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Table 1 Characteristics of the 260 participants who provided consent to access medical records

From: Injuries from falls by older adults in long-term care captured on video: Prevalence of impacts and injuries to body parts

  Baseline value of residents with falls on video (n = 260) Residents without injuries in any fall on video (n = 86) Residents with injuries in all falls on video (n = 62) Residents with and without injuries from falls on video (n = 112) P*
Demographics and health status
 Age, mean (SD)a 84.1 (7.8) 84.1 (7.8) 85.1 (8.1) 83.7 (7.4) .544
 Female, n (%)b 149 (57.3) 46 (53.5) 34 (54.8) 69 (61.6) .469
 Height (cm), mean (SD) 163.2 (10.8) 163.4 (9.4) 164.9 (11.6) 162.0 (11.2) .246
 Body mass (kg), mean (SD) 62.5 (16.0) 63.7 (15.8)B 67.9 (17.8)B 58.4 (13.9)A  < .001
 BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 23.4 (5.2) 23.7 (5.3)AB 25.0 (5.9)B 22.2 (4.5)A .003
 Dependent ADLc performance, n (%) 149 (57.3) 52 (60.5) 31 (50.0) 66 (58.9) .402
 Moderate to severe cognitive impairment d, n (%) 176 (67.7) 61 (71.8) 33 (53.2)* 81 (72.3) .022
Disease diagnoses, n (%)
 Diabetes 60 (23.1) 17 (19.8) 17 (27.4) 26 (23.2) .551
 Cardiac dysrhythmia 15 (5.8) 4 (4.7) 6 (9.7) 5 (4.5) .318
 Congestive heart failure 20 (7.7) 8 (9.3) 6 (9.7) 6 (5.4) .468
 Hypertension 129 (49.6) 38 (44.2) 39 (62.9) 52 (46.4) .054
 Hypotension 12 (4.6) 2 (2.3) 5 (8.1) 5 (4.5) .259
 Alzheimer’s disease 66 (25.3) 24 (27.9) 8 (12.9)* 34 (30.4) .033
 Stroke 39 (15.0) 18 (20.9) 7 (11.3) 14 (12.5) .166
 Parkinson’s disease 10 (3.8) 4 (4.7) 2 (3.2) 4 (3.6) .888
 Emphysema / COPDe 30 (11.5) 11 (12.8) 6 (9.7) 12 (11.6) .842
Use of medications, n (%)
 Antipsychotics 106 (40.8) 33 (38.4) 22 (35.5) 51 (45.5) .372
 Antianxiety agents 48 (18.5) 17 (19.8) 8 (12.9) 23 (20.5) .430
 Antidepressants 125 (48.1) 40 (46.5) 32 (51.6) 53 (47.3) .810
 Hypnotics 54 (20.8) 21 (24.4) 13 (21.0) 20 (17.8) .529
 Diuretics 51 (19.6) 18 (20.9) 17 (27.4) 16 (14.3) .105
 Analgesics 129 (49.6) 38 (44.2) 37 (59.7) 54 (48.2) .164
  1. *statistical comparisons between the resident injury groups (without injuries, with injuries, mix of injury and no injuries) were performed with Chi-square tests for categorical variables, and a 1-way ANOVA for age (continuous variable). Where significant main effects were identified, pairwise comparisons between residents without injuries, residents with injuries, and residents with and without injuries caught on video, were performed
  2. aAge data were available for the entire sample of 658 residents; the mean (SD) resident age was 84.0 (8.1) years
  3. bSex data were available for the entire sample of 658 residents; fall data from 372 women (56.4%) were analysed
  4. cADL – “Activities of Daily Living”; scores of 0–2 were classified as “independent”; scores of 3–6 were classified as “dependent” on care staff
  5. dCPS – “Cognitive Performance Scale”; scores of 0–2 were classified as “intact to mild cognitive impairment”; scores of 3–6 were classified as “moderate to severe cognitive impairment”
  6. eCOPD – “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease”