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  1. Balance and gait problems are common and progressive in dementia. Use of a mobility aid provides physical support and confidence. Yet, mobility aid use in people with dementia increases falls three-fold. An as...

    Authors: Susan W. Hunter, Alison Divine, Humberto Omana, Ed Madou and Jeffrey Holmes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The area of hospital readmission in older adults within 30 days of discharge is extensively researched but few studies look at the whole process. In this study we investigated risk factors related, not only to...

    Authors: Maria Glans, Annika Kragh Ekstam, Ulf Jakobsson, Åsa Bondesson and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Osteoporosis and related fractures, a worldwide public health issue of growing concern, is characterized by compromised bone strength and an increased risk of fracture. Here we show an association between self...

    Authors: Yoshihito Tomita, Kazuhiko Arima, Satoshi Mizukami, Ritsu Tsujimoto, Shin-ya Kawashiri, Takayuki Nishimura, Takuhiro Okabe, Natsumi Tanaka, Yuzo Honda, Kazumi Nakahara, Naoko Yamamoto, Izumi Ohmachi, Hisashi Goto, Maiko Hasegawa, Youko Sou, Itsuko Horiguchi…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A critical challenge facing elderly care systems throughout the world is to meet the complex care needs of a growing population of older persons. Although person-centred care has been advocated as the “gold st...

    Authors: Anders Sköldunger, Per-Olof Sandman and Annica Backman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Many older people suffer from mobility limitations and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after discharge from hospital. A consensus regarding the most effective exercise-program to optimize physic...

    Authors: Sylvia Sunde, Karin Hesseberg, Dawn A. Skelton, Anette Hylen Ranhoff, Are Hugo Pripp, Marit Aarønæs and Therese Brovold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In the US, post-acute care in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) is common and outcomes vary greatly across facilities. Little is known about the expectations of patients and their caregivers about physician ca...

    Authors: Kira L. Ryskina, Kierra A. Foley, Jason H. Karlawish, Joshua D. Uy, Briana Lott, Erica Goldberg and Nancy A. Hodgson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cognitive decline is common in older adults. Similarly, the prevalence of renal dysfunction is also increased in the elderly population. We conducted this study to clarify the relationship between renal dysfun...

    Authors: Ji Yoon Kong, Jin Sug Kim, Min Hye Kang, Hyeon Seok Hwang, Chang Won Won and Kyung Hwan Jeong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) recommends grip strength and chair stand tests to be used as primary defining measures. It is unclear how either test affects prevalence estim...

    Authors: Jonas Johansson, Bjørn Heine Strand, Bente Morseth, Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock and Sameline Grimsgaard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:461

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Falls in hospitals are a major risk to patient safety. Health professional education has the potential to be an important aspect of falls prevention interventions. This scoping review was designed to investiga...

    Authors: L. Shaw, D. Kiegaldie and M. K. Farlie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  10. As the population ages, potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in the older adults may become increasingly prevalent. This undermines patient safety and creates a potential source of major morbidity and m...

    Authors: Sabrina Lau, Penny Lun, Wendy Ang, Keng Teng Tan and Yew Yoong Ding

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Among Canadian residents living in long-term care (LTC) facilities, and especially among those with limited ability to communicate due to dementia, pain remains underassessed and undermanaged. Although evidenc...

    Authors: Natasha L. Gallant, Allie Peckham, Gregory Marchildon, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Blair Roblin and Rhonda J. N. Stopyn

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Inflammatory indexes (platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio [PLR], neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio [LMR]) are recently supposed to be the biomarkers of sarcopenia. We aimed to val...

    Authors: Tianjiao Tang, Lingling Xie, Lingling Tan, Xiaoyi Hu and Ming Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Social participation is restricted for approximately half the older adult population but is critical in fostering community vitality, promoting health, and preventing disabilities. Although targeted through in...

    Authors: Mélanie Levasseur, Sonia Routhier, Irma Clapperton, Chantal Doré and Frances Gallagher

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:456

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Malnutrition is common among older adults and is associated with adverse outcomes but remains undiagnosed on healthcare admissions. Older adults use emergency departments (EDs) more than any other age group. T...

    Authors: Anne Griffin, Aoife O’Neill, Margaret O’Connor, Damien Ryan, Audrey Tierney and Rose Galvin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Falls are common undesirable events for older adults in institutions. Even though the patient’s fall risk may be scored on admission, the medication-induced fall risk may be ignored. This study developed a pre...

    Authors: Jana Michalcova, Karel Vasut, Marja Airaksinen and Katarina Bielakova

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Evidence is lacking on the differences between hospitalisation of people with dementia living in nursing homes and those living in the community. The objectives of this study were: 1) to describe the frequency...

    Authors: F. Javier Afonso-Argilés, Gabriele Meyer, Astrid Stephan, Mercè Comas, Ansgar Wübker, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Connie Lethin, Kai Saks, Maria Soto-Martin, Caroline Sutcliffe, Hilde Verbeek, Adelaida Zabalegui and Anna Renom-Guiteras

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:453

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Older adults’ cognitive abilities can be impaired through priming of negative age stereotypes. However, it is unclear whether the effects of negative priming can be extended to episodic memory, which is believ...

    Authors: Stephen C. Y. Chan, Alma M. L. Au and Simon M. K. Lai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  18. McArdle disease is a myopathy caused by mutations in PYGM gene that is characterized by reduced or absent activity of myophosphorylase. Reports of patients with concomitant McArdle disease and diabetes are scarce...

    Authors: Pedro Renato Chocair, Sara Mohrbacher, Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Leonardo Victor Barbosa Pereira, Erico Souza Oliveira, Luciana Loureiro Nardotto, Alessandra Martins Bales, Victor Augusto Hamamoto Sato, Sabrina Neves Silva, Bernadete Maria Coelho Ferreira and Américo Lourenço Cuvello-Neto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:451

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTI) in nursing home residents is complex, due to frequent non-specific symptomatology and asymptomatic bacteriuria. The objective of this study was to explore health care ...

    Authors: S. D. Kuil, C. Schneeberger, F. van Leth, M. D. de Jong and J. Harting

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The US population is maturing. As of 2020, over 52 million (16%) people are age 65 or older. With a citizenry that is increasingly “gray,” the nation is short of medical providers who specialize in geriatric m...

    Authors: Andrzej Kozikowski, Trenton Honda, Freddi Segal-Gidan and Roderick S. Hooker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Reablement is a philosophy of change in long-term care (LTC). Assessing the knowledge and competence of LTC professionals who provide reablement services is vital in LTC research. This study aimed to develop a...

    Authors: Hsiao-Wei Yu, Tzu-Ying Chiu, Pin-Yuan Chen, Tai-Hsiang Liao, Wen-Hui Chang, Mei-Wen Wang and Pay-Shin Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:448

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Biologic studies have suggested that tea may have neuroprotective activity. However, tea’s protective effect on cognitive function is controversial in human epidemiological studies, and no data, including the ...

    Authors: Jia Zhang, Anxin Wang, Xiaoli Zhang, Shuohua Chen, Shouling Wu, Xingquan Zhao and Qian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Many research studies evaluate physical activity interventions for older people in the community, however relatively few successfully promote maintenance of physical activity beyond the completion of the inter...

    Authors: Pazit Levinger, Maya Panisset, Jeremy Dunn, Terry Haines, Briony Dow, Frances Batchelor, Stuart Biddle, Gustavo Duque and Keith D. Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Recently, colorectal cancer has increased in elderly patients worldwide, with laparoscopic colorectal surgery increasing in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. However, whether laparoscopic colorectal sur...

    Authors: Yoshitake Ueda, Norio Shiraishi, Takahide Kawasaki, Tomonori Akagi, Shigeo Ninomiya, Hidefumi Shiroshita, Tsuyoshi Etoh and Masafumi Inomata

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) and its abbreviated version, the Mini-BESTest are clinical examination of balance impairment, but its psychometric properties have not yet been tested in European ...

    Authors: Pilar Dominguez-Olivan, Angel Gasch-Gallen, Esmeralda Aguas-Garcia and Ana Bengoetxea

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:444

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Focus on frailty status has become increasingly important when determining care plans within and across health care sectors. A standardized frailty measure applicable for both primary and secondary health care...

    Authors: Søren Kabell Nissen, Anders Fournaise, Jørgen T. Lauridsen, Jesper Ryg, Christian H. Nickel, Claire Gudex, Mikkel Brabrand and Karen Andersen-Ranberg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Hong Kong government has launched the Elderly Health Care Voucher (EHCV) scheme to facilitate primary care in the private sector for older adults. This study aimed to examine whether voucher use was associ...

    Authors: Johnny T. K. Cheung, Samuel Y.S. Wong, Dicken C. C. Chan, Dexing Zhang, Lawrence H. F. Luk, Patsy Y. K. Chau, Benjamin H. K. Yip, Eric K. P. Lee, Eliza L. Y. Wong and E. K. Yeoh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is related to higher mortality but it is not entirely evident which causes of death explain this. The objective of this study was to assess the causes of death in a nationwide cohort o...

    Authors: Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Heidi Taipale, Marjaana Koponen, Jari Tiihonen and Sirpa Hartikainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Middle-aged and older adults play an important role in the provision of informal support, however, the impact on the health of those individuals who provide informal care is unclear. The main objectives of thi...

    Authors: Fátima Barbosa, Gina Voss and Alice Delerue Matos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A growing number of older people are care dependent and live in nursing homes, which accounts for the majority of long-term-care spending. Specific medical conditions and resident characteristics may serve as ...

    Authors: Katrin C. Reber, Ivonne Lindlbauer, Claudia Schulz, Kilian Rapp and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In nursing home residents, the combination of decreasing mobility and declining cognitive abilities, including spatial orientation, often leads to reduced physical activity (PA) and life-space (LS) mobility. A...

    Authors: Bettina Wollesen, Madeleine Fricke, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Katharina Gordt, Michael Schwenk, Thomas Muehlbauer, Christina Morawietz, Adele Kruse and Klaus Gramann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:437

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Providing support to others has been shown to be beneficial to older adults. As people age, their health and social relationships change. These changes may also relate to changes in social support provision. W...

    Authors: S. K. Lestari, X. de Luna, M. Eriksson, G. Malmberg and N. Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Multimorbidity and polypharmacy are very common in older adults in primary care. Ideally, general practitioners (GPs), should regularly review medication lists to identify inappropriate medication(s) and, wher...

    Authors: Zsofia Rozsnyai, Katharina Tabea Jungo, Emily Reeve, Rosalinde K. E. Poortvliet, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacobijn Gussekloo and Sven Streit

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Family inclusion in nursing homes is central to the provision of individualized care for people with dementia. Although positive effects can be recognized, barriers have been identified that hamper family incl...

    Authors: Ramona Backhaus, Linda J. M. Hoek, Erica de Vries, Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt, Jan P. H. Hamers and Hilde Verbeek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In some European countries, including France, older patients with functional decline in acute units are transferred to geriatric rehabilitation units. Some patients may not benefit from their stay in a geriatr...

    Authors: Marie Laurent, Nadia Oubaya, Jean-Philippe David, Cynthia Engels, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Lola Corsin, Eveline Liuu, Etienne Audureau, Sylvie Bastuji-Garin and Elena Paillaud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Falls in older adults are an increasingly important public-health concern. Despite abundant research, fall rates have not been reduced, because implementation of evidence-based fall-prevention measures has bee...

    Authors: Hilde Worum, Daniela Lillekroken, Kirsti Skavberg Roaldsen, Birgitte Ahlsen and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:432

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Disability, which is considered a health-related condition, increases care demands and socioeconomic burdens for both families and communities. To confirm the trend of dynamic longitudinal changes in disabilit...

    Authors: Hae Reong Kim, Heayon Lee, Yoonje Seong, Eunju Lee, Hee-Won Jung, Yu Rang Park and Il-Young Jang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:430

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Fried’s Phenotype Model of Frailty (PMF) postulates that frailty is a syndrome. Features of a syndrome are a heterogeneous population that can be split into at least two classes, those presenting and those not...

    Authors: François Béland, Dominic Julien, Christina Wolfson, Howard Bergman, Pierrette Gaudreau, Claude Galand, John Fletcher, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui, Bryna Shatenstein, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, José A. Morais and Tamàs Fülöp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:429

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The demographic changes in Brazil as a result of population aging is one of the fastest in the world. The far-reaching new challenges that come with a large older population are particularly disquieting in low...

    Authors: Marcos Daniel Saraiva, Luís Fernando Rangel, Julia Lusis Lassance Cunha, Thereza Cristina Ariza Rotta, Christian Douradinho, Eugênia Jatene Bou Khazaal, Márlon Juliano Romero Aliberti, Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia Kimie Suemoto and Wilson Jacob-Filho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that diminishes potential functional recovery after any surgical procedure. Preoperative surgical risk assessment is crucial to calibrate the risk and benefit of cardiac surgery...

    Authors: Elisabet Berastegui Garcia, Maria Luisa Camara Rosell, Enrique Moret Ruiz, Irma Casas Garcia, Sara Badia Gamarra, Claudio Fernandez Gallego, Luis Delgado Ramis, Ignasi Julia Almill, Anna Llorens Ferrer, Bernat Romero Ferrer, Antoni Bayes Genis and Christian Muñoz Guijosa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Based on the Stereotype Embodiment Theory (SET), this study aims to examine the mechanism of ageism on frailty through the proposed framework of “Experiences of Ageism (EA) → Age Stereotypes (AS) → Attitudes t...

    Authors: Bo Ye, Junling Gao, Hua Fu, Hao Chen, Wenjing Dong and Ming Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Central nervous system depressant medications (CNSDs) such as opioid analgesics and sedative-hypnotics are commonly prescribed to older patients for the treatment of chronic pain, anxiety and insomnia. Yet, wh...

    Authors: Socheat Cheng, Tahreem Ghazal Siddiqui, Michael Gossop, Knut Stavem, Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen and Christofer Lundqvist

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cognitive impairment is twice more frequent in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This study was conducted to determine the association between glycemic control and cognitive performance among communi...

    Authors: Alberto J. Mimenza-Alvarado, Gilberto A. Jiménez-Castillo, Sara G. Yeverino-Castro, Abel J. Barragán-Berlanga, Mario U. Pérez-Zepeda, J. Alberto Ávila-Funes and Sara G. Aguilar-Navarro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Eating problems are highly prevalent in older patients with dementia and as a consequence, these patients are at greater risk of becoming malnourished. Fingerfoods, snacks that can be picked with thumb and for...

    Authors: Annemijn Visscher, Marieke C. E. Battjes-Fries, Ondine van de Rest, Olga N. Patijn, Mascha van der Lee, Nienke Wijma-Idsinga, Gerda K. Pot and Peter Voshol

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant public health emergency that impacts all sectors of healthcare. The negative health outcomes for the COVID-19 infection have been most severe in the frail elderly dwellin...

    Authors: Henry Yu-Hin Siu, Lorand Kristof, Dawn Elston, Abe Hafid and Fred Mather

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:421

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Sarcopenia and dysphagia are prevalent health issues as the elderly population continues to grow. However, whether sarcopenia, defined by either reduced handgrip strength or gait speed, would lead to pathologi...

    Authors: Yen-Chih Chen, Pei-Yun Chen, Yu-Chen Wang, Tyng-Guey Wang and Der-Sheng Han

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Recent data suggest that musical practice prevents age-related cognitive decline. But experimental evidence remains sparse and no concise information on the neurophysiological bases exists, although cognitive ...

    Authors: Clara E. James, Eckart Altenmüller, Matthias Kliegel, Tillmann H.C. Krüger, Dimitri Van De Ville, Florian Worschech, Laura Abdili, Daniel S. Scholz, Kristin Jünemann, Alexandra Hering, Frédéric Grouiller, Christopher Sinke and Damien Marie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:418

    Content type: Study protocol

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