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Table 1 Descriptive analysis of the sample of institutionalized older adults (n = 104)

From: Sarcopenia and associated factors according to the EWGSOP2 criteria in older people living in nursing homes: a cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency (%) / mean (standard deviation) Median / IQR
Age 84.6 (SD = 7.8) 86 (11)
Sex
 Women 88 (84.6%)  
 Men 16 (15.4%)  
NH Type
 State Subsidized places 86 (82.7%)  
 Private 18 (17.3%)  
Chronic Disease 5 (SD = 2.4) 5 (3)
 Hypertension 62 (32.5%)  
 Dementia 62 (32.5%)  
 Cardiac pathology 43 (22.5%)  
 Depression 32 (16.8%)  
 Diabetes mellitus II 32 (16.8%)  
 Kidney failure 26 (13.6%)  
 CVA (cerebral stroke) 21 (11.0%)  
 Pulmonary pathology 20 (10.5%)  
 Mental pathology 20 (10.5%)  
 Cancer 18 (9.6%)  
 Parkinson 14 (7.3%)  
Smoke
 Yes 6 (3.1%)  
 No 98 (96.9%)  
Alcohol
 Yes 9 (4.7%)  
 No 95 (95.3%)  
Drugsa 6.9 (SD = 3.8) 6.5 (5)
 Group N 98 (55.1%)  
 Group A 67 (36.6%)  
 Group C 17 (13.1%)  
 Group B 44 (23.1%)  
 Group R 56 (33.1%)  
 Group H 16 (8.4%)  
 Group G 7 (4.2%)  
 Group M 7 (4.2%)  
 Group S 5 (2.7%)  
 Group J 4 (2.4%)  
 Group D 4 (2.4%)  
 Group L 1 (0.7%)  
 Group V 1 (0.7%)  
Nutritional Status
 Good Nutrition 47 (45.7%)  
 Malnutrition or malnourished 57 (54.3%)  
Weight loss
 Yes 22 (21.0%)  
 No 82 (79%)  
Obesity
 Yes 13 (12.4%)  
 No 91 (87.6%)  
Urinary incontinence
 Yes 36 (34.6%)  
 No 68 (65.4%)  
Faecal incontinence
 Yes 36 (34.6%)  
 No 68 (65.4%)  
Functional Capacity (Barthel)
 Independence 5 (4.8%)  
 Slight dependence 11 (10.6%)  
 Moderated dependence 40 (38.5%)  
 Total dependence 48 (46.1%)  
Cognition (Pfeiffer Scale)
 No cognitive impairment 16 (15.4%)  
 Mild cognitive impairment 10 (9.6%)  
 Moderate cognitive impairment 25 (24.0%)  
 Sever cognitive impairment 53 (51.0%)  
Gait speed (SPPB)
 −/=0.8 m/s 46 (44.2%)  
  + 0.8 m/s 3 (2.9%)  
 Not evaluated 51 (52.9%)  
Sedentary Behavior
 Average wake time 10.7 (SD = 1.16)  
 SB (sitting or reclining) in hours 9.0 (SD = 1.64)  
 Total waking time in SB (%) 84.2% (SD = 16.85)  
 Hours in upright position (standing or stepping) 1.6 (SD = 1.91)  
 Steps per day 1345 (SD = 2417.40)  
 Sitting to standing transitions 18.2 (SD = 18.28)  
  1. a Drugs: N (Nervous System), A (Alimentary tract and metabolism), C (Cardiovascular system), B (Blood and blood forming organs), R (Respiratory System), H (Systemic hormonal preparations, excl. Sex hormones and insulins), G (Genito urinary System/sex hormones), M (Musculo-skeletal system), S (Ophthalmologicals), J (Antiinfectives), D (Dermatologicals), L (Antineoplastic agents) and V (Immunomodulating agents)
  2. IQR Interquartile range