Marcell Taylor J.: Review Article: Sarcopenia: Causes, Consequences, and Preventions. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003, 58: M911-916.
Hortobagyi T, Mizelle C, Beam S, DeVita P: Old adults perform activities of daily living near their maximal capabilities. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003, 58: M453-60.
Peeters P, Mets T: The 6-minute walk as an appropriate exercise test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1996, 51: M147-51.
Lipkin DP, Scriven AJ, Crake T, Poole-Wilson PA: Six minute walking test for assessing exercise capacity in chronic heart failure. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986, 292: 653-655.
Cooper KH: A means of assessing maximal oxygen intake. Correlation between field and treadmill testing. Jama. 1968, 203: 201-204. 10.1001/jama.203.3.201.
Butland RJ, Pang J, Gross ER, Woodcock AA, Geddes DM: Two-, six-, and 12-minute walking tests in respiratory disease. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1982, 284: 1607-1608.
Pu CT, Johnson MT, Forman DE, Hausdorff JM, Roubenoff R, Foldvari M, Fielding RA, Singh MA: Randomized trial of progressive resistance training to counteract the myopathy of chronic heart failure. J Appl Physiol. 2001, 90: 2341-2350.
Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR, Trueblood PR, Loy S, Harker JO, Pietruszka FM, Robbins AS: Effects of a group exercise program on strength, mobility, and falls among fall-prone elderly men. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2000, 55: M317-21.
Berry MJ, Rejeski WJ, Adair NE, Zaccaro D: Exercise rehabilitation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease stage. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999, 160: 1248-1253.
Criner GJ, Cordova FC, Furukawa S, Kuzma AM, Travaline JM, Leyenson V, O'Brien GM: Prospective randomized trial comparing bilateral lung volume reduction surgery to pulmonary rehabilitation in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999, 160: 2018-2027.
Wright DJ, Khan KM, Gossage EM, Saltissi S: Assessment of a low-intensity cardiac rehabilitation programme using the six-minute walk test. Clin Rehabil. 2001, 15: 119-124. 10.1191/026921501671364449.
Mangan D, Judge J: Reliability and validation of the six minutes walk. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994, 42: SA73-
Solway S, Brooks D, Lacasse Y, Thomas S: A qualitative systematic overview of the measurement properties of functional walk tests used in the cardiorespiratory domain. Chest. 2001, 119: 256-270. 10.1378/chest.119.1.256.
Enright PL, Sherrill DL: Reference equations for the six-minute walk in healthy adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998, 158: 1384-1387.
Troosters T, Gosselink R, Decramer M: Six minute walking distance in healthy elderly subjects. Eur Respir J. 1999, 14: 270-274. 10.1034/j.1399-3003.1999.14b06.x.
Rikli R, Jones J: Functional fitness normative scores for community-residing older adults, ages 60-94. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 1999, 7: 162-181.
Hulens M, Vansant G, Claessens AL, Lysens R, Muls E: Predictors of 6-minute walk test results in lean, obese and morbidly obese women. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2003, 13: 98-105.
Bean JF, Kiely DK, Leveille SG, Herman S, Huynh C, Fielding R, Frontera W: The 6-minute walk test in mobility-limited elders: what is being measured?. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2002, 57: M751-6.
Miyamoto S, Nagaya N, Satoh T, Kyotani S, Sakamaki F, Fujita M, Nakanishi N, Miyatake K: Clinical correlates and prognostic significance of six-minute walk test in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. Comparison with cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000, 161: 487-492.
Opasich C, Pinna GD, Mazza A, Febo O, Riccardi R, Riccardi PG, Capomolla S, Forni G, Cobelli F, Tavazzi L: Six-minute walking performance in patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure; is it a useful indicator in clinical practice?. Eur Heart J. 2001, 22: 488-496. 10.1053/euhj.2000.2310.
Katz S, Ford AB, Moskowitz RW, Jackson BA, Jaffe MW: Studies of Illness in the Aged. The Index of Adl: A Standardized Measure of Biological and Psychosocial Function. Jama. 1963, 185: 914-919.
Ligthart GJ, Corberand JX, Fournier C, Galanaud P, Hijmans W, Kennes B, Muller-Hermelink HK, Steinmann GG: Admission criteria for immunogerontological studies in man: the SENIEUR protocol. Mech Ageing Dev. 1984, 28: 47-55. 10.1016/0047-6374(84)90152-0.
Kirkwood B: Essentials of Medical Statistics. 1988, Oxford, Blackwell Sciences Ltd, 234-1st ed
Izaks GJ, Westendorp RG: Ill or just old? Towards a conceptual framework of the relation between ageing and disease. BMC Geriatr. 2003, 3: 7-10.1186/1471-2318-3-7.
Kossman CE: Nomenclature and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Diseases. Circulation. 1964, 30: 321-325.
Fletcher GF, Balady G, Froelicher VF, Hartley LH, Haskell WL, Pollock ML: Exercise standards. A statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Writing Group. Circulation. 1995, 91: 580-615.
Stevens D, Elpern E, Sharma K, Szidon P, Ankin M, Kesten S: Comparison of hallway and treadmill six-minute walk tests. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999, 160: 1540-1543.
Ekelund LG, Haskell WL, Johnson JL, Whaley FS, Criqui MH, Sheps DS: Physical fitness as a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in asymptomatic North American men. The Lipid Research Clinics Mortality Follow-up Study. N Engl J Med. 1988, 319: 1379-1384.
Sandvik L, Erikssen J, Thaulow E, Erikssen G, Mundal R, Rodahl K: Physical fitness as a predictor of mortality among healthy, middle-aged Norwegian men. N Engl J Med. 1993, 328: 533-537. 10.1056/NEJM199302253280803.