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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Fasting blood glucose-to-glycated hemoglobin ratio and all-cause mortality among Chinese in-hospital patients with acute stroke: a 12-month follow-up study

  FBG/HbA1c     p Value
  Q1 (n = 214) Q2 (n = 212) Q3 (n = 210) Q4 (n = 210)
Patient characteristics
 Female sex, n (%) 61 (28.5) 95 (44.8) 79 (37.6) 89 (42.4) 0.003
 Age, mean (SD), years 66.3 (11.8) 66.1 (13.1) 64.8 (12.8) 65.5 (12.6) 0.624
 NIHSS, median (IQR) 3 (1–5) 2 (1–5) 3 (1–6.5) 4 (1–9.5)  < 0.001
 Barthel Index, median (IQR) 75 (45–95) 75 (45–95) 60 (30–92.5) 45 (20–75)  < 0.001
 Risk of malnutrition, n (%) 91 (42.7) 87 (41.0) 85 (40.5) 99 (47.5) 0.503
 Nutrition support, n (%) 11 (5.1) 11 (5.2) 26 (12.4) 49 (23.3)  < 0.001
 Alcohol abuse, n (%) 34 (15.9) 25 (11.8) 30 (14.3) 24 (11.4) 0.482
 Length of hospital stay, median (IQR), days 10 (8–13) 9 (7–13) 10 (7–14) 12 (8–17)  < 0.001
 Type of stroke, n (%)       < 0.001
  Ischemic 162 (75.7) 155 (73.1) 134 (63.8) 113 (53.8)  
  Hemorrhagic 52 (24.3) 57 (26.9) 76 (36.2) 97 (46.2)  
Cardiovascular risk factors, n (%)
 Atrial fibrillation 18 (8.4) 12 (5.7) 11 (5.2) 21 (10.0) 0.187
 Hypertension 151 (70.6) 143 (67.5) 159 (75.7) 160 (76.2) 0.131
 Diabetes mellitus 65 (30.4) 42 (19.8) 65 (31.0) 97 (46.2)  < 0.001
 Coronary heart disease 14 (6.5) 6 (2.8) 8 (3.8) 9 (4.3) 0.286
 Hyperlipemia 89 (41.6) 111 (52.4) 105 (50.0) 109 (51.9) 0.092
 Previous stroke 58 (27.1) 39 (18.4) 38 (18.1) 33 (15.7) 0.018
 History of smoking 75 (35.0) 57 (26.9) 61 (29.0) 55 (26.2) 0.172
 History of drinking 72 (33.6) 55 (25.9) 61 (29.0) 56 (26.7) 0.289
Laboratory indicators
 FBG, mean (SD), mmol/L 4.88 (1.1) 5.34 (1.0) 6.28 (1.3) 9.37 (4.0)  < 0.001
 HbA1C, mean (SD), % 6.75 (1.7) 6.18 (1.1) 6.41 (1.3) 6.99 (2.0)  < 0.001
 FBG/HbA1C, mean (SD) 0.73 (0.09) 0.86 (0.02) 0.98 (0.04) 1.34 (0.49)  < 0.001
 WBC, mean (SD), 109/L 6.95 (1.91) 6.70 (1.99) 7.40 (2.32) 8.18 (3.12)  < 0.001
  1. Quartiles of FBG/HbA1c ratio, Q1 ≤ 0.81, 0.82 ≤ Q2 < 0.91, 0.92 ≤ Q3 < 1.06, Q4 ≥ 1.07
  2. FBG Fasting blood glucose, HbA1c Glycated hemoglobin, NIHSS The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, WBC White blood cell count