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Table 1 General characteristics of study subjects

From: Associations between homocysteine, inflammatory cytokines and sarcopenia in Chinese older adults with type 2 diabetes

  Non-sarcopenia Sarcopenia P
n = 530 n = 52  
Age (y) 67.03 ± 6.60 74.04 ± 7.79 <  0.001
Sex (M/F) 255/275 (48%/52%) 36/16 (69%/31%) 0.004
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.98 ± 3.51 22.90 ± 3.37 <  0.001
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (Y/N) 247/283 (47%/53%) 23/29 (44%/56%) 0.880
Diabetic nephropathy (Y/N) 89/441 (17%/83%) 10/42 (19%/81%) 0.226
Diabetic retinopathy (Y/N) 87/443 (16%/84%) 13/39 (25%/75%) 0.755
White blood cell (× 109/L) 6.26 ± 1.75 6.28 ± 1.45 0.936
Red blood cell (× 1012/L) 4.42 ± 0.53 4.18 ± 0.63 0.082
Platelets (×109/L) 216.48 ± 60.78 195.42 ± 66.08 0.171
Hemoglobin (g/L) 134.95 ± 16.06 133.06 ± 16.15 0.422
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 0.42 ± 0.61 0.34 ± 0.51 0.324
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.39 ± 1.12 4.34 ± 1.07 0.740
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.21 ± 0.36 1.21 ± 0.46 0.940
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.65 ± 0.92 2.59 ± 0.84 0.643
Uric acida (mmol/L) 5.73 ± 0.27 5.69 ± 0.34 0.348
Creatinine (μmoI/L) 69.00 ± 24.35 72.02 ± 30.83 0.407
Alanine aminotransferasea (U/L) 2.96 ± 0.51 2.89 ± 0.66 0.338
Aspartate aminotransferasea (U/L) 3.09 ± 0.32 3.11 ± 0.51 0.662
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 9.31 ± 3.57 8.96 ± 3.55 0.501
Fasting C-peptide (ng/ml) 2.54 ± 1.51 2.65 ± 1.78 0.645
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 8.43 ± 1.83 9.16 ± 2.17 0.008
Homocysteinea (umol/L) 2.52 ± 0.31 2.69 ± 0.45 < 0.001
Hs-CRP (mg/L) 4.15 ± 9.12 7.68 ± 17.97 0.019
Interleukin-6a (ng/L) 1.40 ± 0.80 1.55 ± 0.81 0.194
ASM (kg) 19.52 ± 4.09 15.82 ± 3.22 < 0.001
SMI (kg/m2) 7.11 ± 1.02 5.85 ± 0.81 <  0.001
Grip strength (kg) 29.62 ± 10.05 23.02 ± 8.08 <  0.001
Walking speed (m/s) 1.10 ± 0.28 0.76 ± 0.23 <  0.001
  1. Values in bold are significant at P < 0.05
  2. aSkewed distributions were natural logarithmically transformed
  3. Data were expressed as n (%), mean ± SD. P values are from Student’s t test or Chi-square tests