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Table 2 Demographic characteristics

From: A 'good dyadic relationship' between older couples with one having mild cognitive impairment: a Q-methodology

  Full sample
(N = 82)
Factor 1(n = 33) Factor 2 (n = 13) Factor 3(n = 14) p
N % n % n % n %
Role
 Person with MCI 41 50.0 19 57.6 5 38.5 6 42.9 .478a
 Spouse 41 50.0 14 42.4 8 61.5 8 57.1
Age
 Mean (SD) 75.5 (6.2) 76.2 (5.1) 73.5 (6.4) 75.1 (9.1) .320b
Gender
 Male 41 50.0 21 63.6 3 23.1 9 64.3 .033a
 Female 41 50.0 12 36.4 10 76.9 5 35.7
Education level
 Nil / pre-primary 14 17.1 4 12.1 2 15.4 3 21.4 .736
 Primary 37 45.1 15 45.5 8 61.5 6 42.9
 Secondary 24 29.3 9 27.3 3 23.1 4 28.7
 University or above 7 8.5 5 15.2 0 0.0 1 7.1
Years of Education
 Mean (SD) 8.2 (4.4) 9.21 (4.9) 7.85 (3.5) 7.00 (4.0) .331b
Marital Status
 Married 82 100.0 33 100.0 13 100.0 14 100.0 N.A
 Other 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Years of Marriage
 Mean (SD) 48.4 (6.8) 48.24 (5.4) 47.31 (9.8) 48.29 (5.4) .343b
Religious Beliefs
 None 52 63.4 21 63.6 9 69.2 9 64.3 .994a
 Christianity 10 24.4 7 21.2 2 15.4 3 21.4
 Buddhism 10 12.2 5 15.2 2 15.4 2 14.3
 Other 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Living Arrangement
 With spouse only 54 65.9 21 63.6 11 84.6 8 57.1 .274a
 Spouse & others 28 34.1 12 36.4 2 15.4 6 42.9
Number of Household Membersc
 Mean (SD) 1.7 (1.1) 1.64 (1.1) 1.31 (0.9) 1.93 (1.4) .262b
Employment Status
 Retired 81 98.8 32 97.0 13 100.0 14 100.0 .660a
 Full-time 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
 Part-time 1 1.2 1 3.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
 Temporary 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Perceived Economic Status
 Very sufficient 6 7.3 3 9.1 0 0.0 1 7.1 .689a
 Sufficient 59 72.0 24 72.7 11 84.6 9 64.3
 Insufficient 17 20.7 6 18.2 2 15.4 4 28.6
 Very insufficient 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Lawton’s Instrumental Activities of Daily Living total score (Range: 0 – 27)d
 Mean (SD) 23.8 (4.5) 24.7 (3.9) 24.4 (3.8) 22.8 (5.0) .454b
Geriatric Depression Scale (Range: 0 – 15)
 No depressive symptoms 72 87.8 31 93.9 10 76.9 12 85.7 .254a
 Significant depressive symptoms 10 12.2 2 6.1 3 23.1 2 14.3
 Mean (SD) 3.3 (3.7) 2.42 (2.8) 4.23 (4.2) 4.14 (4.3) .303b
Perceived Quality of Relationship (Range: 0 – 10)
 Mean (SD) 7.9 (1.7) 7.88 (1.6) 7.08 (2.4) 8.46 (1.2) .156b
Inclusion of the Other in the Self Scale
 No overlap 1 1.2 0 0.0 1 7.7 0 0.0 .105a
 Little overlap 3 3.7 3 9.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
 Some overlap 5 6.1 2 6.1 1 7.7 0 0.0
 Equal overlap 6 7.3 2 6.1 2 15.4 0 0.0
 Strong overlap 10 12.2 5 15.2 0 0.0 2 14.3
 Very strong overlap 25 30.5 9 27.3 7 53.8 3 21.4
 Most overlap 31 37.8 12 36.4 2 15.4 9 64.3
 Missing 1 1.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
 Mean (SD) 5.7 (1.5) 5.6 (1.6) 5.23 (1.7) 6.5 (0.8) .047b
  1. a Chi-Square Test
  2. b Kruskal–Wallis Test;
  3. c excluding the person with MCI;
  4. dfor the sample with MCI only