Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline Characteristics and participants’ adherence, grouped by interview and caregiver status

From: Effectiveness of a behavioral lifestyle intervention on weight management and mobility improvement in older informal caregivers: a secondary data analysis

  Uninterviewed (N = 205) Interviewed (N = 94) P Non-Caregiver (N = 65) Caregiver (N = 29) P
Age, mean (SD) 67.8 (4.2) 68.4 (4.0) 0.21 69.0 (4.2) 67.0 (3.3) 0.03
Female, n (%) 186 (91%) 79 (84%) 0.076 52 (80.0%) 27 (93.1%) 0.14
Education, n (%)    0.43    0.95
Less than High School Diploma 5 (2%) 3 (3%)   2 (3.0%) 1 (3.5%)  
High School Graduate or GED 42 (21%) 13 (14%)   10 (15.4%) 3 (10.3%)  
 Some College or Technical School 54 (26%) 22 (23%)   14 (21.5%) 8 (27.6%)  
Associate or Bachelor Degree 63 (31%) 31 (33%)   22 (33.9%) 9 (31.0%)  
Post-College or Professional Degree 39 (19%) 25 (27%)   17 (26.2%) 8 (27.6%)  
Race, n (%)    0.10    1.00
White 128 (63%) 71 (76%)   49 (75.4%) 22 (75.9%)  
Black 66 (32%) 21 (22%)   14 (21.5%) 7 (24.1%)  
Other race or two or more races 9 (4%) 2 (2%)   2 (3.0%) 0 (0.0%)  
BMI, mean (SD) 34.8 (4.7) 34.9 (4.9) 0.83 34.9 (4.9) 35.1 (5.0) 0.80
Weight, lb 203.2 (32.2) 203.1 (34.3) 0.99 204.0 (33.5) 201.0 (36.5) 0.70
Count, Medical Conditions, mean (SD) 3.2 (1.7) 3.4 (1.8) 0.45 3.6 (1.9) 3.0 (1.7) 0.15
Lower Extremity Function
SPPB, mean (SD) 10.5 (1.8) 10.5 (2.1) 0.76 10.5 (2.3) 10.7 (1.8) 0.63
Gait speed, m/sec 0.9 (0.2) 1.0 (0.2) 0.082 0.98 (0.2) 1.02 (0.2) 0.36
Chair stands, sec 11.5 (3.0) 10.8 (2.3) 0.082 10.9 (2.4) 10.7 (1.8) 0.67
Mental Health
CES-D, mean (SD) 8.0 (6.6) 8.4 (8.0) 0.68 8.7 (8.1) 7.7 (8.0) 0.60
MDS, n (%) 58 (29%) 33 (35%) 0.34 24 (37.5%) 9 (31.0%) 0.54
Self-efficacy
Self-efficacy in Exercise, mean (SD) 47.5 (21.1) 43.6 (20.8) 0.15 43.0 (21.1) 45.1 (20.2) 0.65
Self-efficacy in Diet, mean (SD) 55.7 (20.9) 53.4 (18.9) 0.35 52.0 (19.4) 56.4 (17.9) 0.30
% of Session Attended, mean (SD) 64.6 (2.1) 74.0 (2.0) 0.005 76.8 (2.0) 67.7 (4.7) 0.036
# of Lifestyle Logs Submitted, mean (SD) 19.7 (1.2) 24.9 (1.8) 0.015 26.5 (2.0) 21.3 (3.5) 0.17