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Table 3 The general characteristics of falls in older inpatients (n = 153)

From: Incidence and clinical characteristics of fall-related injuries among older inpatients at a tertiary grade a hospital in Shandong province from 2018 to 2020

Characteristics Cases Percentage (%)
Ward Medical ward 68 44.44
Surgical ward 38 24.84
Geriatric ward 32 20.92
gynecological ward 9 5.88
The emergency ward 6 3.92
Occurrence year 2018 48 31.4
  2019 66 43.1
  2020 39 25.5
Age(year) 60–69 64 41.83
70–79 53 34.64
 ≥ 80 35 22.88
Gender male 91 59.48
female 62 40.52
Nomal eyesight Yes 143 93.46
No 10 6.54
Consciousness awake 148 96.73
confusion 5 3.27
Comorbidities Tumor 51 33.33
Coronary heart disease 26 16.99
Cerebrovascular disease 24 15.69
Diabetes 16 10.46
Hypertension 14 9.15
Waist, bone and joint injury 14 9.15
Damage of liver and kidney function 11 7.19
Diseases of he immune system 5 3.27
Serum electrolyte disorder Yes 3 2.00
No 150 98.00
Pain Yes 3 2.00
No 150 98.00
Fall-related injuries no injury 76 49.67
Minor injury 49 32.03
Moderate injury 16 10.46
Serious injury 12 7.84
Time interval 0am-4am 35 22.88
4am-8am 34 22.22
8am-12am 23 15.03
12am-16 pm 24 15.69
16 pm-20 pm 22 14.38
20 pm-24 pm 15 9.80
Place The edge of the bed 59 38.56
Toilet 44 28.76
The ward 26 16.99
Inwards corridor 12 7.84
Other areas outside the ward 11 7.19
Patient condition Before or after toilet 74 48.4
  Bedside shift 41 36.9
  Walking 20 13.1
Normal excretion Yes 136 88.89
No 17 11.11
Medication Antihypertensive drugs 49 32.03
Hypoglycemic drugs 31 20.26
Diuretics drugs 31 20.26
Sedative drugs 18 11.76
Antiarrhythmic drugs 5 3.27
With catheter Yes 25 16.34
No 128 83.66
ADL No dependence 32 20.92
Mild dependence 76 49.67
Moderate dependence 25 16.34
Severe dependence 20 13.07
Falling risk No risk 3 1.96
Low risk 14 9.15
Moderate risk 78 50.98
High risk 58 37.91
Falled in 3 months Yes 20 13.07
No 133 86.93
With bed rails Yes 101 66.01
No 52 33.99
With auxiliary tools (wheelchairs, boots, cane) Yes 11 7.91
No 142 92.81
Promary nurses grading N0 1 0.70
  N1 20 13.10
  N2 92 60.1
  N3 40 26.20
Diploma College 2 1.31
Undergraduate 145 94.77
master 6 3.92
Working years Y < 5 14 9.15
5 ≥ Y < 10 78 50.98
Y ≥ 10 61 39.87
Positional title Nurse 14 9.15
Senior nurse 75 49.02
Supervisor nurse 64 41.83