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Table 2 Difference between groups regarding the mean scores of UPDRS-part II&III, BBS and ABCS

From: Combined effects of virtual reality techniques and motor imagery on balance, motor function and activities of daily living in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a randomized controlled trial

Outcome Outcome Measures Groups Baseline Assessment at 6th Week Assessment at 12thWeek Follow up at 16th Week
Mean ± SD Mean± SD Mean± SD Mean± SD
Motor Function UPDRS-part III Experimental 32.45±3.98 23.00±8.31 15.05±7.16 18.68±7.04
Control 31.86±4.62 28.23±6.10 25.52±7.36 24.27±9.23
Z -.329 -2.140 -4.146 -2.303
P-value .742 .032 <.001 .021
Balance confidence ABCS Experimental 59.26±5.87 73.55±4.45 81.01±6.14 78.60±5.76
Control 59.34±8.89 66.39±7.80 71.83±8.25 68.65±7.33
Z -.282 -3.029 -3.240 -3.771
P-value .778 .002 <.001 <.001
Balance BBS Experimental 38.95±3.23 46.59±3.07 51.36±2.83 52.36±2.30
Control 40.23±4.61 43.23±4.45 45.77±4.52 45.54±3.98
Z -1.084 -2.805 -3.953 -4.971
P-value .278 .005 <.001 <.001
Activities of Daily livings UPDRS-part II Experimental 22.00±4.64 17.14±4.36 13.07±4.005 12.85±4.050
Control 21.51±3.89 20.03±3.80 18.00±4.19 16.54±4.61
Z -.166 -2.101 -3.583 -2.612
P-value .869 .036 <.001 .009
  1. UPDRS Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, ABCS Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, BBS Berg Balance Scale