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  1. Persons aged ≥ 65 years are currently the world’s fastest growing age group. An important complication of age is the increasing risk of falls. Falls have multifactorial etiology and modifiable risk factors ope...

    Authors: Simone Chantal Gafner, Caroline Henrice Germaine Bastiaenen, Emmanuel Biver, Serge Ferrari and Lara Allet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:110

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. The interactions between nursing home (NH) staff and their residents are crucial not only for the atmosphere at the NH but also for achieving care goals. In order to test the potential effects of daily physica...

    Authors: S. Vikström, H. K. Grönstedt, T. Cederholm, E. Franzén, G. Faxén-Irving, Å. Seiger and A.-M. Boström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although it is well known that aging impairs navigation performance, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Egocentric strategy requires navigators to remember a series of body-turns without relying...

    Authors: Jia-Xin Zhang, Lin Wang, Hai-Yan Hou, Chun-Lin Yue, Liang Wang and Hui-Jie Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Demographic aging is a generalised event and the proportion of older adults is increasing rapidly worldwide with chronic pathologies, disability, and complexity of health needs. The intracerebral haemorrhage (...

    Authors: Blanca Lorman-Carbó, Josep Lluís Clua-Espuny, Eulàlia Muria-Subirats, Juan Ballesta-Ors, Maria Antònia González-Henares, José Fernández-Sáez and Francisco M. Martín-Luján

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Total physical activity is positively associated with brain volume and cognition in older adults. While we have ample evidence that recreational physical activity influences brain health, the contributions of ...

    Authors: Noah D. Koblinsky, Liesel-Ann C. Meusel, Carol E. Greenwood and Nicole D. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Motor and cognitive impairments are frequently observed following stroke, but are often managed as distinct entities, and there is little evidence regarding how they are related. The aim of this study was to d...

    Authors: Marte Stine Einstad, Ingvild Saltvedt, Stian Lydersen, Marie H. Ursin, Ragnhild Munthe-Kaas, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Anne-Brita Knapskog, Torunn Askim, Mona K. Beyer, Halvor Næss, Yngve M. Seljeseth, Hanne Ellekjær and Pernille Thingstad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  7. From late February 2020, English care homes rapidly adapted their practices in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to accommodating new guidelines and policies, staff had to adjust to rapid reconfig...

    Authors: Fiona Marshall, Adam Gordon, John R. F. Gladman and Simon Bishop

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:102

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Frailty syndrome disproportionately affects older people, including 15% of non-nursing home population, and is known to be a strong predictor of poor health outcomes. There is a growing interest in incorporati...

    Authors: Marcela D. Blinka, Brian Buta, Kevin D. Bader, Casey Hanley, Nancy L. Schoenborn, Matthew McNabney and Qian-Li Xue

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:101

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Frailty In Residential Sector over Time (FIRST) Study is a 3-year prospective cohort study investigating the health of residents living in residential aged care services (RACS) in South Australia. The stud...

    Authors: Agathe Daria Jadczak, Leonie Robson, Tina Cooper, J. Simon Bell and Renuka Visvanathan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use has adverse effects on health, particularly in elder patients. Various country-specific explicit criteria have been developed to measure the appropriateness of pr...

    Authors: Huanyu Zhang, Eliza LY Wong, Eng-kiong Yeoh and Bosco HM Ma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Advance care planning (ACP) is a process that enables individuals to describe, in advance, the kind of health care they would want in the future. There is evidence that ACP reduces hospital-based interventions...

    Authors: Michelle B. Cox, Margaret J. McGregor, Madison Huggins, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery and Katie Bauder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Process evaluations provide contextual insight into the way in which interventions are delivered. This information is essential when designing strategies to implement programs into wider clinical practice. We ...

    Authors: Breiffni Leavy, Conran Joseph, Lydia Kwak and Erika Franzén

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Combining observation principles and geriatric care concepts is considered a promising strategy for risk-stratification of older patients with emergency care needs. We aimed to map the structure and processes ...

    Authors: Pieter Heeren, Annabelle Hendrikx, Janne Ceyssens, Els Devriendt, Mieke Deschodt, Didier Desruelles, Johan Flamaing, Marc Sabbe and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Informal caregivers of persons living with dementia have an increased risk of adverse mental health effects. It is therefore important to systematically summarize published literature in order to find out whic...

    Authors: Henrik Wiegelmann, Sarah Speller, Lisa-Marie Verhaert, Liane Schirra-Weirich and Karin Wolf-Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program is an effective but resource-intensive fall prevention program delivered one-to-one in participants’ homes. A recently developed group-based LiFE (gL...

    Authors: Leah Reicherzer, Franziska Kramer-Gmeiner, Sarah Labudek, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Malin J. Nystrand, Clemens Becker, Lindy Clemson and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:93

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Frailty, a syndrome characterized by a decline in function reserve, is common in older patients with heart failure (HF) and is associated with prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of frailty on o...

    Authors: Shuo-Chun Weng, Chu-Sheng Lin, Der-Cherng Tarng and Shih-Yi Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:92

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Older people are often admitted for rehabilitation to improve walking, yet not everyone improves. The aim of this study was to determine key factors associated with a positive response to hospital-based rehabi...

    Authors: Catherine M Said, Jennifer L McGinley, Cassandra Szoeke, Barbara Workman, Keith D. Hill, Joanne E Wittwer, Michael Woodward, Danny Liew, Leonid Churilov, Julie Bernhardt and Meg E Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Physical fitness and motor ability are associated with the incidence of locomotive syndrome (LS) in older adults. The relationships between physical fitness and motor ability at a young age to LS risk in later...

    Authors: Shaoshuai Shen, Koya Suzuki, Yoshimitsu Kohmura, Noriyuki Fuku, Yuki Someya and Hisashi Naito

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) increases with age. Older patients are a heterogeneous group ranging from fit to frail with various comorbidities. Frail older patients with CRC are at increased risk o...

    Authors: Troels G. Dolin, Marta Mikkelsen, Henrik L. Jakobsen, Tyge Nordentoft, Trine S. Pedersen, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Kirsten K. Vistisen, Charlotte Suetta, Dorte Nielsen, Julia S. Johansen and Cecilia M. Lund

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:88

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Age-related sarcopenia meaningfully increases the risks of functional limitations and mortality in the older adults. Although circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) are associated with aging-related cellular senesce...

    Authors: Huang-Chun Liu, Der-Sheng Han, Chih-Chin Hsu and Jong-Shyan Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Physical aging increases the sensitivity to the effects of substance use, elevating the risk for cognitive impairment among older adults. Since studies on the association of substance use with cognitive abilit...

    Authors: T. Muhammad, Manideep Govindu and Shobhit Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Older adults hospitalized following a fall often encounter preventable adverse events when transitioning from hospital to home. Discharge planning interventions developed to prevent these events do not all pro...

    Authors: Véronique Provencher, Monia D’Amours, Matthew Menear, Natasa Obradovic, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois and Marie-Jeanne Kergoat

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  23. To investigate whether an exercise intervention using the VIVIFRAIL© protocol has benefits for inflammatory and functional parameters in different frailty status.

    Authors: Marina Petrella, Ivan Aprahamian, Ronei Luciano Mamoni, Carla Fernanda de Vasconcellos Romanini, Natália Almeida Lima, Everson de Cássio Robello, Daniele Lima da Costa, Vinicius Nakajima An, Bianca Nobre Aguirre, Júlia Riccetto Galdeano, Isabela Cunha Fernandes, Salma S. Soleman Hernandez, Matteo Cesari, John E. Morley, Mikel Izquierdo and Richard C. Oude Voshaar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The capacity of postural control is a key factor related to falling in older people, particularly in older women with low back pain (LBP). Cognitive involvement in postural control increases with age. However,...

    Authors: Le Ge, Qiuhua Yu, Chuhuai Wang, Huanjie Huang, Xin Li, Shanshan Zhang and Siyun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Maintaining or initiating regular physical activity (PA) is important for successful aging. Technology-based systems may support and stimulate older adults to initiate and persevere in performing PA. The aim o...

    Authors: Els Knippenberg, Annick Timmermans, Steven Palmaers and Annemie Spooren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Enteral feeding and parenteral nutrition (PN) using gastrostomy (GS) and a nasogastric tube feeding (NGT) and PN should be initiated for older patients based on their prognoses. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Yukio Tsugihashi, Manabu Akahane, Yasuhiro Nakanishi, Tomoya Myojin, Shinichiro Kubo, Yuichi Nishioka, Tatsuya Noda, Shuichiro Hayashi, Shiori Furihata, Tsuneyuki Higashino and Tomoaki Imamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Everyday cognition is the application of basic cognitive skills and knowledge of the specific cognitive domain for the resolution of problems that are integrated within the instrumental domains of functioning....

    Authors: Celia Sánchez Gómez and Eduardo José Fernández Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  28. This study tentatively constructs a composite measure of Chinese Healthy Ageing Index (CHAI) among older adults aged 60+ and investigates change of CHAI during 2011–2015 and its association with sociodemograph...

    Authors: Peng Nie, Yan Li, Nan Zhang, Xiaomin Sun, Bao Xin and Youfa Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  29. A validated evidence-based guideline was developed to reduce physical restraint use in home care. However, the implementation of guidelines in home care is challenging. Therefore, this study aims to systematic...

    Authors: Sara Vandervelde, Kristien Scheepmans, Koen Milisen, Theo van Achterberg, Ellen Vlaeyen, Johan Flamaing and Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Previous studies have reported associations between hearing impairment (HI) and cognitive impairment, but the evidence is not conclusive while considering concurrent geriatric syndromes. Especially, evidence f...

    Authors: Chi-Jung Tai, Tzyy-Guey Tseng, Yu-Han Hsiao, Tsu-Ann Kuo, Ching-Ya Huang, Yi-Hsin Yang and Meng-Chih Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Aspirin is the key treatment in the secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) to aspirin has been reported to partially account for the enhanc...

    Authors: Wenyi Liang, Peng Zhang and Meilin Liu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In Japan, approximately half of all lung cancer patients are aged > 75 years, and the proportion of older patients is increasing. In older patients, it is necessary to consider comorbidities and concomitant dr...

    Authors: Yukari Tsubata, Shun Shinomiya, Koji Inoue, Nobuhisa Ishikawa, Ryota Saito, Kazuhisa Nakashima, Katsuyuki Hotta, Akinobu Hamada, Fumio Nagashima, Yuichi Ando, Satoshi Morita, Kunihiko Kobayashi and Takeshi Isobe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:74

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The “Program of Research on the Integration of Services for the Maintenance of Autonomy” (PRISMA-7) and “Emergency room evaluation and recommendations” (ER2) are both clinical tools used in Québec Emergency Depar...

    Authors: Cyrille P. Launay, Joshua Lubov, Kevin Galery, Christine Vilcocq, Éric Maubert, Marc Afilalo and Olivier Beauchet

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hypovitaminosis D can be observed in most fragility hip fracture patients. However, measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level is costly and may not be available in some centers. Without the baseline s...

    Authors: Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Suchat Phusunti, Pojchong Chotiyarnwong and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Balance control, and specifically balance reactive responses that contribute to maintaining balance when balance is lost unexpectedly, is impaired in older people. This leads to an increased fall risk and inju...

    Authors: Shani Batcir, Yaakov Livne, Rotem Lev Lehman, Shmil Edelman, Lavi Schiller, Omri Lubovsky, Guy Shani, Amir Shapiro and Itshak Melzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:71

    Content type: Technical advance

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  36. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia in the over 60-year-old community and to evaluate whether osteosarcopenia is associated with disability, frailty and depression.

    Authors: Ki-Soo Park, Gyeong-Ye Lee, Young-Mi Seo, Sung-Hyo Seo and Jun-Il Yoo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Perioperative medicine services for older surgical patients are being developed across several countries. This qualitative study aims to explore geriatricians’ perspectives on challenges and opportunities for ...

    Authors: Janani Thillainadesan, Jesse Jansen, Jacqui Close, Sarah Hilmer and Vasi Naganathan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) face high caregiving burden, distress related to responsive behaviours, and psychiatric morbidity. The present paper examines how these are associated with healthcare ...

    Authors: Jue Hua Lau, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Esmond Seow, Li Ling Ng, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Some types of sedentary behaviors tend to cluster in individuals or groups of older adults. Insight into how these different types of sedentary behavior cluster is needed, as recent research suggests that not ...

    Authors: Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon and Delfien Van Dyck

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Low anterior resection (LAR) is often performed with diverting loop ileostomy (DLI) for anastomotic protection in patients with rectal cancer. We aim to analyze, if older patients are more prone to a decline i...

    Authors: Amal Rhemouga, Stefan Buettner, Wolf O. Bechstein, Guido Woeste and Teresa Schreckenbach

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The transition to residential care facilities can be stressful for older people, entailing numerous challenges. Many qualitative studies focused on the adjustment and the experiences associated with older adul...

    Authors: Changxian Sun, Yaping Ding, Yan Cui, Shuqin Zhu, Xianwen Li, Shen Chen, Rong Zhou and Yiting Yu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The actual SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused a highly transmissible disease with a tremendous impact on elderly people. So far, few studies focused on very elderly patients (over 80 years old). In this study we exami...

    Authors: M. D’ascanio, M. Innammorato, L. Pasquariello, D. Pizzirusso, G. Guerrieri, S. Castelli, A. Pezzuto, C. De vitis, P. Anibaldi, A. Marcolongo, R. Mancini, A. Ricci and S. Sciacchitano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The retina shares similar anatomical and physiological features with the brain and subtle variations in retinal microvascular parameters (RMPs) may reflect similar vascular variation in the brain. The aim of t...

    Authors: R. A. O’Neill, A. P. Maxwell, F. Kee, I. Young, R. E. Hogg, S. Cruise, B. McGuinness and G. J. McKay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  44. While the field of rehabilitation has determined a common definition of professional practice, legislators and healthcare professionals in various Western countries have struggled to reach consensus about how ...

    Authors: Amy Clotworthy, Sasmita Kusumastuti and Rudi G. J. Westendorp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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