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Table 3 Association of hearing loss with depressive symptoms by sex, age groups and education

From: Hearing loss and depressive symptoms in older Chinese: whether social isolation plays a role

Subgroup   Hearing status OR (95% CI)ab P for interaction
Sex Men Fair 1.66 (1.18, 2.35)** 0.38
Poor 2.11 (1.31, 3.42)**
Women Fair 1.70 (1.41, 2.05)***
Poor 2.17 (1.61, 2.93)***
Age, years 50–59 Fair 1.60 (1.30, 1.96)*** 0.97
Poor 2.11 (1.39, 3.19)***
60–69 Fair 2.11 (1.49, 3.00)***
Poor 2.64 (1.63, 4.27)***
 ≥ 70 Fair 1.46 (0.91, 2.32)
Poor 1.93 (1.12, 3.31)*
Education  ≤ primary Fair 1.51 (0.89, 2.56) 0.95
Poor 2.03 (1.05, 3.92)*
middle school Fair 1.72 (1.26, 2.34)**
Poor 2.27 (1.48, 3.48)***
 ≥ college Fair 1.61 (1.20, 2.15)**
Poor 2.36 (1.44, 3.85)**
  1. Ref Reference, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. aThe reference group was good hearing
  3. bAdjusted for age, sex, income, education, occupation, smoking, alcohol use, self-rated health and comorbidities
  4. *P < 0.05
  5. **P < 0.01
  6. ***P < 0.001