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  1. Data on the prevalence of valvular heart disease in very old individuals are scarce and based mostly on in-hospital series. In addition, the potential detrimental effect of valvular heart disease on the activi...

    Authors: Thomas van Bemmel, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J Bax, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Gerard J Blauw, Rudi G Westendorp and Eduard R Holman
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:17
  2. Cognition is a multidimensional construct and to our knowledge, no previous studies have examined the independent contribution of specific domains of cognition to health related quality of life. To determine w...

    Authors: Jennifer C Davis, Carlo A Marra, Mehdi Najafzadeh and Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:16
  3. Geriatric patients are typically underrepresented in studies on the functional outcome of rehabilitation after stroke. Moreover, most geriatric stroke patients do probably not participate in intensive rehabili...

    Authors: Monica Spruit-van Eijk, Bianca I Buijck, Sytse U Zuidema, Frans LM Voncken, Alexander CH Geurts and Raymond TCM Koopmans
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:15
  4. The benefit of Ginkgo biloba has been discussed controversially. The aim of this review was to assess the effects of Ginkgo biloba in Alzheimer's disease as well as vascular and mixed dementia covering a varie...

    Authors: Stefan Weinmann, Stephanie Roll, Christoph Schwarzbach, Christoph Vauth and Stefan N Willich
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:14
  5. Early onset dementia has serious consequences for patients and their family members. Although there has been growing attention for this patient group, health care services are still mainly targeted at the elde...

    Authors: Deliane van Vliet, Christian Bakker, Raymond TCM Koopmans, Myrra JFJ Vernooij-Dassen, Frans RJ Verhey and Marjolein E de Vugt
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:13
  6. Hip fractures are expensive and a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. In most studies hip fractures have been viewed as a unitary fracture but recently the two main types of fracture (int...

    Authors: David A Tanner, Marita Kloseck, Richard G Crilly, Bert Chesworth and Jason Gilliland
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:12
  7. The use of physical restraints still is common practice in the nursing home care. Since physical restraints have been shown to be an ineffective and sometimes even hazardous measure, interventions are needed t...

    Authors: Math JM Gulpers, Michel HC Bleijlevens, Erik van Rossum, Elizabeth Capezuti and Jan PH Hamers
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:11
  8. Very little is known about the range of diagnoses, course of treatment and long-term outcome in elderly patients who choose to receive homeopathic medical treatment. We investigated homeopathic practice in an ...

    Authors: Michael Teut, Rainer Lüdtke, Katharina Schnabel, Stefan N Willich and Claudia M Witt
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:10
  9. Pain measurement in nonverbal older adults is best based on behavioural observation, e.g. using an observational measurement tool such as Doloplus-2. The purposes of this study were to examine the use of Dolop...

    Authors: Karin Torvik, Stein Kaasa, Øyvind Kirkevold, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jacob C Hølen, Peter Fayers and Tone Rustøen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:9
  10. Falls are common adverse events in residential care facilities. Commonly reported figures indicate that at least 50% of residents fall in a 12 month period, and that this figure is substantially higher for res...

    Authors: Betty Haralambous, Terry P Haines, Keith Hill, Kirsten Moore, Jennifer Nitz and Andrew Robinson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:8
  11. There remains a lack of research on co-variation of multiple health outcomes and their socio-economic co-patterning, especially among the elderly. This papers aims to 1) examine the effects of different socio-...

    Authors: Hoang Van Minh, Dao Lan Huong, Stig Wall, Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc and Peter Byass
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:7
  12. Physical function is the ability to perform both basic and instrumental activities of daily living, and the ability of older adults to reside in the community depends to a large extent on their level of physic...

    Authors: Carol Ewing Garber, Mary L Greaney, Deborah Riebe, Claudio R Nigg, Patricia A Burbank and Phillip G Clark
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:6
  13. People with dementia are often inapproachable due to symptoms of their illness. Therefore nurses should establish relationships with dementia patients via their remaining resources and facilitate communication...

    Authors: Almuth Berg, Katharina Sadowski, Melanie Beyrodt, Stephanie Hanns, Markus Zimmermann, Gero Langer, Christiane Becker, Christine Lautenschläger and Johann Behrens
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:5
  14. Although stroke is recognised as a major factor in admission to nursing home care, data is lacking on the extent and nature of the disabilities and dependency in nursing homes arising from stroke. A national s...

    Authors: Seamus Cowman, Maeve Royston, Anne Hickey, Frances Horgan, Hannah McGee and Desmond O'Neill
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:4
  15. The agitated behaviours that accompany dementia (e.g. pacing, aggression, calling out) are stressful to both nursing home residents and their carers and are difficult to treat. Behaviours stemming from pain, m...

    Authors: Eva S van der Ploeg and Daniel W O'Connor
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:3
  16. People living with a long term condition may wish to be able to plan ahead, so that if in future they cannot make decisions, their wishes about their care will be known; this process is termed Advance Care Pla...

    Authors: Louise Robinson, Claire Bamford, Fiona Beyer, Alexa Clark, Claire Dickinson, Charlotte Emmet, Catherine Exley, Julian Hughes, Lesley Robson and Nikki Rousseau
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:2
  17. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of health decline among older adults with clinically diagnosed community acquired pneumonia (CAP). It was hypothesized that older adults with CAP who had lo...

    Authors: Eduardo Fernandez, Paul Krueger and Mark Loeb
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2010 10:1
  18. With the introduction of long-term care insurance (LTCI) in Japan, more home care services are available for the community-dwelling elderly. To deliver effective home care services, it is important to know the...

    Authors: Gohei Kato, Nanako Tamiya, Masayo Kashiwagi, Mikiya Sato and Hideto Takahashi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:58
  19. Aging in animals is associated with high body oxidative stress, which might affect susceptibility and onset of age-related diseases, and the subsequent life span. Therefore, genes that modulate oxidative stres...

    Authors: Omar F Khabour, Essa S Abdelhalim and Ahmad Abu-Wardeh
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:57
  20. A simple but countable electronic device has been developed to gain reliable information on elderly patients' perceived well-being. The device has been tested and proven to be technically functional and counta...

    Authors: Jori Reijula, Toni Rosendahl, Kari Reijula, Paula Roilas, Heikki Roilas and Raimo Sepponen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:55
  21. The search for preventive methods to mitigate functional decline and unwanted relocation by older adults living in the community is important. Preventive home visit (PHV) models use infrequent but regular visi...

    Authors: Malcolm P Cutchin, Susan Coppola, Vibeke Talley, Judie Svihula, Diane Catellier and Kendra Heatwole Shank
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:54
  22. Falls are among the most common adverse events reported in hospitalized patients. While there is a growing body of literature on fall prevention in the hospital, the data examining the fall rate and risk facto...

    Authors: Rick D Davenport, Georgeta D Vaidean, Carol B Jones, A Michelle Chandler, Lori A Kessler, Lorraine C Mion and Ronald I Shorr
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:53
  23. The rehabilitation of older persons is often complicated by increased frailty and medical complexity - these in turn present challenges for the development of health information systems. Objective investigatio...

    Authors: Christine Glenny and Paul Stolee
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:52
  24. There is scientific evidence that preventive physical exercise is effective even in high age. In contrast, there are few opportunities of preventive exercise for highly aged people endangered by or actually in...

    Authors: Michael Brach, Frank Nieder, Ulrike Nieder and Heinz Mechling
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:51
  25. Several epidemiological studies have shown that self-reported vision and hearing impairments are associated with adverse health outcomes (AHOs) in older populations; however, few studies have used objective se...

    Authors: Takehiro Michikawa, Yuji Nishiwaki, Yuriko Kikuchi, Makiko Nakano, Satoko Iwasawa, Keiko Asakura, Ai Milojevic, Kunio Mizutari, Hideyuki Saito, Susumu Ishida, Tomonori Okamura and Toru Takebayashi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:50
  26. Recent studies have revealed the associations between insulin resistance (IR) and geriatric conditions such as frailty and cognitive impairment. However, little is known about the relation of IR to physical im...

    Authors: Chen-Ko Kuo, Lian-Yu Lin, Yau-Hua Yu, Kuan-Han Wu and Hsu-Ko Kuo
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:49
  27. Prior evidence suggests that the renin angiotensin system and antihypertensives that inhibit this system play a role in cognitive, central vascular, and endothelial function. Our objective is to conduct a doub...

    Authors: Ihab Hajjar, Meaghan Hart, William Milberg, Vera Novak and Lewis Lipsitz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:48
  28. Frailty in the elderly can be regarded as nonspecific vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, caused by multiple factors. The aim was to analyze the relationships between the frailty index, age and mortality...

    Authors: José Juan García-González, Carmen García-Peña, Francisco Franco-Marina and Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:47
  29. Stroke victims are at relatively high risk for injurious falls. The purpose of this study was to document longitudinal fall patterns following inpatient rehabilitation for first-time stroke survivors.

    Authors: Laura M Wagner, Victoria L Phillips, Amanda E Hunsaker and Pamela G Forducey
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:46
  30. The populations of industrialised countries are ageing; as this occurs, those who continue to use alcohol and illicit drugs age also. While alcohol use among older people is well documented, use of illicit dru...

    Authors: Caryl M Beynon, Brenda Roe, Paul Duffy and Lucy Pickering
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:45
  31. A recent Dutch mono-centre randomised controlled trial has shown that occupational therapy improves daily functioning in dementia. The aim of this present study is to compare the effects of the Dutch community...

    Authors: Sebastian Voigt-Radloff, Maud Graff, Rainer Leonhart, Katrin Schornstein, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Marcel Olde-Rikkert and Michael Huell
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:44
  32. Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are common among elderly patients and little is know about the association between SMC and health care utilisation. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate health care...

    Authors: Frans Boch Waldorff, Volkert Siersma and Gunhild Waldemar
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:43
  33. Physical restraints are regularly applied in German nursing homes. Their frequency varies substantially between centres. Beneficial effects of physical restraints have not been proven, however, observational s...

    Authors: Antonie Haut, Sascha Köpke, Anja Gerlach, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Burkhard Haastert and Gabriele Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:42
  34. Cognition and mobility in older adults are closely associated and they decline together with aging. Studies evaluating associations between cognitive factors and gait performance in people with Mild Cognitive ...

    Authors: Manuel Montero-Odasso, Howard Bergman, Natalie A Phillips, Chek H Wong, Nadia Sourial and Howard Chertkow
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:41
  35. World Health Organization cites among the main challenges of populational aging the dual disease burden: the greater risk of disability, and the need for care. In this sense, the most frequent chronic diseases...

    Authors: Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado and Elsa Correa-Muñoz
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:40
  36. Non-slip socks have been suggested as a means of preventing accidental falls due to slips. This study compared the relative slip resistance of commercially available non-slip socks with other foot conditions, ...

    Authors: Satyan Chari, Terrence Haines, Paul Varghese and Alyssia Economidis
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:39
  37. Physical activity programmes can help to prevent functional decline in the elderly. Until now, such programmes use to target either on healthy community-dwelling seniors or on elderly living in special residen...

    Authors: Timo Hinrichs, Claudio Bucchi, Michael Brach, Stefan Wilm, Heinz G Endres, Ina Burghaus, Hans-Joachim Trampisch and Petra Platen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:37
  38. Residential care is important for older adults, particularly for those with advanced dementia and their families. Education interventions that achieve sustainable improvement in the care of older adults are cr...

    Authors: Christopher Beer, Barbara Horner, Osvaldo P Almeida, Samuel Scherer, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Nick Bretland, Penelope Flett, Frank Schaper and Leon Flicker
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:36
  39. Stroke is a leading cause of death and functional impairment. While older people are particularly vulnerable to stroke, research suggests that they have the poorest awareness of stroke warning signs and risk f...

    Authors: Anne Hickey, Ann O'Hanlon, Hannah McGee, Claire Donnellan, Emer Shelley, Frances Horgan and Desmond O'Neill
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:35
  40. The number of elderly people requiring hospital care is growing, so, quality and assessment of care for elders are emerging and complex areas of research. Very few validated and reliable instruments exist for ...

    Authors: Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Nicole Leduc, Judith Latour, Katherine Berg and Aline Bolduc
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:34
  41. Few studies have evaluated dipstick urinalysis for elderly and practically none present confidence intervals. Furthermore, most previous studies combine all bacteria species in a "positive culture". Thus, thei...

    Authors: Pär-Daniel Sundvall and Ronny K Gunnarsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:32
  42. Several medications commonly used to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) have been designated "potentially inappropriate" for use in patients aged ≥65 years because their risks may outweigh their potentia...

    Authors: Ariel Berger, Marko Mychaskiw, Ellen Dukes, John Edelsberg and Gerry Oster
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:31
  43. Explicit criteria for determining potentially inappropriate medication consumption in elderly were elaborated by Beers et al. These lists have been used worldwide to evaluate medical prescriptions but there is...

    Authors: Sarah Berdot, Marion Bertrand, Jean-François Dartigues, Annie Fourrier, Béatrice Tavernier, Karen Ritchie and Annick Alpérovitch
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:30
  44. Balance dysfunction and falls are common problems in later stages of dementia. Exercise is a well-established intervention to reduce falls in cognitively intact older people, although there is limited randomis...

    Authors: Keith D Hill, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Catherine M Said, Karen J Dodd and Plaiwan Suttanon
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:29
  45. A care gap exists between recommendations and practice regarding the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in fracture patients. The current study was designed to determine rates and predictors of in-hospita...

    Authors: Derek A Haaland, Dana R Cohen, Courtney C Kennedy, Nader A Khalidi, Jonathan D Adachi and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:28
  46. It is today widely accepted that participation in social activities contributes towards successful ageing whilst, at the same time, maintaining independence in the activities of daily living (ADLs) is the sine qu...

    Authors: Encarnación Rubio, Angelina Lázaro and Antonio Sánchez-Sánchez
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2009 9:26

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