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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics for the subtypes of dementia at BL, mortality at the end of the observation period, median survival time and a sensitivity analysis including only participants with the BL assessment within 90 days after NH admission

From: Mortality in nursing home residents stratified according to subtype of dementia: a longitudinal study over three years

  All No demen-tia AD VaD AD/VaD FTD DLB/PDD Un-specified dementia
N (%) 1349 204 (15.1) 766 (57.0) 81 (6.0) 64 (4.7) 99 (7.3) 66 (4.9) 58 (4.3)
Age, mean (SD) 84.7 (7.5) 86.7 (7.7) 84.8 (7.3) 83.5 (7.0) 85.2 (7.9) 82.7 (8.0) 81.2 (7.9) 84.4 (6.4)
Gender female (%) 874 (65) 133 (65) 520 (68) 52 (64) 39 (61) 67 (68) 23 (35) 34 (60)
Living alone before NH; n (%) 937 (69) 155 (76) 530 (70) 59 (73) 44 (69) 62 (64) 34 (52) 45 (78)
GMHR poor or moderate, n (%) 648 (52) 104 (51) 343 (48) 51 (63) 32 (55) 48 (51) 40 (64) 25 (53)
BMI, mean (SD) 24.3 (4.9) 25.0 (5.9) 24.1 (4.8) 24.8 (5.0) 24.4 (4.7) 24.5 (4.2) 23.9 (4.9) 24.7 (5.0)
PSMS, mean (SD) 15.0 (4.9) 14.7 (4.5) 14.8 (4.3) 16.0 (4.4) 14.9 (4.6) 15.0 (4.9) 16.9 (4.4) 16.4 (4.2)
NPI, mean (SD) 13.8 (16.8) 6.8 (10.5) 14.0 (16.7) 13.0 (15.6) 14.8 (17.7) 19.7 (18.0) 21.4 (21.6) 18.4 (19.1)
NPI-AGI, mean (SD) 4.3 (7.2) 1.4 (3.4) 4.4 (7.1) 4.1 (7.3) 5.0 (7.2) 7.9 (8.7) 6.2 (9.2) 5.2 (8.1)
NPI_PSY, mean (SD) 1.7 (3.7) 0.6 (2.1) 1.6 (3.5) 1.1 (2.8) 2.8 (5.1) 2.4 (4.5) 4.4 (5.6) 1.1 (3.2)
NPI-AFF, mean (SD) 3.7 (4.3) 2.5 (4.7) 3.9 (5.7) 3.3 (5.0) 3.0 (5.1) 4.2 (5.7) 4.0 (6.0) 5.6 (6.6)
CDR-SoB, mean (SD) 10.3 (4.3) 5.0 (3.8) 11.3 (3.5) 11.1 (3.4) 10.5 (3.8) 11.9 (3.3) 11.4 (3.6) 10.9 (4.3)
Deceased during observation period, n (%) 778 (57.7) 126 (61.8) 434 (57.0) 42 (51.9) 36 (56.3) 57 (57.6) 39 (59.1) 39 (67.2)
Median survival (CI) 2.3 (2.2–2.5) 1.6 (1.1–2.0) 2.4 (2.2–2.7) 2.6 (−) 2.5 (2.1–3.0) 2.7 (2.4–2.9) 2.6 (1.8–3.4) 1.4 (0.6–2.2)
Sensitivity analysis: Participants with BL assessment within 90 days after NH admission
N (%) 795 119 (15.0) 471 (59.2) 40 (5.0) 34 (4.3) 51 (6.4) 42 (5.3) 31 (3.9)
Median survival (CI) 2.3 (2.0–2.5) 1.4 (0.9–1.8) 2.3 (1.9–2.6) 2.6 (1.9–3.3) 2.9 (−) 2.7 (2.2–3.2) 2.7 (1.8–3.5) 1.2 (0.6–1.8)
  1. BL Baseline, NH Nursing home, AD Alzheimer’s disease, VaD vascular dementia, FTD frontotemporal dementia, DLB dementia with Lewy bodies, PDD Parkinson’s disease dementia, SD standard deviation, NH nursing home, GMHR General medical health rating, BMI Body mass index, PSMS Physical self-maintenance scale, NPI Neuropsychiatric inventory, NPI-AGI NPI sub-syndromes agitation/aggression, disinhibition and irritability, NPI-PSY NPI sub-syndromes delusions and hallucinations, NPI-AFF NPI sub-syndromes depression and anxiety, CDR-SoB Clinical dementia rating scale – sum of boxes, CI Confidence interval