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Table 5 Logistic regression analysis with serum cortisol levels (Timepoint 1) as the independent variable and changes (yes/no) in CDR (Timepoint 1–Timepoint 2 difference) as the dependent variable

From: Association between cortisol and aging-related hippocampus volume changes in community-dwelling older adults: a 7-year follow-up study

serum cortisol levels (Timepoint 1) OR P lower 95% CI upper 95% CI R2
Model 1: Unadjusted 1.098 0.010 1.023 1.179 0.36
Model 2: Adjusted for age 1.103 0.016 1.019 1.195 0.47
Model 3: Adjusted for age and sex 1.099 0.020 1.015 1.191 0.50
  1. 95% CI 95% Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio