Skip to main content

Table 2 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of depression according to individual lifestyle risk factors

From: The relationship between lifestyle risk factors and depression in Korean older adults: a moderating effect of gender

Predictors Model 1 Model 2
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Total
 Smoking 0.597 (0.454–0.786) <  0.001 1.531 (0.986–2.316) 0.050
 At-risk alcohol intake 0.374 (0.404–1.331) 0.308 1.151 (0.617–2.147) 0.657
 Physical inactivity 1.789 (1.050–3.048) 0.032 1.194 (0.687–2.074) 0.529
 Nutritional inadequacy 2.010 (1.529–2.643) 0.001 1.559 (1.170–2.078) 0.002
Men only-
 Smoking 1.263 (0.669–2.384) 0.471 1.141 (0.599–2.172) 0.688
 At-risk alcohol intake 1.258 (0.613–2.584) 0.531 1.453 (0.693–3.049) 0.323
 Physical inactivity 2.555 (0.921–7.089) 0.072 1.851 (0.652–5.252) 0.247
 Nutritional inadequacy 1.920 (1.156–3.189) 0.012 1.518 (0.897–2.570) 0.120
Women only
 Smoking 2.000 (1.192–3.355) 0.009 1.835 (1.085–3.104) 0.024
 At-risk alcohol intake 0.863 (0.262–2.849) 0.810 0.775 (0.232–2.593) 0.679
 Physical inactivity 1.061 (0.560–2.009) 0.857 0.933 (0.483–1.802) 0.837
 Nutritional inadequacy 1.723 (1.239–2.396) 0.001 1.585 (1.125–2.233) 0.009
  1. Model 1: unadjusted
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age (and gender for total), body mass index, income, education level, marital status, residence area, and number of comorbidities