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  1. Declines in cognitive functioning are a normal part of aging that can affect daily functioning and quality of life. This study will examine the impact of an exercise training program, and a combined exercise a...

    Authors: Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Nicola W Burton, Nancy A Pachana and Wendy J Brown
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:23
  2. The question of whether to withhold artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) from severely cognitively impaired older adults has remained nearly unexplored in Japan, where provision of ANH is considered standa...

    Authors: Kaoruko Aita, Miyako Takahashi, Hiroaki Miyata, Ichiro Kai and Thomas E Finucane
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:22
  3. Many people who have suffered a stroke require rehabilitation to help them resume their previous activities and roles in their own environment, but only some of them receive inpatient or even outpatient rehabi...

    Authors: Claude Vincent, Isabelle Deaudelin, Line Robichaud, Jacqueline Rousseau, Chantal Viscogliosi, Lise R Talbot and Johanne Desrosiers
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:20
  4. Comparative evidence regarding the effects of social relationships on mortality in Mediterranean communities will increase our knowledge of their strengths and the ways in which they influence longevity across...

    Authors: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui and Angel Otero
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:19
  5. Dementia is an important health and social care problem and is one of the main causes of disability in later life. The number of families affected by dementia will dramatically increase over the next five deca...

    Authors: Carl A Thompson, Karen Spilsbury, Jill Hall, Yvonne Birks, Colin Barnes and Joy Adamson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:18
  6. Falling accounts for a significant number of hospital and long-term care admissions in older adults. Many adults with the combination of advancing age and functional decline associated with lower extremity ost...

    Authors: Catherine M Arnold and Robert A Faulkner
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:17
  7. Annually, about 30% of the persons of 65 years and older falls at least once and 15% falls at least twice. Falls often result in serious injuries, such as fractures. Therefore, the prevention of accidental fal...

    Authors: Geeske MEE Peeters, Oscar J de Vries, Petra JM Elders, Saskia MF Pluijm, Lex M Bouter and Paul Lips
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:15
  8. The UK, like other developed countries, is experiencing a marked change in the age structure of its population characterised by increasing life expectancy and continuing growth in the older fraction of the pop...

    Authors: Joanna Collerton, Karen Barrass, John Bond, Martin Eccles, Carol Jagger, Oliver James, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Louise Robinson, Thomas von Zglinicki and Tom Kirkwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:14
  9. While existing reviews have identified significant predictors of nursing home admission, this meta-analysis attempted to provide more integrated empirical findings to identify predictors. The present study aim...

    Authors: Joseph E Gaugler, Sue Duval, Keith A Anderson and Robert L Kane
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:13
  10. Previous research investigating exercise as a means of falls prevention in older adults has shown mixed results. Lack of specificity of the intervention may be an important factor contributing to negative resu...

    Authors: Avril Mansfield, Amy L Peters, Barbara A Liu and Brian E Maki
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:12
  11. Increases in longevity resulting from improvements in health care and living conditions together with a decrease in fertility rates have contributed to a shift towards an aged population profile. For the first...

    Authors: Oscar H Franco, Thomas BL Kirkwood, Jonathan R Powell, Michael Catt, James Goodwin, Jose M Ordovas and Frans van der Ouderaa
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:10
  12. Self-perceptions of aging have been implicated as independent predictors of functional disability and mortality in older adults. In spite of this, research on self-perceptions of aging is limited. One reason f...

    Authors: Maja Barker, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah M McGee, Anne Hickey and Ronan M Conroy
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:9
  13. Mortality after perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer increases with age. Limited data exist on how the higher burden of comorbidity among elderly patients affects this association. We aimed to examine the asso...

    Authors: Steffen Christensen, Anders Riis, Mette Nørgaard, Henrik T Sørensen and Reimar W Thomsen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:8
  14. Although physiotherapy (PT) plays an important role in improving activities of daily living (ADL functioning) and discharge rates, it is unclear how many nursing home residents receive treatment. Furthermore, ...

    Authors: Chantal J Leemrijse, Marike E de Boer, Cornelia HM van den Ende, Miel W Ribbe and Joost Dekker
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:7
  15. Depressive and anxiety disorders are a very common, serious and underdetected problem in homes for the elderly. Elderly persons in residential homes are at high risk for developing major depressive and anxiety...

    Authors: Els Dozeman, Digna JF van Schaik, Aartjan TF Beekman, Wim AB Stalman, Judith E Bosmans and Harm WJ van Marwijk
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:6
  16. Low grip strength is recognized as one of the characteristics of frailty, as are systemic inflammation and the sensation of fatigue. Contrary to maximal grip strength, the physical resistance of the muscles to...

    Authors: Ivan Bautmans, Ellen Gorus, Rose Njemini and Tony Mets
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:5
  17. Physical activity has a range of health benefits for older people. The aim of this study was to determine physical activity prevalence and attitudes amongst respondents to a trial screening survey.

    Authors: Jane Sims, Keith Hill, Sandra Davidson, Jane Gunn and Nancy Huang
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:4
  18. Pain is highly prevalent in nursing homes (NH) in several countries. Data about pain in Dutch NH's, where medical care is delivered by specifically trained NH-physicians, are not available. The aim of the pres...

    Authors: Martin Smalbrugge, Lineke K Jongenelis, Anne Margriet Pot, Aartjan TF Beekman and Jan A Eefsting
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2007 7:3
  19. Depression is a disabling, prevalent condition. Physical activity programs may assist depression management in older people, ameliorate co-morbid conditions and reduce the need for antidepressants. The UPLIFT ...

    Authors: Jane Sims, Keith Hill, Sandra Davidson, Jane Gunn and Nancy Huang
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:18
  20. Physical restraints are still frequently used in nursing home residents despite growing evidence for the ineffectiveness and negative consequences of these methods. Therefore, reduction in the use of physical ...

    Authors: Anna R Huizing, Jan PH Hamers, Math JM Gulpers and Martijn PF Berger
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:17
  21. In an elderly, community based population we aimed at investigating antihypertensive and lipid lowering medication use in relation to own and familiar cardiovascular morbidity and diabetes mellitus, as well as...

    Authors: Mette Brekke, Steinar Hunskaar and Jørund Straand
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:16
  22. The use of indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs) is thought to be the most significant risk factor for developing nosocomial urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, it is unclear how many elderly patients have...

    Authors: Susan E Hazelett, Margaret Tsai, Michele Gareri and Kyle Allen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:15
  23. Almost every country in the Western world has great difficulties allocating enough financial resources to meet the needs in the care of the increasing elderly population. The main problem is common to all coun...

    Authors: Kajsa BE Thorsell, Berit M Nordström, Per Nyberg and Bengt V Sivberg
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:14
  24. We evaluated the accuracy of physician recognition of functional status impairment in older emergency departments (ED) patients. In particular, we evaluated the accuracy of medical records (a comparison of the...

    Authors: Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, María López-Diéguez, Ana I Tabuenca, Juan J de la Cruz and José R Banegas
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:13
  25. Hospitalization for older patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is associated with functional decline. Little is know about the relationship between inflammatory markers and determinants of function...

    Authors: Ali El Solh, Lilibeth Pineda, Pam Bouquin and Corey Mankowski
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:12
  26. Falls in hospital are frequent and their consequences place an increased burden on health services. We evaluated a falls prevention strategy consisting of the introduction of volunteers to 'sit' with patients ...

    Authors: Lynne C Giles, Denise Bolch, Robyn Rouvray, Beth McErlean, Craig H Whitehead, Paddy A Phillips and Maria Crotty
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:11
  27. Individualized decision making has been recommended for cancer screening decisions in older adults. Because older adults' preferences are central to individualized decisions, we assessed older adults' perspect...

    Authors: Carmen L Lewis, Christine E Kistler, Halle R Amick, Lea C Watson, Debra L Bynum, Louise C Walter and Michael P Pignone
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:10
  28. Large-scale RCTs comparing different types of exercise training in institutionalised older people are scarce, especially regarding effects on habitual physical activity and constipation. This study investigate...

    Authors: Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Mireille NM van Poppel and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:9
  29. For older adults without diabetes, cognitive functioning has been implicated as a predictor of death and functional disability for older adults and those with mild to severe cognitive impairment. However, litt...

    Authors: Lisa C McGuire, Earl S Ford and Umed A Ajani
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:8
  30. The objective of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the Minimum Data Set Activities of Daily Living (MDS-ADL) Scale to change over time by examining the change in physical function in adults with m...

    Authors: G Iain Carpenter, Charlotte L Hastie, John N Morris, Brant E Fries and Joel Ankri
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:7
  31. Falls are a significant public health problem. Thirty to fifty percent of the elderly of 65 years and older fall each year. Falls are the most common type of accident in this age group and can result in fractu...

    Authors: Petra EM Zeeuwe, Arianne P Verhagen, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Erik van Rossum, Marjan J Faber and Bart W Koes
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:6
  32. The age-related deterioration of physiological capacities such as muscle strength and balance is associated with increased dependence. Understanding the contribution of physical fitness components to functiona...

    Authors: Amika S Singh, Marijke JM Chin A Paw, Ruud J Bosscher and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:4
  33. Pain is a common and major problem among nursing home residents. The prevalence of pain in elderly nursing home people is 40–80%, showing that they are at great risk of experiencing pain. Since assessment of p...

    Authors: Sandra MG Zwakhalen, Jan PH Hamers, Huda Huijer Abu-Saad and Martijn PF Berger
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:3
  34. Nursing home residents are frequently sent to hospital for diagnostic tests or to receive acute health care services. These transfers are both costly and for some, associated with increased risks. Although imp...

    Authors: Soo Chan Carusone, Mark Loeb and Lynne Lohfeld
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2006 6:2
  35. the prevalence of individuals with cognitive decline is increasing since the number of elderly adults is growing considerably. The literature provides promising results on the beneficial effect of exercise and...

    Authors: Jannique GZ van Uffelen, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marijke JM Chin A Paw and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:18
  36. Fatigue or lack of interest can reduce the feasibility of intensive physical exercise in nursing home residents. Low-volume exercise interventions with similar training effects might be an alternative. The aim...

    Authors: Ivan Bautmans, Ellen Van Hees, Jean-Claude Lemper and Tony Mets
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:17
  37. The association between unexplained falls and cardiovascular causes is increasingly recognized. Neurally mediated cardiovascular disorders and hypotensive syndromes are found in almost 20 percent of the patien...

    Authors: Manuel Montero-Odasso, Marcelo Schapira, Gustavo Duque, Enrique R Soriano, Roberto Kaplan and Luis A Camera
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:15
  38. Older people living in nursing homes are at high risk of falling because of their general frailty and multiple pathologies. Prediction of falls might lead to an efficient allocation of preventive measures. Alt...

    Authors: Gabriele Meyer, Sascha Köpke, Ralf Bender and Ingrid Mühlhauser
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:14
  39. Verbal and physical aggressive behaviours are among the most disturbing and distressing behaviours displayed by older patients in long-term care facilities. Aggressive behaviour (AB) is often the reason for us...

    Authors: Philippe Voyer, René Verreault, Ginette M Azizah, Johanne Desrosiers, Nathalie Champoux and Annick Bédard
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:13
  40. Persistent pain is a common, often debilitating, problem in older adults; however, few studies have focused on the experiences of older adults in managing their pain. The objective of this study was to describ...

    Authors: Carol A Kemp, Mary Ersek and Judith A Turner
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:12
  41. The objective of this article is to describe the design of an evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of systematic home visits by nurses to frail elderly primary care patients. Pilot objectives were: 1. To deter...

    Authors: Hein PJ van Hout, Giel Nijpels, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Aaltje PD Jansen, Petronella J van't Veer, Willemijn Tybout and Wim AB Stalman
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:11
  42. Whether cancer is more disabling than other highly prevalent chronic diseases in the elderly is not well understood, and represents the objective of the present study.

    Authors: Andrea Corsonello, Claudio Pedone, Luciana Carosella, Francesco Corica, Bruno Mazzei and Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2005 5:10

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