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Table 4 Factors associated with ADL and IADL in multivariate logistic regression analysis

From: Risk factors of frailty and functional disability in community-dwelling older adults: a cross-sectional analysis of the FREEDOM-LNA cohort study

  Adjusted OR [95% CI] P value
Limitation in ADL (ADL ≤ 5) *
 Age (continuous variable) 1.06 [1.03; 1.09] < 0.001
 Polymedication ≥ 5 (Yes vs. No) 1.87 [1.23; 2.85] 0.004
 Cognitive deficit, MMSE < 24 (Yes vs. No) 1.57 [1.10; 2.22] 0.012
 Depressive symptoms, GDS > 9 (Yes vs. No) 1.54 [1.11; 2.12] 0.009
 Sex (Males vs. females) 0.47 [0.34; 0.66] < 0.001
Limitation in IADL (IADL ≤ 7) *
 Age (continuous variable) 1.12 [1.08; 1.17] < 0.001
 Cognitive deficit, MMSE < 24 (Yes vs. No) 7.79 [4.12; 14.75] < 0.001
 Polymedication ≥ 5 (Yes vs. No) 3.53 [2.06; 6.02] < 0.001
 Diabetes (Yes vs. No) 2.87 [1.57; 5.26] 0.007
 Educational level (low vs. high) 2.22 [1.34; 3.68] 0.002
 Depressive symptoms GDS > 9 (Yes vs. No) 1.82 [1.17; 2.83] 0.008
 Dyslipidaemia (Yes vs. No) 0.50 [0.32; 0.80] 0.003
  1. * ADL: N = 712 (41 participants had at least one covariate missing); IADL: N = 707 (46 participants had at least one covariate missing)