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Table 2 Temporal changes in objectively measured lifestyle factors

From: Changes in objectively measured lifestyle factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in community-dwelling older adults

     Repeated measures
ANOVA
  2016 2018 2020 p value
Walking steps, mean (SD), steps/day 5727.3 (2506.0) 5449.6 (2547.4) 4985.3 (3092.8) 0.066
Talking ratio, mean (SD), min/day 217.2 (77.8) 222.0 (70.0) 217.1 (78.5) 0.19
TST, mean (SD), min/day 403.1 (66.7) 406.9 (86.2) 400.8 (89.1) 0.67
WASO, mean (SD), min/day 16.4 (9.3) 16.9 (9.6) 17.0 (13.1) 0.44
Sleep efficiency, mean (SD), %/day 96.1 (2.2) 95.9 (2.5) 95.7 (3.4) 0.49
Awake time count, mean (SD), counts/day 0.44 (0.28) 0.43 (0.28) 0.45 (0.33) 0.51
Sedentary time, mean (SD), min/day 785.3 (69.7) 787.2 (72.2) 829.1 (87.4) 0.028
LPA, mean (SD), min/day 26.9 (18.3) 25.5 (15.1) 23.9 (14.4) 0.80
MVPA, mean (SD), min/day 29.4 (16) 26.5 (16) 24.8 (18.5) 0.043
  1. LPA light physical activity, MVPA moderate-vigorous physical activity, TST total sleep time, WASO time awake after sleep