Voxel-based morphometry of adulthood patients with temporal lobe epilepsy
© Labate et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 19 May 2010
Partial epilepsy represents almost 70% of the epileptic syndrome. It is characterized by partial seizures that arise from the restricted area of the cerebral cortex. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most frequent form of cryptogenic partial epilepsies . The mesial temporal sclerosis is the pathologic abnormality most frequently detected in post mortem studies of subjects with TLE. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) is a new MRI tool that has been developed to assess differences of brain tissue volumes between subject groups and has been applied in various studies of patients with TLE . In refractory TLE (rTLE) gray (GM) and white (WM) matter abnormalities are not confined to the hippocampus but also are found in extrahippocampal structures . Less is known about mild TLE (mTLE). In the present work, we used optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to identify GM abnormalities beyond the hippocampus in rTLE and in mTLE with evidence of hippocampal sclerosis (HS).
Materials and methods
Brain MRI and VBM of GM with modulation was performed on 30 unrelated patients with mTLE (56% women; mean age 35.6 + 15.2 years), 19 patients with rTLE (52% women; mean age 38.4 + 17.4 years) and 37 healthy controls (25 women, mean age 37.3 + 10.6 years). MRI diagnosis of MTS was based on the atrophy of the hippocampal formation and/or mesial temporal hyperintensity on FLAIR or T2 images, or both.
All patients (rTLE and mTLE) did not have any generalised tonic-clonic seizures for at least three weeks before the scanning. Respectively, mTLE patients showed GM volume reduction of the bilateral thalamus and left hippocampus (FWE < 0.05) whereas rTLE in the thalamus bilaterally (FWE < 0.05) when compared with controls. Conversely, no differences of GM concentrations were found between rTLE and mTLE.
In either rTLE and mTLE, VBM shows GM reductions not confined to the hippocampus but mainly in the thalamus bilaterally. Moreover, no GM differences were found between the two groups. This supports the hypothesis that mTLE and rTLE might lie along a biological continuum.
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