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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirium affects 25% of older inpatients and is associated with long-term cognitive impairment and future dementia. However, no population studies have systematically ascertained cognitive function before, cognit...

    Authors: Daniel Davis, Sarah Richardson, Joanne Hornby, Helen Bowden, Katrin Hoffmann, Maryse Weston-Clarke, Fenella Green, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, Diana Kuh, Elizabeth Sampson, Ruth Mizoguchi, Khai Lee Cheah, Melanie Romain, Abhi Sinha, Rodric Jenkin…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:45

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Delirium is common in older hospitalized patients, and is associated with negative consequences for the patients, next of kin, healthcare professionals and healthcare costs. It is important to understand its c...

    Authors: Yvonne A. Johansson, Ingrid Bergh, Iréne Ericsson and Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:43

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Fear of falling is common among persons with Parkinson’s disease and is negatively associated with quality of life. However a lack of in-depth understanding of fear of falling as a phenomenon persists. This qu...

    Authors: Stina B. Jonasson, Maria H. Nilsson, Jan Lexell and Gunilla Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:44

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Prevalence of malnutrition in older hospitalized patients is 30%. Malnutrition is associated with poor clinical outcomes in terms of high morbidity and mortality and is costly for hospitals. Extended nutrition...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Michelle Miller, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood and Billingsley Kaambwa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:41

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Evidence on the differences in symptom patterns between older palliative cancer and non-cancer patients is lacking. The purpose of the study was to determine the differences in symptoms between older hospitali...

    Authors: Aurélie Van Lancker, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe, Matthias Mattheeuws and Dimitri Beeckman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:40

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cognitive impairment places older adults at high risk of functional disability in their daily-life activities, and thus affecting their quality of life. This study aimed to examine the effects of Tai Chi on ge...

    Authors: Mei-yi Siu and Diana T. F. Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:37

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for t...

    Authors: Giuseppina T. Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Mirijello, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli and Paola Fioretto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:38

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    The International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) was founded in 2012 to propose consensus-based measurement tools and documentation for different conditions and populations.This article des...

    Authors: Asangaedem Akpan, Charlotte Roberts, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Barbara Batty, Claudia Bausewein, Diane Bell, David Bramley, Julie Bynum, Ian D. Cameron, Liang-Kung Chen, Anne Ekdahl, Arnold Fertig, Tom Gentry, Marleen Harkes, Donna Haslehurst, Jonathon Hope…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:36

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    Nursing home residents are frail, have multiple medical comorbidities, and are at high risk for delirium. Most of the existing evidence base on delirium is derived from studies in the acute in-patient populati...

    Authors: Evelyn Ning Man Cheung, Sophiya Benjamin, George Heckman, Joanne Man-Wai Ho, Linda Lee, Samir K. Sinha and Andrew P. Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:39

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Identifying how persons with dementia experience lived space is important for enabling supportive living environments and creating communities that compensate for the fading capabilities of these persons. Seve...

    Authors: Linn Hege Førsund, Ellen Karine Grov, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Lene Kristine Juvet, Kirsti Skovdahl and Siren Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:33

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite evidence for effective fall prevention interventions, measurable reductions in older adult (≥ 65 years) fall rates remain unrealized. This study aimed to describe the perceived barriers to and effectiv...

    Authors: Catherine S. Dykeman, Maureen F. Markle-Reid, Lorna J. Boratto, Chris Bowes, Hélène Gagné, Jennifer L. McGugan and Sarah Orr-Shaw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:34

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Older people with multi-morbidity are increasingly challenging for today’s healthcare, and novel, cost-effective healthcare solutions are needed. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of c...

    Authors: Martina Lundqvist, Jenny Alwin, Martin Henriksson, Magnus Husberg, Per Carlsson and Anne W. Ekdahl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:32

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Earlier studies show that the main reasons for admission to long-term nursing home care are cognitive impairment and functional impairments of activities of daily life. However, descriptive evidence of mobilit...

    Authors: Karen Sverdrup, Sverre Bergh, Geir Selbæk, Irene Røen, Øyvind Kirkevold and Gro Gujord Tangen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:30

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Given the world’s aging population, it is important to identify strategies that promote healthy cognitive aging and minimize cognitive decline. Currently, no curative pharmaceutical therapy exists for cognitiv...

    Authors: Lisanne F. ten Brinke, John R. Best, Rachel A. Crockett and Teresa Liu-Ambrose

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:31

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Demographic changes have led to an increase in the number of elderly frail persons and, consequently, systematic geriatric assessment is more important than ever. Frailty Indexes (FI) may be particularly usefu...

    Authors: Jordi Amblàs-Novellas, Joan Carles Martori, Joan Espaulella, Ramon Oller, Núria Molist-Brunet, Marco Inzitari and Roman Romero-Ortuno

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:29

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Mobility decrease is reportedly age-dependent in community dwelling elderly, and a major factor of disability in the geriatric population. The purpose of this study is to examine whether mobility decrease, as ...

    Authors: Keiko Yamada, Shingo Muranaga, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Kozo Nakamura, Sakae Tanaka and Toru Ogata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:28

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Worldwide, almost 50million people lived with dementia in 2016. A cure or disease modifying pharmaceutical treatment for dementia remains elusive so alternative therapies are of critical importance. Mounting e...

    Authors: Laura E. Middleton, Sandra E. Black, Nathan Herrmann, Paul I. Oh, Kayla Regan and Krista L. Lanctot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:27

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Providing high quality acute hospital care for patients with dementia is an increasing challenge as the prevalence of the disease rises. Informal carers of people with dementia are a critical resource for impr...

    Authors: Sarah Beardon, Kiran Patel, Bethan Davies and Helen Ward

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:23

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  19. Content type: Debate

    In health care for older adults, patients with multimorbidity usually receive the same interventions as those patients without multimorbidity. However, standard curative or life-sustaining treatment options ha...

    Authors: Jeroen F. A. M. Janssens, Susanne J. de Kort, Wilco P. Achterberg, Susan Kurrle, Ngaire Kerse, Ian D. Cameron and Dorothea P. Touwen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:25

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Delirium increases the risk of mortality during an acute hospital admission. Full syndromal delirium (FSD) is associated with greatest risk and subsyndromal delirium (SSD) is associated with intermediate risk,...

    Authors: R. A. Diwell, D.H. Davis, V. Vickerstaff and E. L. Sampson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:24

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Research has demonstrated the importance of physical environments at mealtimes for residents in long term care (LTC). However, a lack of a standardized measurement to assess physical dining environments has re...

    Authors: Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E. Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart and Natalie Carrier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:20

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Nurse-led models of comprehensive geriatric assessment and care coordination can improve health management as well as reduce hospitalisations for high risk community dwelling older people. This study investiga...

    Authors: A. I. I. King, M. L. Boyd, D. L. Raphael and A. Jull

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:22

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Aging-related loss of muscle and strength with increased adiposity is prevalent among older people in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Studies have shown that people with sarcopenic obesity (SO) are at high ri...

    Authors: Shu-Ching Chiu, Rong-Sen Yang, Rea-Jeng Yang and Shu-Fang Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:21

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Education of healthcare workers is a core element of multicomponent delirium strategies to improve delirium care and, consequently, patient outcomes. However, traditional educational strategies are notoriously...

    Authors: Elke Detroyer, Fabienne Dobbels, Andrew Teodorczuk, Mieke Deschodt, Yves Depaifve, Etienne Joosten and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:19

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Recovery outlooks of physical functioning and quality of life after hip fracture have not changed significantly over the past 25 years. Previous research has mainly dealt with causalities and acute treatment, ...

    Authors: Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland and Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:18

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that sarcopenia easily leads to difficulty moving, disability, and poor quality of life. However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in ins...

    Authors: Shu-Fang Chang, Pei-Chen Lin, Rong-Sen Yang and Rea-Jeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:17

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health pro...

    Authors: Gareth R. Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W. Young, Andrew V. Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell and Peter Nordland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:13

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is the coexistence of more than two chronic diseases in the same individual; however, there is no consensus about the best definition. In addition, few studies have described the variability of ...

    Authors: Marina Guisado-Clavero, Albert Roso-Llorach, Tomàs López-Jimenez, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Miguel Angel Muñoz and Concepción Violán

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:16

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the long-term surgical outcomes of patients with urinary retention (UR) caused by a benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and compare thei...

    Authors: Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-lun Chen and Ke-Hung Tsui

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:15

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Assessing quality of life among the elderly is a complex and multifaceted issue. Elderly people might find valuing and describing their personal experience of quality of life (QoL) demanding and cumbersome. Th...

    Authors: Riaan Botes, Karin M. Vermeulen, Adelita V. Ranchor and Erik Buskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:11

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  31. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the original article [1] it was found that author Marc Krause’s name had been spelt incorrectly.

    Authors: Christina Sommerauer, Lisa Schlender, Marc Krause, Sabine Weißbach, Anja Rieckert, Yolanda V. Martinez, David Reeves, Anna Renom-Guiteras, Ilkka Kunnamo and Andreas Sönnichsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:12

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    The original article was published in BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:223

  32. Content type: Research Article

    Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a blood pressure drop after postural change, is associated with impaired standing balance and falls in older adults. This study aimed to assess the association between blood press...

    Authors: Sjoerd T. Timmermans, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Jantsje H. Pasma, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Gerard J. Blauw, Andrea B. Maier and Carel G. M. Meskers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:10

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    The potential harms of some medications may outweigh their potential benefits (inappropriate medication use). Despite recommendations to avoid the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in older a...

    Authors: S. L. Harrison, L. Kouladjian O’Donnell, R. Milte, S. M. Dyer, E. S. Gnanamanickam, C. Bradley, E. Liu, S. N. Hilmer and M. Crotty

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:9

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in thi...

    Authors: R. Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N. Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P. Verney, Barbara V. Howard and Dedra Buchwald

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:6

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing “sarcopenia,” are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been ...

    Authors: Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:8

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    There is strong research evidence for falls prevention among older people in the community setting, although most is from Western countries. Differences between countries (eg sunlight exposure, diet, environme...

    Authors: Keith D. Hill, Plaiwan Suttanon, Sang-I Lin, William W.N. Tsang, Asmidawati Ashari, Tengku Aizan Abd Hamid, Kaela Farrier and Elissa Burton

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:3

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Weight loss interventions have not been advocated for overweight/obese older adults due to potential loss of skeletal muscle and strength impacting on physical function with potential loss of independence. Car...

    Authors: Anthony Villani, Hattie Wright, Gary Slater and Jonathan Buckley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:2

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Despite knowing better how to screen older adults, understanding how frailty progression might be modified is unclear. We explored effects of modifiable and non-modifiable factors on changes in frailty in comm...

    Authors: Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, Alexandra Papaioannou, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Claudie Berger, Andy Kin On Wong, Kenneth Rockwood, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina, Lehana Thabane and Jonathan D. Adachi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:4

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Frail older adults are increasingly expected to self-manage their health and healthcare. We assessed the extent to which this group is able to take up this responsibility by measuring their level of activation...

    Authors: Anouk Overbeek, Judith A. C. Rietjens, Lea J. Jabbarian, Johan Severijnen, Siebe J. Swart, Agnes van der Heide and Ida J. Korfage

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:7

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are a major problem for older adults. Many falls occur when a person’s attention is divided between two tasks, such as a dual task (DT) involving walking. Most recently, the role of personality in walkin...

    Authors: Maayan Agmon, Galit Armon, Shani Denesh and Mihalis Doumas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:1

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Medications are frequently reported as both predisposing factors and inducers of delirium. This review evaluated the available evidence and determined the magnitude of risk of postoperative delirium associated...

    Authors: Gizat M. Kassie, Tuan A. Nguyen, Lisa M. Kalisch Ellett, Nicole L. Pratt and Elizabeth E. Roughead

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:298

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    Several previous studies reported social participation may reduce the incident of dementia; therefore, the type of positions held in the organization may relate to dementia onset. However, this hypothesis rema...

    Authors: Yuta Nemoto, Tami Saito, Satoru Kanamori, Taishi Tsuji, Kokoro Shirai, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:297

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  43. Content type: Research Article

    Hypertension is considered a major public health challenge. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is a prominent risk for China’s elderly population. However, few studies have add...

    Authors: Zhi-Qi Yang, Qi Zhao, Ping Jiang, Song-Bai Zheng and Biao Xu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:296

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  44. Content type: Research Article

    Whether the suggested inverse association between total cholesterol and mortality in old age varies according to cause of death and use of cholesterol medications remains to be elucidated. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Yajun Liang, Davide Liborio Vetrano and Chengxuan Qiu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:294

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