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  1. The visual system plays an important role in maintaining balance. As a person ages, gait becomes slower and stride becomes shorter, especially in dimly lighted environments. Falls risk has been associated with...

    Authors: Mariana G Figueiro, Barbara Plitnick, Mary S Rea, Laura Z Gras and Mark S Rea
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:49
  2. Fall incidents represent an increasing public health problem in aging societies worldwide. A major risk factor for falls is the use of fall-risk increasing drugs. The primary aim of the study is to compare the...

    Authors: Klaas A Hartholt, Nicole DA Boyé, Nathalie Van der Velde, Esther MM Van Lieshout, Suzanne Polinder, Oscar J De Vries, Albert JH Kerver, Gijsbertus Ziere, Milko MM Bruijninckx, Mark R De Vries, Francesco US Mattace-Raso, André G Uitterlinden, Ed F Van Beeck, Paul Lips, Peter Patka and Tischa JM Van der Cammen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:48
  3. Medical decision making has long been in focus, but little is known of the preferences and conditions for elderly people with co-morbidities to participate in medical decision making. The main objective of the...

    Authors: Anne W Ekdahl, Lars Andersson, Ann-Britt Wiréhn and Maria Friedrichsen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:46
  4. Community-dwelling older people aged 65+ years sustain falls frequently; these can result in physical injuries necessitating medical attention including emergency department care and hospitalisation. Certain h...

    Authors: Trang Vu, Caroline F Finch and Lesley Day
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:45
  5. Evidence from pilot trials suggests that structured learning techniques may have positive effects on the performance of cognitive tasks, movement sequences or skills in patients with Alzheimer's disease. The p...

    Authors: Sebastian Voigt-Radloff, Rainer Leonhart, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Roy Kessels and Michael Hüll
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:44
  6. Most prior studies have focused on short-term (≤ 2 years) functional declines. But those studies cannot address aging effects inasmuch as all participants have aged the same amount. Therefore, the authors stud...

    Authors: Fredric D Wolinsky, Suzanne E Bentler, Jason Hockenberry, Michael P Jones, Maksym Obrizan, Paula AM Weigel, Brian Kaskie and Robert B Wallace
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:43
  7. Interest in measuring functional status among nondisabled older adults has increased in recent years. This is, in part, due to the notion that adults identified as 'high risk' for functional decline portray a ...

    Authors: Robert A Fieo, Elizabeth J Austin, John M Starr and Ian J Deary
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:42
  8. Delirium is a common and serious condition, which affects many of our older hospitalised patients. It is an indicator of severe underlying illness and requires early diagnosis and prompt treatment, associated ...

    Authors: Mei Sian Chong, Mark PC Chan, Jasmine Kang, Huey Charn Han, Yew Yoong Ding and Thai Lian Tan
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:41
  9. Objective measurements can be used to identify people with risks of falls, but many frail elderly adults cannot complete physical performance tests. The study examined the relationship between a subjective ris...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Shimada, Megumi Suzukawa, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Kumiko Kobayashi, Hunkyung Kim and Takao Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:40
  10. Delirium in patients with hip fractures lead to higher morbidity and mortality. Prevention in high-risk patients by prescribing low dose haloperidol is currently under investigation.

    Authors: Anne JH Vochteloo, Sophie Moerman, Boudewijn LS Borger van der Burg, Maarten de Boo, Mark R de Vries, Dieu-Donné Niesten, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Rob GHH Nelissen and Peter Pilot
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:39
  11. Physical activity has proven to be beneficial for physical functioning, cognition, depression, anxiety, rest-activity rhythm, quality of life (QoL), activities of daily living (ADL) and pain in older people. T...

    Authors: Karin M Volkers and Erik JA Scherder
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:38
  12. Hip fractures represent one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in elderly people. We evaluated the risk and the potential determinants of early, mid and long term mortality, in a populatio...

    Authors: Esmeralda Castronuovo, Patrizio Pezzotti, Antonella Franzo, Domenico Di Lallo and Gabriella Guasticchi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:37
  13. Elderly persons admitted to the hospital are at risk for hospital related functional loss. This evaluation aims to compare the effects of different levels of (integrated) health intervention care programs on p...

    Authors: Kirsten JE Asmus-Szepesi, Paul L de Vreede, Anna P Nieboer, Jeroen DH van Wijngaarden, Ton JEM Bakker, Ewout W Steyerberg and Johan P Mackenbach
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:36
  14. The use of opioid medications as treatment for chronic non-cancer pain remains controversial. Little information is currently available regarding healthcare providers' attitudes and beliefs about this practice...

    Authors: Aerin Spitz, Alison A Moore, Maria Papaleontiou, Evelyn Granieri, Barbara J Turner and M Carrington Reid
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:35
  15. With an ageing population, older persons become a larger part of the hospital population. The incidence of delirium is high in this group, and experiencing delirium has major short- and long-term sequelae, whi...

    Authors: Annemarieke de Jonghe, Barbara C van Munster, Hannah E van Oosten, J Carel Goslings, Peter Kloen, Carolien van Rees, Reinder Wolvius, Romuald van Velde, Marcel M Levi, Joke C Korevaar and Sophia E de Rooij
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:34
  16. Disability in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) is an adverse outcome of frailty that places a burden on frail elderly people, care providers and the care system. Knowing which physical frailty indicators predi...

    Authors: Joan Vermeulen, Jacques CL Neyens, Erik van Rossum, Marieke D Spreeuwenberg and Luc P de Witte
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:33
  17. Malnutrition is a problem for many older people recovering from a hip and other major fractures. Oral supplementation with high calorie high protein nutrients is a simple intervention that may help older peopl...

    Authors: Ian D Cameron, Susan E Kurrle, Cesar Uy, Keri A Lockwood, Lydia Au and Frederieke G Schaafsma
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:32
  18. An increasing number of older people reach the end of life in care homes. The aim of this study is to explore the perceived benefits of, and barriers to, implementation of the Gold Standards Framework for Care...

    Authors: Sue Hall, Cassie Goddard, Frances Stewart and Irene J Higginson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:31
  19. Fall-related hip fractures result in significant personal and societal consequences; importantly, up to half of older adults with hip fracture never regain their previous level of mobility. Strategies of follo...

    Authors: Wendy L Cook, Karim M Khan, Michelle H Bech, Penelope M Brasher, Roy A Brown, Stirling Bryan, Meghan G Donaldson, Pierre Guy, Heather M Hanson, Cheryl Leia, Erin M Macri, Joanie Sims-Gould, Heather A McKay and Maureen C Ashe
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:30
  20. At some point in the disease process many persons with dementia (PWD) will have a missing incident and be unable to safely return to their care setting. In previous research studies, researchers have begun to ...

    Authors: Meredeth A Rowe, Sydney S Vandeveer, Catherine A Greenblum, Cassandra N List, Rachael M Fernandez, Natalie E Mixson and Hyo C Ahn
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:28
  21. The efficacy of non-pharmacological intervention approaches such as physical activity, strength, and cognitive training for improving brain health has not been established. Before definitive trials are mounted...

    Authors: Claudine Legault, Janine M Jennings, Jeffrey A Katula, Dale Dagenbach, Sarah A Gaussoin, Kaycee M Sink, Stephen R Rapp, W Jack Rejeski, Sally A Shumaker and Mark A Espeland
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:27
  22. Evidence-based patient and consumer information (EBPI) is an indispensable component of the patients' decision making process in health care. Prevention of accidental falls in the elderly has gained a lot of p...

    Authors: Sabine Lins, Andrea Icks and Gabriele Meyer
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:26
  23. Postoperative delirium is common in the elderly and is associated with a significant increase in mortality, complications, length of hospital stay and admission in long care facility. Although several interven...

    Authors: Christelle Mouchoux, Pascal Rippert, Antoine Duclos, Thomas Fassier, Marc Bonnefoy, Brigitte Comte, Damien Heitz, Cyrille Colin and Pierre Krolak-Salmon
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:25
  24. Frail elderly people need an integrated and coordinated care. The two-armed study "Continuum of care for frail elderly people" is a multi-professional and multidimensional intervention for frail community-dwel...

    Authors: Katarina Wilhelmson, Anna Duner, Kajsa Eklund, Gunilla Gosman-Hedström, Staffan Blomberg, Henna Hasson, Helena Gustafsson, Sten Landahl and Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:24
  25. Frailty in later life is viewed as a state of heightened vulnerability to poor outcomes. The utility of frailty as a measure of vulnerability in the assisted living (AL) population remains unexplored. We exami...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Freiheit, David B Hogan, Laurel A Strain, Heidi N Schmaltz, Scott B Patten, Misha Eliasziw and Colleen J Maxwell
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:23
  26. To develop a prediction model that predicts disability in community-dwelling older people. Insight in the predictors of disability is needed to target preventive strategies for people at increased risk.

    Authors: Ümit Taş, Ewout W Steyerberg, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Albert Hofman, Bart W Koes and Arianne P Verhagen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:22
  27. Little is known of the capabilities of the oldest old, the fastest growing age group in the population. We aimed to estimate capability and dependency in a cohort of 85 year olds and to project future demand f...

    Authors: Carol Jagger, Joanna C Collerton, Karen Davies, Andrew Kingston, Louise A Robinson, Martin P Eccles, Thomas von Zglinicki, Carmen Martin-Ruiz, Oliver FW James, Tom BL Kirkwood and John Bond
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:21
  28. The increase in the number of people with dementia will lead to greater demand for residential care. Currently, large nursing homes are trying to transform their traditional care for residents with dementia to...

    Authors: Alida HPM de Rooij, Katrien G Luijkx, Anja G Declercq and Jos MGA Schols
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:20
  29. The extent to which mental and physical exercise may slow cognitive decline in adults with early signs of cognitive impairment is unknown. This article provides the rationale and methodology of the first trial...

    Authors: Nicola J Gates, Michael Valenzuela, Perminder S Sachdev, Nalin A Singh, Bernhard T Baune, Henry Brodaty, Chao Suo, Nidhi Jain, Guy C Wilson, Yi Wang, Michael K Baker, Dominique Williamson, Nasim Foroughi and Maria A Fiatarone Singh
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:19
  30. Hip fractures in older people are associated with high morbidity, mortality, disability and reduction in quality of life. Traditionally people with hip fracture are cared for in orthopaedic departments without...

    Authors: Olav Sletvold, Jorunn L Helbostad, Pernille Thingstad, Kristin Taraldsen, Anders Prestmo, Sarah E Lamb, Arild Aamodt, Roar Johnsen, Jon Magnussen and Ingvild Saltvedt
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:18
  31. Frailty in individuals can be operationalized as the accumulation of health deficits, for which several trends have been observed in Western countries. Less is known about deficit accumulation in China, the co...

    Authors: Jing Shi, Xiaowei Song, Pulin Yu, Zhe Tang, Arnold Mitnitski, Xianghua Fang and Kenneth Rockwood
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:17
  32. Studies have shown that residents in nursing homes often are exposed to inappropriate medication. Particular concern has been raised about the consumption of psychoactive drugs, which are commonly prescribed f...

    Authors: Louise Forsetlund, Morten C Eike, Elisabeth Gjerberg and Gunn E Vist
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:16
  33. Dementia is one of the most common causes of death among old people in Finland and other countries with high life expectancies. Dementing illnesses are the most important disease group behind the need for long...

    Authors: Leena Forma, Pekka Rissanen, Mari Aaltonen, Jani Raitanen and Marja Jylhä
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:14
  34. Even effective interventions for people with dementia and their caregivers require specific implementation efforts. A pilot study showed that the highly effective community occupational therapy in dementia (CO...

    Authors: Carola ME Döpp, Maud JL Graff, Steven Teerenstra, Eddy Adang, Ria WG Nijhuis - van der Sanden, Marcel GM OldeRikkert and Myrra JFJ Vernooij-Dassen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:13
  35. Pain (physical discomfort) and challenging behaviour are highly prevalent in nursing home residents with dementia: at any given time 45-80% of nursing home residents are in pain and up to 80% have challenging ...

    Authors: Marjoleine JC Pieper, Wilco P Achterberg, Anneke L Francke, Jenny T van der Steen, Erik JA Scherder and Christine R Kovach
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:12
  36. There is limited information available on how characteristics of the organization of nursing home care and especially group living home care and staff ratio contribute to care staff well being, quality of care...

    Authors: Bernadette M Willemse, Dieneke Smit, Jacomine de Lange and Anne Margriet Pot
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:11
  37. Rapidly aging populations with an increased desire to remain at home and changes in health policy that promote the transfer of health care from formal places, as hospitals and institutions, to the more informa...

    Authors: Catharina Gillsjö, Donna Schwartz-Barcott and Iréne von Post
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:10
  38. Venous thromboembolic events (VTE), including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, are common in older age. It has been suggested that statins might reduce the risk of VTE however positive results fr...

    Authors: Dilys J Freeman, Michele Robertson, E Ann Brown, Ann Rumley, Edward S Tobias, Marijke Frölich, P Eline Slagboom, J Wouter Jukema, Anton JM de Craen, Naveed Sattar, Ian Ford, Allan Gaw, Ian A Greer, Gordon DO Lowe and David J Stott
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:8
  39. Prevention of falls in the elderly is a public health target in many countries around the world. While a large number of trials have investigated the effectiveness of fall prevention programs, few focussed on ...

    Authors: Wolfgang A Blank, Ellen Freiberger, Monika Siegrist, Peter Landendoerfer, Klaus Linde, Tibor Schuster, Klaus Pfeifer, Antonius Schneider and Martin Halle
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:7
  40. Guidelines recommend that older people should receive multi-factorial interventions following an injurious fall however there is limited evidence that this is routine practice. We aimed to improve the delivery...

    Authors: Nicholas Waldron, Ian Dey, Yusuf Nagree, Jianguo Xiao and Leon Flicker
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:6
  41. Resistance exercise programs with high compliance are needed to counter impaired muscle and mobility in older cancer survivors. To date outcomes have focused on older prostate cancer survivors, though more het...

    Authors: Paul C LaStayo, Robin L Marcus, Lee E Dibble, Sheldon B Smith and Susan L Beck
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:5
  42. Epidemiological studies indicate a statistical linkage between atherosclerotic vascular disease (ATH) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Autopsy studies of cardiac disease in AD have been few and inconclusive. In t...

    Authors: Thomas G Beach, Chera L Maarouf, Reed G Brooks, Scophil Shirohi, Ian D Daugs, Lucia I Sue, Marwan N Sabbagh, Douglas G Walker, LihFen Lue and Alex E Roher
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2011 11:3

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