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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of participant characteristics (n = 2618)

From: Geriatric syndromes, multimorbidity, and disability overlap and increase healthcare use among older Chinese

Characteristics Number Percent
Age
 60–69 1406 53.7
 70–79 672 25.7
 ≥ 80 540 20.6
Gender
 Male 1245 47.5
 Female 1373 52.5
Marital status
 Single 182 7.0
 Married 1521 58.1
 Widowed 687 26.2
 Divorced/separated 227 8.7
Education
 No schooling 443 16.9
 Primary 1169 44.7
 Secondary 839 32.1
 Tertiary 165 6.3
Living arrangement
 Living with others 1867 71.4
 Living alone 749 28.6
Chronic disease
 Hypertension 1676 64.0
 Diabetes 783 29.9
 Hypercholesterolemia 701 26.8
 Heart disease 352 13.5
 Stroke 143 5.4
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 65 2.5
 Renal disease 40 1.5
Disability
 IADL 589 22.5
Geriatric syndrome
 Frailty 369 14.1
 Sarcopenia 263 10.0
 Mild cognitive impairment 1787 68.3
 Urinary incontinence 773 29.6
Healthcare use (in the past 12 months)
 Hospital admission 617 23.6
 GOPC attendance 2174 83.1
 SOPC attendance 2038 77.9
  1. IADL Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, GOPC general outpatient clinic, SOPC specialist outpatient clinic
  2. Figures were weighted by age and gender