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Table 1 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Effect of multicomponent exercise in cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year and country Sample size
(Lost)
Age (mean ± SD) Women (%) Cognitive impairment type Physical activity intensity Program duration (weeks) Sessions per week Session duration
(minutes)
Physical activity included Control type Results (SMD)
Bisbe et al., 2020
Spain
I: 18 (4)
C: 18 (1)
I: 77.2(5.1)
C: 72.8(5.6)
I: 50
C: 47.1
aMCI Low to moderate 12 2 60 Aerobic
Strength
Balance
Flexibility
Choreographed dances MMSE: 0.23(-0.39, 0.84)
Christofoletti et al., 2008
Brazil
I: 17 (5)
C: 20 (3)
I: 72.9(2.3)
C: 79.4(2.0)
I: 70.5
C: 70
Dementia NR 26 3 60 Strength
Balance
Not motor intervention MMSE: 0.05(-0.590, 0.703)
BCSB test
Nomination: 0.265(-0.383, 0.915)
Incidental memory: 0.133(-0.513, 0.781)
Immediate memory: -1.288(-1.288, -0.578)
Learning memory: -0.926(-1.606, -0.246)
Delayed memory: -0.133(-0.781, 0.513)
CDT: 0.286(-0.363, 0.936)
Verbal fluency: -0.872(-1.548, -0.195)
Recognition: -0.090(-0.090, 0.556)
de Souto Barreto et al., 2017
France
I: 48 (4)
C: 50 (3)
I: 88.3(5.1)
C: 86.9(5.8)
I: 93.2
C: 76.6
Dementia Moderate 24 2 60 Aerobic
Strength
Balance
Coordination
Social intervention MMSE: 0.038(-0.373, 0.450)
Greblo et al., 2017
Croatia
I: 14 (NR)
C: 14 (NR)
70.4(3.9) I: 100
C:100
MCI NR 8 3 30 Strength
Balance
Pilates MoCA: 0.88(0.077, 1.687)
Kemoun et al., 2010
France
I: 20 (4)
C: 18 (3)
I: 82(5.8)
C: 81.7(5.1)
I: 75
C: 73.3
Alzheimer-type dementia Low to moderate 15 1 60 Aerobic
Balance
Flexibility
Usual care ERFC: 0.889(0.151, 1.628)
Kwak et al., 2008
Korea
I: 15 (NR)
C: 15 (NR)
I: 79.6(6.6)
C: 82.2(7.0)
I: 100
C: 100
Dementia Low 52 1 40 Aerobic
Strength
Balance
Flexibility
NR MMSE: 1.02(0.267, 1.791)
Steinberg et al., 2009
US
I: 14 (NR)
C:13 (NR)
I: 76.5(3.9)
C: 74(8.1)
I: 71.1
C: 69.2
Alzheimer-type dementia Moderate 12 7 NR Aerobic
Strength
Balance
Flexibility
Home safety assessment BMT: 0.087(-0.668, 0.842)
HVLT: 0.013(-0.741, 0.768)
Suzuki et al., 2013
Japan
I: 50 (3)
C: 50 (5)
I: 74.8 (7.4)
C: 75.8 (6.1)
I: 50
C: 48
MCI Low to moderate 26 2 90 Aerobic
Strength
Balance
Education about health promotion MMSE: 0.221(-0.189, 0.631)
ADAS-Cog: -0.303(-0.714, 0.108)
  1. MMSE Mini-mental state examination, BCSB Brief cognitive screening battery, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, ERFC Rapid evaluation of cognitive function, BNT Boston naming test, HVLT Hopkins verbal learning test, Adas-Cog Alzheimer’s disease assessment scale-cognitive, NR Non reported, MCI Mild cognitive impairment, aMCI Amnestic mild cognitive impairment