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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, 2007, 1st quarter. Absolute and relative frequencies unless otherwise indicated

From: The influence of primary care quality on nursing home admissions in a multimorbid population with and without dementia in Germany: a retrospective cohort study using health insurance claims data

  People with dementia
(n = 5876)
People without dementia
(n = 12,837)
Total
(n = 18,713)
Time under risk in quarters, mean, (SD) 11.9 (10.8) 15.6 (12.7) 14.4 (12.3)
Age in years, mean, (SD) 81.7 (6.9) 79.6 (7.3) 80.3 (7.3)
Female gender 3762 (64.0) 8179 (63.7) 11,941 (63.8)
Level of care
 none 31 (0.5) 110 (0.9) 141 (0.8)
 I 3854 (65.6) 9721 (75.7) 13,575 (72.5)
 II 1762 (30.0) 2694 (21.0) 4456 (23.8)
 III 229 (3.9) 312 (2.4) 541 (2.9)
Social network
 Living alone 2524 (43.0) 5565 (43.4) 8089 (43.2)
Number of cognitive impairments, mean (SD) 4.9 (3.4) 2.3 (2.9) 3.2 (3.3)
Number of functional impairments, mean (SD) 3.6 (0.8) 3.5 (0.8) 3.5 (0.8)
Number of prescribed medications, mean (SD) 6.4 (3.5) 7.2 (3.9) 6.9 (3.8)
Individuals with potentially inappropriate medication in the elderly 1735 (29.5) 4217 (32.9) 5952 (31.8)
Diagnoses
 Asthma 31 (0.5) 118 (0.9) 149 (0.8)
 COPD 864 (14.7) 2591 (20.2) 3455 (18.5)
 Hypertension 5271 (89.7) 11,699 (91.1) 16,970 (90.7)
 Heart failure 436 (7.4) 1050 (8.2) 1486 (7.9)
 Coronary heart disease 2552 (43.4) 5944 (46.3) 8496 (45.4)
 Diabetes mellitus type 2 3616 (61.5) 8337 (65.0) 11,953 (63.9)
 Osteoarthritis 1940 (33.0) 4729 (36.8) 6669 (35.6)
 Osteoporosis 908 (15.5) 2141 (16.7) 3049 (16.3)
 Depression 1699 (28.9) 3004 (23.4) 4703 (25.1)
  1. SD Standard Deviation, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease