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  1. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at heightened risk of developing dementia. Rapid advances in computing technology have enabled researchers to conduct cognitive training and rehabilitation ...

    Authors: Shaoqing Ge, Zheng Zhu, Bei Wu and Eleanor S. McConnell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:213

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Safe and stable walking is a complex process involving the interaction of neuromuscular, sensory and cognitive functions. As physical and cognitive functions deteriorate with ageing, training of both functions...

    Authors: Sarianna Sipilä, Anna Tirkkonen, Tuomo Hänninen, Pia Laukkanen, Markku Alen, Roger A. Fielding, Miia Kivipelto, Katja Kokko, Jenni Kulmala, Taina Rantanen, Sanna E. Sihvonen, Elina Sillanpää, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely and Timo Törmäkangas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:215

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Identifying and treating people in a pre-frail state may be an effective way to prevent or delay frailty and preserve their functional capacity. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of, and compliance with,...

    Authors: Prasun Chatterjee, Prakash Kumar, Ramesh Kandel, Ruchika Madan, Meenakshi Tyagi, Deepa Anil Kumar, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Gaurav Desai, Preeti Chaudhary, Shyama Gupta, Kanika Grover and Aparajit Ballav Dey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:212

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The identification of contextual factors that modify associations between client frailty and their health and service use outcomes is essential for informed home health care and policy planning. Our objective ...

    Authors: Colleen J. Maxwell, Michael A. Campitelli, Christina Diong, Luke Mondor, David B. Hogan, Joseph E. Amuah, Sarah Leslie, Dallas Seitz, Sudeep Gill, Kednapa Thavorn, Walter P. Wodchis, Andrea Gruneir, Gary Teare and Susan E. Bronskill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:211

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  5. Content type: Correction

    Authors: Kimi Estela Kobayashi-Cuya, Ryota Sakurai, Naoko Sakuma, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masashi Yasunaga, Susumu Ogawa, Toru Takebayashi and Yoshinori Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:210

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:192

  6. Content type: Research article

    Making older adults exercise and keeping them in exercise programs is a major challenge. Understanding how older adults prefer to exercise may help developing tailored exercise programs and increase sustained ...

    Authors: Line Skarsem Reitlo, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Hallgeir Viken, Nils Petter Aspvik, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Xiangchun Tan, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:208

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency and frailty are common with aging. Previous studies examining vitamin D status and frailty have produced mixed results, and in particular, the shape of the association has not been well es...

    Authors: Sang Yhun Ju, June Young Lee and Do Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:206

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Medication regimens in nursing home (NH) residents with severe dementia should be frequently reviewed to avoid inappropriate medication, overtreatment and adverse drug events, within a comfort care approach. T...

    Authors: Machelle Wilchesky, Gerhard Mueller, Michèle Morin, Martine Marcotte, Philippe Voyer, Michèle Aubin, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Nathalie Champoux, Johanne Monette, Anik Giguère, Pierre Durand, René Verreault, Marcel Arcand and Edeltraut Kröger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:204

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The increasing proportion of people growing old, demands expanded knowledge of how people can experience successful aging. Having a good life while growing old is dependent on several factors such as nutrition...

    Authors: Kjersti Grønning, Geir A. Espnes, Camilla Nguyen, Ana Maria Ferreira Rodrigues, Maria Joao Gregorio, Rute Sousa, Helena Canhão and Beate André

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:205

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Older persons are substantial consumers of both hospital- and community care, and there are discussions regarding the potential for preventing hospitalizations through high quality community care. The present ...

    Authors: Martha Therese Gjestsen, Kolbjørn Brønnick and Ingelin Testad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:203

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cognition is a key factor in the regulation of normal walking and dual-task gait assessment is an accepted method to evaluate the relationship. The objective of this study was to create a framework for task co...

    Authors: Susan W. Hunter, Alison Divine, Courtney Frengopoulos and Manuel Montero Odasso

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:202

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Despite progress in surgery and care, hip fracture (HF) remains a catastrophic event, burdened with high risk of mortality and disability. This study aims at identifying predictors of recovering ambulation aft...

    Authors: Francesca Cecchi, Silvia Pancani, Desiderio Antonioli, Lucia Avila, Manuele Barilli, Massimo Gambini, Lucilla Landucci Pellegrini, Emanuela Romano, Chiara Sarti, Margherita Zingoni, Maria Assunta Gabrielli, Federica Vannetti, Guido Pasquini and Claudio Macchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:201

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Myostatin, its inhibitor follistatin, and growth/differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) have been proposed as factors that could potentially modify biological aging. The study aimed to test whether there is a relat...

    Authors: Elizaveta Fife, Joanna Kostka, Łukasz Kroc, Agnieszka Guligowska, Małgorzata Pigłowska, Bartłomiej Sołtysik, Agnieszka Kaufman-Szymczyk, Krystyna Fabianowska-Majewska and Tomasz Kostka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:200

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition in older persons is a public health concern. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors among community-dwelling older persons in Sri Lanka.

    Authors: H. D. W. T. Damayanthi, F. M. Moy, K. L. Abdullah and S. D. Dharmaratne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:199

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Hypovitaminosis D and depressive syndromes are common conditions in old adults. However, little is known about the relationship between vitamin D and depression in exceptional aged people. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Yao Yao, Shihui Fu, Hao Zhang, Nan Li, Qiao Zhu, Fu Zhang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao and Yao He

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:198

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Falls pose major health problems to the middle-aged and older adults and may potentially lead to various levels of injuries. Sleep duration and disturbances have been shown to be associated with falls in liter...

    Authors: Samuel Kwaku Essien, Cindy Xin Feng, Wenjie Sun, Marwa Farag, Longhai Li and Yongqing Gao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:196

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine whether the number of anti-hypertensive medication classes or any change in anti-hypertensive medication were associated with injurious fall among the community-dwelling older pop...

    Authors: Zafirah Banu, Ka Keat Lim, Yu Heng Kwan, Kai Zhen Yap, Hui Ting Ang, Chuen Seng Tan, Warren Fong, Julian Thumboo, Kheng Hock Lee, Truls Ostbye and Lian Leng Low

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:195

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Recently hospitalized patients experience a period of generalized risk of adverse health events. This study examined reasons for, and predictors of, readmission to acute care facilities within 30 and 180 days ...

    Authors: Lloyd D. Hughes and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:197

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Frail community-dwelling older adults, whom might experience problems regarding physical, cognitive, psychological, social and environmental factors, are at risk for adverse outcomes such as disability, instit...

    Authors: Deborah Lambotte, Liesbeth De Donder, Ellen E. De Roeck, Lieve J. Hoeyberghs, Anne van der Vorst, Daan Duppen, Michaël Van der Elst, Bram Fret, Sarah Dury, An-Sofie Smetcoren, Martinus J. M. Kardol, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Peter Paul De Deyn, Nico De Witte, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:194

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    The presence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults increases their fall risk. While physical exercise is effective in reducing falls rate and risk of falls, and cognitive training in improving cog...

    Authors: Donald S. Lipardo and William W. N. Tsang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:193

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Clinical medication reviews (CMR) are increasingly performed in older patients with polypharmacy. Studies have shown positive effects of CMR on process- and intermediate outcomes, like drug-related problems (D...

    Authors: Sanne Verdoorn, Henk-Frans Kwint, Jeanet Blom, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Marcel L. Bouvy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:190

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Little is known about the health, nutrition, and quality of life of the aging population in Nepal. Consequently, we aimed to assess the nutritional status, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...

    Authors: Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Buddhi Raj Pokhrel, Asmita Pokhrel, Anushree Acharya, Dipta Amatya, Prabisha Amatya and Shiva Raj Mishra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:191

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  23. Content type: Research article

    An association between handgrip strength, hand dexterity and global cognition is suggested; however, it is unclear whether both hand motor functions are associated with executive function, which is important f...

    Authors: Kimi Estela Kobayashi-Cuya, Ryota Sakurai, Naoko Sakuma, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masashi Yasunaga, Susumu Ogawa, Toru Takebayashi and Yoshinori Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:192

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:210

  24. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study with a large sample of informal caregivers (CG) were a) to compare health-related outcomes of CGs caring for a patient with dementia and those caring for a relative with another ch...

    Authors: Nina Karg, Elmar Graessel, Ottilie Randzio and Anna Pendergrass

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:189

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenia and the risk of hospitalization have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if sarcopenia is a predictor of hospit...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Wenwu Zhang, Conghua Wang, Wuyuan Tao, Qingli Dou and Yunzhi Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:188

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Risk factors for cognitive decline might depend on chronological age. The aim of the study was to explore the age dependency of risk factors for cognitive decline in cognitively healthy subjects aged 55–85 yea...

    Authors: N. Legdeur, M. W. Heymans, H. C. Comijs, M. Huisman, A. B. Maier and P. J. Visser

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:187

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Geriatric depression is a societal problem, specifically in those living alone in Korea. This study aims are to investigate (1) how sociodemographic factors, health status, and health behaviors are differently...

    Authors: Heejung Kim, Sooyoung Kwon, Soyun Hong and Sangeun Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:186

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  28. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that people with mild cognitive deficits face challenges when performing complex everyday activities, and that the use of technology has become increasingly interwoven with everyday activities...

    Authors: Eva Lindqvist, Annika PerssonVasiliou, Amy S. Hwang, Alex Mihailidis, Arlene Astelle, Andrew Sixsmith and Louise Nygård

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:185

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  29. Content type: Research article

    ACP enables individuals to define and discuss goals and preferences for future medical treatment and care with family and healthcare providers, and to record these goals and preferences if appropriate. Because...

    Authors: Bram Tilburgs, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Raymond Koopmans, Marije Weidema, Marieke Perry and Yvonne Engels

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:184

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Dementia affects cognitive functioning, physical functioning, activities of daily living (ADLs), and quality of life (QOL). Pharmacological treatments to manage, cure or prevent dementia remain controversial. ...

    Authors: Marelle Heesterbeek, Eddy A. Van der Zee and Marieke J. G. van Heuvelen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:182

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Increased physical activity and dietary protein intake are promising interventions to prevent or treat the age-related decline in physical performance in older adults. There are well-controlled exercise as wel...

    Authors: Jantine van den Helder, Carliene van Dronkelaar, Michael Tieland, Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Bart Visser, Ben J. A. Kröse, Raoul H. H. Engelbert and Peter J. M. Weijs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:183

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Motivational abilities (MA), that describe skills in relation to goal-oriented behavior, have recently been found to be associated with neuropathological aging. Here we examine the impact of MA on the long-ter...

    Authors: Myriam V. Thoma, Simon Forstmeier, Roger Schmid, Oliver Kellner, Franziskos Xepapadakos, Ursula Schreiter Gasser, Andreas Blessing, Axel Ropohl, Gabriela Bieri-Brüning, Dries Debeer and Andreas Maercker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:181

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Close to half of all deaths in Norway occur in nursing homes, which signals a need for good communication on end-of-life care. Advance care planning (ACP) is one means to that end, but in Norwegian nursing hom...

    Authors: Trygve Johannes Lereim Sævareid, Lillian Lillemoen, Lisbeth Thoresen, Reidun Førde, Elisabeth Gjerberg and Reidar Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:180

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    The period after hospitalization due to deteriorated heart failure (HF) is characterized as a time of high generalized risk. The transition from hospital to home is often problematic due to insufficient coordi...

    Authors: Emma Säfström, Tiny Jaarsma and Anna Strömberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:177

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This paper provides a first comparative exploratory analysis of our findings from DEMDATA, a collaborative project between Austria and the Czech Republic. Analysed here are data from the residents and the envi...

    Authors: Stefanie R. Auer, Margit Höfler, Elisabeth Linsmayer, Anna Beránková, Doris Prieschl, Paulina Ratajczak, Michal Šteffl and Iva Holmerová

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:178

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that early life stress (ELS) may extend its effect into adulthood and predispose an individual to adverse health outcomes. We investigated whether wartime parental separation, an indicator of...

    Authors: M. J. Haapanen, M. M. Perälä, M. K. Salonen, E. Kajantie, M. Simonen, P. Pohjolainen, A. K. Pesonen, K. Räikkönen, J. G. Eriksson and M. B. von Bonsdorff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:179

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia with cognitive decline as one of the core symptoms in older adults. Numerous studies have suggested the value of psychosocial interventions to improve...

    Authors: Yuting Duan, Liming Lu, Juexuan Chen, Chunxiao Wu, Jielin Liang, Yan Zheng, Jinjian Wu, Peijing Rong and Chunzhi Tang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:175

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    While much literature reported the access of Chinese older migrants to health services, little was known about the differences among sub-groups of older adults, including urban-to-urban and rural-to-urban migr...

    Authors: Sha Ma, Xudong Zhou, Minmin Jiang, Qiuju Li, Chao Gao, Weiming Cao and Lu Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:174

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    A major challenge in primary healthcare is the substantial increase in the proportion of frail community-dwelling older persons with long-term conditions and multiple complex needs. Consequently, a fundamental...

    Authors: Lotte Vestjens, Jane M. Cramm, Erwin Birnie and Anna P. Nieboer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:173

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Societies around the world face the burden of an aging population with a high prevalence of chronic conditions. Thus, the demand for different types of long-term care will increase and change over time. The pu...

    Authors: Kathrin Steinbeisser, Eva Grill, Rolf Holle, Annette Peters and Hildegard Seidl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:172

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls among older adults with intellectual disability (ID) are recognised as a serious health problem potentially resulting in reduced health-related quality of life and premature placement in residential care...

    Authors: Portia Ho, Caroline Bulsara, Shane Patman, Max Bulsara, Jenny Downs and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:171

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is recognized as a major public health issue that increases with age and affects approximately two-thirds of older people in Canada, the US, Australia and many European countries. This study dev...

    Authors: Andrew Wister, Scott Lear, Nadine Schuurman, Dawn MacKey, Barbara Mitchell, Theodore Cosco and Ian Fyffe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:170

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Oldest-old persons frequently receive potentially inappropriate medication. Medication use takes place under the patients’ informal caregivers’ influence. We explored informal caregivers’ perspectives on medic...

    Authors: Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Antje Löffler, Tobias Luck, Kathrin Heser, Debora Parker, Britta Haenisch, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller, Frank Jessen and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:169

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The risk-benefit relationship of memantine treatment for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains unclear. In addition, variability between the results of clinical trials has been observed. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Lídia Blanco-Silvente, Dolors Capellà, Josep Garre-Olmo, Joan Vilalta-Franch and Xavier Castells

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:168

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Health care systems are increasingly moving towards more integrated approaches. Shared decision making (SDM) is central to these models but may be complicated by the need to negotiate and communicate decisions...

    Authors: Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Bridget Russell, Patricia Wilson, Jill Manthorpe, Greta Rait, Isabel Hodkinson and Marie-Anne Durand

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:165

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  46. Content type: Research Article

    Impaired physical performance is highly prevalent in older cancer patients and is associated with cancer-related outcomes such as mortality and chemotherapy-related toxicity. Physical performance might already...

    Authors: S. M. L. M. Looijaard, M. S. Slee-Valentijn, L. N. Groeneveldt, D. J. H. Deeg, M. Huisman and A. B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:166

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