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Table 4 Lifestyle and QOL reported at survey, at prior visit, and quantified difference among the 1850 participants. Shown are self-reported lifestyle factors and QOL from the AugUR COVID-19 survey and the prior study center visit, overall (April 2016 – March 2020, mean time between survey and prior visit = 1.76 years, SD = 0.93) and restricted to those seen < 1 year before lockdown (Nov 2019 – March 2020). Reported is median [25th-75th percentile], if not indicated otherwise

From: Changes in healthcare seeking and lifestyle in old aged individuals during COVID-19 lockdown in Germany: the population-based AugUR study

  Overall
n = 1850
Women
n = 972
Men
n = 878
Age at prior visit
70-79
n = 1095
Age at prior visit
80+
n = 755
Physical activitya
 At survey
  yes, % (n) 61.4 (1118) 56.9 (541) 66.3 (577) 67.5 (730) 52.5 (388)
  no, % (n) 38.6 (703) 43.1 (410) 33.7 (293) 32.5 (352) 47.5 (351)
 At prior visit, all
  yes, % (n) 80.6 (1478) 79.6 (767) 81.7 (711) 84.4 (920) 75.0 (558)
  no, % (n) 19.4 (356) 20.4 (197) 18.3 (159) 15.6 (170) 25.0 (186)
 At prior visit, <  1 year before
  yes, % (n) 78.4 (407) 78.5 (219) 78.3 (188) 81.3 (230) 75.0 (177)
  no, % (n) 21.6 (112) 21.5 (60) 21.7 (52) 18.7 (53) 25.0 (59)
 Difference*, all
  Less, % (n) 24.3 (439) 27.0 (255) 21.3 (184) 21.7 (234) 28.2 (205)
  Same, % (n) 70.4 (1272) 68.3 (645) 72.7 (627) 73.5 (792) 65.9 (480)
  More, % (n) 5.3 (95) 4.7 (44) 5.9 (51) 4.8 (52) 5.9 (43)
 Difference*, <  1 year before
  Less, % (n) 18.6 (95) 21.2 (58) 15.6 (37) 17.5 (49) 20.0 (46)
  Same, % (n) 73.7 (376) 70.7 (193) 77.2 (183) 75.7 (212) 71.3 (164)
  More, % (n) 7.6 (39) 8.1 (22) 7.2 (17) 6.8 (19) 8.7 (20)
# cigs smoked dailyb
 At survey 5.0 [0.0-10.0] 5.0 [0.8-10.0] 5.5 [0.0-16.0] 7.0 [1.0-11.0] 3.0 [0.0-5.6]
 At prior visit, all 7.0 [4.8-16.0] 6.0 [4.0-10.5] 10.5 [5.0-20.0] 10.0 [5.0-20.0] 6.0 [3.0-10.0]
 At prior visit, <  1 year before 5.0 [4.0-10.0] 5.0 [5.0-10.0] 7.6 [0.0-18.8] 5.0 [4.0-10.0] NA (n = 0)
 Difference*, all (−1.0) [(−6.0)-0.0] (−0.1) [(−5.0)-0.0] (−2.0) [(−10.0)-0.0] (−0.1) [(−6.0)-0.0] (−2.0) [(−6.5)-0.0]
 Difference*, <  1 year before 0 [(− 2.0)-1.0] 0 [(− 2.0)-5] (− 0.1) [(−3.8)-0.8] 0 [(− 2.0)-1.0] NA (n = 0)
# alcoholic drinks dailyc
 At survey 0.6 [0.1-1.5] 0.2 [0.0-0.6] 0.6 [0.1-1.5] 0.6 [0.1-1.5] 0.6 [0.1-1.5]
 At prior visit, all 0.5 [0.2-1.2] 0.2 [0.1-0.5] 1.2 [0.5-1.2] 0.5 [0.2-1.2] 0.5 [0.2-1.2]
 At prior visit, <  1 year before 0.5 [0.2-1.2] 0.5 [0.2-1.2] 1.2 [0.2-1.2] 0.5 [0.2-1.2] 0.5 [0.2-1.2]
 Difference*, all 0.0 [(−0.4)-0.3] (−0.05) [(− 0.2)-0.1] 0.0 [(− 0.5)-0.3] 0.0 [(− 0.4)-0.3] 0.0 [(− 0.4)-0.3]
 Difference*, <  1 year before 0.0 [(− 0.2)-0.3] 0.0 [(− 0.01)-0.1] 0.0 [(− 0.4)-0.3] 0.0 [(−0.1)-0.3] 0.0 [(− 0.4)-0.3]
QOL score (0-100)d
 At survey 70 [50-80] 70 [50-80] 75 [60-85] 75 [60-85] 70 [50-80]
 At prior visit, all 75 [60-85] 75 [60-80] 80 [65-85] 80 [70-85] 75 [50-80]
 At prior visit, <  1 year before 75 [60-85] 75 [58-80] 80 [65-85] 80 [65-85] 75 [55-80]
 Difference*, all 0 [(−15)-10] 0 [(−15)-10] 0 [(−15)-10] 0 [(−15)-10] 0 [(− 15)-10]
 Difference*, <  1 year before 0 [(−10)-10] 0 [(− 10)-10] 0 [(−10)-10] 0 [(−10)-10] 0 [(− 10)-10]
  1. Abbreviations: QOL quality of life; *Difference survey vs. prior visit. aPhysical activity as categories of weekly hours of light activity (0, 0-2 h, > 2 h; including bicycling, gardening, walking). bAmong current smokers at prior visit OR current smoker at survey with # cigs reported at prior visit AND at survey (n = 66). cAmong those who had consumed any alcohol for the last 12 months at prior visit OR at survey with # drinks reported (n = 1580); one drink was defined as a small bottle of beer, 0,33 l, a small glass of wine, 0,125 l, or liquor, 4 cl. dAmong those who had reported QOL score at prior visit AND at survey (n = 1715); scale ranging from 0 (very poor) to 100 (excellent)