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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate multinomial regressions for the level of participation for the dementia group, using “participate as I wish” as the reference category

From: Associations between community participation and types of places visited among persons living with and without dementia: risks perception and socio-demographic aspects

Group living with dementia: Bivariate (each variable treated separately)
Independent variable Participate only a little (2) Do participate (3) Nagelkerke R2 p-value
RRR CI 95% p-value RRR CI 95% p-value
Risks
 Getting lost (ref: very unconcerned (4))    .287 .037
  Concerned (2) 4.20 .59–30.09 .153 2.10 .25–17.59 .494   
  Unconcerned (3) .23 .02–2.59 .236 (a) (a) (a)   
 Falling down (ref: very unconcerned (4))    .340 .014
  Concerned (2) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a)   
  Unconcerned (3) 1.38 .18–10.65 .760 1.10 .15–8.13 .926   
 Stress (ref: very unconcerned (4))    .033 .904
  Concerned (2) .84 .13–5.26 .852 .93 .11–7.82 .949   
  Unconcerned (3) 1.87 .28–12.31 .517 2.33 .29–18.97 .428   
 Embarrassment (ref: very unconcerned (4))    .111 .462
  Concerned (2) 1.94 .32–11.76 .469 1.75 .23–13.16 .587   
  Unconcerned (3) .23 .02–2.59 .236 .35 .03–4.15 .406   
Socio-demographic
 Age 1.00 .91–1.09 .996 .99 .90–1.10 .921 .000 .994
 Gender (ref: female (2)) .48 .10–2.23 .346 .22 .03–1.50 .122 .086 .250
 Living situation (ref: with someone (2)) .50 .10–2.65 .415 .50 .07–3.36 .476 .028 .641
 Access to car (ref: someone else drives (2))    .031 .914
  Not a car user (0) 1.12 .19–6.41 .899 .56 .08–4.14 .570   
  Car user – self-driving (1) 1.40 .19–10.03 .738 .47 .04–5.90 .467   
 Setting (ref: big city (2))    .136 .345
  Rural (0) 1.00 .13–7.57 1.00 (a) (a) (a)   
  Small town (1) .57 .08–4.29 .587 (a) (a) (a)   
 Places visited
 Total number of places visited 1.08 .85–1.37 .510 .95 .74–1.23 .710 .029 .635
 Total places visited in A 1.00 .70–1.43 1.00 1.11 .72–1.70 .647 .008 .881
 Total places visited in B 1.49 .67–3.33 .334 .99 .40–2.47 .984 .037 .561
 Total places visited in C .88 .46–1.71 .710 .49 .22–1.09 .079 .115 .155
 Total places visited in D 1.87 .83–4.22 .133 .67 .30–1.48 .316 .167 .062
Group living with dementia: Multivariate (Nagelkerke R2 .468, p = .017)
Independent variable Participate only a little (2) Do participate (3) p-value
OR CI 95% p-value OR CI 95% p-value
 Getting lost (ref: very unconcerned (4))    .187
  Concerned (2) 1.71 .15–19.19 .663 1.70 .18–16.46 .644  
  Unconcerned (3) .35 .03–4.20 .406 (a) (a) (a)  
 Falling down (ref: very unconcerned (4))    .077
  Concerned (2) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) (a)  
  Unconcerned (3) 1.24 .14–11.06 .848 .98 .10–9.58 .988  
  1. aNot enough participants in this category to get results