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  1. There are inequities in health status associated with ethnicity, which may limit older foreign-born persons’ ability to age optimally. Health promotion for older persons who have experienced migration is thus ...

    Authors: Susanne Gustafsson, Qarin Lood, Katarina Wilhelmson, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Sten Landahl and Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:10
  2. The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is increasing as the global population ages. Given the limited success of pharmaceuticals in preventing this disease, a greater emphasis on non-pharmaceutical approaches is...

    Authors: Michael W Beckett, Christopher I Ardern and Michael A Rotondi
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:9
  3. The ability of older people to function independently is crucial as physical disability and functional limitation have profound impacts on health. Interventions that either delay the onset of frailty or attenu...

    Authors: Debbie Ann Loh, Noran Naqiah Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Devi Peramalah, Shathanapriya Kandiben, Pek Ling Lee, Norlissa Gani, Mohamed Faris Madzlan, Mohd Alif Idham Abd Hamid, Zohaib Akram, Ai Sean Chu, Awang Bulgiba and Robert G Cumming
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:8
  4. Delirium affects 15% of hospitalised patients and is linked with poor outcomes, yet few pharmacological treatment options exist. One hypothesis is that delirium may in part result from exaggerated and/or prolo...

    Authors: Bjørn Erik Neerland, Karen Roksund Hov, Vegard Bruun Wyller, Eirik Qvigstad, Eva Skovlund, Alasdair MJ MacLullich and Torgeir Bruun Wyller
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:7
  5. Mobility problems and cognitive deficits related to transferring or moving persons suffering from dementia are associated with dependency. Physical assistance provided by staff is an important component of res...

    Authors: Charlotta Thunborg, Petra von Heideken Wågert, Eva Götell, Ann-Britt Ivarsson and Anne Söderlund
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:6
  6. Escalating numbers of people are experiencing dementia in many countries. With increasing consumer needs, there is anticipated growth in the numbers of people providing diagnostic evaluations, treatments, and ...

    Authors: Michael J Annear, Christine Toye, Frances McInerney, Claire Eccleston, Bruce Tranter, Kate-Ellen Elliott and Andrew Robinson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:5
  7. Individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (iCST) is a one to one, carer led psychosocial intervention for people with dementia, adapted from group Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST). It is increasingly recogni...

    Authors: Lauren A Yates, Martin Orrell, Aimee Spector and Vasiliki Orgeta
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:4
  8. High-risk medication exposure in the elderly is common and associated with increased mortality, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits. Skeletal muscle relaxants and antihistamines are high-ris...

    Authors: Carlos A Alvarez, Eric M Mortensen, Una E Makris, Dan R Berlowitz, Laurel A Copeland, Chester B Good, Megan E Amuan and Mary Jo V Pugh
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:2
  9. There is emerging evidence that the physical environment is important for health, quality of life and care, but there is a lack of valid instruments to assess health care environments. The Sheffield Care Envir...

    Authors: Susanna Nordin, Marie Elf, Kevin McKee and Helle Wijk
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:3
  10. Globally, the population is ageing and lives with several chronic diseases for decades. A high symptom burden is associated with a high use of healthcare, admissions to nursing homes, and reduced quality of li...

    Authors: Jeanette Eckerblad, Kersti Theander, Anne Ekdahl, Mitra Unosson, Ann-Britt Wirehn, Anna Milberg, Barbro Krevers and Tiny Jaarsma
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2015 15:1
  11. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of a low appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI) using three cut-off points (mean ASMI-2SD of a gender-specific young reference group (aged 18–39 years), ...

    Authors: Yeon-Pyo Kim, Ju-Youn Joh, Sun Kim, Hwan-Sik Hwang and Il-Seon Shin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:144
  12. The objective of this study was to investigate if application of United Kingdom National Osteoporosis Society (UK-NOS) triage approach, using calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS), phalangeal radiographic ab...

    Authors: Katja Thomsen, Jesper Ryg, Anne P Hermann, Lars Matzen and Tahir Masud
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:143
  13. Although ageing is strongly associated with cognitive decline, a wide range of cognitive ability is observed in older populations with varying rates of change across different cognitive domains.

    Authors: Shabina A Hayat, Robert Luben, Stephanie Moore, Nichola Dalzell, Amit Bhaniani, Serena Anuj, Fiona E Matthews, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:142
  14. The detection of incipient functional decline in elderly persons is not an easy task. Here, we propose the self-reporting Functional Ability Index (FA index) suitable to screen functional competence in senior ...

    Authors: Ulrike Dapp, Christoph E Minder, Jennifer Anders, Stefan Golgert and Wolfgang von Renteln-Kruse
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:141
  15. The impact of gender on functional outcomes after hip fracture is not known. We aimed to determine the extent to which gender influenced functional outcome and response to exercise in older people after hip fr...

    Authors: Lynda M Woodward, Lindy Clemson, Anne M Moseley, Stephen R Lord, Ian D Cameron and Catherine Sherrington
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:140
  16. As a result of the ageing population, there is an urgent need for innovation in community health-care in order to achieve sustainability. Reablement is implemented in primary care in some Western countries to ...

    Authors: Hanne Tuntland, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Forland, Astri Drange Hole, Egil Kjerstad and Ingvild Kjeken
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:139
  17. There is evidence of under-detection and poor management of pain in patients with dementia, in both long-term and acute care. Accurate assessment of pain in people with dementia is challenging and pain assessm...

    Authors: Valentina Lichtner, Dawn Dowding, Philip Esterhuizen, S José Closs, Andrew F Long, Anne Corbett and Michelle Briggs
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:138
  18. Diabetes mellitus is a potent risk factor for urinary incontinence. Previous studies of incontinence in patients with diabetes have focused on younger, healthier patients. Our objective was to characterize ris...

    Authors: Amy Hsu, Jessamyn Conell-Price, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Catherine Eng, Alison J Huang, Kathy Rice-Trumble and Sei J Lee
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:137
  19. Insight into factors that influence antibiotic prescribing is crucial when developing interventions aimed at a more rational use of antibiotics. We examined factors that influence antibiotic prescribing in lon...

    Authors: Laura W van Buul, Jenny T van der Steen, Sarah MMM Doncker, Wilco P Achterberg, François G Schellevis, Ruth B Veenhuizen and Cees MPM Hertogh
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:136
  20. In the older population falls are a common problem and a major cause of morbidity, mortality and functional decline. The etiology is often multifactorial making the identification of fall predictors essential ...

    Authors: Nathalie Vande Walle, Cindy Kenis, Pieter Heeren, Katrien Van Puyvelde, Lore Decoster, Ingo Beyer, Godelieve Conings, Johan Flamaing, Jean-Pierre Lobelle, Hans Wildiers and Koen Milisen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:135
  21. Exercise interventions often do not combine physical and cognitive training. However, this combination is assumed to be more beneficial in improving walking and cognitive functioning compared to isolated cogni...

    Authors: Eva van het Reve and Eling D de Bruin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:134
  22. The current diagnosis-oriented approach of dizziness does not suit older patients. Often, it is difficult to identify a single underlying cause, and when a diagnosis is made, therapeutic options may be limited...

    Authors: Otto R Maarsingh, Hanneke Stam, Peter M van de Ven, Natasja M van Schoor, Matthew J Ridd and Johannes C van der Wouden
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:133
  23. Nursing homes are important locations for palliative care. Through comprehensive geriatric assessments (CGAs), evaluations can be made of palliative care needs of nursing home residents. The interRAI Palliativ...

    Authors: Kirsten Hermans, Nele Spruytte, Joachim Cohen, Chantal Van Audenhove and Anja Declercq
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:132
  24. Risk factors for hip fracture are well studied because of the negative impact on patients and the community, with mortality in the first year being almost 30% in the elderly. Age, gender and fall risk-increasi...

    Authors: Kristine Thorell, Karin Ranstad, Patrik Midlöv, Lars Borgquist and Anders Halling
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:131
  25. The risk factors associated with fractures have been well-characterized in community dwelling populations, but have not been clearly defined in long-term care (LTC) settings. The objective of this review was t...

    Authors: Rasha Khatib, Nancy Santesso, Laura Pickard, Osman Osman, Lora Giangregorio, Carly Skidmore and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:130
  26. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) provides detailed information on clinical, functional and cognitive aspects of older patients and is especially useful for assessing frail individuals. Although a large...

    Authors: Thiago J Avelino-Silva, Jose M Farfel, Jose AE Curiati, Jose RG Amaral, Flavia Campora and Wilson Jacob-Filho
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:129
  27. Since more people are reaching older and older ages, healthcare systems are becoming in need of more and more knowledgeable nurses to meet the specific health care needs of older persons. Several instruments e...

    Authors: Elisa Van der Elst, Mieke Deschodt, Melanie Welsch, Koen Milisen and Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:128
  28. This paper reports a cluster analysis of a sample recruited from a randomized controlled trial that explored the effect of using a life story work approach to improve the psychological outcomes of older people...

    Authors: Claudia K Y Lai, Engle Angela Chan and Kenny C W Chin
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:127
  29. Older persons’ right to exercise self-determination in daily life is supported by several laws. Research shows that older persons’ self-determination is not fully respected within the healthcare sector. In ord...

    Authors: Isabelle Ottenvall Hammar, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Katarina Wilhelmson and Kajsa Eklund
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:126
  30. Frailty is a highly prevalent condition in old age leading to vulnerability and greater risk of adverse health outcomes and disability. Detecting and tackling frailty at an early stage can prevent disability. ...

    Authors: Laura Romera, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Anna Ramirez, Mercedes Möller, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Santiago Lancho, Núria Bastida, Gonçal Foz, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Núria Martí, Montserrat Cullell, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Anna Bistuer, Patricia Cendrós…
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:125
  31. A restriction in functional capacity occurs in all hip fractures and a variety of factors have been shown to influence patient functional outcome. This study sought to provide new and comprehensive insights in...

    Authors: Itziar Vergara, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Miren Orive, Nerea Gonzalez, Susana Garcia and Jose M Quintana
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:124
  32. In many countries, primary care physicians determine whether or not older drivers are fit to drive. Little, however, is known regarding the effects of cognitive decline on driving performance and the means to ...

    Authors: Paul Vaucher, Daniela Herzig, Isabel Cardoso, Michael H Herzog, Patrice Mangin and Bernard Favrat
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:123
  33. Non-pharmacological interventions are expected to be important strategies for reducing the age-adjusted prevalence of senile dementia, considering that complete medical treatment for cognitive decline has not ...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Suzuki, Masataka Kuraoka, Masashi Yasunaga, Kumiko Nonaka, Ryota Sakurai, Rumi Takeuchi, Yoh Murayama, Hiromi Ohba and Yoshinori Fujiwara
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:122
  34. Benzodiazepines and related drugs affect physical functioning negatively and increase fall and fracture risk. As impaired muscle strength and balance are risk factors for falls, we examined the effects of hypn...

    Authors: Janne Nurminen, Juha Puustinen, Ritva Lähteenmäki, Tero Vahlberg, Alan Lyles, Markku Partinen, Ismo Räihä, Pertti J Neuvonen and Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:121
  35. Fall-related injuries in older people are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Self-reported fall events in the last year is often used to estimate fall risk in older people. However, it remains to be i...

    Authors: Petra Pohl, Ellinor Nordin, Anders Lundquist, Ulrica Bergström and Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:120
  36. Regular daily physical activity is recognised as important in heart failure (HF) patients, but adherence to physical activity is low (<50%). To improve adherence to exercise in HF patients, alternative approac...

    Authors: Leonie Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma and Anna Strömberg
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:119
  37. Research has shown that engaging in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and consuming dairy foods can lead to better sleep. Combining these two non-invasive prescriptions may be more effective for helping pe...

    Authors: Naruki Kitano, Kenji Tsunoda, Taishi Tsuji, Yosuke Osuka, Takashi Jindo, Kiyoji Tanaka and Tomohiro Okura
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:118
  38. Physical activity (PA) is not only an important marker of physical impairment, but also a pathway to improve quality of life and enhance cognitive and social functioning of old individuals. Yet, making interve...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Katrin Claßen, Klaus Hauer, Mona Diegelmann and Hans-Werner Wahl
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:117
  39. Inappropriate drug use has been identified as one of the most important problems affecting the quality of care in older people. Inappropriate drug use may increase the risk of the occurrence of ‘geriatric gian...

    Authors: Floor Willeboordse, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Liset van Dijk, Judith E Bosmans, Oscar J de Vries, François G Schellevis and Petra J M Elders
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:116
  40. Physical activity may have several benefits for elderly people. However, the risk of falling might prevent this population from showing interest in physical activity. This research was aimed to explore facilit...

    Authors: Leili Salehi, Behjat Shokrvash, Ensiyeh Jamshidi and Ali Montazeri
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:115
  41. Falls affect approximately one third of community-dwelling older adults each year and have serious health and social consequences. Fear of falling (FOF) (lack of confidence in maintaining balance during normal...

    Authors: Barbara J Jefferis, Steve Iliffe, Denise Kendrick, Ngaire Kerse, Stewart Trost, Lucy T Lennon, Sarah Ash, Claudio Sartini, Richard W Morris, S Goya Wannamethee and Peter H Whincup
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:114
  42. What are the factors that affect the survival probability of becoming a centenarian for those aged 70? Do the factors include income, health expenditure, the use of mobile telephones, or sanitation? The surviv...

    Authors: Jong In Kim and Gukbin Kim
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:113
  43. Because of the demographic change in industrial countries new technical solutions for the independent living of elderly will become important in the next years. Ambient Assisted Living seeks to address the upc...

    Authors: Christian Siegel, Andreas Hochgatterer and Thomas Ernst Dorner
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:112
  44. Age-related differences in diabetes outcomes are important both for clinical and policy considerations. To clarify the basis of such differences, we investigated patterns of associations for age in relation to...

    Authors: Myung Ki, Sujin Baek, Young-duk Yun, Namhoon Kim, Martin Hyde and Baegju Na
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:111
  45. Alzheimer’s disease is characterised by a loss of cognitive function and behavioural problems as set out in the term “Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia”. These behavioural symptoms have heavy ...

    Authors: Isabelle Rouch, Jean-Michel Dorey, Nawèle Boublay, Marie-Anne Henaff, Florence Dibie-Racoupeau, Zaza Makaroff, Sandrine Harston, Michel Benoit, Marie-Odile Barrellon, Denis Fédérico, Bernard Laurent, Catherine Padovan and Pierre Krolak-Salmon
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:110
  46. Intergenerational playgroups in aged care are limited and little is known about the perceptions of individuals who have participated in such programs. Most research is focused on intergenerational programs tha...

    Authors: C Margaret Skropeta, Alf Colvin and Shannon Sladen
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:109
  47. Frailty increases the risk of adverse outcomes in older people. The impact of psychosocial factors on frailty and adverse clinical outcomes associated with frailty has not yet been examined in the hospital set...

    Authors: Elsa Dent and Emiel O Hoogendijk
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:108
  48. Pet ownership is thought to make a positive contribution to health, health behaviours and the general well-being of older people. More specifically pet ownership is often proposed as a solution to the problem ...

    Authors: Jitka Pikhartova, Ann Bowling and Christina Victor
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:106
  49. Fall incidence differs considerably between studies and countries. Reasons may be differences between study samples or different assessment methods. The aim was to derive estimates of fall incidence from two p...

    Authors: Kilian Rapp, Ellen Freiberger, Chris Todd, Jochen Klenk, Clemens Becker, Michael Denkinger, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Judith Fuchs
    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:105

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