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  1. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a key predictor of death and dependency, yet little is known about frailty in sub-Saharan Africa despite rapid population ageing. We describe the prevalence and correlates of phenotypic frailty usin...

    Authors: Collin F. Payne, Alisha Wade, Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Justine I. Davies, Angela Y. Chang, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa F. Berkman, Stephen M. Tollman, Joshua A. Salomon and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:293

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common among elderly people, and the risk increase with age. Falls are associated with both health and social consequences for the patient, and major societal costs. Identification of risk factors sh...

    Authors: Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Elisabeth Bøe Utne, Alexander Horsch and Tove Skjelbakken

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:292

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Causal experimental evidence that physical activity prevents disability in older people is sparse. Being physically active has nonetheless been shown to be associated with disability-free survival in observati...

    Authors: Stefan H. Kreisel, Christian Blahak, Hansjörg Bäzner and Michael G. Hennerici

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:290

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Risk for falls in older adults has been associated with falls efficacy (self-perceived confidence in performing daily physical activities) and postural balance, but available evidence is limited and mixed. We ...

    Authors: Yong-Hao Pua, Peck-Hoon Ong, Ross Allan Clark, David B. Matcher and Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:291

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Polypharmacy is frequently observed in hip fracture patients. Although it is associated with an increased risk of hip fracture, polypharmacy often continues after hip fracture recovery. This study aimed to eva...

    Authors: Junpei Komagamine and Kazuhiko Hagane

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:288

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    The association between social capital and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been thoroughly studied among older persons in rural China, especially among those who were left behind or not. This st...

    Authors: Yaqin Zhong, Pär Schön, Bo Burström and Kristina Burström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:287

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Individualized, outreach and structured multicomponent interventions are a promising intervention approach to relieve the burden of informal caregivers of people with dementia. In this study, we adapted and ev...

    Authors: Martin Berwig, Stephanie Heinrich, Jenny Spahlholz, Nina Hallensleben, Elmar Brähler and Hermann-Josef Gertz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:286

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Surgical repair of severe pressure ulcers (PUs) in elderly patients remains a challenge for clinicians due to the complicated comorbidities and the special physical characteristics of elderly patients. The obj...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Zhao, Bo-Ru Zhang, Kai Shi, Jia-Ao Yu, Jian Wang, Qing-Hua Yu and Lei Hong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:285

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    Active attitude toward treatment and health (ATH) leads to improved cooperation and better health outcomes in patients. Supporting it in the population of older adults is a growing need in primary care. Recogn...

    Authors: Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Łazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mirosława Adamus, Mariusz Jaworski, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjel, Geir A. Espnes and Dorota Włodarczyk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:284

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Reduced level of arousal is commonly observed in medical admissions and may predict in-hospital mortality. Delirium and reduced level of arousal are closely related. We systematically reviewed and conducted a ...

    Authors: Amy Todd, Samantha Blackley, Jennifer K. Burton, David J. Stott, E. Wesley Ely, Zoë Tieges, Alasdair M. J. MacLullich and Susan D. Shenkin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:283

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Identifying older adults with reduced physical performance at the time of hospital admission can significantly affect patient management and trajectory. For example, such patients could receive targeted hospit...

    Authors: Inge H. Bruun, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen and Christian B. Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:281

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Respite services provide a break in the caregiving relationship for people with dementia and their carers, however they are often under-used and service acceptability can be low. This study aims to understand ...

    Authors: Emma O’ Shea, Suzanne Timmons, Eamon O’ Shea, Siobhan Fox and Kate Irving

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:282

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of this study was to examine, in a sample of Japanese older adults, the associations of objectively-assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with performance-based physical funct...

    Authors: Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen and Koichiro Oka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:280

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    It remains unclear into which level the systolic blood pressure (SBP) should be lowered in order to provide the best cardiovascular protection among older people. Hypertension guidelines recommendation on atta...

    Authors: Aline A. I. Moraes, Cristina P. Baena, Taulant Muka, Arjola Bano, Adriana Buitrago-Lopez, Ana Zazula, Bruna O. Erbano, Nicolle A. Schio, Murilo H. Guedes, Wichor M. Bramer, Oscar H. Franco and José Rocha Faria-Neto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:279

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown...

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:277

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Accidental falls in older people are a major public health problem but a relatively limited number of studies have analyzed the mortality trends from this cause. Effective public health interventions have been...

    Authors: Alicia Padrón-Monedero, Javier Damián, M. Pilar Martin and Rafael Fernández-Cuenca

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:276

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    SuPAR is a biomarker that reflects the level of immune activation. As inflammation plays an important role in the ageing process of the cardiovascular system, we hypothesized that suPAR might be a useful predi...

    Authors: Angela S. Koh, Bhaarathy Velmurugan, Fei Gao, Ru San Tan, Jia-Ing Wong, Louis L. Y. Teo, Bryan M. H. Keng, Serene J. M. Chua, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh and Christine Cheung

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:275

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the most common cause of death in the world. People with intellectual disability (ID) have been reported to have high ra...

    Authors: Anna Axmon, Gerd Ahlström and Peter Höglund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:272

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Despite the large literature analysing factors related to depression, several factors such as caregiving obligation and the interrelationships among the different variables relating to depression have been lit...

    Authors: Rafael del -Pino-Casado, Pedro A. Palomino-Moral, Maria del Mar Pastor-Bravo and Antonio Frías-Osuna

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:274

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    Achieving choice is proposed as a quality marker. But little is known about what influences preferences especially among older adults. We aimed to determine and compare, across three countries, factors associa...

    Authors: Irene J. Higginson, Barbara A. Daveson, R. Sean Morrison, Deokhee Yi, Diane Meier, Melinda Smith, Karen Ryan, Regina McQuillan, Bridget M. Johnston and Charles Normand

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:271

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Anxiety and depression are common in Parkinson disease and both are important determinants of quality of life in patients. Several risk factors are identified but few research have investigated general and Par...

    Authors: Shi-Shuang Cui, Juan-Juan Du, Rao Fu, Yi-Qi Lin, Pei Huang, Ya-Chao He, Chao Gao, Hua-Long Wang and Sheng-Di Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:270

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Sweden has closed all institutions and imposed legislation to ensure service and support for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Understanding mortality among older individuals with ID is essential ...

    Authors: Nawi Ng, Eva Flygare Wallén and Gerd Ahlström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:269

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Diet has been associated with differences in weight and nutritional status of an individual. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased among adults in Taiwan. Hence, we examined the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Miriam Adoyo Muga, Patrick Opiyo Owili, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hsiao-Hsien Rau and Jane C-J Chao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:268

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    It is widely supposed that there is no benefit, including extended survival and decreased rate of pneumonia, in patients with severe dementia receiving enteral tube feeding (TF). However, there have been few s...

    Authors: Shintaro Takenoshita, Keiko Kondo, Keiichi Okazaki, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Hiroyuki Asaba, Kenji Nakata, Hideki Ishizu, Hiromi Takahashi, Hanae Nakashima-Yasuda, Yasue Sakurada, Kengo Fujikawa, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada and Seishi Terada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:267

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is a common problem among older people and it is associated with an increased risk of death and long-term institutional care. Early identification of frailty is necessary to prevent a further decline i...

    Authors: Minna Miettinen, Miia Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen and Irma Nykänen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:266

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    To assess the scope, volume and quality of research on the acceptability, utilisation and effectiveness of telephone- and computer-delivered interventions for caregivers of people living with dementia.

    Authors: Amy Waller, Sophie Dilworth, Elise Mansfield and Rob Sanson-Fisher

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:265

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric patients are affected by a range of skin conditions and dermatological diseases, functional limitations and chronic diseases. Skin problems are highly prevalent in elderly populations. Aim of this st...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:263

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence of frailty using Fried’s phenotype method and the Short Performance Physical Battery (SPPB), 2) agreement between frailty assessment methods, 3...

    Authors: J. M. Pritchard, C. C. Kennedy, S. Karampatos, G. Ioannidis, B. Misiaszek, S. Marr, C. Patterson, T. Woo and A. Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:264

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    This study compares the performance of four frailty screening tools in predicting relevant adverse outcome (disability, institutionalization and mortality) in community-dwelling elderly.

    Authors: Bienvenu Bongue, Aurélie Buisson, Caroline Dupre, François Beland, Régis Gonthier and Émilie Crawford-Achour

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:262

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Dementia imposes a high burden of disease worldwide. Recent epidemiological studies in European community samples are scarce. In Portugal, community prevalence data is very limited. The 10/66 Dementia Research...

    Authors: Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Ana Cardoso, Ana Verdelho, Joaquim Alves da Silva, Manuel Caldas de Almeida, Alexandra Fernandes, Cátia Raminhos, Cleusa P. Ferri, A. Matthew Prina, Martin Prince and Miguel Xavier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:261

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    Admitted patients who fall and injure themselves during an acute hospitalization incur increased costs, morbidity, and mortality, but little research has been conducted on identifying inpatients at high risk t...

    Authors: Emmanuel Aryee, Spencer L. James, Guenola M. Hunt and Hilary F. Ryder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:260

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies reported mixed results regarding the association between cognition and body weight in late life. We evaluated the relationships between cognitive function and body composition among community-...

    Authors: Hye-Mi Noh, Sohee Oh, Hong Ji Song, Eun Young Lee, Jin-Young Jeong, Ohk-Hyun Ryu, Kyung-Soon Hong and Dong-Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:259

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline.

    Authors: Andrea Z. LaCroix, Rebecca A. Hubbard, Shelly L. Gray, Melissa L. Anderson, Paul K. Crane, Joshua A. Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:258

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    The Doloplus-2 is a pain assessment scale for assessing pain in older adults with cognitive impairment. It is used in clinical practice and research. However, evidence for its measurement properties, feasibili...

    Authors: Hanne Marie Rostad, Inger Utne, Ellen Karine Grov, Martine Puts and Liv Halvorsrud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:257

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    The older population is a risk group for hypovitaminosis D. The Ultraviolet Index (UVI) can be an indicator of potential for cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D but physiological and other environmental factors a...

    Authors: Sofia Cardoso, Alejandro Santos, Rita S. Guerra, Ana S. Sousa, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F. Amaral and Nuno Borges

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:256

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is often associated with the challenge of navigating daily tasks with a painful chronic medical illness. Yet, there is concern of the number of older adults impacted with more than one chronic condition....

    Authors: Tamara A. Baker, Olivio J. Clay, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Jacquelyn A. Minahan, Chivon A. Mingo, Roland J. Thorpe, Fernando Ovalle and Michael Crowe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:255

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common form of dementia. However, there were mixed evidences about the association between blood pressure (BP) and risk of VaD in midlife and late life and limited ev...

    Authors: Mingkai Peng, Guanmin Chen, Karen L. Tang, Hude Quan, Eric E. Smith, Peter Faris, Vladimir Hachinski and Norm R. C. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:252

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Sleep disturbances are widespread among nursing home (NH) patients and associated with numerous negative consequences. Identifying and treating them should therefore be of high clinical priority. No prior stud...

    Authors: Kjersti Marie Blytt, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bettina Husebo and Elisabeth Flo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:253

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Most research on multidimensional frailty focuses on deficits and risks of adverse outcomes. However, although some frail older people report a low quality of life (QoL), others still report a relatively high ...

    Authors: Anne van der Vorst, G. A. Rixt Zijlstra, Nico De Witte, Ruth G. M. Vogel, Jos M. G. A. Schols and Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:251

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remai...

    Authors: Maria Lazo-Porras, Victor Ortiz-Soriano, Miguel Moscoso-Porras, Fernando M. Runzer-Colmenares, German Málaga and J. Jaime Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:250

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is accompanied by a decline of executive function. Aerobic exercise training induces moderate improvements of cognitive domains (i.e., attention, processing, executive function, memory) in seniors. Most ...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Sebastian Ludyga, Daniel Hammes, Anja Rossmeissl, Nadin Andergassen, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:247

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric syndromes, including frailty, are common in older adults and associated with adverse outcomes. We compared patients described in clinical notes as “frail” to other older adults with respect to geriat...

    Authors: Laura J. Anzaldi, Ashwini Davison, Cynthia M. Boyd, Bruce Leff and Hadi Kharrazi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:248

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Elderly patients with aged physical status and increased underlying disease suffered from more postoperative complication and mortality. We design this retrospective cohort study to investigate the relationshi...

    Authors: Chun-Lin Chu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Wei-Han Chou, Po-Ya Chang, Yi-You Huang and Huei-Ming Yeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:245

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in China, particularly among older adults. Factors associated with suboptimal vitamin D levels are not well defined. The present study was a population-based study that inclu...

    Authors: Qun Cheng, Yanping Du, Wei Hong, Wenjing Tang, Huilin Li, Minmin Chen and Songbai Zheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:246

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  45. Content type: Research Article

    Antipsychotic medications are not recommended for the management of symptoms of dementia, particularly among persons with no behavioral or psychological symptoms. We examine patterns of antipsychotic medicatio...

    Authors: Sebastian Rios, Christopher M. Perlman, Andrew Costa, George Heckman, John P. Hirdes and Lori Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:244

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:128