Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the participants

From: Psychosocial factors related to physical activity in frail and prefrail elderly people

  Total Sample
(n = 103, 100%)
PC
(n = 19, 18.4%)
Pp
(n = 18, 17.5%)
AM
(n = 66, 64.1%)
p
Social-demographic
Age (years, Mean ± SD) 80.40 ± 5.9 79.16 ± 5.6 80.28 ± 6.4 80.79 ± 5.9 0.287
Gender (n,%)
  Male 31 (30.1%) 4 (21.1%) 5 (27.8%) 22 (33.3%) 0.573
  Female 72 (69.9%) 15 (78.9%) 13 (72.2%) 44 (66.7%)
Marital status (n,%)
  Married 14 (14%) 2 (10.5%) 3 (16.7%) 9 (13.6%) 0.075
  Single 43 (43%) 12 (63.2%) 5 (27.8%) 26 (39.4%)
  Divorced 4 (4%) 2 (10.5%) 1 (5.6%) 1 (1.5%)
  Widower 39 (39%) 2 (10.5%) 9 (50.0%) 28 (42.4%)
  Missing 3 (2.9%) 1 (5.3%) - 2 (3%)
Living arrangement (n,%)
  Live alone 45 (45%) 10 (52.6%) 7 (38.9%) 28 (42.4%) 0.571
  Missing 3 (2.9%) 1 (5.3%) - 2 (3%)
Education status (n,%)
  Do not know to read and to write 3 (3%) - 1 (5.6%) 2 (3%) 0.774
  Read and write, but no studies 15 (15%) 2 (10.5%) 3 (16.7%) 10 (15.2%)
  Primary studies 64 (64%) 12 (63.2%) 11 (61.1%) 41 (62.1%)
  Secondary studies 14 (14%) 4 (21.1%) 3 (16.7%) 7 (10.6%)
  University studies 4 (4%) - - 4 (6.1%)
  Missing 3 (2.9%) 1 (5.3%) - 2 (3%)
Economic status (n,%)
  Own income 74 (75.5%) 10 (52.6%) 15 (83.3%) 49 (74.2%) 0.819
  Missing 5 (4.9%) 2 (10.5%) - 3 (4.5%)
Frailty status (n,%)
 Frail 27 (26.2%) 3 (15.8%) 7 (38.9%) 17 (25.8%) 0.277
 Pre-frail 76 (73.8%) 16 (84.2%) 11 (61.1%) 49 (74.2%)
  1. M Mean, SD Standard Deviation, PC Precontemplation & Contemplation stages, Pp Preparation stage, AM Action & Maintenance stages
  2. Statistical significance: p < 0.05