- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
Gastric cancer in the elderly: what surgical approach?
© Finocchi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
- Published: 1 April 2009
- Gastric Cancer
- Elderly Patient
- Young Patient
- Postoperative Complication
We retrospectively reviewed our experience with gastric cancer and compared patients younger than 75 years old to elderly ones to see if there are any differences in clinicopathological features and early-term outcomes between the two groups.
All cases of gastric cancer at Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Perugia, from January 2005 to May 2008 were reviewed.
Seventy patients with gastric cancer underwent gastric resection at our center in this period. Among these, 38 (54.3%) were 75 years old or older and 32 (45.7%) were aged 74 years or younger.
Characteristics of patients older and younger than 75 years undergoing surgery
Elderly (≥75 aa)
Younger (<75 aa)
Min 75 – max 92 (md 83.1 aa)
Min 40-max 74 (md 61.4 aa)
Depth of invasion: T1/pT2/pT3/pT4
7/7/10/4 (excluding 3 lymphomas)
Lymph node involment: pN0/pN1/pN2/pN3
10/7/7/4 (excluding 3 lymphomas)
7/2/4/3/2/10 (excluding 3 lymphomas)
Type of resection: R0/R1-R2
Extent of lymphadenectomy: D1/D2/D3
N° lymph nodes removed
N° lymph nodes positive (%)
Of the 70 patients undergoing surgery (M = 37, F = 33), 56 (80%) had radical intervention purposes, while 14 (20%) underwent palliative surgery.
In the younger group 17 (70.8%) patients had a total gastrectomy with D2 lymphectomy and a subtotal gastrectomy with lymphectomy D2 in 7 patients (29.2%).
In the second group we had 12 total gastrectomy-D2 (37.5%) and 20 subtotal-D2 gastrectomy (62.5%). The perioperative mortality was 0 (0%) in the first group, 2 (6.2%) in the second.
We had 3 postoperative complications in the first group (12.5%), 1 of which (33.3%) required a reintervention; in the second group 5 patients (15.6%) had complications and in one case (20%) was requested a reintervention.
Our findings support the conclusion that: 1) gastric cancer in older patients warrants surgical resection because the benefit to these patients is the same as for younger patients in terms of early outcomes; 2) elderly patients did not present with more aggressive and advanced gastric carcinoma; and 3) age alone should not preclude gastric resection in elderly patients.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.