Skip to main content

Table 1 Selected 2015 background characteristics of community-dwelling NHATS participants based on 2016 financial strain status before propensity score weighting (n = 4,335)

From: Propensity score weighted associations between financial strain and subsequent inflammatory biomarkers of aging among a representative sample of U.S. older adults

  No financial strain Financial strain p value Standardized mean difference
N (%) 4,062 (94) 273 (6) 0.0001 -0.31
Age %    0.0001 -0.31
 65 to 69 (ref.) 32.1 42.9   
 70 to 74 29.3 31.0   
 75 to 79 19.5 15.4   
 80 to 84 11.3 7.9   
 85 to 89 5.7 2.3   
 90 +  2.0 0.5   
Gender %    0.19 0.09
 Male (ref.) 45.2 39.5   
 Female 54.8 60.5   
Race/ethnicity %     < 0.0001 0.38
 White (ref.) 83.3 54.0   
 Black 7.2 21.2   
 Hispanic 6.7 16.9   
 Other 2.8 7.9   
Mean income to poverty ratio mean (SE) 4.6 (0.2) 2.1 (0.3)  < 0.0001 -0.25
Educational achievement %     < 0.0001 -0.23
  < High school (ref) 14.1 27.5   
 High school 25.1 25.3   
 Some college 29.4 31.1   
 Bachelors or higher 31.3 16.1   
Occupation %     < 0.0001 0.16
 Professional (ref.) 41.6 26.1   
 Service 10.8 20.8   
Sales/office 20.7 20.7   
 Construction/farming 10.1 9.7   
 Production 14.8 21.8   
 Homemaker 2.0 0.9   
Homeownership %     < 0.0001 -0.69
 Rent (ref.) 18.6 47.3   
 Own with mortgage 30.3 36.6   
 Own without payments 51.3 16.1   
Retirement status %    0.42 -0.03
 No (ref.) 55.7 58.9   
 Yes 44.3 41.1   
Section 8 housing %     < 0.0001 0.27
 No (ref.) 97.0 87.8   
 Yes 3.0 12.2   
Medicaid (%)     < 0.0001 0.30
 No (ref.) 90.7 75.2   
 Yes 9.3 24.8   
Food or energy assistance %     < 0.0001 0.47
 No (ref.) 91.7 65.7   
 Yes 8.3 34.3   
Childhood health %     < 0.0001 0.26
 Excellent (ref.) 52.5 38.7   
 Very good 27.0 26.4   
 Good 14.7 22.0   
 Fair 4.5 7.3   
 Poor 1.3 5.5   
Marital status %     < 0.0001 0.22
 Married (ref.) 61.1 42.2   
 Separated/divorced 13.6 29.4   
 Widowed 22.0 23.9   
 Never married 3.3 4.6   
U.S. region %    0.19 -0.05
 New England (ref.) 5.8 5.7   
 Mid-Atlantic 11.8 16.2   
 East North Central 13.9 11.7   
 West North Central 9.8 11.2   
 South Atlantic 20.1 17.7   
 East South Central 6.7 6.0   
 West South Central 11.0 16.6   
 Mountain 3.1 2.6   
 Pacific 17.9 12.3   
  1. Sampling weights were applied to all analyses so that inferences can be drawn to 2017 population of US adults aged 67 and older. Boldface indicates statistical significance
  2. NHATS National Health and Aging Trends Study