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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic, functional, and clinical parameters according to the presence or absence of dysphagia N (%) or mean ± SD

From: Prevalence and management of dysphagia in nursing home residents in Europe and Israel: the SHELTER Project

  Total sample
(n = 3451)
Dysphagia
(n = 1046)
No- dysphagia
(n = 2405)
Age (years) mean±SDa 84.7 ± 7.7 85.4 ± 7.6 84.4 ± 7.7*
Sex (Female) n (%)b 2575 (74.6) 810 (77.4) 1765 (73.4)
Number of diseases mean±SDa 4.1 ± 2.7 4.5 ± 3 3.9 ± 2.6*
Number of drugs mean±SDa 7.0 ± 3.6 6.6 ± 3.4 7.2 ± 3.6*
ADL (0-6) mean±SDa 3.4 ± 1.9 4.9 ± 1.3 2.8 ± 1.8*
CPS score (0-6) mean±SDa 2.8 ± 2.0 4.4 ± 1.7 2.2 ± 1.8*
CPS 0-1 n (%)b 1027 (30.2) 75 (7.4) 952 (39.8)
CPS 2-4 n (%)b 1319 (38.8) 311 (30.9) 1008 (42.1)
CPS 5-6 n (%)b 1054 (31.0) 621 (61.7) 433 (18.1)*
Pressure ulcer n (%)b 345 (10.0) 191 (18.3) 154 (6.4)*
Coronary heart disease n (%)b 946 (27.6) 324 (31.2) 622 (25.9)**
Congestive heart failure n (%)b 600 (17.5) 163 (15.6) 437 (18.3)
Cerebrovascular disease n (%)b 836 (24.2) 345 (33.0) 491 (20.4)*
Dementia n (%)b 1882 (54.5) 723 (69.1) 1159 (48.2)*
Depression n (%)b 845 (24.6) 244 (23.4) 601 (25.1)
COPD n (%)b 315 (9.2) 99 (9.5) 216 (9.0)
Diabetes n (%)b 735 (21.4) 216 (20.7) 519 (21.7)
Parkinson’s disease n (%)b 254 (7.4) 98 (9.4) 156 (6.5)**
Cancer n (%)b 369 (10.7) 99 (9.5) 270 (11.3)
Nutritional status
 Weight loss n (%)b 312 (9.1) 146 (14.0) 166 (6.9)*
Nutrition Therapy
 Enteral Tube Feeding n (%)b 86 (2.5) 86 (8.2) 0
 Parenteral Nutrition n (%)b 12 (0.3) 12 (1.1) 0
 Texture modified diet n (%)b 948 (27.5) 948 (90.6) 0
  1. aStudent T test, bchi-square test; * p<0,01, ** p<0,05
  2. ADL Activities of daily living, CPS Cognitive Performance Scale, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease