Skip to content

Advertisement

BMC Geriatrics

What do you think about BMC? Take part in

Open Access

Infuence of co-morbidity in the prognosis of politrauma in geriatric patients

  • F Famà1,
  • L M Murabito1Email author,
  • A Beccaria1,
  • F Cucinotta1,
  • A Caruso1,
  • C D Foti1 and
  • M A Gioffrè Florio1
BMC Geriatrics201111(Suppl 1):A12

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2318-11-S1-A12

Published: 24 August 2011

Background

In geriatric patients co-morbidity, i.e. the presence of several diseases simultaneously, is frequent, and exerts a decisive influence on elderly patients’ heading progressively towards complete loss of autonomy and exposure to very high risk injury. In the case of trauma and even more of polytrauma, the high level of comorbidity and drug therapies in the elderly, influence the outcome and the approach of medical treatment with important implications for both diagnostic and therapeutic plans. The increasing number of drugs (polypharmacy) required with increasing concomitant diseases (cardiovascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, etc.) stretch to influence the therapeutic response, with side effects that sometimes complicate multiple trauma, making therapeutic strategies particularly complex and difficult to manage.

Materials and methods

In the period January 2007 - October 2010 we recorded in our emergency department, an influx of geriatric patients (≥65 years) amounting to 32501 (25.73%), amongst these 166 had multiple traumas (Fig.1). The clinical conditions in patients’ records, quickly identified with the color code (White-Green-Yellow-Red), are framed and evaluated in accordance with the Card of the Trauma Complex in use in our Complex Operative Unit of Emergency Medicine Surgery Acceptance with OB. The Probability of survival (Ps) is calculated by the method TRISS (Trauma and Injury Severity Score), or with the ISS (Injury Severity Score).

Figure 1

Results

During the considered period, we observed a constant number of cases of multiple trauma in geriatric patients, with a high number of females above the age group between 75 and 84 years. Over 60% of patients assessed by the ISS, had a score >15 (V-class seriousness of severe injuries) and just over 30%, a score <15 (class I to IV severity). All patients were hospitalized and we recorded only one death in intensive care 24hr after trauma (Fig.2).

Figure 2

Conclusions

The patients with politrauma, had often impairment of vital functions, so the presence of comorbidity in geriatric patients is a state that can increase the risk of mortality and permanent disability. The frailties of the geriatric patient due to the presence of comorbidity makes it more difficult to handle and manage them in emergency conditions. Medical treatment is aimed at managing comorbidities. It is of note that, in our experience, the only death in polytrauma in 24 hours, from 2007 to 2010, was recorded in a geriatric patient.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Unità Operativa Complessa di Medicina e Chirurgia d’Accettazione e d’Urgenza con Osservazione Breve, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria “G.Martino” di Messina

References

  1. Gioffrè Florio M, Fama F, Gullo G, Buccheri G, Beccaria A, Caruso A, Cucinotta F, Estollo C, Malara C, Mamo M, Manti L, P Placanica, Versace G: The management of polytrauma: our experience. Chir Ital. 2005, 57 (4): 485-9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Feng L, Scherer SC, Tan BY, Chan G, Fong NP, Ng TP: Comorbid cognitive impairment and depression is a significant predictor of poor outcomes in hip fracture rehabilitation. Int Psychogeriatr. 2010, 22 (2): 246-53. 10.1017/S1041610209991487.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. LaMantia MA, Platts-Mills TF, Biese K, Khandelwal C, Forbach C, Cairns CB, Busby-Whitehead J, Kizer JS: Predicting hospital admission and returns to the emergency department for elderly patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2010, 17 (3): 252-9. 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00675.x.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Raum MR, Nijsten MW, Vogelzang M, Schuring F, Lefering R, Bouillon B, Rixen D, Neugebauer EA, Ten Duis HJ: Emergency trauma score: An instrument for early astimation of trauma severity. Crit Care Med. 2009, 37 (6): 2122-3. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181a5bfa8.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Famà et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement