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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of informal caregivers by country (N = 571)

From: Caregivers of people with dementia and mental health during COVID-19: findings from a cross-sectional study

  Total sample (N = 571) Italy (N = 425) Switzerland, Ticino (N = 146)  
Variable N (%) N (%) N (%) p-value*
Gender
 Female 466 (81.6) 381 (89.6) 85 (58.2) p<0.001
 Male 104 (18.2) 43 (10.1) 61 (41.8)
 Not specified 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2)   
     p-value**
Age Mean (SD) 53.54 (11.99) 51.85 (10.72) 58.49 (13.99) p<0.001
Years of caregiving Mean (SD) 6.07 (3.95) 5.08 (3.68) 8.83 (3.31) p<0.001
Caregiver as sole occupation
 Yes 292 (51.1) 176 (41.4) 116 (79.5) p<0.001
 No 279 (51.1) 249 (58.6) 30 (20.5)
Employment Status
 Unemployed/Housewife 202 (35.4) 132 (31.1) 70 (47.9) p<0.001
 Full-time Job 253 (44.3) 228 (53.6) 25 (17.1)
 Part-time Job 30 (5.3) 25 (5.9) 5 (3.4)
 Retired 86 (15.1) 40 (9.4) 46 (31.5)
Relationship with the care-recipient
 Child 410 (71.8) 328 (77.2) 82 (56.2) p<0.001
 Spouse 118 (20.7) 59 (13.9) 59 (40.4)
 Other 43 (7.5) 38 (8.9) 5 (3.4)
Education
 Compulsory education 107 (18.7) 70 (16.5) 37 (25.3) p<0.001
 Higher Secondary education 322 (56.4) 231 (54.4) 91 (62.3)
 University education 142 (24.9) 124 (29.2) 18 (12.3)
Care recipient type of dementia
 Alzheimer 316 (55.3) 247 (58.1) 69 (47.3) p<0.001
 Vascular dementia 95 (16.6) 82 (19.3) 13 (8.9)
 Parkinson's Disease 72 (12.6) 24 (5.6) 48 (32.9)
 Frontotemporal dementia 44 (7.7) 44 (10.4) 0
 Dementia with Lewy Bodies 19 (3.3) 17 (4.0) 2 (1.4)
 Other 25 (4.5) 11 (2.6) 14 (9.6)
Autonomy in basic function of the care recipient
 Yes 116 (20.3) 105 (24.7) 11 (7.5) p<0.001
 No 455 (79.7) 320 (75.3) 135 (92.5)
Help from others    
 Yes 335 (58.7) 285 (67.1) 50 (34.2) p = 0.197
 Relative 184 (32.2) 159 (55.8) 25 (50.0)
 Professional carers (nurse/domestic worker) 130 (22.8) 106 (37.2) 24 (48.0)
 Friends/neighbours 21 (3.7) 20 (7.0) 1 (2.0)
 No 236 (41.3) 140 (32.9) 96 (65.8)
  1. P values were calculating using *Chi Squared tests, and **Independent t-test, as appropriate