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Table 3 Multivariable model: Differences between men and women in the sensitivity to determinants of physical functioning

From: Exploring the difference between men and women in physical functioning: How do sociodemographic, lifestyle- and health-related determinants contribute?

  Men Women Interaction P-value
Multivariable model Beta 95%CI   Beta 95%CI   Factor*sex  
Age -0.18 (-0.24 -0.13) -0.24 (-0.28 -0.19) -0.05 0.18
Socio-demographic determinants
 Education
 Middle vs high -1.56 (-3.03 -0.10) 0.50 (-1.15 2.14) 2.34 0.04
 Low vs high -4.97 (-6.44 -3.50) -1.99 (-3.50 -0.49) 3.33 0.00
 Work status (no vs yes) -4.13 (-5.32 -2.95) -3.46 (-4.47 -2.45) -0.54 0.74
 Living situation
(alone vs together)
0.27 (-1.37 1.90) -1.82 (-3.20 -0.50) -1.29 0.19
Lifestyle-related determinants
 Alcohol consumption 0.52 (-0.45 1.48) 1.45 (0.33 2.58) -0.33 0.74
 (> 1 glass/day vs ≤ 1 glass/day)
 Current smoking status
(yes vs no)
-1.84 (-3.06 -0.62) -0.55 (-1.74 0.64) 1.79 0.04
 Physical activity (h/week) 0.10 (0.07 0.12) 0.06 0.03 0.08 -0.02 0.23
 Sleep hours
 Short vs normal -1.15 (-2.24 -0.06) -0.61 (-1.72 0.50) 0.78 0.34
 Long vs normal -3.43 (-5.20 -1.67) -4.72 (-6.39 -3.04) -1.58 0.21
 BMI (kg/m2) -0.80 (-0.96 -0.65) -0.85 (-0.97 -0.74) -0.06 0.78
Health-related determinants
 Chronic diseases
  One vs none -5.49 (-6.43 -4.54) -6.22 (-7.14 -5.32) -0.69 0.35
  More than one vs none -12.5 (-14.2 -10.9) -11.4 (-13.2 -9.65) 0.85 0.51
 Pain
  Mild vs none -9.30 (-10.2 -8.36) -10.9 (-11.8 -9.87) -1.45 0.05
  Medium to severe vs none -23.2 (-24.6 -21.9) -24.9 (-26.1 -23.6) -0.70 0.38
  Poor mental health (MHI-5) -4.90 (-6.25 -3.55) -3.21 (-4.33 -2.08) 1.81 0.02
  1. Abbreviations: 95%CI = 95% Confidence Interval, BMI = Body Mass Index
  2. Note: Bold is significant (for beta variable p < 0.05, for beta interaction p < 0.10)
  3. Note: All interactions of sex*determinant (indicated by row) are individually tested in the full model including all variables