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  1. Content type: Research article

    The Drug Burden Index (DBI) quantifies exposure to medications with anticholinergic and/or sedative effects. A consensus list of DBI medications available in Ireland was recently developed for use as a DBI too...

    Authors: Catherine J. Byrne, Caroline Walsh, Caitriona Cahir and Kathleen Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:121

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia, frailty, cachexia and malnutrition are widespread syndromes in older people, characterized by loss of body tissue and related to poor outcome. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to as...

    Authors: Anne Gingrich, Dorothee Volkert, Eva Kiesswetter, Marta Thomanek, Svenja Bach, Cornel C. Sieber and Yurdagül Zopf

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:120

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the use of psychotropic drugs in older adults receiving domiciliary care. The first aim was to describe the prevalence and persistency of use of psychotropic drugs in older adults (≥ 70 y...

    Authors: Marie Turmo Lornstad, Marte Aarøen, Sverre Bergh, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth and Anne-Sofie Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:119

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Legal dispositions for advance care planning (ACP) are available but used by a minority of older adults in Switzerland. Some studies found that knowledge of and perception of those dispositions are positively ...

    Authors: Anne Cattagni Kleiner, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Sarah Fustinoni, Anne-Véronique Dürst, Katja Haunreiter, Eve Rubli-Truchard and Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:118

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Research on elder abuse has defined it as a multidimensional construct that encompasses a set of different abusive behaviours, victims, perpetrators and settings. The array of possible elder abuse configuratio...

    Authors: Ana João Santos, Baltazar Nunes, Irina Kislaya, Ana Paula Gil and Oscar Ribeiro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:117

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  6. Content type: Research article

    New technologies such as mobile/smartphones have the potential to help senior people perform everyday activities. However, senior people may find it difficult using mobile/smartphones, especially the digital c...

    Authors: Vedrana Baric, Maria Andreassen, Annika Öhman and Helena Hemmingsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:116

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Comprehensive adoption of culture change via person-centered care (PCC) practices in nursing homes has been slow. Change such as this, requires transformation of organizational culture, frequently generating r...

    Authors: Laci J. Cornelison, Linda Hermer, Maggie L. Syme and Gayle Doll

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:115

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have shown that mortality in old age is associated with both number of children and their socioeconomic resources. The underlying mechanisms are unclear, as well as when during the process of ...

    Authors: Anna C. Meyer, Hannah L. Brooke and Karin Modig

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:114

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about factors associated with alcohol consumption and use of drugs with addiction potential in older adults. The aim of this study was to explore the association between socio-demographic varia...

    Authors: Kjerstin Tevik, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal, Arnfinn Seim, Steinar Krokstad and Anne-S Helvik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:113

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Due to its bone preserving philosophy, short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) has primarily been recommended for young and active patients. However, there may be benefits for elderly patients given a less inv...

    Authors: Georgios Gkagkalis, Patrick Goetti, Sabine Mai, Ingmar Meinecke, Näder Helmy, Dominique Bosson and Karl Philipp Kutzner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:112

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In children suffering from severe lower airway illnesses, respiratory virus detection has given good prognostic information, but such reports in the elderly are scarce. Therefore, our aim was to study whether ...

    Authors: Matti Aronen, Laura Viikari, Ia Kohonen, Tytti Vuorinen, Mira Hämeenaho, Maarit Wuorela, Mohammadreza Sadeghi, Maria Söderlund-Venermo, Matti Viitanen and Tuomas Jartti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:111

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The main objective of this research was to evaluate the acceptance of technology based on a wearable lifelogging camera in a sample of older adults diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

    Authors: Olga Gelonch, Mireia Ribera, Núria Codern-Bové, Sílvia Ramos, Maria Quintana, Gloria Chico, Noemí Cerulla, Paula Lafarga, Petia Radeva and Maite Garolera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:110

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  13. Content type: Research article

    An electronic frailty index (eFI) has been developed and validated in the UK; it uses data from primary care electronic medical records (EMR) for effective frailty case-finding in primary care. This project ex...

    Authors: Marjan Abbasi, Sheny Khera, Julia Dabravolskaj, Ben Vandermeer, Olga Theou, Darryl Rolfson and Andrew Clegg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:109

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:133

  14. Content type: Research article

    Deprescribing is a partnership between practitioners, patients and caregivers. External characteristics including age, comorbidities and polypharmacy are poor predictors of attitude towards deprescribing. This...

    Authors: Sion Scott, Allan Clark, Carol Farrow, Helen May, Martyn Patel, Michael J. Twigg, David J. Wright and Debi Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:108

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Delirium occurs commonly in older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes. Multicentre clinical trials evaluating interventions to prevent delirium are needed. The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a...

    Authors: John R. Green, Jane Smith, Elizabeth Teale, Michelle Collinson, Michael S. Avidan, Eva M. Schmitt, Sharon K. Inouye and John Young

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:107

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The needs of people with dementia (PWD) have not been assessed in any Latin American country. Several European countries have already related unmet needs with quality of life, caregiver’s age, burden, stress, ...

    Authors: Thamara Tapia Muñoz, Andrea Slachevsky, María O. León-Campos, Michel Madrid, Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Gustav C. Rohde and Claudia Miranda-Castillo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:106

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In geriatric and long-term care settings, intertrigo seems to be common, but generalizable epidemiological estimates are lacking. Aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of intertrigo in aged nursing h...

    Authors: Sabrina Gabriel, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:105

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress is an important theory of aging but population-based evidence has been lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between biomarkers of oxidative stress, including plasma superoxid...

    Authors: Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Yue-Bin Lv, Xiang Gao, Zhao-Xue Yin, Virginia Byers Kraus, Jie-Si Luo, Choy-Lye Chei, David Bruce Matchar, Yi Zeng and Xiao-Ming Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:104

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Availability of nursing home care has declined and national efforts have been initiated to improve the quality of nursing home care in the U.S. Yet, data are limited on whether there are geographic variations ...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Qiuli Zhang, Erica S. Spatz, Yan Gao, Sheila Eckenrode, Florence Johnson, Shih-Yieh Ho, Shuang Hu, Chao Xing and Harlan M. Krumholz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:103

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Previous observational studies and clinical trials have shown that cholinesterase inhibitors (with or without memantine) provide benefit for patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease. However, the imp...

    Authors: Aina Soler, Guillem Amer, Alicia Leiva, Joana Ripoll, María Angeles Llorente, Alfonso Leiva, Joana Maria Taltavull, Rosa Molina and Joan Llobera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:101

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Many adults are living longer with health conditions in the United States. Understanding the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for such health conditions may help to inform healthcare providers and their ...

    Authors: Ryan McGrath, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos Markides, Orman Hall and Mark Peterson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:100

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Bed rest for older hospitalized patients places them at risk for hospital-acquired morbidity. We previously evaluated an early mobilization intervention and found it to be effective at improving mobilization r...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Barbara Liu, Sobia Khan, Charmalee Harris, Joycelyne E. Ewusie, Jemila S. Hamid and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:99

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  24. Content type: Research article

    As older people age, they have different health needs compared to younger people. South African elder care policy places a strong emphasis on ageing in community rather than institutional settings, but the pri...

    Authors: Gabrielle Kelly, Lindeka Mrengqwa and Leon Geffen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:98

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  25. Content type: Research article

    There is lack of adequate training and policy support for employed care workers (CWs) employed in the South African (SA) older persons’ sector. Existing literature neglects the influence of training and policy...

    Authors: Leo Mapira, Gabrielle Kelly and Leon N. Geffen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:97

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life (QoL) is a subjective and dynamic concept resulting from an interplay between importance of and satisfaction with different aspects of life. However, it is unclear whether social contexts exper...

    Authors: Nazanin Abolhassani, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Christophe Büla, René Goy, Idris Guessous and Yves Henchoz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:96

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  27. Content type: Research article

    As older patients’ health care needs become more complex, they often experience challenges with managing medications across transitions of care. Families play a major role in older patients’ lives. To date, th...

    Authors: Elizabeth Manias, Tracey Bucknall, Carmel Hughes, Christine Jorm and Robyn Woodward-Kron

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:95

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Core outcome sets (COS) prioritise outcomes based on their importance to key stakeholders, reduce reporting bias and increase comparability across studies. The first phase of a COS study is to form a ‘long-lis...

    Authors: Andrew J. E. Harding, Hazel Morbey, Faraz Ahmed, Carol Opdebeeck, Reena Lasrado, Paula R. Williamson, Caroline Swarbrick, Iracema Leroi, David Challis, Ingrid Hellstrom, Alistair Burns, John Keady and Siobhan T. Reilly

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:94

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Hip fractures are a common injury in older people. Many studies worldwide have identified various risk factors for hip fracture. However, risk factors for hip fracture have not been studied extensively in New ...

    Authors: Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Philip J. Schluter, Tim Wilkinson, John Hugh Thwaites, Sarah D. Berry and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:93

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Decreased physical function is known to raise mortality risk. Little is known about how different physical function measures compare in predicting mortality risk in older men and women. The objective of this s...

    Authors: Elisabeth M. W. Eekhoff, Natasja M. van Schoor, Joseph S. Biedermann, Mirjam M. Oosterwerff, Renate de Jongh, Nathalie Bravenboer, Mireille N. M. van Poppel and Dorly J. H. Deeg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:92

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The elderly, and especially those with an immuno-compromised status, are vulnerable to infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes of cry...

    Authors: Wan-Chen Tsai, Chia-Yi Lien, Jun-Jun Lee, Wen-Chiu Hsiao, Chi-Ren Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Cheng-Hsien Lu and Wen-Neng Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:91

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Detection of high-risk individuals for fractures are needed. This study assessed whether level of physical activity (PA) and a musculoskeletal composite score could be used as fracture predictive tools, and if...

    Authors: Felix Cronholm, Björn E. Rosengren, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Eva Ribom and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:90

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The study objectives were to identify the main predictive factors for long hospital stays and to propose new and improved methods of risk assessment.

    Authors: Milene Silva Ferreira, Fabio Gazelato de Melo Franco, Patrícia Silveira Rodrigues, Vanessa Maria da Silva de Poli Correa, Sonia Teresa Gaidzakian Akopian, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Carolina Nunes França and José Antonio Maluf de Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:89

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a clinical condition among older adults defined as the loss of resources in one or more domains (i.e., physical, psychological and social domains) of individual functioning. In frail subjects emerge...

    Authors: Anna Mulasso, Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Alberto Rainoldi, Gianluca Zia, Luca Feletti, Aurèle N’dja, Susanna Del Signore, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Federica Luisi and Lorenzo Maria Donini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:88

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Due to the increase in elderly patients who undergo major abdominal surgery there is a subsequent increase in postoperative complications, prolonged hospital stays, health-care costs and mortality rates. Delir...

    Authors: Ties L. Janssen, Christina A. Mosk, Chantal C. H. A. van Hoof-de Lepper, Daphne Wielders, Tom C. J. Seerden, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Adriaan J. van Gammeren, Dominique C. de Lange, René van Alphen, Martine van der Zee, René M. de Bruijn, Jolanda de Vries, Jan H. Wijsman, Gwan H. Ho, Paul D. Gobardhan and Lijckle van der Laan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:87

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Dozens of scales and questionnaires have been used in the detection of frailty; however, a generalized method for its screening and diagnosis is still lacking in clinical settings. FRAILTOOLS´ main objective i...

    Authors: Marta Checa-López, Myriam Oviedo-Briones, Armando Pardo-Gómez, Jimmy Gonzales-Turín, Tania Guevara-Guevara, José Antonio Carnicero, Shirley Alamo-Ascencio, Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Tomasz Grodzicki and Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:86

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially a...

    Authors: Laura E. Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:85

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Medical Visit Companions (MVCs) are encouraged for older adults’ routine medical encounters. Little data exist on the experiences and contributions of non-spouse companions for the growing population of older ...

    Authors: Orla C. Sheehan, Anita L. Graham-Phillips, John D. Wilson, Deidra C. Crews, Cheryl L. Holt, Jennifer Gabbard, Katherine C. Smith, Jennifer L. Wolff and David L. Roth

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:84

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Abnormalities in the feet and toenails are common among the elderly and may increase the risk of falls. This study aimed to investigate the changes in toe-gap force, knee-gap force, foot pressure distribution,...

    Authors: Tomoko Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Chugo Rinoie, Yoshimasa Takase, Mitsuru Sato, Kenji Yamada and Yoshiki Sawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:83

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Informal caregivers are an essential pillar for ensuring and maintaining the outpatient care of the frail elderly. Due to demographic changes, including an increase in the number of people in need of care as w...

    Authors: M. Plöthner, K. Schmidt, L. de Jong, J. Zeidler and K. Damm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:82

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Older adults often suffer from age- and behavior-related brain changes affecting neuronal functioning and, therefore, cognitive and motor functions. The improvement of these functions might decrease falls and ...

    Authors: Alexandra Schättin, Corinne Baier, Domenique Mai, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Isabelle Herter-Aeberli and Eling D. de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:81

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH; profound falls in blood pressure when upright) is a common deficit that increases in incidence with age, and may be associated with falling risk. Deficit accumulation results in fr...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Dave Borrel, Kimiya Sabbaghan, Colton Kum, Yijian Yang, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:80

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Anaemia in hip fracture patients has been associated with increased risk of allogenic blood transfusion (ABT), poorer functional outcomes and increased mortality. Few studies have reported the prevalence of an...

    Authors: Gillian Puckeridge, Morne Terblanche, Marianne Wallis and Yoke Lin Fung

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:79

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Several outcome measures can be utilised to measure social participation and Quality of Life (QoL) in research and clinical practice. However there have been few large-scale trials of these tools in community ...

    Authors: Lindsey Brett, Andrew Georgiou, Mikaela Jorgensen, Joyce Siette, Grace Scott, Edwina Gow, Gemma Luckett and Johanna Westbrook

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:78

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Many home-dwelling elderly use medical compression stockings to prevent venous insufficiency, deep venous thrombosis, painful legs and leg ulcers. Assisting users with applying and removing compression stockin...

    Authors: Kristin Thuve Dahm, Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Hilde Strømme, Brynjar Fure and Kjetil Gundro Brurberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:76

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence of multimorbidity (i.e., the coexistence of multiple chronic diseases) increases with age in older adults and is a growing concern worldwide. Multimorbidity has been reported to be a driving fac...

    Authors: Takahiro Mori, Shota Hamada, Satoru Yoshie, Boyoung Jeon, Xueying Jin, Hideto Takahashi, Katsuya Iijima, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:69

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  47. Content type: Research article

    To explore informal caregivers’ perspectives and perceived needs related to health care services/activities for older adults with dementia, in order to understand barriers and facilitators to participation. Th...

    Authors: Randi Granbo, Elisabeth Boulton, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad and Kristin Taraldsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:75

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The social structure is changing with an increase in the ratio of the older population, resulting in a growing number of older people being faced with singlehood. This study identified and described single old...

    Authors: Su-Fei Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shueh-Fen Chen, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:74

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