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  1. According to a WHO report, nearly 15% of adults aged 60 and over suffer from a mental disorder, constituting 6.6% of the total disability for this age group. Taipei City faces rapid transformation towards an a...

    Authors: Tzu-Jung Tseng, Yi-Syuan Wu, Jia-Hong Tang, Yen-Hui Chiu, Yu-Ting Lee, I-Chun Fan and Ta-Chien Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:60

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Visual rating scales are still the most popular tools in assessing atrophy degrees of whole brain and lobes. However, the false negative rate of the previous cutoff score of visual rating scales was relatively...

    Authors: Mingqing Wei, Jing Shi, Jingnian Ni, Xuekai Zhang, Ting Li, Zilong Chen, Mengling Zhou, Liping Zhang, Zhongjian Tan, Yongyan Wang and Jinzhou Tian

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:59

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Falls in people with dementia can result in a number of physical and psychosocial consequences. However, there is limited evidence to inform how best to deliver services to people with dementia following a fal...

    Authors: Alison Wheatley, Claire Bamford, Caroline Shaw, Elizabeth Flynn, Amy Smith, Fiona Beyer, Chris Fox, Robert Barber, Steve W. Parry, Denise Howel, Tara Homer, Louise Robinson and Louise M. Allan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:57

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and has increased prevalence in older patients, leading to poor prognosis for these patients. There is a need for a biomarker or a model of prognostic eva...

    Authors: Shihui Fu, Jie Jiao, Yi Guo, Bing Zhu and Leiming Luo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:56

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Older population often have multiple and complex needs that are consequently challenged by the presence of polypharmacy, adverse drug reactions and drug-drug interaction. We aimed to determine home medication ...

    Authors: Shakti Shrestha, Ramesh Sharma Poudel, Saroj Pradhan, Aashutosh Adhikari, Arjun Giri and Arjun Poudel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:55

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Loss and grief are experienced by caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD), relating to the ambiguous loss of PWD even when they are still alive and the anticipation of future loss related to their physical d...

    Authors: Tau Ming Liew, Bee Choo Tai, Philip Yap and Gerald Choon-Huat Koh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:54

    Content type: Research article

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  7. According to the World Health Organization, the elderly are at the highest risk of injury or death from a fall. Age-related changes in strength, balance and flexibility are degenerative factors that may increa...

    Authors: Eduardo Martínez-Carbonell Guillamón, Louise Burgess, Tikki Immins, Andrés Martínez-Almagro Andreo and Thomas W. Wainwright

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:52

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Health professionals and healthcare volunteers play a critical role in promoting uptake of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), which is an effective screening method for colorectal cancer. However, previous st...

    Authors: Tsung-Yi Lin, Shu-Tzu Chuang, Su-Fei Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:51

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Physical activity is linked to benefits such as increased physical fitness, cognition, emotional and social functioning, general health and well-being in older people. Some evidence suggests that this also app...

    Authors: Joeke van Santen, Rose-Marie Dröes, Judith E. Bosmans, Olivier A. Blanson Henkemans, Sjef van Bommel, Esther Hakvoort, Ronald Valk, Carla Scholten, Joris Wiersinga, Annemieke van Straten and Franka Meiland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:50

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Drug consumption increases with age, but there are few comparisons of drug use between old people living at home or in a nursing home. To identify areas of concern as well as in need for quality improvement in...

    Authors: Amura Francesca Fog, Jørund Straand, Knut Engedal and Hege Salvesen Blix

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:49

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Reduced mobility is the first sign of functional decline and can lead to dependency in elderly people. Screening for the risk of mobility limitation in this population is an important public health issue to pr...

    Authors: Sofia Perrotin, Thomas Gilbert, Marine Dupuis, Laurent Villeneuve, Sylvie Bin-Dorel, Amna Klich, Laurent Letrilliart and Marc Bonnefoy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Older adults with bacterial skin infections may present with atypical symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. There is limited authoritative guidance on how older adults in the community present with bacterial s...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, José M. Ordóñez-Mena, Thomas Fanshawe, Annette Plüddemann and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:45

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The proportion of older people has dramatically increased in recent decades. Moreover, social and demographic trends show a global increase of older people at risk of loneliness and lack of social relationship...

    Authors: María José López, Carolina Lapena, Alba Sánchez, Xavier Continente and Ana Fernández

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:44

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Exercise is effective in order to prevent falls in community-dwelling older people. Self-management programs have the potential to increase access and reduce costs related to exercise-based fall prevention. Ho...

    Authors: Beatrice Pettersson, Maria Wiklund, Rebecka Janols, Helena Lindgren, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson, Dawn A. Skelton and Marlene Sandlund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:43

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Frailty and sarcopenia are common amongst hospitalised older people and associated with poor healthcare outcomes. Widely recognised tools for their identification are the Fried Frailty Phenotype, its self-repo...

    Authors: Kinda Ibrahim, Fiona F. A. Howson, David J. Culliford, Avan A. Sayer and Helen C. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:42

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Detecting patients with undiagnosed dementia is an important clinical challenge. Changes in medication adherence might represent an early sign of cognitive impairment. We sought to examine antihypertensive and...

    Authors: Zachary A. Marcum, Rod L. Walker, Bobby L. Jones, Arvind Ramaprasan, Shelly L. Gray, Sascha Dublin, Paul K. Crane and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:41

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The aim of this trial is to evaluate the effect of SENATOR software on incident, adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in older, multimorbid, hospitalized patients. The SENATOR software produces a report designed to o...

    Authors: Amanda H. Lavan, Denis O’Mahony, Paul Gallagher, Richard Fordham, Evelyn Flanagan, Darren Dahly, Stephen Byrne, Mirko Petrovic, Adalsteinn Gudmundsson, Olafur Samuelsson, Antonio Cherubini, Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft, Roy L. Soiza and Joseph A. Eustace

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. The benefit of medication reviews for long-term care (LTC) residents has been generally recognized throughout health care systems. Whereas many studies showed the impact of comprehensive medication reviews per...

    Authors: Kerstin Bitter, Christina Pehe, Manfred Krüger, Gabriela Heuer, Regine Quinke and Ulrich Jaehde

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:39

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Constipation is a common condition among older people, particularly among people living in nursing homes, and the use of drugs such as opioids is one of many factors that contribute to its high prevalence. The...

    Authors: Maria Gustafsson, Kristina Lämås, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman and Hugo Lövheim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:38

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Psychosocial person-centred interventions are considered best practice for addressing complex behaviours and care needs such as agitation and anxiety, and for improving the quality of life of people with demen...

    Authors: Alys W. Griffiths, Rachael Kelley, Lucy Garrod, Devon Perfect, Olivia Robinson, Emily Shoesmith, Joanne McDermid, Natasha Burnley and Claire A. Surr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:37

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Aotearoa/New Zealand population is ageing and numerous studies demonstrate with this phenomenon comes increases in non-communicable diseases, injuries and healthcare costs among other issues. Further, sign...

    Authors: John G. Oetzel, Brendan Hokowhitu, Mary Simpson, Rangimahora Reddy, Sophie Nock, Hineitimoana Greensill, Michael P. Cameron, Pare Meha, Kirsten Johnston, Truely Harding, Pita Shelford and Linda Tuhiwai Smith

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. There is a growing interest in developing tailored non-pharmacological strategies to face patients’ needs in dementia. Occupational therapy (OT) may contribute to promote self-empowerment of both patients and ...

    Authors: Clément Pimouguet, Rémi Sitta, Jérôme Wittwer, Nathalie Hayes, Aurélie Petit-Monéger, Jean-François Dartigues and Catherine Helmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Frailty detection and remote monitoring are of major importance for slowing down, and/or even stopping the frailty process in home-dwelling older people. Taking the Fried’s criteria as a reference, this work a...

    Authors: Aly Chkeir, Jean-Luc Novella, Moustapha Dramé, Delphine Bera, Michèle Collart and Jacques Duchêne

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:34

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Due to the gradual loss of function, it is crucial for persons with dementia to discuss advance care planning in due course. However, nursing home staff, residents and their families feel uncomfortable to star...

    Authors: Bart Goossens, Aline Sevenants, Anja Declercq and Chantal Van Audenhove

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:33

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Non-specific symptoms, such as confusion, are often suspected to be caused by urinary tract infection (UTI) and continues to be the most common reason for suspecting a UTI despite many other potential causes. ...

    Authors: Sean Mayne, Alexander Bowden, Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Ronny Gunnarsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:32

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Stroke incidence has declined during the past decades. Yet, there is a concern that an ageing population together with improved survival after stroke will result in a raised proportion of the population who ha...

    Authors: Karin Modig, Mats Talbäck, Louise Ziegler and Anders Ahlbom

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:31

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Regular loading of tendons may counteract the negative effects of aging. However, the influence of strength training loading magnitude on tendon mechanical properties and its relation to matrix collagen conten...

    Authors: Christian S. Eriksen, Rene B. Svensson, Anne T. Gylling, Christian Couppé, S. Peter Magnusson and Michael Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Reablement is an emerging approach in rehabilitation services, but evidence for its efficacy is rather weak and inconsistent. The purpose of the present study is therefore to investigate the health effects of ...

    Authors: E. Langeland, H. Tuntland, B. Folkestad, O. Førland, F. F. Jacobsen and I. Kjeken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Sedentary behaviour is related to poorer health independently of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety or depre...

    Authors: Judith A. Okely, Iva Čukić, Richard J. Shaw, Sebastien F. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Ian J. Deary, Geoff Der, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton and Catharine R. Gale

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:28

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Poor eye–hand coordination is associated with the symptoms of the early stage of cognitive decline. However, previous research on the eye–hand coordination of older adults without cognitive impairment is scant...

    Authors: Pi-Tuan Chan, Wen-Chi Chang, Huei-Ling Chiu, Ching-Chiu Kao, Doresses Liu, Hsin Chu and Kuei-Ru Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:27

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Previous studies have reported the associations of frailty phenotype or its components with mortality. However, studies that explored the effects of transition in frailty status on mortality were far less in A...

    Authors: Mu-Cyun Wang, Tsai-Chung Li, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chuan-Wei Yang, Shing-Yu Yang and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:26

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Physical activity may reverse frailty in the elderly, but we encounter barriers to the implementation of exercise programs in this population. Our main aim is to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent physica...

    Authors: M. V. Castell, A. Gutiérrez-Misis, M. Sánchez-Martínez, M. A. Prieto, B. Moreno, S. Nuñez, R. Triano, M. P. de Antonio, C. Mateo, M. D. Cano, A. Garrido, R. Julian, E. Polentinos, R. Rodriguez-Barrientos and A. Otero Puime

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Medication safety is an important health issue for nursing home residents (NHR). They usually experience polypharmacy and often take potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) and antipsychotics. This, couple...

    Authors: Olaf Krause, Birgitt Wiese, Ina-Merle Doyle, Claudia Kirsch, Petra Thürmann, Stefan Wilm, Lisa Sparenberg, Regina Stolz, Antje Freytag, Jutta Bleidorn and Ulrike Junius-Walker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Alterations in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity might be involved in the pathophysiology of delirium. The aim was to explore autonomic cardiovascular control in older patients with and without delirium.

    Authors: Bjørn Erik Neerland, Torgeir Bruun Wyller and Vegard Bruun Bratholm Wyller

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:23

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Volunteering could be a win-win opportunity for older adults: Links between volunteering and societal improvements as well as older adults’ own health and longevity are found in several observational studies. ...

    Authors: Lisa M. Warner, Da Jiang, Alice Ming-Lin Chong, Tianyuan Li, Julia K. Wolff and Kee-Lee Chou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. The trajectories for health-related quality of life of patients receiving home-based primary care are not well identified. Our objective was to investigate changes in the quality of life (QOL) and factors that...

    Authors: Chi-Hsien Huang, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Hiroko Kamitani, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Hideki Nomura and Masafumi Kuzuya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:21

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Mobility is a key indicator of physical functioning in older people, but there is limited evidence of the reliability of mobility measures in older people with cognitive impairment. This study aimed to examine...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Thiel, Ralf-Joachim Schulz and Christian Grüneberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:20

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The increasing use of smartphones by older adults also increases their potential for improving different aspects of health in this population. Some studies have shown promising results in the improvement of co...

    Authors: José I. Recio-Rodríguez, Cristina Lugones-Sanchez, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Jesús González-Sánchez, Olaya Tamayo-Morales, Susana Gonzalez-Sanchez, Carmen Fernandez-Alonso, Jose A. Maderuelo-Fernandez, Sara Mora-Simon, Manuel A. Gómez-Marcos, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez and Luis Garcia-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Caregivers of a family member with a chronic disability or illness such as dementia are at increased risk for chronic disease. There are many factors that contribute to dementia caregiver vulnerability and the...

    Authors: Roland von Känel, Brent T. Mausbach, Joel E. Dimsdale, Michael G. Ziegler, Paul J. Mills, Matthew A. Allison, Thomas L. Patterson, Sonia Ancoli-Israel and Igor Grant

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Elderly living in a Nursing Home (NH) are frequently transferred to an Emergency Department when they need acute medical care. A proportion of these transfers may be considered inappropriate and may be avoidable.

    Authors: Sabine E Lemoyne, Hanne H. Herbots, Dennis De Blick, Roy Remmen, Koenraad G. Monsieurs and Peter Van Bogaert

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:17

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To estimate the potential gains in health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) after hypothetical elimination of four non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Chinese elderly from 1990 to 2016, including cardiovascul...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Hu, Xueshan Sun, Yuanyuan Li, Yuxuan Gu, Minzhuo Huang, Jingming Wei, Xuemei Zhen, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:16

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Polypharmacy, and the associated adverse drug events such as non-adherence to prescriptions, is a common problem for elderly people living with multiple comorbidities. Deprescribing, i.e. the gradual withdrawa...

    Authors: Joanna Ulley, Deborah Harrop, Ali Ali, Sarah Alton and Sally Fowler Davis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:15

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Fall prevention interventions with home-based exercise programmes are effective to reduce the number and the rate of falls, by reducing risk factors. They improve balance, strength, function, physical activity...

    Authors: Anne-Gabrielle Mittaz Hager, Nicolas Mathieu, Constanze Lenoble-Hoskovec, Jaap Swanenburg, Rob de Bie and Roger Hilfiker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Pro-active assessment programs are increasingly used to improve care for older adults. These programs include comprehensive geriatric tailored to individual patient preferences. Evidence for the effects of the...

    Authors: Wanda Rietkerk, Merel F. Smit, Klaske Wynia, Joris P. J. Slaets, Sytse U. Zuidema and Debby L. Gerritsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:12

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The proportion of population ageing in China will grow significantly in the next few decades but the pace of population ageing and social change vary considerably across regions. Notably, Eastern coastal areas...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Catherine D’Este, Julie Byles and Hal Kendig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:10

    Content type: Research article

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