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  1. Deprescribing is a partnership between practitioners, patients and caregivers. External characteristics including age, comorbidities and polypharmacy are poor predictors of attitude towards deprescribing. This...

    Authors: Sion Scott, Allan Clark, Carol Farrow, Helen May, Martyn Patel, Michael J. Twigg, David J. Wright and Debi Bhattacharya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:108

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Delirium occurs commonly in older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes. Multicentre clinical trials evaluating interventions to prevent delirium are needed. The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a...

    Authors: John R. Green, Jane Smith, Elizabeth Teale, Michelle Collinson, Michael S. Avidan, Eva M. Schmitt, Sharon K. Inouye and John Young

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The needs of people with dementia (PWD) have not been assessed in any Latin American country. Several European countries have already related unmet needs with quality of life, caregiver’s age, burden, stress, ...

    Authors: Thamara Tapia Muñoz, Andrea Slachevsky, María O. León-Campos, Michel Madrid, Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Gustav C. Rohde and Claudia Miranda-Castillo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In geriatric and long-term care settings, intertrigo seems to be common, but generalizable epidemiological estimates are lacking. Aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of intertrigo in aged nursing h...

    Authors: Sabrina Gabriel, Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi and Jan Kottner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Oxidative stress is an important theory of aging but population-based evidence has been lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between biomarkers of oxidative stress, including plasma superoxid...

    Authors: Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Yue-Bin Lv, Xiang Gao, Zhao-Xue Yin, Virginia Byers Kraus, Jie-Si Luo, Choy-Lye Chei, David Bruce Matchar, Yi Zeng and Xiao-Ming Shi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:104

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Availability of nursing home care has declined and national efforts have been initiated to improve the quality of nursing home care in the U.S. Yet, data are limited on whether there are geographic variations ...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Qiuli Zhang, Erica S. Spatz, Yan Gao, Sheila Eckenrode, Florence Johnson, Shih-Yieh Ho, Shuang Hu, Chao Xing and Harlan M. Krumholz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Many studies have investigated the association between vitamin D and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have investigated the association stratified by sex in the elderly. Therefore, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Su Jin Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Jong Eun Kim, Kwang Joon Kim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yoosik Youm and Chang Oh Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:131

  8. Previous observational studies and clinical trials have shown that cholinesterase inhibitors (with or without memantine) provide benefit for patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease. However, the imp...

    Authors: Aina Soler, Guillem Amer, Alicia Leiva, Joana Ripoll, María Angeles Llorente, Alfonso Leiva, Joana Maria Taltavull, Rosa Molina and Joan Llobera

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:101

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Many adults are living longer with health conditions in the United States. Understanding the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for such health conditions may help to inform healthcare providers and their ...

    Authors: Ryan McGrath, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos Markides, Orman Hall and Mark Peterson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:100

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Bed rest for older hospitalized patients places them at risk for hospital-acquired morbidity. We previously evaluated an early mobilization intervention and found it to be effective at improving mobilization r...

    Authors: Julia E. Moore, Barbara Liu, Sobia Khan, Charmalee Harris, Joycelyne E. Ewusie, Jemila S. Hamid and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:99

    Content type: Research article

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  11. As older people age, they have different health needs compared to younger people. South African elder care policy places a strong emphasis on ageing in community rather than institutional settings, but the pri...

    Authors: Gabrielle Kelly, Lindeka Mrengqwa and Leon Geffen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:98

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is lack of adequate training and policy support for employed care workers (CWs) employed in the South African (SA) older persons’ sector. Existing literature neglects the influence of training and policy...

    Authors: Leo Mapira, Gabrielle Kelly and Leon N. Geffen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:97

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Quality of life (QoL) is a subjective and dynamic concept resulting from an interplay between importance of and satisfaction with different aspects of life. However, it is unclear whether social contexts exper...

    Authors: Nazanin Abolhassani, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann, Christophe Büla, René Goy, Idris Guessous and Yves Henchoz

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:96

    Content type: Research article

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  14. As older patients’ health care needs become more complex, they often experience challenges with managing medications across transitions of care. Families play a major role in older patients’ lives. To date, th...

    Authors: Elizabeth Manias, Tracey Bucknall, Carmel Hughes, Christine Jorm and Robyn Woodward-Kron

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:95

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Core outcome sets (COS) prioritise outcomes based on their importance to key stakeholders, reduce reporting bias and increase comparability across studies. The first phase of a COS study is to form a ‘long-lis...

    Authors: Andrew J. E. Harding, Hazel Morbey, Faraz Ahmed, Carol Opdebeeck, Reena Lasrado, Paula R. Williamson, Caroline Swarbrick, Iracema Leroi, David Challis, Ingrid Hellstrom, Alistair Burns, John Keady and Siobhan T. Reilly

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:94

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hip fractures are a common injury in older people. Many studies worldwide have identified various risk factors for hip fracture. However, risk factors for hip fracture have not been studied extensively in New ...

    Authors: Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Philip J. Schluter, Tim Wilkinson, John Hugh Thwaites, Sarah D. Berry and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:93

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Decreased physical function is known to raise mortality risk. Little is known about how different physical function measures compare in predicting mortality risk in older men and women. The objective of this s...

    Authors: Elisabeth M. W. Eekhoff, Natasja M. van Schoor, Joseph S. Biedermann, Mirjam M. Oosterwerff, Renate de Jongh, Nathalie Bravenboer, Mireille N. M. van Poppel and Dorly J. H. Deeg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:92

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The elderly, and especially those with an immuno-compromised status, are vulnerable to infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes of cry...

    Authors: Wan-Chen Tsai, Chia-Yi Lien, Jun-Jun Lee, Wen-Chiu Hsiao, Chi-Ren Huang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chiung-Chih Chang, Cheng-Hsien Lu and Wen-Neng Chang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:91

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Detection of high-risk individuals for fractures are needed. This study assessed whether level of physical activity (PA) and a musculoskeletal composite score could be used as fracture predictive tools, and if...

    Authors: Felix Cronholm, Björn E. Rosengren, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Eva Ribom and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:90

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The study objectives were to identify the main predictive factors for long hospital stays and to propose new and improved methods of risk assessment.

    Authors: Milene Silva Ferreira, Fabio Gazelato de Melo Franco, Patrícia Silveira Rodrigues, Vanessa Maria da Silva de Poli Correa, Sonia Teresa Gaidzakian Akopian, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, Carolina Nunes França and José Antonio Maluf de Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:89

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Frailty is a clinical condition among older adults defined as the loss of resources in one or more domains (i.e., physical, psychological and social domains) of individual functioning. In frail subjects emerge...

    Authors: Anna Mulasso, Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Alberto Rainoldi, Gianluca Zia, Luca Feletti, Aurèle N’dja, Susanna Del Signore, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Federica Luisi and Lorenzo Maria Donini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:88

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Due to the increase in elderly patients who undergo major abdominal surgery there is a subsequent increase in postoperative complications, prolonged hospital stays, health-care costs and mortality rates. Delir...

    Authors: Ties L. Janssen, Christina A. Mosk, Chantal C. H. A. van Hoof-de Lepper, Daphne Wielders, Tom C. J. Seerden, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Adriaan J. van Gammeren, Dominique C. de Lange, René van Alphen, Martine van der Zee, René M. de Bruijn, Jolanda de Vries, Jan H. Wijsman, Gwan H. Ho, Paul D. Gobardhan and Lijckle van der Laan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:87

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Dozens of scales and questionnaires have been used in the detection of frailty; however, a generalized method for its screening and diagnosis is still lacking in clinical settings. FRAILTOOLS´ main objective i...

    Authors: Marta Checa-López, Myriam Oviedo-Briones, Armando Pardo-Gómez, Jimmy Gonzales-Turín, Tania Guevara-Guevara, José Antonio Carnicero, Shirley Alamo-Ascencio, Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Tomasz Grodzicki and Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:86

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Ghana is experiencing an epidemiological shift in public health issues toward non-communicable diseases that are underpinned by modifiable health behaviors. Physical activity rates have decreased, especially a...

    Authors: Laura E. Balis, Godfred Sowatey, Kwame Ansong-Gyimah, Eunice Ofori and Samantha M. Harden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:85

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Medical Visit Companions (MVCs) are encouraged for older adults’ routine medical encounters. Little data exist on the experiences and contributions of non-spouse companions for the growing population of older ...

    Authors: Orla C. Sheehan, Anita L. Graham-Phillips, John D. Wilson, Deidra C. Crews, Cheryl L. Holt, Jennifer Gabbard, Katherine C. Smith, Jennifer L. Wolff and David L. Roth

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:84

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Abnormalities in the feet and toenails are common among the elderly and may increase the risk of falls. This study aimed to investigate the changes in toe-gap force, knee-gap force, foot pressure distribution,...

    Authors: Tomoko Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Chugo Rinoie, Yoshimasa Takase, Mitsuru Sato, Kenji Yamada and Yoshiki Sawa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:83

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Informal caregivers are an essential pillar for ensuring and maintaining the outpatient care of the frail elderly. Due to demographic changes, including an increase in the number of people in need of care as w...

    Authors: M. Plöthner, K. Schmidt, L. de Jong, J. Zeidler and K. Damm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:82

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Older adults often suffer from age- and behavior-related brain changes affecting neuronal functioning and, therefore, cognitive and motor functions. The improvement of these functions might decrease falls and ...

    Authors: Alexandra Schättin, Corinne Baier, Domenique Mai, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Isabelle Herter-Aeberli and Eling D. de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:81

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Orthostatic hypotension (OH; profound falls in blood pressure when upright) is a common deficit that increases in incidence with age, and may be associated with falling risk. Deficit accumulation results in fr...

    Authors: Brett H. Shaw, Dave Borrel, Kimiya Sabbaghan, Colton Kum, Yijian Yang, Stephen N. Robinovitch and Victoria E. Claydon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:80

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Anaemia in hip fracture patients has been associated with increased risk of allogenic blood transfusion (ABT), poorer functional outcomes and increased mortality. Few studies have reported the prevalence of an...

    Authors: Gillian Puckeridge, Morne Terblanche, Marianne Wallis and Yoke Lin Fung

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:79

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Several outcome measures can be utilised to measure social participation and Quality of Life (QoL) in research and clinical practice. However there have been few large-scale trials of these tools in community ...

    Authors: Lindsey Brett, Andrew Georgiou, Mikaela Jorgensen, Joyce Siette, Grace Scott, Edwina Gow, Gemma Luckett and Johanna Westbrook

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Many home-dwelling elderly use medical compression stockings to prevent venous insufficiency, deep venous thrombosis, painful legs and leg ulcers. Assisting users with applying and removing compression stockin...

    Authors: Kristin Thuve Dahm, Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Hilde Strømme, Brynjar Fure and Kjetil Gundro Brurberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:76

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The occurrence of multimorbidity (i.e., the coexistence of multiple chronic diseases) increases with age in older adults and is a growing concern worldwide. Multimorbidity has been reported to be a driving fac...

    Authors: Takahiro Mori, Shota Hamada, Satoru Yoshie, Boyoung Jeon, Xueying Jin, Hideto Takahashi, Katsuya Iijima, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:69

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To explore informal caregivers’ perspectives and perceived needs related to health care services/activities for older adults with dementia, in order to understand barriers and facilitators to participation. Th...

    Authors: Randi Granbo, Elisabeth Boulton, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad and Kristin Taraldsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:75

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The social structure is changing with an increase in the ratio of the older population, resulting in a growing number of older people being faced with singlehood. This study identified and described single old...

    Authors: Su-Fei Huang, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shueh-Fen Chen, Li-Ting Lu and Jong-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:74

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In this study, we analyzed elderly people in Thailand to identify the validity of suggested cutoff points of physical measures, handgrip strength, usual walking speed, and a composite score of both measures to...

    Authors: Orawan Prasitsiriphon and Daniela Weber

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:73

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The rapid increase in the number of elderly family caregivers underlines the need for new support systems. Internet-delivered psychological interventions are a potential approach, as they are easy to access fo...

    Authors: Päivi Lappalainen, Inka Pakkala and Riku Nikander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:72

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Body posture is a fundamental indicator for assessing health and quality of life, especially for elderly people. Deciphering the changes in body posture occurring with age is a current topic in the field of ge...

    Authors: Huan Gong, Liang Sun, Ruiyue Yang, Jing Pang, Beidong Chen, Ruomei Qi, Xin Gu, Yaonan Zhang and Tie-mei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:71

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. Numerous medications should be avoided, or require dose adjustment in subjects with impaired kidney function. We aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate use of renal risk drugs in a nation-...

    Authors: Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka, Jerzy Chudek, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Barbara Wizner and Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:70

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A telephone intervention for caregivers of older people discharged from hospital was shown to improve preparedness to care, reduce caregiver strain and caregiver distress. No cost-effectiveness analysis has be...

    Authors: David Youens, Richard Parsons, Christine Toye, Susan Slatyer, Samar Aoun, Keith D. Hill, Matthew Skinner, Sean Maher, Sue Davis, Rebecca Osseiran-Moisson and Rachael Moorin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:68

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Research on discrimination and health focused on older adults has been scarce, comparatively with younger and middle-aged adults. Considering where people live matters, accurate measures of perceived discrimin...

    Authors: Luciana de Souza Braga, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Ana Paula Romanelli Ceolin, Fabíola Bof de Andrade and Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:67

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Giving up driving is a pivotal life event and universal challenge for people living with dementia and their families, and a complex area of clinical practice for health professionals who monitor driving cessat...

    Authors: Theresa Scott, Jacki Liddle, Geoffrey Mitchell, Elizabeth Beattie and Nancy Pachana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:66

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Older patients (≥65 years old) experience high rates of adverse outcomes after an emergency department (ED) visit. Reliable tools to predict adverse outcomes in this population are lacking. This manuscript com...

    Authors: Noortje Zelis, Jacqueline Buijs, Peter W. de Leeuw, Sander M. J. van Kuijk and Patricia M. Stassen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:65

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Multimorbid older adults suffering from a long-term health condition like depression, diabetes mellitus type 2, dementia or frailty are at high risk of losing their autonomy. Disability and multimorbidity in t...

    Authors: Fabian Frank, Frederike Bjerregaard, Jürgen Bengel, Eva Maria Bitzer, Bernhard Heimbach, Klaus Kaier, Jasmin Kiekert, Lena Krämer, Cornelia Kricheldorff, Katharina Laubner, Andy Maun, Gloria Metzner, Wilhelm Niebling, Claudia Salm, Sandra Schütter, Jochen Seufert…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:64

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Care for people with Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias should be based on up-to-date clinical practice guidelines. The education and training of nurses and other healthcare staff in dementia is a key fact...

    Authors: Laura Parra-Anguita, Inmaculada Sánchez-García, Rafael del Pino-Casado and Pedro L. Pancorbo-Hidalgo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:63

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Frail individuals are at risk of significant clinical deterioration if their frailty is not identified and managed appropriately. Research suggests that any interaction between an older person and a health or ...

    Authors: David Sunkersing, Finbarr C. Martin, Julie Reed, Maria Woringer and Derek Bell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:62

    Content type: Research article

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  47. With the ageing population, there is a stronger focus on supporting older people to live independently as long as possible. One of the important factors to take into consideration for independent living older ...

    Authors: Didi Verver, Hanneke Merten, Carolien de Blok and Cordula Wagner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:61

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and has increased prevalence in older patients, leading to poor prognosis for these patients. There is a need for a biomarker or a model of prognostic eva...

    Authors: Shihui Fu, Jie Jiao, Yi Guo, Bing Zhu and Leiming Luo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:56

    Content type: Research article

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