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Table 2 Selected propensity score weighted 2015 background characteristics of community-dwelling NHATS participants based on 2016 financial strain status (n = 4,335)

From: Propensity score weighted associations between financial strain and subsequent inflammatory biomarkers of aging among a representative sample of U.S. older adults

  No financial strain Financial strain p value Standardized mean difference
N (%) 4,062 (50) 268 (50) 0.69 -0.038
Age %    0.69 -0.04
 65 to 69 (ref.) 33.0 44.9   
 70 to 74 29.1 21.3   
 75 to 79 19.5 15.0   
 80 to 84 11.0 12.7   
 85 to 89 5.6 5.0   
 90 +  1.8 1.1   
Gender %    0.76 -0.03
 Male (ref.) 44.8 48.8   
 Female 55.2 51.2   
Race/ethnicity %    0.81 -0.02
 White (ref.) 82.1 83.4   
 Black 7.8 6.8   
 Hispanic 7.2 7.2   
 Other 2.9 2.6   
 Mean income to poverty ratio mean (SE) 4.4 (0.2) 4.7 (1.5) 0.85 0.02
Educational achievement %    0.71 0.03
 < High school (ref) 14.7 16.5   
 High school 25.1 23.5   
 Some college 29.5 14.7   
 Bachelors or higher 30.7 45.3   
Occupation %    0.82 -0.01
 Professional (ref.) 41.0 40.4   
 Service 11.1 6.9   
 Sales/office 20.8 31.4   
 Construction/farming 9.9 8.7   
 Production 15.3 10.8   
 Homemaker 1.9 1.7   
Homeownership %    0.09 -0.15
 Rent (ref.) 19.9 20.3   
 Own with mortgage 30.5 49.5   
 Own without payments 49.6 30.2   
Retirement status %    0.96 0.00
 No (ref.) 56.1 55.5   
 Yes 43.9 44.5   
Section 8 housing %    0.99 0.00
 No (ref.) 96.4 96.4   
 Yes 3.6 3.6   
Medicaid (%)    0.93 -0.00
 No (ref.) 89.9 90.1   
 Yes 10.1 9.9   
Food or energy assistance %    0.67 -0.03
 No (ref.) 90.2 91.5   
 Yes 9.8 8.5   
Childhood health %    0.43 -0.07
 Excellent (ref.) 52.3 62.8   
 Very good 26.9 20.3   
 Good 14.9 11.9   
 Fair 4.5 4.1   
 Poor 1.3 0.8   
Marital status %    0.91 -0.02
 Married (ref.) 60.0 64.8   
 Separated/divorced 14.5 8.9   
 Widowed 22.2 21.2   
 Never married 3.3 5.1   
U.S. region %    0.76 -0.02
 New England (ref.) 5.9 2.1   
 Mid-Atlantic 11.5 23.4   
 East North Central 13.9 7.3   
 West North Central 10.0 9.9   
 South Atlantic 20.2 17.6   
 East South Central 6.8 15.5   
 West South Central 11.4 7.2   
 Mountain 3.2 4.9   
 Pacific 17.0 12.2   
  1. In addition to propensity score weights, sampling weights were applied to all analyses so that inferences can be drawn to 2017 population of US adults aged 67 and older. Boldface indicates statistical significance
  2. NHATS National Health and Aging Trends Study