledge of specific supporting factors and barriers is required. Conditions and structures of caring for people w...

    Authors: Julian Hirt, Melanie Karrer, Laura Adlbrecht, Susi Saxer and Adelheid Zeller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:159

    Content type: Research article

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