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Table 3 Associations of social isolation, social participation, and loneliness with level of frailty with interaction terms

From: Associations of social isolation, social participation, and loneliness with frailty in older adults in Singapore: a panel data analysis

Social connection indicator OR (95%CI) p-value
LSNS-6 Family 1.03 (0.91—1.17) 0.614
LSNS-6 Family#female 1.03 (0.87—1.23) 0.697
LSNS-6 Friends 0.99 (0.89—1.11) 0.904
LSNS-6 Friends#female 0.99 (0.85—1.15) 0.863
Social participation 0.96 (0.91 – 1.00) 0.065
Social participation#female 1.01 (0.95—1.08) 0.642
Lonely (Ref: Not lonely) 1.39 (1.02—1.89) 0.036
Lonely (Ref: Not lonely)#female 0.80 (0.53—1.21) 0.294
  1. Number of observations: 782; number of individuals: 282. Adjusted for all time-invariant factors; time-variant demographic factors including age, marital status, employment status and living arrangement lifestyle and health-related factors including current smoking status, alcohol misuse, number of chronic conditions, number of long-term medications, current nutritional status, and functional independence. OR: odds ratio; 95%CI: 95% confidence interval