Thyroid surgery in an elderly population
© Viano et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 19 May 2010
The increase in life expectancy over the past 20-30 years has caused major changes in the average age of patients hospitalized in surgical wards. The thyroid disease is common in the elderly population . Elderly patients, especially with co-morbidity, are at increased operative risk ; the pre-operative selection and perioperative monitoring have to be more accurate than in young patients; a lack of compentence in these phases can result in clinical and medico-legal consequences.
The aim of the study was to present a retrospective analysis of 124 elderly patients who had undergone thyroid surgery at the Department of Surgery Hospital of Valdagno.
Patients and method
67 (60 – 80)
ASA score %
Endocrinological examination, evaluation of the mobility of the vocal cords, thyroid hormones dosing and ultrasound evaluation of the thyroid, were performed before the operation.
Toxic Multinodular goiter
The average hospitalization length was 6.1 days (5-8 days). Complications occurred in 12 patients (9.6%): 1 case of transient bilateral vocal cord paralysis requiring the execution of a tracheostomy with complete resolution after 10 days, 10 cases of transient hypocalcemia treated with calcium and vitamin D3 supplements and 1 case of postoperative bleeding. There was no postoperative mortality.
Population ageing will determine an increase of thyroid surgical procedure in elderly patients.
The analysis of the data provided showed that thyroid surgery in the elderly can be performed with satisfactory results with an incidence of complications similar to those observed in young patients .
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