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Table 6 Longitudinal mediations

From: Associations between new health conditions and healthcare service utilizations among older adults in the United Kingdom: effects of COVID-19 risks, worse financial situation, and lowered income

  Treatment cancellation   Accessible care
Effect SE p LLCI ULCI   Effect SE p LLCI ULCI
Tcn2-Tcn1       Acr2- Acr1      
‘X’ −.0451 .0085 .0000 −.0618 −.0284 ‘X’ .3687 .0172 .0000 .3350 .4025
Csk1-Csk2       Csk1-Csk2      
‘X’ .0592 .0118 .0000 .0361 .0824 ‘X’ .0676 .0195 .0005 .0294 .1058
CFn1-CFn2       CFn1-CFn2      
‘X’ .0145 .0143 .3132 −.0137 .0426 ‘X’ .0105 .0235 .6536 −.0355 .0566
CIn1-CIn2       CIn1-CIn2      
‘X’ −.0351 .0088 .0001 −.0523 −.0179 ‘X’ −.0369 .0143 .0102 −.0650 −.0087
  coeff SE p LLCI ULCI   coeff SE p LLCI ULCI
‘X’ −.0460 .0086 .0000 −.0629 −.0292 ‘X’ .3701 .0173 .0000 .3362 .4041
M1diff .0211 .0134 .1171 −.0053 .0474 M1diff −.0025 .0263 .9237 −.0540 .0490
M2diff .0009 .0113 .9363 −.0213 .0231 M2diff .0631 .0225 .0051 .0190 .1072
M3diff .0096 .0185 .6031 −.0266 .0459 M3diff .0513 .0369 .1648 −.0211 .1237
M1avg .0250 .0191 .1915 −.0125 .0626 M1avg .0281 .0379 .4583 −.0462 .1025
M2avg .0184 .0152 .2245 −.0113 .0482 M2avg .0314 .0307 .3069 −.0289 .0917
M3avg −.0058 .0255 .8207 −.0557 .0442 M3avg −.0020 .0519 .9690 −.1038 .0998
Total effect of X on Y Total effect of X on Y
  Effect SE p LLCI ULCI   Effect SE p LLCI ULCI
  −.0451 .0085 .0000 −.0618 −.0284   .3687 .0172 .0000 .3350 .4025
Direct effect of X on Y Direct effect of X on Y
  Effect SE p LLCI ULCI   Effect SE p LLCI ULCI
  −.0460 .0086 .0000 −.0629 −.0292   .3701 .0173 .0000 .3362 .4041
Indirect Effect of X on Y through M Indirect Effect of X on Y through M
   Effect BootSE BootLLCI BootULCI    Effect BootSE BootLLCI BootULCI
  Ind11 .0012 .0008 −.0002 .0031   Ind12 −.0002 .0018 −.0037 .0036
  Ind21 .0000 .0002 −.0004 .0006   Ind22 .0007 .0016 −.0021 .0044
  Ind31 −.0003 .0007 −.0017 .0010   Ind32 −.0019 .0016 −.0063 .0003
  Total .0009 .0011 −.0011 .0032   Total −.0014 .0028 −.0071 .0041
R-sq .0024       .0088     
N 2903       1139     
  1. Tcn1 treatment cancellation in wave 1, Tcn2 treatment cancellation in wave 2, Acr1 accessible care in wave 1, Acr2 accessible care in wave 2, Csk1 COVID-19 risks in wave 1, Csk2 COVID-19 risks in wave 2, CFn1 worse financial situation in wave 1, CFn2 worse financial situation in wave 2, CIn1 lowered income in wave 1, CIn2 lowered income in wave 2
  2. Ydiff1 = Tcn2- Tcn1, Ydiff2 = Acr2-Acr1, M1diff = Csk2-Csk1, M2diff = CFn2-CFn1, M3diff = CInc2-CInc1, M1avg = (Cvrisk2 + Crisk1)/2, M2avg = (CFn2 + CFn1)/2, M3avg = (CInc2 + CInc1)/2, Ind11 = ‘X’- > M1diff- > Ydiff1, Ind21 = ‘X’- > M2diff- > Ydiff1, Ind31 = ‘X’- > M3diff- > Ydiff1, Ind12 = ‘X’- > M1diff- > Ydiff2, Ind22 = ‘X’- > M2diff- > Ydiff2, Ind32 = ‘X’- > M3diff- > Ydiff2. LLCI = low limit confidence interval. ULCI = upper limit confidence interval