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Table 1 Characteristics of short- and long-stay nursing home residents with advanced illness

From: Effect of advance care planning video on do-not-hospitalize orders for nursing home residents with advanced illness

  Residents, No. (%)
Long-staya with advanced illnessb Short-staya with advanced illnessb
Baseline Characteristics Intervention
(n = 1485)
Control
(n = 2417)
Intervention
(n = 873)
Control
(n = 1342)
Age, mean(SD), y 84.0 (8.4) 83.0 (8.4) 82.0 (8.4) 81.8 (8.0)
Female sex 1035 (69.7) 1705 (70.5) 467 (53.5) 739 (55.1)
Race / Ethnicity
 White 1367 (92.1) 2097 (86.8) 819 (93.8) 1173 (87.4)
 Black 88 (5.9) 205 (8.5) 31 (3.6) 109 (8.1)
 Hispanic 20 (1.3) 77 (3.2) 5 (0.6) 40 (3.0)
 Asian 2 (0.1) 7 (0.3) 5 (0.6) 3 (0.2)
 Otherc 6 (0.4) 27 (1.1) 6 (0.7) 10 (0.7)
 Unknown 2 (0.1) 4 (0.2) 7 (0.8) 7 (0.5)
Advanced dementia 963 (64.8) 1630 (67.4) 368 (42.2) 660 (49.2)
Advanced CHF or COPDb 572 (38.5) 857 (35.5) 522 (59.8) 704 (52.5)
ADL score, mean(SD)d 21.6 (3.9) 21.5 (4.0) 20.6 (3.5) 21.0 (3.5)
MRS3 score, mean(SD)e 7.7 (2.8) 7.5 (2.7) 7.8 (2.6) 7.6 (2.7)
Days of follow-up, mean(SD) 286.3(124.8) 283.2(126.3) 84.8(30.2) 87.0(28.4)
  1. Abbreviations: ADL Activities of daily living, CHF Congestive heart failure, COPD Chronic obstructive lung disease, MRS3 MDS 3.0 Mortality Risk Score, NA Not applicable
  2. aLong-stay: greater than 100 days in nursing home; short-stay: 100 or fewer days in nursing home
  3. bAdvanced illness includes residents with advanced dementia or advanced CHF / COPD
  4. cOther includes Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, Native American or Alaska Native, or more than 1 race/ethnicity
  5. dThe ADL score (0–28) is the sum of scores in 7 domains of function including: bed mobility, dressing, toileting, transfer, eating, grooming, and locomotion. Each is scored on a 5-point scale (0, independent; 1, supervision; 2, limited assistance; 3, extensive assistance; and 4, total dependence). A score of 28 represents complete functional dependence
  6. eRange, 0–39; higher scores indicate higher risk of mortality